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Anthropology

2005

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Articles 1 - 30 of 1049

Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

Sibyl 2006, Otterbein University Dec 2005

Sibyl 2006, Otterbein University

Otterbein University Yearbooks

No abstract provided.


Cooperative Conservation: Increasing Capacity Through Community Partnerships: Cultural Site Stewardship Program: Quarterly Progress Report, Period Ending December 31, 2005, Margaret N. Rees Dec 2005

Cooperative Conservation: Increasing Capacity Through Community Partnerships: Cultural Site Stewardship Program: Quarterly Progress Report, Period Ending December 31, 2005, Margaret N. Rees

Cultural Site Stewardship Program

  • Active stewards in the program now total 169, an increase of 497% since December 2004.
  • 11 additional major cultural site impacts resulting in measurable damages reported this quarter. Four additional impacts with somewhat lesser significance also reported in the quarter. Total impacts since December 2004 total 36 major and 12 less significant.
  • 2006 monitoring plan for Gold Butte implemented.
  • Training class on Southern Nevada Pre-history presented to 41 site stewards.


Archaeological Research & Data Management, Lake Mead National Recreation Area And Parashant National Monument: Quarterly Progress Report, Period Ending December 31, 2005, Margaret N. Rees Dec 2005

Archaeological Research & Data Management, Lake Mead National Recreation Area And Parashant National Monument: Quarterly Progress Report, Period Ending December 31, 2005, Margaret N. Rees

Archaeology

  • 2005-2006 survey priorities established
  • Completed 650 acres of survey at Lake Mead NRA and 700 acres of survey at Parashant National Monument
  • Search for the project manager underway
  • Hiring of crew member(s) 90% completed
  • Preparations underway for the summer field school
  • Presented a Fall 2005 brown bag lecture to the UNLV Anthropology Department about the upcoming project
  • Presented paper on upcoming work at the Three Corners Conference, held October 15, 2005 at UNLV


Re-Evaluation Of The Main Ridge Site And Adjacent Areas: Quarterly Progress Report, Period Ending December 31, 2005, Margaret N. Rees Dec 2005

Re-Evaluation Of The Main Ridge Site And Adjacent Areas: Quarterly Progress Report, Period Ending December 31, 2005, Margaret N. Rees

Archaeology

Hired graduate student to conduct the archival research

Purchased computer and camera for archival work

Met with Steve Daron about desired archival research methods

Presented a Fall 2005 brown bag lecture to the UNLV Anthropology Department about the upcoming project

Presented paper on upcoming work at the Three Corners Conference, held on October 15, 2005 at UNLV


Childhood, Marcia Mikulak Dec 2005

Childhood, Marcia Mikulak

Anthropology Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


"Anticipatory Self-Defense" And Other Stories, Jeanne Woods, James Donovan Dec 2005

"Anticipatory Self-Defense" And Other Stories, Jeanne Woods, James Donovan

James M. Donovan

We argue that the specious justification for the invasion of Iraq -- a war based on a pretext of anticipatory self-defense -- necessarily exacerbates the inherent tendency of war to dehumanize and humiliate the enemy. This tendency is particularly evident in the variant of anticipatory self-defense that we have denominated as "capacity preemption," a type of claim that by definition depends upon characterizations of the opponent as utterly inhuman.

The Bush Doctrine tells a timeless story of self-defense. This story is shaped by an identifiable and predictable narrative structure, one that is able to transform the morally outrageous -- an unprovoked aggressive war ...


Military Sites Program Follows In The Footsteps Of Lieutenant Anthony Allaire, Steven D. Smith Dec 2005

Military Sites Program Follows In The Footsteps Of Lieutenant Anthony Allaire, Steven D. Smith

Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


South Carolina State Tribes Finally Recognized, Jonathan Leader Dec 2005

South Carolina State Tribes Finally Recognized, Jonathan Leader

Faculty & Staff Publications

No abstract provided.


Archaeology In The Upstate Of South Carolina, Tommy Charles, Terry Ferguson Dec 2005

Archaeology In The Upstate Of South Carolina, Tommy Charles, Terry Ferguson

Faculty & Staff Publications

No abstract provided.


Fortification Search At Ninety Six National Historic Site, Stanley South Dec 2005

Fortification Search At Ninety Six National Historic Site, Stanley South

Faculty & Staff Publications

No abstract provided.


Georgetown County Marsh Middens And Clam Shell Analyses, Chester B. Depratter Dec 2005

Georgetown County Marsh Middens And Clam Shell Analyses, Chester B. Depratter

Faculty & Staff Publications

No abstract provided.


Upcoming Santa Elena Field Projects, Chester B. Depratter Dec 2005

Upcoming Santa Elena Field Projects, Chester B. Depratter

Faculty & Staff Publications

No abstract provided.


Empowering Rural Women Through Entrepreneurship Development-Leaning From Experiences, Samanta Rk, Aneeja Guttikonda Dec 2005

Empowering Rural Women Through Entrepreneurship Development-Leaning From Experiences, Samanta Rk, Aneeja Guttikonda

aneeja guttikonda

No abstract provided.


Οικοδομώντας Πολιτισμικές Συμπεριφορές Στο Σχολείο: «Παιχνίδια Ρόλων» Με Την Αρχαιολογία, Kosmas Touloumis Dec 2005

Οικοδομώντας Πολιτισμικές Συμπεριφορές Στο Σχολείο: «Παιχνίδια Ρόλων» Με Την Αρχαιολογία, Kosmas Touloumis

Kosmas Touloumis

Teaching with archaeology in Greek secondary education is the topic of this presentation.


Archaeological Testing At The Doak Site (40gn257): The 2005 Season, Nicholas Honerkamp Dec 2005

Archaeological Testing At The Doak Site (40gn257): The 2005 Season, Nicholas Honerkamp

Jeffrey L. Brown Institute of Archaeology Reports

In May and June of 2005, the University of Tennessee at Chattanooga (UTC) Archaeological Field School carried out secondary testing excavations at the Doak Site (40GN257), located on the campus of Tusculum College in Greeneville, Tennessee. The purpose of this project was to follow up on previous research completed in 2003 and 2004, as outlined in site reports, papers, and a journal publication (Honerkamp 2003, 2004, 2005). This literature describes a phased survey and testing program at the site of the extant plantation home of Samuel Witherspoon Doak. Built about 1830, his substantial two-story brick manor, adhering to a modified ...


People Into Ghosts: Chachi Death Rituals As Shape-Shifting, Istvan Praet Dec 2005

People Into Ghosts: Chachi Death Rituals As Shape-Shifting, Istvan Praet

Tipití: Journal of the Society for the Anthropology of Lowland South America

This article deals with the corporeality of the dead in native South American societies. Focusing on the Chachi of Northwest Ecuador, I question whether the separation of the dead from the living is best analyzed in terms of the lack of a body. While relevant in most ordinary circumstances, the division between having or not having a body hampers ourcapacitytounderstandcrisissituations,especiallywhensomebodydies. I then turn to the particular role played by “ghosts” during funerary rituals,and the ways in which mourners “shift shape” into visible and physically present ghosts, thus assuming the forms of the dead. I suggest that similar kinds ...


Legacy - December 2005, South Carolina Institute Of Archaeology And Anthropology--University Of South Carolina Dec 2005

Legacy - December 2005, South Carolina Institute Of Archaeology And Anthropology--University Of South Carolina

SCIAA Newsletter - Legacy & PastWatch

Contents:

Archaeology in the South Carolina Upstate.....p. 1
Director’s Notes.....p. 2
Clovis in the Southeast Conference.....p. 3
Michael Murray Takes Reins of Sport Diver Program.....p. 7
Fort Search at Ninety-Six.....p. 8
Clam Shell Analysis.....p. 12
Return to Santa Elena.....p. 14
Footsteps of Lieutenant Allaire.....p. 15
32nd Annual South Carolina Archaeology Conference.....p. 18
ART – Gifts Can Make a Difference.....p. 19
South Carolina Tribes Recognized.....p. 20


Introduction: What Constitutes A Human Body In Native Amazonia?, Laura Rival Dec 2005

Introduction: What Constitutes A Human Body In Native Amazonia?, Laura Rival

Tipití: Journal of the Society for the Anthropology of Lowland South America

No abstract provided.


Mutually Exclusive Relationships: Corporeality And Differentiation Of Persons In Yine (Piro) Social Cosmos, Minna Opas Dec 2005

Mutually Exclusive Relationships: Corporeality And Differentiation Of Persons In Yine (Piro) Social Cosmos, Minna Opas

Tipití: Journal of the Society for the Anthropology of Lowland South America

In Amazonia, body is a central organizing element of social life. Recent discussions in Amazonian anthropology show,on the one hand, the multiple ways in which the body acts in the formation of social relations, and, on the other, how social relations work in the formation of bodies. Bodies are relationally constituted in the diverse embodied processes through which Amazonian peoples form, maintain and regulate relations to each other. It is in this same manner that people also relate to, and are transformed into, different nonhuman persons. This article examines these dynamics of the body among the Yine (Piro) of ...


Amerindian Torture Revisited: Rituals Of Enslavement And Markers Of Servitude In Tropical America, Fernando Santos-Granero Dec 2005

Amerindian Torture Revisited: Rituals Of Enslavement And Markers Of Servitude In Tropical America, Fernando Santos-Granero

Tipití: Journal of the Society for the Anthropology of Lowland South America

Western fascination with the body and all things corporeal has permeated millennial anthropology,capturing the attention of anthropologists working in different parts of the world. In lowland South America, Seeger, da Matta, and Viveiros de Castro (1979) called attention, early on, to the Amerindian propensity to use the body as the main instrument to convey social and cosmological meanings. In a now famous essay entitled “Of Torture in Primitive Societies,” Pierre Clastres (1974) suggested that Amerindian initiation rituals—always entailing some kind of torture and bodily modification—were meant to mark initiates not only as adults but, above all, as ...


New Bodies, Ancient Blood: “Purity” And The Construction Of Zápara Identity In The Ecuadorian Amazon, Maximilian Viatori Dec 2005

New Bodies, Ancient Blood: “Purity” And The Construction Of Zápara Identity In The Ecuadorian Amazon, Maximilian Viatori

Tipití: Journal of the Society for the Anthropology of Lowland South America

In this article, I explore how the Zápara in Amazonian Ecuador stress the biological side of their bodies, particularly the “purity” of their blood, as an indicator of the uniqueness of their identity. In order to imagine themselves as distinct from their Kichwa neighbors—with whom they share similar cultural and linguistic practices—Zápara assert that the essence of their difference resides in their blood, which links them in an unbroken continuum to their precontact ancestors. I argue that this new focus on blood purity represents a shift from cultural practices—speaking Zápara—to bodily attributes—having “pure” Zápara blood ...


Applications Of Pooled Dna Samples To The Assessment Of Population Affinities: Short Tandem Repeats, M. H. Crawford, P. Banerjee, D. A. Demarchi, M. Zlojutro, J. Mccomb, G. Livshits, M. Henneberg, M.J. Mosher, M. S. Schanfield, J. A. Knowles Dec 2005

Applications Of Pooled Dna Samples To The Assessment Of Population Affinities: Short Tandem Repeats, M. H. Crawford, P. Banerjee, D. A. Demarchi, M. Zlojutro, J. Mccomb, G. Livshits, M. Henneberg, M.J. Mosher, M. S. Schanfield, J. A. Knowles

Anthropology Faculty and Staff Publications

Pooled DNA samples have been used in association studies of Mendelian disease genes. This method involves combining equal quantities of DNA from patients and control subjects into separate pools and comparing the pools for distributions of genetic markers. In this study identical quantities of DNA from 300 individuals representing 6 populations were pooled and amplified for 296 loci using the touchdown polymerase chain reaction (PCR) method. The purpose of this study is to test the efficacy of pooled DNA markers in the reconstruction of the genetic structure of human populations. The populations sampled included Chuvash, Buryats, Kizhi, Native Americans, South ...


Encosto In A Brazilian Favela, Darrell William Lynch Dec 2005

Encosto In A Brazilian Favela, Darrell William Lynch

Doctoral Dissertations

The purpose of this dissertation is to explore the folk illness of encosto in the favela, or slum, of Pirambu in Fortaleza, Ceara, Brazil. Encosto is a term used primarily within the religious tradition of Umbanda. To be encostado literally means that someone is being "leaned on unduly" or "bothered by" another person. In the case of the folk illness, that "person" is believed to be a disincarnate spirit and the victim is said to be suffering from encosto. The spirit may be a deceased relative, an Exu or trickster spirit, or an entity sent to attack the victim by ...


A Zooarchaeological Analysis Of Change In Animal Utilization At Bethsaida From Iron Age Ii Through The Early Roman Period, Toni Gayle Fisher Dec 2005

A Zooarchaeological Analysis Of Change In Animal Utilization At Bethsaida From Iron Age Ii Through The Early Roman Period, Toni Gayle Fisher

Doctoral Dissertations

This dissertation examines and compares the patterns of animal utilization by the peoples who inhabited et-Tell / Bethsaida during three historical periods: the Iron Age (specifically Iron Age IIA, IIB and IIC, 1000–740 BCE), the Early Hellenistic Period (332–142 BCE) and the Late Hellenistic / Early Roman Period (142 BCE–second century CE). The research presented here analyzes animal bones discovered during excavations from 1995 through 1998 at et-Tell, a site in present-day Israel. Zooarchaeological analysis of these remains in their archaeological contexts, in combination and comparison with data from neighboring sites, is used to identify the economic strategies and ...


Geographic Variation In Native American Anthropometrics: A Spatial Analysis Of The Boas And Gifford Datasets, Paul Christopher Dillingham Dec 2005

Geographic Variation In Native American Anthropometrics: A Spatial Analysis Of The Boas And Gifford Datasets, Paul Christopher Dillingham

Doctoral Dissertations

In 1982, anthropometric data that had been lost for decades was rediscovered, and, with it, another chance was granted to add to our knowledge of the physical anthropology of the American Indian.

Because previous spatial analysis studies either utilized only a portion of the Boas data and either utilized no statistical analyses or were not published, a more comprehensive spatial analysis is still needed. The purpose of this study is to more comprehensively re-analyze the Boas and Gifford datasets using spatial analysis methods to discover the patterns of variation revealed by the data. The following questions using spatial autocorrelation analysis ...


"Anticipatory Self-Defense" And Other Stories, Jeanne M. Woods, James M. Donovan Dec 2005

"Anticipatory Self-Defense" And Other Stories, Jeanne M. Woods, James M. Donovan

Law Faculty Scholarly Articles

We argue that the specious justification for the invasion of Iraq -- a war based on a pretext of anticipatory self-defense -- necessarily exacerbates the inherent tendency of war to dehumanize and humiliate the enemy. This tendency is particularly evident in the variant of anticipatory self-defense that we have denominated as "capacity preemption," a type of claim that by definition depends upon characterizations of the opponent as utterly inhuman.

The Bush Doctrine tells a timeless story of self-defense. This story is shaped by an identifiable and predictable narrative structure, one that is able to transform the morally outrageous -- an unprovoked aggressive war ...


Biological, Linguistic, And Cultural Variation Among 19Th Century Plains Indians, Brad Jamison Dec 2005

Biological, Linguistic, And Cultural Variation Among 19Th Century Plains Indians, Brad Jamison

Masters Theses

In this study I have examined relationships between biological, linguistic and cultural patterns of variability among 19th Century Indian groups of the American Great Plains. Through this research I have sought to address Cavalli-Sforza et al.’s (1994) call for studies regarding cultural and biological correlation and also to partially assess their methodology of equating linguistic relationships with biologically influential, ethnic boundaries. I have constructed biological, linguistic, and cultural distance matrices, based on the Boas database of anthropometric measurements, Ruhlen’s (1976) and Campbell’s (1997) linguistic taxonomies, and Murdock’s (1967) Ethnographic Atlas, respectively. Furthermore, I constructed a ...


A Test Of The Transition Analysis Method For Estimation Of Age-At-Death In Adult Human Skeletal Remains, Jonathan D. Bethard Dec 2005

A Test Of The Transition Analysis Method For Estimation Of Age-At-Death In Adult Human Skeletal Remains, Jonathan D. Bethard

Masters Theses

Physical anthropologists and bioarchaeologists often seek to generate biological profiles of individuals represented by skeletal remains. One particularly informative component of the biological profile is skeletal age-at-death. Age-at-death estimation is vital to numerous contexts in both paleodemography and forensic anthropology. Throughout the history of the discipline, numerous authors have published methods for adult age-at-death estimation. These methods have proved invaluable, but they are not free from error. As a result, workers have continually worked to improve the methodological toolkit for estimating age-at-death.

In June of 1999, researchers gathered in Rostock, Germany for the sole purpose of evaluating and testing age-at-death ...


A Comparison Of Human Decomposition In An Indoor And An Outdoor Environment, Genevieve T. Ritchie Dec 2005

A Comparison Of Human Decomposition In An Indoor And An Outdoor Environment, Genevieve T. Ritchie

Masters Theses

In the medicolegal context, forensic anthropologists assist investigators by gathering information from skeletal remains. While humans decompose in both indoor and outdoor environments, little research has been performed on the differences in the decomposition rate and process between subjects in an indoor environment and subjects in an outdoor environment. Limited accessibility to appropriate facilities for a comparison study between indoor and outdoor decomposition rates has prevented such research from being attempted. Documented through daily notes and photographs, six human subjects were observed from the fresh to the end of the bloat stages of decomposition. Three subjects were placed in an ...


“Updating Images Of South Sudan.”, Dianna Shandy Nov 2005

“Updating Images Of South Sudan.”, Dianna Shandy

Dianna Shandy

No abstract provided.