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Anthropology

2002

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Articles 1 - 30 of 7332

Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

Pvn-Lot-202-Aa-007, Charles Webber, Miranda Stockett Dec 2002

Pvn-Lot-202-Aa-007, Charles Webber, Miranda Stockett

Four Valleys Archive

No abstract provided.


Excavating Classical Amphipolis & On The Lacedaemonian General Brasidas, Chaido Koukouli-Chrysanthaki, P.A. Agelarakis Dec 2002

Excavating Classical Amphipolis & On The Lacedaemonian General Brasidas, Chaido Koukouli-Chrysanthaki, P.A. Agelarakis

Anthropology Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


Investigations Of Physical Anthropology And Paleopathology At The Ancient Necropolis Of Thasos. In M. Sgourou Excavating Houses And Graves: Exploring Aspects Of Everyday Life And Afterlife In Ancient Thasos, P.A. Agelarakis Dec 2002

Investigations Of Physical Anthropology And Paleopathology At The Ancient Necropolis Of Thasos. In M. Sgourou Excavating Houses And Graves: Exploring Aspects Of Everyday Life And Afterlife In Ancient Thasos, P.A. Agelarakis

Anthropology Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


Biological Affinities Of Archaic Period Populations From West-Central Kentucky And Tennessee, Nicholas Paul Herrmann Dec 2002

Biological Affinities Of Archaic Period Populations From West-Central Kentucky And Tennessee, Nicholas Paul Herrmann

Doctoral Dissertations

The Green River Archaic period skeletal collections represent one of the largest regionally specific aggregate hunter-gatherer sample available for study. These collections have been the focus of numerous studies on paleopathology and paleodemography. Indian Knoll (15OH2) is the largest collection with over 1000 individuals. These burials were recovered from two primary excavations directed by Clarence B. Moore and the Work Progress Administration (WPA) in the first half of the nineteenth century. The WPA excavated numerous sites along the Green River and it’s tributaries resulting in additional skeletal collections from sites such as Barrett (15McL4), Carlston Annis (15BT5), Chiggerville (15OH1 ...


The Prehistory Of Fentress County, Tennessee: An Archaeological Survey, Jay Douglas Franklin Dec 2002

The Prehistory Of Fentress County, Tennessee: An Archaeological Survey, Jay Douglas Franklin

Doctoral Dissertations

This dissertation presents a synthesis of recent and ongoing archaeological investigations of the caves, rock shelters, and open air uplands of the Upper Cumberland Plateau of Tennessee. The primary working hypothesis of this research is that existing culture histories applied to this region are inadequate. Existing culture histories for Middle and East Tennessee were developed in adjacent regions, primarily lowland river flood plains. These culture histories have been boiler-plated onto the Cumberland Plateau even though comparatively little systematic archaeological research has actually been conducted in the region. Furthermore, upland regions, such as the Cumberland Plateau, have often been characterized as ...


At The Crossroads Commercial Music And Community Experience The Quonset Auditorium - A Roadhouse On The Dixie Highway, Amber Ridington Dec 2002

At The Crossroads Commercial Music And Community Experience The Quonset Auditorium - A Roadhouse On The Dixie Highway, Amber Ridington

Masters Theses & Specialist Projects

This study of the Quonset Auditorium, one roadhouse among many on the regular tour route of R&B, gospel and country musicians in the post-World War II era (1947- 1959), illustrates the important role of roadhouses during a time of growth and change in popular music. It situates memories and experiences from the Quonset Auditorium in relation to regional and national movements of the day such as highway development, commercial and popular music, and the civil rights movement. With hindsight, we can see that the Quonset Auditorium stood at a crossroads as regards these social and technological movements of the ...


Identification Of Immunoreactive Material In Mammoth Fossils, Mary Higby Schweitzer, Christopher L. Hill, John M. Asara, William S. Lane, Seth H. Pincus Dec 2002

Identification Of Immunoreactive Material In Mammoth Fossils, Mary Higby Schweitzer, Christopher L. Hill, John M. Asara, William S. Lane, Seth H. Pincus

Anthropology Faculty Publications and Presentations

The fossil record represents a history of life on this planet. Attempts to obtain molecular information from this record by analysis of nucleic acids found within fossils of extreme age have been unsuccessful or called into question. However, previous studies have demonstrated the long-term persistence of peptides within fossils and have used antibodies to extant proteins to demonstrate antigenic material. In this study we address two questions: Do immunogenic/antigenic materials persist in fossils? and; Can fossil material be used to raise antibodies that will cross-react with extant proteins? We have used material extracted from a well-preserved 100,000-300,000-year-old ...


Negotiated Families: Lesbians And Institutions In Southwest Michigan, Cynthia E. Foor Dec 2002

Negotiated Families: Lesbians And Institutions In Southwest Michigan, Cynthia E. Foor

Master's Theses

In this thesis, I look at the practices of certain lesbians and locate them within a particular historical and cultural context. I argue that the resources, the capital, both material and social, as well as the internalized orientations and expectations each woman brings to the crafting of her family, accounts for the particular family each has negotiated. It is within the particular historical constraints and opportunities that we can understand each family's experiences. The uniqueness of family experience is predicated on differences in the women's ages linked to the particular historical trajectory of sociopolitical changes in the U ...


Forgotten History: An Archaeological Perspective On John Sevier At Marble Springs (40kn125), Jennifer L. Barber Dec 2002

Forgotten History: An Archaeological Perspective On John Sevier At Marble Springs (40kn125), Jennifer L. Barber

Masters Theses

Marble Springs State Historic Site was the last home of John Sevier, the first governor of the late State of Franklin and the State of Tennessee. Historic documentation verifies that the Sevier family moved to the city of Knoxville, Tennessee, in 1797, after John Sevier became Governor, but the date of their move to Marble Springs plantation repeatedly has been disputed. The site is located approximately six miles south of Knoxville, Tennessee, at the foot of Bays Mountain.

Archaeological investigations at Marble Springs have aimed to document the domestic habitation of the site by John Sevier and his family from ...


Developing Stature Estimation Regression Formulae For The Arikara Of The Larson And Leavenworth Sites, Kathryn A. King Dec 2002

Developing Stature Estimation Regression Formulae For The Arikara Of The Larson And Leavenworth Sites, Kathryn A. King

Masters Theses

Stature is an important descriptive characteristic of an individual. Living stature cannot be measured directly in archaeological populations and thus must be estimated by bone. Current stature estimation formulae cannot be used with archaeological populations because the relationships between stature and the length of the various bones used in estimation differ among races and populations. Similarly, secular change in stature makes the use of formulae derived from modem populations on archaeological groups problematic.

Anatomical methods of estimating stature account for the skeletal elements that contribute to an individual's height and provide an estimate of the soft tissue component of ...


Democratizing Dance: Institutional Transformation And Hegemonic Re-Ordering In Postcolonial Jamaica, Deborah A. Thomas Nov 2002

Democratizing Dance: Institutional Transformation And Hegemonic Re-Ordering In Postcolonial Jamaica, Deborah A. Thomas

Department of Anthropology Papers

No abstract provided.


Observations On The Aboriginal Remains In Eastern New Jersey: The Notebook Of Charles F. Woolley, 1878-1881, Megan E. Springate Nov 2002

Observations On The Aboriginal Remains In Eastern New Jersey: The Notebook Of Charles F. Woolley, 1878-1881, Megan E. Springate

Megan E. Springate

Charles F. Woolley was a school teacher and avocational archaeologist in New Jersey in the late nineteenth century. One of his notebooks, which survives in a local history repository, includes details of his collection, which was largely prehistoric. Information from the notebook was used to identify site locations, and to track down several artifacts that Woolley had donated. I have removed specific site location information from this publicly available version of the conference paper.


Food, Fodder, Or Fuel?: Harvesting The Secrets Of Ancient Seeds, Naomi F. Miller Nov 2002

Food, Fodder, Or Fuel?: Harvesting The Secrets Of Ancient Seeds, Naomi F. Miller

University of Pennsylvania Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology Papers

When I was in Southern Iraq in the 1970s, I collected charred woods and seed plant remains from the ancient city of Anshan, today’s Malyan. Although charcoal was plentiful, there were not many com­pared with other sites in the Near East. But as with those other sites, the seeds I did find included a high proportion of wild and weedy types. Yet Malyan was the capital of an ancient agricultural civilization, where wheat and barley had been cultivated for thou­sands of years. Why were there so many seeds of wild, nonfood plants? Even the cultigens were hard ...


Pvn-Lot-143-Ad-001, Buchmueller Susan Oct 2002

Pvn-Lot-143-Ad-001, Buchmueller Susan

Four Valleys Archive

No abstract provided.


What Was Under The Mcmartin Preschool? A Review And Behavioral Analysis Of The "Tunnels" Find, W. Joseph Wyatt Oct 2002

What Was Under The Mcmartin Preschool? A Review And Behavioral Analysis Of The "Tunnels" Find, W. Joseph Wyatt

Psychology Faculty Research

The McMartin Preschool child abuse case began in 1983 in Manhattan Beach, California, and was one of the most visible cases in history. Although two trials were conducted and no convictions were obtained, some individuals continue to believe that dozens of children were sexually abused at the preschool. In 1990 an archeologist was hired to determine whether tunnels had existed under the school because some of the children had alleged that some of their abuse took place in tunnels under the building. The archeologist’s report was issued in 1993. It concluded that evidence of back-filled tunnels had been found ...


1848 In 1998: The Politics Of Commemoration In Hungary, Romania, And Slovakia, Rogers Brubaker, Margit Feischmidt Sep 2002

1848 In 1998: The Politics Of Commemoration In Hungary, Romania, And Slovakia, Rogers Brubaker, Margit Feischmidt

Rogers Brubaker

No abstract provided.


Reflection Of Jozef Obrebski’S Work In Macedonia From The Perspective Of American Anthropology, Joel Halpern Sep 2002

Reflection Of Jozef Obrebski’S Work In Macedonia From The Perspective Of American Anthropology, Joel Halpern

Anthropology Department Faculty Publication Series

Jozef Obrebski (1905-1967) had a moderately long, interesting, and, in some respects, tragic life. The consequences of the Second World War and the subsequent Communist domination of Eastern Europe altered his life profoundly. While he and his immediate family escaped relatively unscathed and even his relatively voluminous scholarly documents were preserved he was never able to successfully readapt to the life he chose first in the lands of the then British Empire and finally in America. It would indeed be a limited approach to judge a person's life simply by their public record, in this case by a published ...


Reflection Of Jozef Obrebski’S Work In Macedonia From The Perspective Of American Anthropology, Joel Halpern Sep 2002

Reflection Of Jozef Obrebski’S Work In Macedonia From The Perspective Of American Anthropology, Joel Halpern

Emeritus Faculty Author Gallery

Jozef Obrebski (1905-1967) had a moderately long, interesting, and, in some respects, tragic life. The consequences of the Second World War and the subsequent Communist domination of Eastern Europe altered his life profoundly. While he and his immediate family escaped relatively unscathed and even his relatively voluminous scholarly documents were preserved he was never able to successfully readapt to the life he chose first in the lands of the then British Empire and finally in America. It would indeed be a limited approach to judge a person's life simply by their public record, in this case by a published ...


New Light On The Cultures Of South Carolina's Distant Past - 2002, South Carolina Institute Of Archaeology And Anthropology--University Of South Carolina Sep 2002

New Light On The Cultures Of South Carolina's Distant Past - 2002, South Carolina Institute Of Archaeology And Anthropology--University Of South Carolina

Archaeology Month Posters

This poster was released in conjunction with South Carolina Archaeology Month, September 12-October 12, 2002.


Cross-Site Differences In Foraging Behavior Of White-Faced Capuchins (Cebus Capucinus), Melissa A. Panger, Susan Perry, Lisa M. Rose, Julie Gros-Louis, Erin Vogel, Katherine C. Mackinonn, Mary Baker Aug 2002

Cross-Site Differences In Foraging Behavior Of White-Faced Capuchins (Cebus Capucinus), Melissa A. Panger, Susan Perry, Lisa M. Rose, Julie Gros-Louis, Erin Vogel, Katherine C. Mackinonn, Mary Baker

Lisa M Rose-Wiles

Researchers have identified a variety of cross-site differences in the foraging behavior of free-ranging great apes, most notably among chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes) and more recently orangutans (Pongo pygmaeus), that are not due to obvious genetic or ecological differences. These differences are often referred to as “traditions.” What is not known is whether this high level of interpopulation variation in behavior is limited to hominoids. In this study, we use long-term data from three Costa Rican field sites that are geographically close and similar ecologically to identify potential foraging traditions in white-faced capuchins (Cebus capucinus). Foraging traditions are predicted in Cebus ...


The Interrelationship Of Status And Health In The Tellico Reservoir: A Biocultural Analysis, Tracy K. Betsinger Aug 2002

The Interrelationship Of Status And Health In The Tellico Reservoir: A Biocultural Analysis, Tracy K. Betsinger

Masters Theses

Anthropologists have been interested in the interaction of health and status in prehistoric populations for many years. Utilizing a biocultural perspective, this paper will investigate how social stratification affected health at sites from the Tellico Reservoir in eastern Tennessee. These sites, Citico (40MR7), Toqua (40MR6), and Tomotley (40MR5), were occupied in the late Mississippian period in Tennessee, during the Dallas phase (A.D. 1300-1600) (Schroedl, 1998). Skeletal indicators of stress were used to determine the health of the people interred at the three sites, and burial location was utilized to establish the status of these people.

Intra-site and inter-site analyses ...


Creative Book Arts Preserving Family History, Sarah Owen Tabor Aug 2002

Creative Book Arts Preserving Family History, Sarah Owen Tabor

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

For the project I have developed a series of four artist's books from material I have collected pertaining to my family history. Over the last four years I have collected written narratives, photographs, tape-recorded interviews, genealogies, letters, electronic communications, and other documents. The first book in the series is an accordion-style book contrasting a trip my Great Grandmother took to Yellowstone National Park by covered wagon from Oklahoma Territory in 1903 with my trip from Maine to the same park in 1978. Though technology had changed the mode of transportation, and the intervening years had seen changes in many ...


Frozen Human Bone: A Histological Investigation, Mariateresa Anne Tersigni Aug 2002

Frozen Human Bone: A Histological Investigation, Mariateresa Anne Tersigni

Masters Theses

A plethora of research has been produced concerning the fate of human bone when it has been exposed to various external stressors. These include taphonomic processes such as natural weathering, decomposition and burning studies. Each study attempts to aid an investigator by trying to determine, for example, what exactly a human skeleton would look like after it had been exposed to an accelerated fire for thirty minutes. The result of this type of research may afford an investigator the opportunity to analyze the evidence at the crime scene and compare it to the research in order to draw educated conclusions ...


Craniometric Variation Among Medieval Croatian Populations, Derinna Vivian Kopp Aug 2002

Craniometric Variation Among Medieval Croatian Populations, Derinna Vivian Kopp

Masters Theses

The purpose of this study is to examine craniometric variation among a series of medieval Croatian skeletons to determine if the populations inhabiting the coastal (Dalmatian) and continental (Pannionian) regions are morphometrically dissimilar. Differing historical population movements in the regions provide possible evidence for genetic, ethnic, and cultural dissimilarity between the Dalmatian and Pannionian regions. Cranial measurements from three coastal and three continental medieval Croatian sites are subjected to multivariate analyses to assess craniometric variation among the groups. Canonical variates analysis and distance matrix comparisons are completed for male and female mean data separately.

Plots of the first two canonical ...


The Allendale-Topper Site Conference And Beyond, Albert C. Goodyear Jul 2002

The Allendale-Topper Site Conference And Beyond, Albert C. Goodyear

Faculty & Staff Publications

No abstract provided.


Piedmont Research.Update, Tommy Charles Jul 2002

Piedmont Research.Update, Tommy Charles

Faculty & Staff Publications

No abstract provided.


Re-Examining Site Prediction Along The Middle Savannah River, J. Christopher Gillam Jul 2002

Re-Examining Site Prediction Along The Middle Savannah River, J. Christopher Gillam

Faculty & Staff Publications

No abstract provided.


Health Needs In Two Ethnic Communities Of Humla District, Nepal, Kimber Haddix Mckay Jul 2002

Health Needs In Two Ethnic Communities Of Humla District, Nepal, Kimber Haddix Mckay

Anthropology Faculty Publications

This report summarizes findings from a primary health care baseline study conducted in September and October of 1999, in upper Humla district, Nepal. This study establishes measures of health conditions in Humla; and constitutes a baseline against which progress in improving the health services and conditions for local people may be measured. This report is an integral piece of the process of primary health care development in Humla, a remote region with scant record of health statistics at the village level. In addition to the Ministry of Health and its staff and partners, a number of NGOs are working in ...


Identification Of Historic Burials At The Nabors Family Cemetery, Dade County, Georgia, Nicholas Honerkamp Jul 2002

Identification Of Historic Burials At The Nabors Family Cemetery, Dade County, Georgia, Nicholas Honerkamp

Jeffrey L. Brown Institute of Archaeology Reports

As part of a Request for a Permit to Disinter/Reinter Human Remains at the Nabors family cemetery in Dade County, Georgia, the Stein Construction Company contracted with the author for archaeological services in order to identify the presence of historic burials. The cemetery is located off Old Wauhatchee Pike, just below the Hamilton County Tennessee/Dade County, Georgia state line. A parcel of land surrounding the cemetery area is currently being cleared and graded by Stein, and will be the site of a large warehouse complex. The project area is bounded on the north by Conagra Food Services property ...


On The Prevalence Of External Auditory Exostoses Among The Proto-Neolithic Homo Sapiens Population Of Shanidar Cave, Iraq, P.A. Agelarakis, Yula Serpanos Jul 2002

On The Prevalence Of External Auditory Exostoses Among The Proto-Neolithic Homo Sapiens Population Of Shanidar Cave, Iraq, P.A. Agelarakis, Yula Serpanos

Anthropology Faculty Publications

The purpose of this paper is to report on the incidence of external auditory exostoses among the Proto-NeolithicHomo sapiens population from Shanidar Cave, in northern Iraq. Out of 31 individuals comprising the skeletal collection, seven individuals preserved pertinent temporal bone loci. Of these, four of five adult individuals presented exostoses, yielding an 80% observation ratio of this manifestation. Based on the association of external auditory exostoses with cold aquatic exposures, the observed presence of these growths among cranial remains may provide further insight as to aspects of life conditions among this population.