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Anthropology

2010

Anthropology

Articles 1 - 30 of 30

Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

November Uri Community Diversity Project 2010, Joseph A. Santiago Mr, Riley Davis Ms, Richard V. Travisano Mr Dec 2010

November Uri Community Diversity Project 2010, Joseph A. Santiago Mr, Riley Davis Ms, Richard V. Travisano Mr

November Diversity Project

November is National Novel Writing Month. For the first time at the University of Rhode Island November was a month for the URI community to share their stories, poems, art, and photos with the world. The Writing to Model Diversity project intends to connect individuals across cultural boundaries and borders by sharing the stories and experiences that challenge our everyday experiences and the dreams of the future. Built on the efforts of the World Voice series, URI presents a book that shares the stories and culture of the students, faculty, staff, and community members who embrace the idea of becoming ...


November Uri Community Diversity Project 2010, Joseph A. Santiago, Riley Davis, Richard V. Travisano Dec 2010

November Uri Community Diversity Project 2010, Joseph A. Santiago, Riley Davis, Richard V. Travisano

November Diversity Project

November is National Novel Writing Month. For the first time at the University of Rhode Island November was a month for the URI community to share their stories, poems, art, and photos with the world. The Writing to Model Diversity project intends to connect individuals across cultural boundaries and borders by sharing the stories and experiences that challenge our everyday experiences and the dreams of the future. Built on the efforts of the World Voice series, URI presents a book that shares the stories and culture of the students, faculty, staff, and community members who embrace the idea of becoming ...


How Are The Torres Strait Islander's Traditional Hunting Practices Affected By The Current Rate Of Decline In Dugong And Sea Turtle Populations And The Australian Government's Co-Management Policies On Marine Preservation?, Katilyn Price Dec 2010

How Are The Torres Strait Islander's Traditional Hunting Practices Affected By The Current Rate Of Decline In Dugong And Sea Turtle Populations And The Australian Government's Co-Management Policies On Marine Preservation?, Katilyn Price

Environmental Studies Undergraduate Student Theses

This paper will attempt to identify the extent to which the Torres Strait Islanders traditional hunting practices have been disrupted by the overall decline in dugong and sea turtle populations, which has directly correlated to an increase in hunting restrictions put in place by the Australian Government. The traditional hunting of dugongs and sea turtles provides not only a food source, but brings prestige to the men who catch them and serves as an educational platform to teach the younger generations about their culture. There are many environmental threats that impact the populations of sea turtles and dugongs though the ...


Ancient Dna From European Early Neolithic Farmers Reveals Their Near Eastern Affinities, Wolfgang Haak, Oleg Balanovsky, Juan J. Sanchez, Sergey Koshel, Valery Zaporozhchenko, Christina J. Adler, Clio S. I. Der Sarkissian, Guido Brandt, Carolin Schwarz, Nicole Nicklisch, Veit Dresely, Barbara Fritsch, Elena Balanovska, Richard Villems, Harald Meller, Kurt W. Alt, Alan Cooper, Genographic Consortium, Theodore G. Schurr Nov 2010

Ancient Dna From European Early Neolithic Farmers Reveals Their Near Eastern Affinities, Wolfgang Haak, Oleg Balanovsky, Juan J. Sanchez, Sergey Koshel, Valery Zaporozhchenko, Christina J. Adler, Clio S. I. Der Sarkissian, Guido Brandt, Carolin Schwarz, Nicole Nicklisch, Veit Dresely, Barbara Fritsch, Elena Balanovska, Richard Villems, Harald Meller, Kurt W. Alt, Alan Cooper, Genographic Consortium, Theodore G. Schurr

Department of Anthropology Papers

In Europe, the Neolithic transition (8,000–4,000 b.c.) from hunting and gathering to agricultural communities was one of the most important demographic events since the initial peopling of Europe by anatomically modern humans in the Upper Paleolithic (40,000 b.c.). However, the nature and speed of this transition is a matter of continuing scientific debate in archaeology, anthropology, and human population genetics. To date, inferences about the genetic make up of past populations have mostly been drawn from studies of modern-day Eurasian populations, but increasingly ancient DNA studies offer a direct view of the genetic past ...


On Ethnographic Sincerity, John L. Jackson Jr Oct 2010

On Ethnographic Sincerity, John L. Jackson Jr

Departmental Papers (ASC)

This essay posits sincerity and humor as linked ways of politicizing the interactions that underpin all ethnographic encounters. This politicization is contrasted with conventional anthropological preoccupations with authenticity (and fetishizations of ethnographic writing), and it demands attention to the human bodies that constitute ethnographic intersubjectivity. Combining a discussion of Habermas’s public sphere with the exploits of a nineteenth‐century African American mesmerist and protoanthropologist, Paschal Randolph, I argue against one kind of “occulted anthropology” (the disembodied version attributed to Habermas) for an agential variety exemplified by Randolph’s differently framed investments in the political powers of occultist possibility. Instead ...


Youth And Status In Tamil Nadu, India, Constantine V. Nakassis Aug 2010

Youth And Status In Tamil Nadu, India, Constantine V. Nakassis

Publicly Accessible Penn Dissertations

This sociocultural anthropological study looks at youth culture in Tamil Nadu, India, focusing on college-age youth in Madurai and Chennai. The dissertation first shows how youth experience their position in the larger Tamil society as “being outside of.” This exteriority is manifest in youth concepts of status and gender, the signs and activities which express such status and gender, and the social spaces in which such signs and activities are played out. In particular, the dissertation focuses on how the youth peer group is dually shaped as an exterior space of youth status negotiation—as exterior to adult norms of ...


Topper Site Documentary Winner Of Telly Award, Albert C. Goodyear Aug 2010

Topper Site Documentary Winner Of Telly Award, Albert C. Goodyear

Faculty & Staff Publications

No abstract provided.


The Camden Battlefield, 1996-2010: A Short History Of A Long Project, James B. Legg Aug 2010

The Camden Battlefield, 1996-2010: A Short History Of A Long Project, James B. Legg

Faculty & Staff Publications

No abstract provided.


Metallurgy In The Roman Forts Of Scotland: An Archaeological Analysis, Scott S. Stetkiewicz Aug 2010

Metallurgy In The Roman Forts Of Scotland: An Archaeological Analysis, Scott S. Stetkiewicz

Honors Projects Overview

Investigates the presence of metalworking in thirty-seven Roman forts in Scotland during the Flavian, Antonine, and Severan occupations largely through analysis of published documentation concerning relevant archaeological excavations.


When Nurture Becomes Nature: Ethnocentrism In Studies Of Human Development, David F. Lancy Jun 2010

When Nurture Becomes Nature: Ethnocentrism In Studies Of Human Development, David F. Lancy

Sociology, Social Work and Anthropology Faculty Publications

This commentary will extend the territory claimed in the target article by identifying several other areas in the social sciences where findings from the WEIRD population have been over-generalized. An argument is made that the root problem is the ethnocentrism of scholars, textbook authors, and social commentators, which leads them to take their own cultural values as the norm.


Weaving Development: Cultural Preservation And Economic Improvement In Cochabamba, Bolivia, Sarah Van Etten May 2010

Weaving Development: Cultural Preservation And Economic Improvement In Cochabamba, Bolivia, Sarah Van Etten

Anthropology Honors Projects

This ethnographic study examines the tensions and contradictions between goals of “cultural preservation” and “economic improvement” in a development oriented weaving cooperative based in Cochabamba, Bolivia. Through a nuanced analysis of the ways these goals are manifested in three weaving villages, I argue that they in fact support each other and that it is a discourse of differences that strengthens the organization. By understanding tradition as active and emphasizing collaboration, the Asociación de Artesanos Andinos facilitates this discourse and allows for a more fluid and productive negotiation of these seemingly conflicting objectives.


Houses In A Landscape: Memory And Everyday Life In Mesoamerica, Julia A. Hendon May 2010

Houses In A Landscape: Memory And Everyday Life In Mesoamerica, Julia A. Hendon

Gettysburg College Faculty Books

In Houses in a Landscape, Julia A. Hendon examines the connections between social identity and social memory using archaeological research on indigenous societies that existed more than one thousand years ago in what is now Honduras. While these societies left behind monumental buildings, the remains of their dead, remnants of their daily life, intricate works of art, and fine examples of craftsmanship such as pottery and stone tools, they left only a small body of written records. Despite this paucity of written information, Hendon contends that an archaeological study of memory in such societies is possible and worthwhile. It is ...


Eating Disorder Narratives: Personal Experiences Of Anorexia And Bulimia, Veronica Ashley Przybyl Apr 2010

Eating Disorder Narratives: Personal Experiences Of Anorexia And Bulimia, Veronica Ashley Przybyl

Anthropology Theses

The following paper explores the ways in which we currently understand eating disorders, examining the current theory and literature as well as providing the stories of three women and one man with first-hand experience with eating disorders. Through the use of formal interviews, the paper focuses not only on the ways in which an eating disorder affects an individual’s life but also on the ways in which an individual’s life affects the manifestation of his or her eating disorder.


Paleonutrition, Mark Q. Sutton, Kristin D. Sobolik, Jill K. Gardner Apr 2010

Paleonutrition, Mark Q. Sutton, Kristin D. Sobolik, Jill K. Gardner

Kristin D. Sobolik

The study of paleonutrition provides valuable insights into shifts and changes in human history. This is the most comprehensive book on the topic. Intended for students and professionals, it describes the nature of paleonutrition studies, reviews the history of research, discusses methodological issues in the reconstruction of prehistoric diets, presents theoretical frameworks frequently used in research, and showcases examples in which analyses have been successfully conducted on prehistoric individuals, groups, and populations. It offers an integrative approach to understanding state-of-the-art anthropological dietary, health, and nutritional assessments. The most recent and innovative methods used to reconstruct prehistoric diets are discussed, along ...


Brennan, Mary Zita, B. 1955 (Sc 2229), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives Apr 2010

Brennan, Mary Zita, B. 1955 (Sc 2229), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives

MSS Finding Aids

Finding aid only for Manuscripts Small Collection 2229. Dissertation titled "Sense of Place: Reconstructing Community Through Archeology, Oral History, and GIS" written by Mary Zita Brennan in partial fulfillment of the requirements for a doctorate in anthropology at the University of Arkansas. The work focuses on families along Moccasin and Indian Creeks in northwest Pope County, Arkansas. Appendices on compact disc. Tate Cromwell "Piney" Page was on the faculty of Western Kentucky University for many years.


Finding Sergeant York, James B. Legg Feb 2010

Finding Sergeant York, James B. Legg

Faculty & Staff Publications

No abstract provided.


The Legend Of Sergeant York, James B. Legg Feb 2010

The Legend Of Sergeant York, James B. Legg

Faculty & Staff Publications

No abstract provided.


A History Of American Settlement At Camp Atterbury, Steven D. Smith Jan 2010

A History Of American Settlement At Camp Atterbury, Steven D. Smith

Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


War Paths, Peace Paths: An Archaeology Of Cooperation And Conflict In Native Eastern North America, By David H. Dye, Charles R. Cobb Jan 2010

War Paths, Peace Paths: An Archaeology Of Cooperation And Conflict In Native Eastern North America, By David H. Dye, Charles R. Cobb

Faculty Publications

A review of War Paths, Peace Paths: an Archaeology of Cooperation and Conflict in Native Eastern North America, by David H. Dye


Holistic Medicine Not "Torture": Performing Acupuncture In Galway, Ireland, Kevin Taylor Anderson Jan 2010

Holistic Medicine Not "Torture": Performing Acupuncture In Galway, Ireland, Kevin Taylor Anderson

Adjunct Faculty Author Gallery

This article examines how the aesthetic design of clinics and interactive discourse 5 and rituals construct the social reality of acupuncture sessions as a form of holistic medical therapy. Verbal and nonverbal interactions create an appealing medical environment but also help prevent the emergence of undesired counter-realities (e.g., pain, biomedical intervention). Based on observations of acupuncture sessions conducted in Galway, Ireland, I illustrate how 10 ambiance and aesthetic elements of clinics create a complex medico-cultural environment that balances oppositional associations (Western=non-Western, exoticism=convention, medical alterity=medical professionalism). Patients inter- viewed continually referred to acupuncture as a natural and ...


Holistic Medicine Not "Torture": Performing Acupuncture In Galway, Ireland, Kevin Taylor Anderson Jan 2010

Holistic Medicine Not "Torture": Performing Acupuncture In Galway, Ireland, Kevin Taylor Anderson

Kevin Taylor Anderson

This article examines how the aesthetic design of clinics and interactive discourse 5 and rituals construct the social reality of acupuncture sessions as a form of holistic medical therapy. Verbal and nonverbal interactions create an appealing medical environment but also help prevent the emergence of undesired counter-realities (e.g., pain, biomedical intervention). Based on observations of acupuncture sessions conducted in Galway, Ireland, I illustrate how 10 ambiance and aesthetic elements of clinics create a complex medico-cultural environment that balances oppositional associations (Western=non-Western, exoticism=convention, medical alterity=medical professionalism). Patients inter- viewed continually referred to acupuncture as a natural and ...


Collaborative Ethics: Development And Implementation, Celia Emmelhainz, Claire Aliki Collins, Catharina Laporte, Ali Krzton Jan 2010

Collaborative Ethics: Development And Implementation, Celia Emmelhainz, Claire Aliki Collins, Catharina Laporte, Ali Krzton

Celia Emmelhainz

A short article assessing the need for collaborative ethics in anthropology. We suggest the incorporation of consensus methods in developing a new AAA code of ethics, as well as for collaboration with local scholars.


Narratives Of Irony And Failure In Ethnographic Work, Dariusz Jemielniak, Monika Kostera Jan 2010

Narratives Of Irony And Failure In Ethnographic Work, Dariusz Jemielniak, Monika Kostera

Dariusz Jemielniak

Organizational ethnography is one of the most valued approaches to qualitative studies of organizations. Much attention has been given to the development of the research process, of which the researcher's identity is an integral part. However, we believe that the analysis of research failures has been much less developed in the discourse of ethnographic methods for the study of organizations. Therefore, we have explored some of the “slips” in ethnographic work, as described in accounts of fellow organizational anthropologists. As the study is qualitative, we have adopted a narrative research method. We have divided the “slips” (i.e., errors ...


2010-2011, Csusb Jan 2010

2010-2011, Csusb

Anthropology Department's Newsletter

No abstract provided.


Fairy Forts And The Banshee In Modern Coastal Sligo, Ireland: An Ethnography Of Local Beliefs And Interpretations Of These Traditions, Brian Tillesen Jan 2010

Fairy Forts And The Banshee In Modern Coastal Sligo, Ireland: An Ethnography Of Local Beliefs And Interpretations Of These Traditions, Brian Tillesen

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

This thesis examines issues of cultural identity and modernity, and the anthropology of spirituality and sacred sites by conducting ethnographic research on fairy beliefs in contemporary Ireland. Irish folk belief has traditionally identified a spirit world intertwined with our own which is inhabited by spirits, often collectively referred to as fairies. Belief in these spirits was once widespread. My research sought to determine the prevalence of these traditional beliefs among modern Irish people within my research area, as well as differences in belief across variables including age, gender, and religious preference. I conducted eight weeks of ethnographic fieldwork during June-August ...


Building Sustainable Societies: Exploring Sustainability Policy And Practice In The Age Of High Consumption, Cindy Isenhour Jan 2010

Building Sustainable Societies: Exploring Sustainability Policy And Practice In The Age Of High Consumption, Cindy Isenhour

University of Kentucky Doctoral Dissertations

This dissertation is an attempt to examine how humans in wealthy, post-industrial urban contexts understand sustainability and respond to their concerns given their sphere of influence. I focus specifically on sustainable consumption policy and practice in Sweden, where concerns for sustainability and consumer-based responses are strong. This case raises interesting questions about the relative strength of sustainability movements in different cultural and geo-political contexts as well as the specific factors that have motivated the movement toward sustainable living in Sweden.

The data presented here supports the need for multigenic theories of sustainable consumerism. Rather than relying on dominant theories of ...


Reflections On Sudanese Languages Of War And Peace, Richard A. Lobban Jan 2010

Reflections On Sudanese Languages Of War And Peace, Richard A. Lobban

Faculty Publications

This pap er started as a casual reflection and was not especially scholarly in style, mainly following the 2009 Sudan Studies Association conference theme of war and peace.(1) It just sought to explore some linguistic concepts of war and peace in some Sudanese languages for which I had dictionaries at hand. I had no a priori views or hypotheses and was motivated mainly by my curiosity into Sudanese linguistics. As this survey has evolved, patterns emerged about these concepts that nudged me to look more at the context and etymology . The result is incomplete, but hopefully heuristic . A basic ...


Policing: A Sociologist’S Response To An Anthropological Account, Peter Moskos Jan 2010

Policing: A Sociologist’S Response To An Anthropological Account, Peter Moskos

Publications and Research

Social science writing should not ape quantitative science in format, structure, or style. If we can’t explain ourselves to others in a style both illuminating and interesting, we won’t and don’t deserve to be taken seriously. Too many in the Ivory Tower cling to the belief that research and academic writing must conform to a “scientific” format. Quality writing is more art than science. To be relevant, writing need not be – indeed should not be – rooted in a limited model of “hypothesis, replicable experiment, findings, discussion.” The more jargon and sociobabble we anthropologists, sociologists, and ethnographers spew ...


Culture And Co-Morbidity In East And West Berliners, Mary Fechner Dec 2009

Culture And Co-Morbidity In East And West Berliners, Mary Fechner

Mary Fechner

Following the collapse of socialism, fluctuations in cardiac mortality rates in East Germany and a West-to-East cardiac health gradient became topics of interest. Researchers suggested possible causes for these phenomena, including stress from postsocialism. I proposed that a cultural investigation of heart disease comorbid with depression could inform our understanding of the potential health effects of the postsocialist transition. I conducted ethnographic and survey research. In the study described here, I administered a depression scale (CES-D) and an ethnographically derived measure of cultural stress (Good Life Survey) to over 200 East and West Berliners with cardiovascular disease. Comparison of the ...


Vampire Island, Anastasia Tsaliki Dec 2009

Vampire Island, Anastasia Tsaliki

Anastasia Tsaliki

Participation in this documentary directed by Julian Thomas and produced by Electric Sky for History Channel International.

"The legend of blood sucking vampires has captured peoples’ imagination for generations. Mysterious tales of the undead rising from their coffins to terrorise the living and drain their blood are the stuff of horror movies and novels. But a crack team of archaeologists and forensic scientists have uncovered hard evidence for the existence of the legend – a legend that continues to haunt communities in the present day…"