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Articles 1 - 15 of 15

Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

Quem Somos Nós: Os Wari´ Encontram Os Brancos, Flavio Braune Wiik Dec 2010

Quem Somos Nós: Os Wari´ Encontram Os Brancos, Flavio Braune Wiik

Tipití: Journal of the Society for the Anthropology of Lowland South America

No abstract provided.


Ambiguous Environments, Peter Riviere Dec 2010

Ambiguous Environments, Peter Riviere

Tipití: Journal of the Society for the Anthropology of Lowland South America

No abstract provided.


The Objects Of The Whites: Commodities And Consumerism Among The Xikrin-Kayapó (Mebengokre) Of Amazonia, Cesar Gordon Dec 2010

The Objects Of The Whites: Commodities And Consumerism Among The Xikrin-Kayapó (Mebengokre) Of Amazonia, Cesar Gordon

Tipití: Journal of the Society for the Anthropology of Lowland South America

In this paper I discuss the recent phenomenon of conspicuous and increasing consumption of goods among the Xikrin-Kayapó (Mebengokre) of Pará, Brazil. Money and goods have become embedded in every domain of Xikrin life, including kinship, economy, politics and ritual. Merchandise can now be seen as a total social fact in Xikrin‑Kayapó society. I show that this sort of consumerism results from a complex interaction between general principles of Mebengokre sociocosmology and the particular historical conditions in which such principles operate and are actualized. In particular, I suggest that the meaning and function of manufactured goods and money (“Whites ...


The Rain Stars, The World’S River, The Horizon And The Sun’S Path: Astronomy Along The Rio Urucauá, Amapá, Brazil, Lesley Green, David Green Dec 2010

The Rain Stars, The World’S River, The Horizon And The Sun’S Path: Astronomy Along The Rio Urucauá, Amapá, Brazil, Lesley Green, David Green

Tipití: Journal of the Society for the Anthropology of Lowland South America

This article curates excerpts from astronomical narratives recorded in Palikur between 2000 and 2008 along the Rio Urucauá, in the Área Indígena do Uaçá on the border of Brazil and French Guiana. The material assembles around the seasonal cycle of stars associated with particular rains and seasonal changes in the landscape. Star maps of the major constellations are counterposed with wood carvings of the constellations. The curation of these narratives and carvings serves three arguments. First, the figures in this mythical cycle offer multiple references to Amerindian astronomies documented across lowland and highland South America. While the contemporary Palikur population ...


Uneasy Neighbors: Maroons And Indians In Suriname, Richard Price Dec 2010

Uneasy Neighbors: Maroons And Indians In Suriname, Richard Price

Tipití: Journal of the Society for the Anthropology of Lowland South America

This paper presents a history of relations between Saramaka Maroons and Amerindians in Suriname, which ran the gamut from limited friendship and solidarity to bitter enmity. During the seventeenth century, as African plantation slaves fled into the forest, individual Indians served as occasional advisors and spouses for Saramakas. During the decades of war between the nascent Saramaka people and the colonial government, Indians served the Government as the most effective of jungle scouts and bounty hunters against Saramakas. By the time of the 1762 peace, one Saramaka village included about a dozen Akurio Indians as well as several Arawak captives ...


Um Peixe Olhou Para Mim: O Povo Yudjá E A Perspectiva, Peter Gow Dec 2010

Um Peixe Olhou Para Mim: O Povo Yudjá E A Perspectiva, Peter Gow

Tipití: Journal of the Society for the Anthropology of Lowland South America

No abstract provided.


Apapaatai. Rituais De Máscaras No Alto Xingu, Geraldo Andrello Dec 2010

Apapaatai. Rituais De Máscaras No Alto Xingu, Geraldo Andrello

Tipití: Journal of the Society for the Anthropology of Lowland South America

No abstract provided.


Mobility And Migration In Indigenous Amazonia: Contemporary Ethnoecological Perspectives, Alf Hornborg Jun 2010

Mobility And Migration In Indigenous Amazonia: Contemporary Ethnoecological Perspectives, Alf Hornborg

Tipití: Journal of the Society for the Anthropology of Lowland South America

Book review of Mobility and Migration in Indigenous Amazonia: Contemporary Ethnoecological Perspectives. Miguel. N. Alexiades, editor. New York and Oxford: Berghahn Books, 2009. Studies in Environmental Anthropology and Ethnobiology. Xviii + 310 pp., figures, tables, notes, references, index. $90.00 (cloth). ISBN 978-1-84545-563-7 [http://www.berghahnbooks.com].


Time And Complexity In Historical Ecology: Studies In The Neotropical Lowlands, Alf Hornborg Jun 2010

Time And Complexity In Historical Ecology: Studies In The Neotropical Lowlands, Alf Hornborg

Tipití: Journal of the Society for the Anthropology of Lowland South America

Book review of Time and Complexity in Historical Ecology: Studies in the Neotropical Lowlands. William Balée and Clark L. Erickson, editors. New York: Columbia University Press, 2006. The Historical Ecology Series. xii + 417 pp., maps, figures, tables, notes, references, index. $80.00 (cloth). ISBN 0-231-13288-3. [www.columbia.edu/cu/cup]


Soulful Voices: Birds, Language And Prophecy In Amazonia, Harry Walker Jun 2010

Soulful Voices: Birds, Language And Prophecy In Amazonia, Harry Walker

Tipití: Journal of the Society for the Anthropology of Lowland South America

This paper explores the significance of human-bird interactions among Peruvian Urarina, focusing on bird speech and its relation to concepts of voice, power and prophecy. It suggests that while the potential status of birds as subjects remains complex and uncertain, this very ambiguity has stimulated the development and refinement of more abstract ideas of meaning, language, and what it means to be human. The ways in which bird sounds signify is not simply arbitrary, but rather indexical or analogic, leading to the impression of a privileged access to reality and a powerful claim to truth. Together with their vocal transparency ...


On -Yesamarî And Laterality: Waiwai Meanderings, Evelyn Schuler Zea Jun 2010

On -Yesamarî And Laterality: Waiwai Meanderings, Evelyn Schuler Zea

Tipití: Journal of the Society for the Anthropology of Lowland South America

This paper introduces the figure of “laterality” to differentiate two modes of conceiving relationships among the Waiwai of Northern Amazonia. One mode that works through direct unmediated relations, and another mode that works through particular non-direct mediated forms of relating. The aim of the paper is to describe the gap between these two forms of relatedness, while at the same time discuss the demands and expectations as well as promises and potentialities that accompany the deployment of these two modes. These issues are articulated by means of a sequence of conceptual images that go from the so-called -yesamarî or meanders ...


Amazonian Dark Earths, William Balee Jun 2010

Amazonian Dark Earths, William Balee

Tipití: Journal of the Society for the Anthropology of Lowland South America

Review article of Amazonian Dark Earths: Origins, Properties, Management. Johannes Lehmann, Dirse C. Kern, Bruno Glaser, William I. Woods, eds. Dordrecht, The Netherlands: Kluwer Academic Publishers, 2003. 505 pp., $279.00 (cloth).

ISBN 978-1-4020-1839-8 [http://0-www.springer.com.library.simmons.edu/]. Amazonian Dark Earths: Explorations in Space and Time. Bruno Glaser and William I. Woods, eds. Berlin: Springer-Verlag., 2004. 216 pp., $189 (cloth). ISBN 978-3-54000754-8 [http://0-www.springer.com.library.simmons.edu/].

Amazonian Dark Earths: Wim Sombroek’s Vision. William I. Woods, Wenceslau G. Teixeira, Johannes Lehmann, Christoph Steiner, Antoinette M.G.A. WinklerPrins, and Lilian Rebellato, eds. New York: Springer Science and Business Media B ...


Land. Its Occupation, Management, Use And Conceptualization: The Case Of The Akawaio And Arekuna Of The Upper Mazaruni District, Guyana, Janette Bulkan Jun 2010

Land. Its Occupation, Management, Use And Conceptualization: The Case Of The Akawaio And Arekuna Of The Upper Mazaruni District, Guyana, Janette Bulkan

Tipití: Journal of the Society for the Anthropology of Lowland South America

Book review of Land. Its occupation, management, use and conceptualization: the case of the Akawaio and Arekuna of the Upper Mazaruni District, Guyana. Audrey J. Butt Colson. Panborough, Near Wells, UK: Last Refuge Ltd, 2009. 408 pp., 8 figures, 8 maps, 42 plates, bibliography, index. £40 (hard cover). ISBN: 978-0-9544350-7-3 [www.lastrefuge.co.uk].


Understanding The Relationship Between Nutritional Status, Obesity, And Academic Achievement, Hannah Schmunk Apr 2010

Understanding The Relationship Between Nutritional Status, Obesity, And Academic Achievement, Hannah Schmunk

Sociology and Anthropology Honors Theses

No abstract provided.


Whose Identity? The Responsibilities Of Museums In The Representation Of The Past And Present, Stephanie Allen Apr 2010

Whose Identity? The Responsibilities Of Museums In The Representation Of The Past And Present, Stephanie Allen

Sociology and Anthropology Honors Theses

The goal of this thesis is to investigate the nature of cultural identity as represented in, and connected to museums and the artifacts they contain. In particular, I will focus on the different ways anthropologists, archaeologists and many museums approach the problem of representation within a museum setting. Based upon a review of the literature within the fields of anthropology, museum studies, and archaeology, I will discuss how cultural identity is constructed and represented in a museum setting, demonstrating that the collective identities of both those who view archaeological collections, and the descendents of those represented may be influenced by ...