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Anthropology

2006

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Articles 1 - 30 of 435

Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

Archaeological Inventory, Site Assessment, And Data Management, Lake Mead National Recreation Area And Parashant National Monument: Quarterly Progress Report, Period Ending December 31, 2006, Margaret N. Rees Dec 2006

Archaeological Inventory, Site Assessment, And Data Management, Lake Mead National Recreation Area And Parashant National Monument: Quarterly Progress Report, Period Ending December 31, 2006, Margaret N. Rees

Archaeology

• Organized data from 129 features at St. Thomas into a comprehensive site record

• Reviewed more than 800 site records in ASMIS

• Completed Class 1 inventories for Capital Improvement and Lost City Projects

• Surveyed 585 acres for the NPS Andrus Burn Unit on the Shivwits Plateau

• Surveyed 330 acres for the Lost City Project

• Conducted an assessment of recent flood damage at the Willow Beach site


Cooperative Conservation: Increasing Capacity Through Community Partnerships: Cultural Site Stewardship Program: Quarterly Progress Report, Period Ending December 31, 2006, Margaret N. Rees Dec 2006

Cooperative Conservation: Increasing Capacity Through Community Partnerships: Cultural Site Stewardship Program: Quarterly Progress Report, Period Ending December 31, 2006, Margaret N. Rees

Cultural Site Stewardship Program

• The Cultural Site Stewardship Program now has 249 enrolled site stewards, an increase of 732% since program inception in 2004.

• Four training classes were held in 2006, adding 72 new stewards.

• Site Stewards reported 55 significant impacts during the 12-month period compared to 25 impacts during the same period last year.


Re-Evaluation Of The Main Ridge Site And Adjacent Areas: Quarterly Progress Report, October 1, 2006 – December 30, 2006, Margaret N. Rees Dec 2006

Re-Evaluation Of The Main Ridge Site And Adjacent Areas: Quarterly Progress Report, October 1, 2006 – December 30, 2006, Margaret N. Rees

Archaeology

• Completed archival research at the following repositories: Southwest Museum, Western Archaeological Conservation Center, Nevada State Museum, the National Museum of the American Indian, the Lake Mead National Recreation Area offices of the National Park Service, the Lost City Museum, UNLV Special Collections, and UNLV Department of Anthropology.

• Completed the compilation of a digital database of all records and artifacts associated with the 1920s-1940s excavations at Lost City.

• Conducted field research at Lost City through a Fall 2006 UNLV archaeological field school

• Academic paper presented at the 30th Great Basin Anthropological Conference.


Paleoecological Reconstructions Of The South African Plio-Pleistocene Based On Low-Magnification Dental Microwear Of Fossil Primates., Brian D. Carter Dec 2006

Paleoecological Reconstructions Of The South African Plio-Pleistocene Based On Low-Magnification Dental Microwear Of Fossil Primates., Brian D. Carter

Anthropology Theses

Cercopithecines are common in hominid producing deposits and are a useful proxy for determining the ecological context of the early hominids. For this study, dental microwear is examined through low-magnification stereomicroscopy and used to reconstruct the diets of sampled primates. Those from the earliest sites, predominantly Parapapio, are primarily frugivorous while the incidence of gramnivory increases in the later Dinopithecus, Gorgopithecus, and Papio individuals denoting a general cooling and drying trend over the South African Plio-Pleistocene with a distinct pulse between 1.9-1.8 million years ago (mya). Australopithecus is reconstructed as a primary gramnivore which indicates that hominids adapted ...


Museums In The Age Of Neoliberalism: A Multi-Sited Analysis Of Science And Health Museums., Taren Laine Dailey Dec 2006

Museums In The Age Of Neoliberalism: A Multi-Sited Analysis Of Science And Health Museums., Taren Laine Dailey

Anthropology Theses

In this thesis, I explore the variety of ways museums operate in a neoliberal, global economy. I describe interactions between museums, people, governments and money. These articles examine the different dimensions and connections between these discursive relationships, such as the ways in which museums work for and also work with governments, schools, tourists and local citizens in their communities. Additionally, I discuss my experiences as an anthropologist who is studying institutions controlled by elites. I use Larua Nader's (1969) theory of "studying up," to describe how anthropolotists must be increasingly flexible when researching museums in the age of neoliberalism ...


Site File Digitizing Project Nears Completion: Carmen Beard Joins The State Archaeology Office (Osa), Jonathan Leader Dec 2006

Site File Digitizing Project Nears Completion: Carmen Beard Joins The State Archaeology Office (Osa), Jonathan Leader

Faculty & Staff Publications

No abstract provided.


A Survey For Lucas Vazquez De Ayllon’S Lost Capitana, Christopher F. Amer Dec 2006

A Survey For Lucas Vazquez De Ayllon’S Lost Capitana, Christopher F. Amer

Faculty & Staff Publications

No abstract provided.


Integrating The Southeastern's Spanish Legacy Into The Educational Curriculum, James D. Spirek Dec 2006

Integrating The Southeastern's Spanish Legacy Into The Educational Curriculum, James D. Spirek

Faculty & Staff Publications

No abstract provided.


Coastal Shell Midden Research, Chester B. Depratter Dec 2006

Coastal Shell Midden Research, Chester B. Depratter

Faculty & Staff Publications

No abstract provided.


Putting The Ninth Ward On The Map: Race, Place, And Transformation In Desire, New Orleans, Rachel Breunlin Dec 2006

Putting The Ninth Ward On The Map: Race, Place, And Transformation In Desire, New Orleans, Rachel Breunlin

Anthropology Faculty Publications

In this article, we consider how long-term patterns of resistance to structural violence inform citizens’ responses to displacement before and after Katrina. Drawing on Abdou Maliq Simone’s (2004) conceptualization of people as infrastructure, we recenter the discussion about the rebuilding of New Orleans around displaced residents, taking the place-making practices of members of a social club as a lens through which to examine the predicament of the city as a whole. Members have been generating alternative ways of thinking about and dwelling together in a restructuring city. Their perspectives are articulated through in-depth interviews, focus groups, and the embodied ...


Legacy - December 2006, South Carolina Institute Of Archaeology And Anthropology--University Of South Carolina Dec 2006

Legacy - December 2006, South Carolina Institute Of Archaeology And Anthropology--University Of South Carolina

SCIAA Newsletter - Legacy & PastWatch

Contents:

19th Century Mill Site on Fort Jackson.....p. 1
Director’s Note – New SCIAA is Selected.....p. 2
Lora Holland to Manage Sport Diver Program.....p. 3
Coastal Shell Midden Research.....p. 8
North Carolina Honors SCIAA’s Stanley South.....p. 9
de Ayllon’s Lost Capitan Survey.....p. 10
Southeastern Spanish Legacy.....p. 15
SCIAA Researchers Funded in 2007.....p. 16
ART Board Activities.....p. 18
Site Digitizing Nears Completion.....p. 19
Carmen Beard Joins Office of State Archaeologist.....p. 19
33rd Conference on South Carolina Archaeology.....p. 20
Donor Invitation.....p. 21


On The Transportation Of Material Goods By Enslaved Africans During The Middle Passage: Preliminary Findings From Documentary Sources, Jerome S. Handler Dec 2006

On The Transportation Of Material Goods By Enslaved Africans During The Middle Passage: Preliminary Findings From Documentary Sources, Jerome S. Handler

African Diaspora Archaeology Newsletter

No abstract provided.


Early Evidence Of Cranial Surgical Intervention In Abdera, Greece, A Nexus To On Head Wounds Of The Hippocratic Corpus, Anagnostis P. Agelarakis Dec 2006

Early Evidence Of Cranial Surgical Intervention In Abdera, Greece, A Nexus To On Head Wounds Of The Hippocratic Corpus, Anagnostis P. Agelarakis

Anthropology Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


Nabataean And Roman Survey Pottery From The Karak Plateau, Jordan, Meagan Kelley Ayer Dec 2006

Nabataean And Roman Survey Pottery From The Karak Plateau, Jordan, Meagan Kelley Ayer

Masters Theses

The Karak Plateau lies at the foot of the Dead Sea in central Jordan. It has been occupied continuously from the Paleolithic and has been the sit of several cultures including the Moabite, Nabataean, Roman and Byzantine. It is thus uniquely suited to the investigation of land use and resource exploitation over time. During the Roman period, the plateau was densely populated by a variety of settlements among them small farms, large agriculture villages and military posts as well as nomadic pastoralists; thus the use of land and resources in the plateau encompassed great variability (Green 2002: 48).

This study ...


The Analysis Of Ceramic Symbolism From The First Street Site In Barbados, Aya Hashimoto Dec 2006

The Analysis Of Ceramic Symbolism From The First Street Site In Barbados, Aya Hashimoto

Master's Theses

The expression of race and racism in material culture is of increasing interest in historical archaeology ( e.g., Epperson 1990, 1999, 2000; Mullins 1996, 1999). This study investigates 6 ceramic sherds from one vessel associated with a white urban domestic site on First Street, in Holetown Barbados. This vessel conveys a racist message. A black slave in a loincloth serving tea to a white person is transfer printed on the ceramic. The ceramic seems to be an annular designed pearlware from England in the first half of the 19th century.

By interpreting the meanings of the ceramic decoration, this ...


Incisal Dental Microwear Of The Prehistoric Point Hope Communities: A Dietary And Cultural Synthesis, Kristin L. Krueger Dec 2006

Incisal Dental Microwear Of The Prehistoric Point Hope Communities: A Dietary And Cultural Synthesis, Kristin L. Krueger

Master's Theses

The prehistoric coastal communities of Point Hope, Alaska have been considered important Arctic archaeological sites since their initial excavations in 1939. The majority of the archaeological artifacts are grouped into two temporally distinct cultural components, the Ipiutak (2100-1500BP) and the Tigara (800-300BP). Although debated, Arctic archaeologists have suggested that the Ipiutak depended heavily on land mammals with only seasonal reliance on sea mammals, whereas the Tigara relied primarily on sea mammals including whales. While both groups clearly utilized foraging subsistence economies, the contrasts in their food acquisition strategies would have placed different demands on the males and females, particularly with ...


Soapstone Vessel Chronology And Function In The Southern Appalachians Of Eastern Tennessee, Edward William Wells Iii Dec 2006

Soapstone Vessel Chronology And Function In The Southern Appalachians Of Eastern Tennessee, Edward William Wells Iii

Masters Theses

The role of soapstone along the South Atlantic Slope in Late Archaic societies is well researched; however, information concerning both the chronology and function of soapstone vessel use in the South Appalachian region is limited. Excavations at the Apple Barn site (40BT90) in eastern Tennessee has produced one of the largest assemblages of soapstone artifacts in the region. The results of radiocarbon dating, residue analysis (pollen, starch and phytoliths) (Apple Barn only), and vessel attribute analysis from this assemblage and the Iddins Site (40LD38) are used to reconsider regional soapstone chronology and vessel function. The results suggest that soapstone vessels ...


An Analysis Of Bayesian Methods In Determining The Viability Of Perinatal Remains, Tiffanie Sue Cave Dec 2006

An Analysis Of Bayesian Methods In Determining The Viability Of Perinatal Remains, Tiffanie Sue Cave

Masters Theses

Bayes’ theorem is a conditional probability formula with the potential for aiding in the development of more accurate age-at-death estimations in perinatal remains. This investigation tested the validity of a Bayesian method for aging by applying the formula to 495 sets of historical Native American remains from several Arikara sites in South Dakota. The dates for these sites range from the 1600’s to the 1830’s. Dr. Oystein E. Olsen generously provided the reference sample data of 348 sets of perinatal remains from Haukeland University Hospital in Bergen, Norway collected between January 1988 and December 1998. The goal of ...


Debating Development Help: Ngo Fieldworker Perspectives On Street And Urban Poor Children In Ghana, Richard D. Darby Dec 2006

Debating Development Help: Ngo Fieldworker Perspectives On Street And Urban Poor Children In Ghana, Richard D. Darby

Masters Theses

This ethnographic investigation of the non-governmental organization (NGO) Catholic Action for Street Children (CAS) questions the cultural appropriateness of its policies and practices. By situating CAS in a historical context of colonialism and structural adjustment reforms, I show how it is responsive to a legitimating environment that consists of private donors, international finance institutions, and the Ghanaian government, all of which put pressure on CAS to specifically target "street children" and to adopt a policy of choice that places primary responsibility for development on the individual child. I argue that the legitimating environment is neoliberal in orientation, especially with respect ...


San Francesco D'Assisi E Santa Caterina Da Siena. La Loro Influenza Sulla Letteratura, La Cultura, La Religione E L'Arte Italiana Dei Primordi, Ann-Frances Hamill Dec 2006

San Francesco D'Assisi E Santa Caterina Da Siena. La Loro Influenza Sulla Letteratura, La Cultura, La Religione E L'Arte Italiana Dei Primordi, Ann-Frances Hamill

Master's Theses, Dissertations, Graduate Research and Major Papers Overview

Examines the works and thoughts of two Italian saints: Saint Francis of Assisi (1181-1226) and Saint Catherine of Siena (1347-1380). Explores the common ideological denominator in the works of these major figures and analyzes their impact on Italian society and culture.


Incongruence Between Genetic And Morphological Diversity In Microcebus Griseorufus On Beza Mahafaly, Laurie Godfrey, K. L. Heckman, E. Rasoazanabary, E. Machlin, A. D. Yoder Nov 2006

Incongruence Between Genetic And Morphological Diversity In Microcebus Griseorufus On Beza Mahafaly, Laurie Godfrey, K. L. Heckman, E. Rasoazanabary, E. Machlin, A. D. Yoder

Laurie R. Godfrey

Background - The past decade has seen a remarkable increase in the number of recognized mouse lemur species (genus Microcebus). As recently as 1994, only two species of mouse lemur were recognized according to the rules of zoological nomenclature. That number has now climbed to as many as fifteen proposed species. Indeed, increases in recognized species diversity have also characterized other nocturnal primates – galagos, sportive lemurs, and tarsiers. Presumably, the movement relates more to a previous lack of information than it does to any recent proclivity for taxonomic splitting. Due to their nocturnal habits, one can hypothesize that mouse lemurs will ...


Serendipity: Secrets Of The Mudballs, Naomi F. Miller, Kimberly E. Leaman, Julie Unruh Nov 2006

Serendipity: Secrets Of The Mudballs, Naomi F. Miller, Kimberly E. Leaman, Julie Unruh

University of Pennsylvania Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology Papers

A surprising amount of archaeological discovery consists simply of connecting the disparate bits of information that an average archaeologist holds in her mind. Such a connection occurred recently at the Museum’s research project in Gordion, Turkey, leading us to a new insight into ancient textile production.


Narrative Community: Voices Of Israeli Backpackers, Chaim Noy Oct 2006

Narrative Community: Voices Of Israeli Backpackers, Chaim Noy

Chaim Noy

Backpacking, or Tarmila’ut, has been a time-honored rite of passage for young Israelis for decades. Shortly after completing their mandatory military service, young people set off on extensive backpacking trips to "exotic" and "authentic" destinations in so-called Third World regions in India, Nepal, and Thailand in Asia, and also Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Brazil, Chile, and Argentina in Central and South America. Chaim Noy collects the words and stories of Israeli backpackers to explore the lively interplay of quotations, constructed dialogues, and social voices in the backpackers’ stories and examine the crucial role they play in creating a vibrant, voiced ...


Bulletin Of The Massachusetts Archaeological Society, Vol. 67, No. 2, Massachusetts Archaeological Society Oct 2006

Bulletin Of The Massachusetts Archaeological Society, Vol. 67, No. 2, Massachusetts Archaeological Society

Bulletin of the Massachusetts Archaeological Society

  • Editor's Note (James W. Bradley)
  • An Atlantic Phase Mortuary Feature at the Call Site, Billerica, MA (Eugene Winter)
  • A Review of Transitional Archaic Mortuary Features at the Seaver Farm, Bridgewater, MA (William B. Taylor)
  • Re-assessing Wapanucket: Paleolndians in Southeast MA (James W Bradley and Jeff Boudreau)
  • Hoes, Digging Implements or Heavy Scrapers? (Bernard A. Otto)
  • In Memoriam: Douglas F. Jordan (Eugene Winter and Nicholas Bellantoni)
  • Index to Volumes 61-66, 2000-2005


Review Article: The Archaeology Of Infancy And Childhood: Integrating And Expanding Research Into The Past, Marshall Joseph Becker Oct 2006

Review Article: The Archaeology Of Infancy And Childhood: Integrating And Expanding Research Into The Past, Marshall Joseph Becker

Anthropology & Sociology

No abstract provided.


Anadromous Fish And The Lenape, Marshall Joseph Becker Oct 2006

Anadromous Fish And The Lenape, Marshall Joseph Becker

Anthropology & Sociology

No abstract provided.


Iowa Academy Of Science: The New Bulletin, V2n4, Autumn 2006, Iowa Academy Of Science Oct 2006

Iowa Academy Of Science: The New Bulletin, V2n4, Autumn 2006, Iowa Academy Of Science

The New Bulletin

Inside This Issue:

--Executive Director Message

--Science Teaching Section Name Election

--Changes to IAS Sections

--Iowa Junior Academy of Science Supporting Student Inquiry

--ISTS President's Message

--Iowa Science Teachers Section Fall Conference

--In Memoriam: James A. Van Allen


Identifying And Preventing Pain In Animals, Daniel M. Weary, Lee Niel, Frances C. Flower, David Fraser Oct 2006

Identifying And Preventing Pain In Animals, Daniel M. Weary, Lee Niel, Frances C. Flower, David Fraser

Assessment of Animal Welfare Collection

Animals are routinely subjected to painful procedures, such as tail docking for puppies, castration for piglets, dehorning for dairy calves, and surgery for laboratory rats. Disease and injury, such as tumours in mice and sole ulcers on the feet of dairy cows, may also cause pain. In this paper we describe some of the ways in which the pain that animals experience can be recognized and quantified. We also describe ways in which pain can be avoided or reduced, by reconsidering how procedures are performed and whether they are actually required. Ultimately, reducing the pain that animals experience will require ...


Celebrating The Barbados-Carolina Connection! - 2006, South Carolina Institute Of Archaeology And Anthropology--University Of South Carolina Oct 2006

Celebrating The Barbados-Carolina Connection! - 2006, South Carolina Institute Of Archaeology And Anthropology--University Of South Carolina

Archaeology Month Posters

This poster was released in conjunction with South Carolina Archaeology Month, October 4-November 4, 2006.


Putting Humans First?, David Graham, Nathan Nobis Oct 2006

Putting Humans First?, David Graham, Nathan Nobis

Attitudes Towards Animals Collection

In Putting Humans First: Why We Are Nature's Favorite, Tibor Machan argues against moral perspectives that require taking animals' interests seriously. He attempts to defend the status quo regarding routine, harmful uses of animals for food, fashion and experimentation. Graham and Nobis argue that Machan's work fails to resist pro-animal moral conclusions that are supported by a wide range of contemporary ethical arguments.