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Social and Behavioral Sciences Commons

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Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

Mitochondrial Dna Diversity In Mennonite Communities From The Midwestern United States, Phillip Edward Melton, M.J. Mosher, Rohina C. Rubicz, Mark Zlojutro, Michael H. Crawford Jun 2010

Mitochondrial Dna Diversity In Mennonite Communities From The Midwestern United States, Phillip Edward Melton, M.J. Mosher, Rohina C. Rubicz, Mark Zlojutro, Michael H. Crawford

Anthropology Faculty and Staff Publications

We examined mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) variation in six Mennonite communities from Kansas (Goessel, Lone Tree, Garden View, Meridian, and Garden City) and Nebraska (Henderson) to determine their genetic structure and its relationship to population history. Mitochondrial DNA haplogroup and haplotype information were obtained from blood samples from 118 individuals. Molecular genetic variation was analyzed using diversity measures, neutrality test statistics, spatial analysis of molecular variance (SAMOVA), and multidimensional scaling plots. The Mennonite samples exhibited eight western European mtDNA haplogroups: H, HVO, I, J, K, T, U, and X. Comparable to other populations of European descent, haplogroup H was the most ...


Archaeological Evidence For Resilience Of Pacific Northwest Salmon Populations And The Socioecological System Over The Last ~7,500 Years, Sarah K. Campbell, Virginia L. Butler Jan 2010

Archaeological Evidence For Resilience Of Pacific Northwest Salmon Populations And The Socioecological System Over The Last ~7,500 Years, Sarah K. Campbell, Virginia L. Butler

Anthropology Faculty and Staff Publications

Archaeological data on the long history of interaction between indigenous people and salmon have rarely been applied to conservation management. When joined with ethnohistoric records, archaeology provides an alternative conceptual view of the potential for sustainable harvests and can suggest possible social mechanisms for managing human behavior. Review of the ~7,500-year-long fish bone record from two subregions of the Pacific Northwest shows remarkable stability in salmon use. As major changes in the ecological and social system occurred over this lengthy period, persistence in the fishery is not due simply to a lack of perturbation, but rather indicates resilience in ...


Misrepresentation As Complicity: The Genocide Against Indigenous Americans In High School History Textbooks, Andrew C. (Andrew Charles) Holcom Jan 2010

Misrepresentation As Complicity: The Genocide Against Indigenous Americans In High School History Textbooks, Andrew C. (Andrew Charles) Holcom

WWU Graduate School Collection

Textbooks are the guiding documents for high school history courses in the United States, and states create their own education standards for their students. Washington State expects students to consider indigenous peoples' perspective on United States history to be one of genocide. Given this mandate, textbooks used in Washington State are responsible for presenting that perspective. That responsibility is primarily placed on textbooks because they represent a disproportionate amount of the curricular materials used in United States history classes across the country. A sample of six textbooks representing half of those currently used in Whatcom County, Washington, was analyzed for ...


Selecting Success: Assimilation Experiences Of 1.5 And 2nd Generation Mexicans In Seattle, Gregory W. Toledo Jan 2010

Selecting Success: Assimilation Experiences Of 1.5 And 2nd Generation Mexicans In Seattle, Gregory W. Toledo

WWU Graduate School Collection

Relatively recent immigration from non-traditional sending areas such as Latin America and Asia reignited scholarship dedicated to understanding and measuring the adaptation and assimilation of immigrants and their descendents. Segmented assimilation theory emerged from this scholarship and predicts three pathways of assimilation for the children of immigrants: positive, downward and selective. I focused on selective assimilation - an assimilation strategy that intentionally preserves culture of origin and maintains relationships to co-nationals and an immigrant community. I explored successful assimilation strategies employed by 1.5 and second generation Mexicans that live in Seattle, Washington. Surveys and interviews administered to a small sample ...


Identity Politics At Grand Ronde: Toward An Ethnohistory Of The Tribes Of The Willamette Valley, 1855-1901, Nora K. Pederson Jan 2010

Identity Politics At Grand Ronde: Toward An Ethnohistory Of The Tribes Of The Willamette Valley, 1855-1901, Nora K. Pederson

WWU Graduate School Collection

In the 19th century the federal government and local Indian agents began a series of policies aimed at breaking down tribal distinctions at the Grand Ronde reservation in northwestern Oregon. The 'successes' of these assimilation policies were well documented by contemporary federal officials, missionaries and anthropologists. Today many ethnohistorians continue to write about the history of Grand Ronde as if tribes had dissolved by the end of the 19th century. Over the last 20 years most scholars who have written on 19th century identity at Grand Ronde view identity as a social phenomenon and try to incorporate indigenous perspectives, but ...


The Female Athlete Triad In A Subsample Of Female Wwu Athletes, Colby Langenberg Jan 2010

The Female Athlete Triad In A Subsample Of Female Wwu Athletes, Colby Langenberg

WWU Graduate School Collection

High performance female athletes can jeopardize their health if their energy requirements during preparations for competitions are excessive. The problems that result are called the Female Athlete Triad characterized by low energy availability with or without disordered eating, menstrual dysfunction/ amenorrhea, and osteoporosis and either alone or in combination can lead to more serious pathologies. The goal here is to determine whether intercollegiate female athletes exhibit elements of the triad at Western Washington University. Sixteen athletes from Western Washington University's soccer and cross-country program were recruited. Participant's average age was 19.24 years with an average height of ...