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Anthropology

2003

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Articles 1 - 30 of 297

Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

Pedro Casanto’S Nightmares: Lucid Dreaming In Amazonia And The New Age Movement, Fernando Santos-Granero Dec 2003

Pedro Casanto’S Nightmares: Lucid Dreaming In Amazonia And The New Age Movement, Fernando Santos-Granero

Tipití: Journal of the Society for the Anthropology of Lowland South America

Taking as a point of departure the recurring nightmares of a Yanesha boy, the author examines the dream theories and practices of Yanesha people of Peruvian Amazonia. Particular emphasis is placed on the conscious manipulation of actions taking place in nightmares. This practice, common to many indigenous peoples throughout the world, has become known in Western tradition as “lucid dreaming.” The author explores how New Age thinkers and entrepreneurs have adopted this and other connected indigenous dream practices by means of “simulation,” a mode of appropriating the magic of “Others” that, in the context of globalized neocolonial encounters, appears as ...


Refiguring Palmares, Richard Price Dec 2003

Refiguring Palmares, Richard Price

Tipití: Journal of the Society for the Anthropology of Lowland South America

In this methodological/poetical exercise, the author attempts a mind-game in which he reads through the primary and secondary sources on the great seventeenth-century Brazilian quilombo of Palmares, drawing on his knowledge of Maroon societies elsewhere in the Americas, in order to imagine the institutions of that quilombo from their own, rather than outside observers’, perspectives. Using oral testimonies from the descendants of Maroons in Suriname, and comparing them to outsiders’ views of those societies as recorded in archives, he tries to better evoke the cultural institutions that would have existed in Palmares.

Dans cet essai, à la fois méthodolgique ...


A Fresh Look At Amazon Indians: Karl Von Den Steinen And Curt Nimuendajú, Giants Of Brazilian Anthropology, John Hemming Dec 2003

A Fresh Look At Amazon Indians: Karl Von Den Steinen And Curt Nimuendajú, Giants Of Brazilian Anthropology, John Hemming

Tipití: Journal of the Society for the Anthropology of Lowland South America

This essay examines two German anthropologists who changed the style of Brazilian anthropology. Karl von den Steinen made first contact with eight peoples of the upper Xingu in the 1880s. His anthropological observations were accurate and valuable, and he was the first to describe indigenous people as individual human beings. Curt Nimuendajú also had no formal training, but was on an anthropological or archaeological expedition every year between 1905–1945, produced a prodigious volume of writing, studied shattered tribal remnants as well as newly contacted peoples, and was a pioneer in championing indigenous rights. Both were seminal figures in the ...


Trekking Through History: The Huaorani Of Amazonia, Norman E. Whitten Jr Dec 2003

Trekking Through History: The Huaorani Of Amazonia, Norman E. Whitten Jr

Tipití: Journal of the Society for the Anthropology of Lowland South America

Book review of, Trekking Through History: The Huaorani of Amazonia. Laura M. Rival.

New York: Columbia University Press, 2002. xx + 246 pp., plates, maps,

tables, figures, notes, references, index. ISBN 0-231-11844-9.


Families Of The Forest: The Matsigenka Indians Of The Peruvian Amazon, Gerald Weiss Dec 2003

Families Of The Forest: The Matsigenka Indians Of The Peruvian Amazon, Gerald Weiss

Tipití: Journal of the Society for the Anthropology of Lowland South America

Book review of Families of the Forest: The Matsigenka Indians of the Peruvian Amazon. AllenJohnson. Berkeley: University of California Press, 2003. xvii + 258 pp.,maps, tables, figures, glossary, references, index. ISBN 0-520-23242-9.


The Indians And Brazil, Debra S. Picchi Dec 2003

The Indians And Brazil, Debra S. Picchi

Tipití: Journal of the Society for the Anthropology of Lowland South America

Book review of The Indians and Brazil. Mercio Pereira Gomes. Translated by John W. Moon. Gainesville: University Press of Florida, 2000. xvi + 300 pp., notes, appendices, bibliography. ISBN 0-8130-1720-3.


Kayapó Ethnoecology And Culture, Warren M. Hern Dec 2003

Kayapó Ethnoecology And Culture, Warren M. Hern

Tipití: Journal of the Society for the Anthropology of Lowland South America

Book review of Kayapó Ethnoecology and Culture. Darrel A. Posey (Kristina Plenderleith, editor). New York: Routledge, 2002. xviii + 285 pp., figures, tables, foreword, glossary, index. ISBN 0-415-27791-4.


The Brazilian People: The Formation And Meaning Of Brazil, William Balee Dec 2003

The Brazilian People: The Formation And Meaning Of Brazil, William Balee

Tipití: Journal of the Society for the Anthropology of Lowland South America

Book review of The Brazilian People: The Formation and Meaning of Brazil. Darcy Ribeiro. Gregory Rabassa (transl.). Gainesville, FL: University Press of Florida,2000. xviii + 332 pp., bibliography. $34.95 (cloth). ISBN 0-8130-1777-7.


La Voz De Kultrun En La Modernidad: Tradición Y Cambio En La Terapéutica De Siete Machi Mapuche (The Kultrun’S Voice In Modernity: Tradition And Change In The Therapeutics Of Seven Mapuche Machi), Marcelo Fiorini Dec 2003

La Voz De Kultrun En La Modernidad: Tradición Y Cambio En La Terapéutica De Siete Machi Mapuche (The Kultrun’S Voice In Modernity: Tradition And Change In The Therapeutics Of Seven Mapuche Machi), Marcelo Fiorini

Tipití: Journal of the Society for the Anthropology of Lowland South America

Book review of La Voz de Kultrun en la Modernidad: Tradición y Cambio en la Terapéutica de Siete Machi Mapuche (The Kultrun’s Voice in Modernity: Tradition and Change in the Therapeutics of Seven Mapuche Machi). Ana Mariella Bacigalupo. Santiago, Chile: Ediciones Universidad Catolica de Chile, 2001. 271 pp. ISBN 956-14-0623-2


Historic Period Foodways In The Danish West Indies (1718-1917): The Zooarchaeological Evidence From Cinnamon Bay And The East End, St. John, Virgin Islands, Judith A. Sichler Dec 2003

Historic Period Foodways In The Danish West Indies (1718-1917): The Zooarchaeological Evidence From Cinnamon Bay And The East End, St. John, Virgin Islands, Judith A. Sichler

Doctoral Dissertations

This research concerns the faunal remains from two sites on the former Danish island of St. John, now part of the United States Virgin Islands. The first site, Cinnamon Bay, a small-scale cotton plantation that was later incorporated into a larger sugar plantation, was occupied from 1718 to 1917. The East End, a provisioning estate and later free African community, was occupied from 1725 to 1950. Cinnamon Bay and the East End are significant to historic zooarchaeological research in the Caribbean for two reasons. First, the assemblages represent subsistence choices and procurement in two contrasting occupation types in the 18 ...


Subsistence, Butchery, And Commercialization In Knox County, Tennessee, Rachel Jeannine Windham Dec 2003

Subsistence, Butchery, And Commercialization In Knox County, Tennessee, Rachel Jeannine Windham

Masters Theses

A multifaceted approach to zooarchaeology is used to attain a broader diachronic view of Upland South subsistence and market activities as commercialization increased nationwide. Greater beef consumption is evidenced through faunal remains as availability and affordability increase with technological advancements. Paralleling this trend is an increased acceptance and purchase of Georgian cuts (individual hams and beef steaks) gaining popularity over time.

In order to investigate this pattern, a sample of six historic archaeological sites in Knox County, Tennessee, differing in proximity to urban markets, socioeconomic status, ethnicity, and temporal context was chosen. General time ranges from the late eighteenth through ...


Second Class Relics: Forgery, Fantasy, And The Ideology Of Antiquities Collecting In The Holy Land, Neil Silberman Nov 2003

Second Class Relics: Forgery, Fantasy, And The Ideology Of Antiquities Collecting In The Holy Land, Neil Silberman

Neil A. Silberman

No abstract provided.


A Documentary Overview Of The Proposed University Of Tennessee At Chattanooga Greenway, R. Bruce Council Nov 2003

A Documentary Overview Of The Proposed University Of Tennessee At Chattanooga Greenway, R. Bruce Council

Jeffrey L. Brown Institute of Archaeology Reports

The proposed greenway through the campus of the University of Tennessee does not intercept, nor closely approach any recorded archaeological sites listed with the Tennessee Division of Archaeology. The route of the greenway closely follows a railroad grade cut originally constructed in 1856-58 by the East Tennessee and Georgia Railroad. The right-of-way was also maintained by the East Tennessee, Virginia and Georgia Railroad and its successor, the Southern Railway. The right-of-way of this grade cut was originally 66 feet in width, but was enlarged to 80 feet and more during the late 1800s. The right-of-way housed a double track branch ...


Assessing Animal Welfare At The Farm And Group Level: The Interplay Of Science And Values, D. Fraser Nov 2003

Assessing Animal Welfare At The Farm And Group Level: The Interplay Of Science And Values, D. Fraser

Assessment of Animal Welfare

In the social debate about animal welfare we can identify three different views about how animals should be raised and how their welfare should be judged: (1) the view that animals should be raised under conditions that promote good biological functioning in the sense of health, growth and reproduction, (2) the view that animals should be raised in ways that minimise suffering and promote contentment, and (3) the view that animals should be allowed to lead relatively natural lives. When attempting to assess animal welfare, different scientists select different criteria, reflecting one or more of these value-dependent views. Even when ...


Iowa Farm And Rural Life Poll—2003 Summary Report, Peter Korsching, Paul Lasley Nov 2003

Iowa Farm And Rural Life Poll—2003 Summary Report, Peter Korsching, Paul Lasley

Extension Community and Economic Development Publications

Highlights include opinions on community well-being, quality of life, and sense of community. Questions were also asked about biotechnology, food safety, GMOs, and more.


Jacobite Past, Loyalist Present, Michael Newton Oct 2003

Jacobite Past, Loyalist Present, Michael Newton

e-Keltoi: Journal of Interdisciplinary Celtic Studies

This article is the first analysis of Gaelic sources relating to the involvement of Scottish Highlanders in warfare in North America from the opening of the French and Indian War to the end of the American Revolution. A careful reading of these primary sources — almost totally unknown to historians — can provide a unique window on the sentiments and reasoning of Highlanders regarding these conflicts. This analysis of contemporary Gaelic poetry demonstrates that there is a high degree of continuity and consistency in the ideological framework of the lines of political argumentation from the Jacobite era through the end of the ...


Bulletin Of The Massachusetts Archaeological Society, Vol. 64, No. 2, Massachusetts Archaeological Society Oct 2003

Bulletin Of The Massachusetts Archaeological Society, Vol. 64, No. 2, Massachusetts Archaeological Society

Bulletin of the Massachusetts Archaeological Society

  • Editor's Note (James W. Bradley)
  • Forest Management in the Ancient Northeast: Evidence from Stockbridge, MA (Eric S. Johnson)
  • Evidence of Red Ocher as a Processed Commodity from Millbury and Charlton, MA (Alan Leveillee)
  • The Oak Knoll Site; An Orient Campsite in Lincoln, MA (Christopher L. Donta)
  • Some Observations on Caddy Park (Mary E. Gage)
  • A Reply to Gage (Thomas Mahlstedt and Margo Muhl Dams)
  • Aboriginal Soapstone Workshops at the Skug River II Site, Essex County, MA (Suzanne Wall)


Reverse Migration And Nonmetropolitan Employment In Four Great Plains States, 1970-1980, A. Olu Oyinlade Oct 2003

Reverse Migration And Nonmetropolitan Employment In Four Great Plains States, 1970-1980, A. Olu Oyinlade

Sociology and Anthropology Faculty Publications

During the rural renaissance of the 1970s, the United States experienced a reverse migration pattern in which the flow of migration was predominantly urban to rural, unlike the traditional rural to urban flows. This migration phenomenon was equally experienced in the North Central Region, which includes the Great Plains states of North Dakota, South Dakota, Nebraska, and Kansas. This study investigated the impact of the reverse migration phenomenon on employment in eight industry categories in three categories of counties in North Dakota, South Dakota, Nebraska, and Kansas. Findings show that net migration had differential impacts on employment by industry category ...


"They Are Beginning To Learn The Use Of Tobacco": Cultural Context And The Creation Of A Passion In Colonial Papua New Guinea, Terence Hays Sep 2003

"They Are Beginning To Learn The Use Of Tobacco": Cultural Context And The Creation Of A Passion In Colonial Papua New Guinea, Terence Hays

Terence Hays

No abstract provided.


Mardu Foraging, Food Sharing, And Gender, Douglas W. Bird Sep 2003

Mardu Foraging, Food Sharing, And Gender, Douglas W. Bird

University of Maine Office of Research Administration: Grant Reports

Among Aboriginal people in Australia's deserts, as among all humans, food acquisition is not simply about eating: practices related to what types of foods are acquired, who obtains the food, how food is treated and distributed, are infused with value other than simple nutrition. Often these practices are attached to gender roles. Traditional explanations have assumed that gender differences in foraging and food sharing are bound by a common goal of provisioning--that like a mini-economy of scale, a household will be better provisioned through gender specialization. But recent work among other people that hunt and gather suggests that under ...


Iron Age Chariots And Medieval Texts: A Step Too Far In "Breaking Down Boundaries"?, Raimund Karl Sep 2003

Iron Age Chariots And Medieval Texts: A Step Too Far In "Breaking Down Boundaries"?, Raimund Karl

e-Keltoi: Journal of Interdisciplinary Celtic Studies

Analysing “Celtic” chariots by using Iron Age archaeological material and Early Medieval Irish texts might seem to be more than just one step too far in breaking down boundaries. Considering the huge chronological and geographical gaps between the sources, the objections raised against the concept of “Celticity” by Celtosceptics, and the antinativist school of thought in Irish literature, such an approach might look like outright nonsense to many archaeologists and scholars in medieval literature alike. Using a “functional” method according to the new Viennese approach to Celtic Studies, to allow cross-disciplinary comparison of archaeological, historical, iconographic, legal, linguistic, literary and ...


Prehistoric Timberline Adaptations In The Eastern Uinta Mountains, Utah, Michelle Knoll Sep 2003

Prehistoric Timberline Adaptations In The Eastern Uinta Mountains, Utah, Michelle Knoll

All Theses and Dissertations

Excavations at a high altitude archaeological site (3350 m) in the eastern Uinta Mountains, Utah, uncovered at least three ephemeral brush structures. These temporary timberline dwellings are the highest structures excavated in Utah to date. The periods of occupation range from the early Fremont period to the post-contact era. It is believed that the Fremont occupations are logistical in nature, possibly representing male hunting parties. Logistical camps imply a departure from, and return to, a residential camp. Ethnographic studies show that most residential camps are located within proximity to culinary plants to facilitate collection by women. In the Uinta Mountains ...


Ritual And Ceremony In A Contemporary Anishinabe Tribe, Julie Pelletier Sep 2003

Ritual And Ceremony In A Contemporary Anishinabe Tribe, Julie Pelletier

Faculty Working Papers

No abstract provided.


Landscape Archaeology At The Doak House, Nicholas Honerkamp Sep 2003

Landscape Archaeology At The Doak House, Nicholas Honerkamp

Jeffrey L. Brown Institute of Archaeology Reports

The Doak House Museum is housed in an impressive brick structure located on the campus of Tusculum College in Greene County, Tennessee. Built about 1829-30, this large two-story mansion was owned until the mid-1970s by descendents of the Samuel W. Doak family, the original occupants. Doak was a minister and pioneer educator in east Tennessee who, with his father, established Tusculum Academy (later College) in 1818 (Fuhrmann 1986:43). Samuel W. Doak built a second academy adjacent to his residence in 1835; oral tradition has it that this restored wooden building sits on its original limestone foundations (George Collins: personal ...


Rediscovering The American Revolution In South Carolina: 1775-1782 - 2003, South Carolina Institute Of Archaeology And Anthropology--University Of South Carolina Sep 2003

Rediscovering The American Revolution In South Carolina: 1775-1782 - 2003, South Carolina Institute Of Archaeology And Anthropology--University Of South Carolina

Archaeology Month Posters

This poster was released in conjunction with South Carolina Archaeology Month, September 4-October 4, 2003.


An Empirical Examination Of Frontal Sinus Outline Variability Using Elliptic Fourier Analysis: Implications For Identification, Standardization, And Legal Admissibility, Angi M. Christensen Aug 2003

An Empirical Examination Of Frontal Sinus Outline Variability Using Elliptic Fourier Analysis: Implications For Identification, Standardization, And Legal Admissibility, Angi M. Christensen

Doctoral Dissertations

The comparison of frontal sinus radiographs for positive identification has become an increasingly applied and accepted technique among forensic anthropologists, radiologists, and pathologists. However, the current method of outline comparison by visual assessment fails to meet evidence admissibility guidelines as set forth in the 1993 case of Daubert v. Merrell-Dow Pharmaceuticals, Inc. Specifically, no empirical testing of the uniqueness of frontal sinus outlines has ever been performed, there has been no evaluation of the probability of misidentification using the technique, there are no standards controlling the technique’s operation, and there are no subjective standards for confirming or rejecting a ...


A Bioarchaeological Analysis Of Fains Island, Michaelyn Suzanne Harle Aug 2003

A Bioarchaeological Analysis Of Fains Island, Michaelyn Suzanne Harle

Masters Theses

The Fains Island site (40JE1) is a Late Mississippian, Dallas Phase site located in Jefferson County, Tennessee. Fains Island was excavated as a Works Progress Administration project in 1934. A total of 300, mostly mound based, burial features were recovered from the site. The purpose of this study is to present bioarchaeological data from Fains Island. Analysis was conducted for the total skeletal sample (N=338) in order to assess morbidity and mortality. Analytical techniques included aspects of paleodemography (through the use of a hazard model), and paleopathology (i.e., porotic hyperostosis, dental hypoplasia, periostitis, dental caries, trauma, and other ...


A Radiographic Study Of Third Molar Agenesis In A Sample From The American Midsouth, Alexandra Y. Hentisz Aug 2003

A Radiographic Study Of Third Molar Agenesis In A Sample From The American Midsouth, Alexandra Y. Hentisz

Masters Theses

The purpose of this study was to determine the frequency of third molar agenesis in a sample from the American Midsouth. The sample included 118 black males, 115 black females, 100 white males and 100 white females. Panoramic radiographs of the dentition for each individual were studied to ascertain whether any of the third molars was congenitally absent. The results were submitted to statistical analysis.

The results showed that white males have a significantly higher propensity to be congenitally missing a third molar than black males, with p<0.001. Likewise, whites are more likely to be missing a third molar in the mandible than blacks, with p=0.007 in males and 0.041 in females. There was no significant difference between the sexes for each ancestry, nor was there a significant difference between sides.

The lower frequency of third molar agenesis in blacks (5.6%) compared ...


Interspecific Interactions Between Cebus Capucinus And Other Species At Three Costa Rican Sites., Lisa M. Rose, Susan Perry, Melissa A. Panger, Katherine Jack, Joseph H. Manson, Julie Gros-Louis, Katherine C. Mackinnon, Erin Vogel Jul 2003

Interspecific Interactions Between Cebus Capucinus And Other Species At Three Costa Rican Sites., Lisa M. Rose, Susan Perry, Melissa A. Panger, Katherine Jack, Joseph H. Manson, Julie Gros-Louis, Katherine C. Mackinnon, Erin Vogel

Lisa M Rose-Wiles

Capuchins exhibit considerable cross-site variation in domains such as foraging strategy, vocal communication and social interaction. We report interactions between white-faced capuchins (Cebus capucinus ) and other species. We present comparative data for 11 groups from 3 sites in Costa Rica that are ecologically similar and geographically close, thus reducing the likelihood that differences are due solely to genetic or ecological differences. Our aim is to document both the range of variation and common elements across sites and situations. We also consider factors that contribute to the variation or consistency or both, including social learning, local ecology, and temperament. We consider ...


“Black People’S Money”: The Impact Of Law, Economics, And Culture In The Context Of Race On Damage Recoveries, Regina Austin Jul 2003

“Black People’S Money”: The Impact Of Law, Economics, And Culture In The Context Of Race On Damage Recoveries, Regina Austin

Faculty Scholarship at Penn Law

“’Black People’s Money’: The Impact of Law, Economics, and Culture in the Context of Race on Damage Recoveries” is one of a series of articles by the author dealing with black economic marginalization; prior work considered such topics as shopping and selling as forms of deviance, street vending, restraints on leisure, and the importance of informality in loan transactions. This article deals with the linkage between the social significance of black people’s money and its material value. It analyzes the construction of “black money,” its association with cash, and the taboos and cultural practices that assure that black ...