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Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

Archaeological Survey Of The Crystal City Municipal Landfill Extension, Zavala County, Texas, Richard A. Jones Jan 2000

Archaeological Survey Of The Crystal City Municipal Landfill Extension, Zavala County, Texas, Richard A. Jones

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

At the request of Ozuna and Associates, Inc., Consulting Engineers of San Antonio, Texas, an archaeological survey was conducted by the Center for Archaeological Research (CAR) for a proposed 40-acre extension to the Crystal City Municipal Landfill, under Texas Antiquities Committee Archeology Permit Number 2298. The pedestrian survey was conducted in early January 2000. One prehistoric site (41ZV445), a sparse scatter of burned stone and chipped lithics, was identified and documented. Shovel testing revealed no subsurface cultural deposits. The site does not meet the criteria for potential eligibility to the National Register of Historic Places nor does it warrant State ...


The Mcallister Park Roadway System Extension Project, San Antonio, Texas, Steve A. Tomka, Rick C. Robinson Jan 2000

The Mcallister Park Roadway System Extension Project, San Antonio, Texas, Steve A. Tomka, Rick C. Robinson

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

The Center for Archaeological Research (CAR) of The University of Texas at San Antonio (UTSA) conducted an intensive pedestrian survey and subsurface testing for cultural resources along the proposed extensions to the McAllister Park road system, in McAllister Park, located in northeast San Antonio, Bexar County. The proposed extension impacts two sections of McAllister Road: the extreme western portion adjacent the park entrance at Jones Maltsberger, and its southern section exiting at Starcrest Drive. The project was carried out between September 16 and October 21,1999, under contract with the City of San Antonio Parks and Recreation Department and under ...


Archaeological Monitoring Of The Caldwell County Courthouse Rehabilitation, Lockhart, Texas, Steve A. Tomka, Anne A. Fox Jan 2000

Archaeological Monitoring Of The Caldwell County Courthouse Rehabilitation, Lockhart, Texas, Steve A. Tomka, Anne A. Fox

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

In February 1999, the Center for Archaeological Research (CAR) of The University of Texas at San Antonio (UTSA) entered into a contract with American Restoration of New Braunfels, Texas, to monitor utility trenches being excavated on the grounds of the Caldwell County Courthouse in Lockhart, Texas, under Texas Antiquities Permit No. 2117. The utilities were installed in connection with the exterior rehabilitation being conducted by the firm of Ford, Powell, and Carson, Architects. Five visits to the project between February and October of 1999 involved monitoring of mechanical trench excavations, selective screening of trenching backdirt, and surface collections. Monitoring of ...


An Archaeological Assessment Of San Pedro Park, (41bx19) San Antonio, Texas, Barbara A. Meissner Jan 2000

An Archaeological Assessment Of San Pedro Park, (41bx19) San Antonio, Texas, Barbara A. Meissner

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

In July 1996, the Center for Archaeological Research (CAR) of The University of Texas at San Antonio (UTSA) conducted shovel testing and backhoe trenching operations along the western edge of San Pedro Park, near downtown San Antonio, Texas. The purpose of the testing was to detennine the exact location at which the Alazan acequia would be impacted by a planned drainage improvement project under North Flores Street, and to then assess the likelihood that the project would significantly impact buried cultural material. Using old maps as guides, the acequia was located approximately 55 m south of Ashby Street. It was ...


Historic Overview And Archival Archaeological Investigations For The San Antonio River Improvements Project: Houston To Lexington Segment, I. Waynne Cox, Cynthia L. Tennis Jan 2000

Historic Overview And Archival Archaeological Investigations For The San Antonio River Improvements Project: Houston To Lexington Segment, I. Waynne Cox, Cynthia L. Tennis

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

In April 1999, the Centre for Archaeological Research (CAR) of The University of Texas at San Antonio (UTSA) provided archival research and assessment of the Houston Street to Lexington Avenue portion of the San Antonio River Improvements Project. This undertaking enabled archival research to precede the initiation of the San Antonio River Improvements Project in order to identify areas of potentially significant cultural resources within the project area. In this capacity, CAR served as consultants to PBS&J, Engineering and Environmental Consulting for their client, the San Antonio River Authority (SARA), on the San Antonio River Improvements Project (Houston Street ...


Archaeological Testing And Monitoring Of A Service Drive At Mission San Juan Capistrano, San Antonio, Texas, Diane A. Cargill, Rick C. Robinson Jan 2000

Archaeological Testing And Monitoring Of A Service Drive At Mission San Juan Capistrano, San Antonio, Texas, Diane A. Cargill, Rick C. Robinson

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

Archaeological testing for the installation of a new service drive and monitoring the removal of the existing service drive at Mission San Juan Capistrano was conducted in November, 1997 and October, 1999 respectively, by the Center for Archaeological Research (CAR) at The University of Texas at San Antonio (UTSA) for the National Park Service (NPS). The results of the testing and monitoring indicated that no intact Colonial midden deposits were observed, and few Colonial artifacts were recovered within the proposed service drive right-ofway. Three post-Colonial trash deposits were documented within the project area; however, due to the disturbed nature of ...


1999 Excavations At Mission Rosario, David L. Nickels Jan 2000

1999 Excavations At Mission Rosario, David L. Nickels

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

Mission Nuestra Senora del Rosario founded in 1754, is located four miles west of modem-day Goliad, Texas. Established for the Karankawa Indians, it was finally abandoned in 1808. Archaeological investigations have been conducted at the site in the 1940s, 1970s, and 1990s. This body of work, the most recent, was conducted by the Center for Archaeological Research at The University of Texas at San Antonio (CAR) (UTSA) under the auspices of the Texas Parks and Wildlife Department (TPWD). In July through September 1999, CAR excavated 105 units, cleared some above-ground walls, and probed for buried walls or foundations. A geophysical ...


Archaeological Excavation Of The Priest Quarters, Mission San Francisco De La Espada, 41bx4, San Antonio, Texas, Jose E. Zapata, Maureen J. Brown, Jeffery J. Durst Jan 2000

Archaeological Excavation Of The Priest Quarters, Mission San Francisco De La Espada, 41bx4, San Antonio, Texas, Jose E. Zapata, Maureen J. Brown, Jeffery J. Durst

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

The following report is the result of two projects completed by the Center for Archaeological Research, of The University of Texas at San Antonio for San Francisco de la Espada/Catholic Diocese of San Antonio and J. T. Michel, Inc., under Texas Historical Commission Permit Number 2076. The investigations were conducted at Mission San Francisco de la Espada, San Antonio, Bexar County, Texas (41BX4).

The initial investigation was conducted in November 1998, prior to the planned installation of electrical lines along the southwest corner of the Convento (complex of structures grouped around a patio area), while the additional excavations of ...


Archaeological Testing At The Headwaters Of The San Marcos River: Southwest Texas State University Raw Water Supply Project, Anthony S. Lyle, Christopher E. Horrell, Steve A. Tomka, Diane A. Cargill Jan 2000

Archaeological Testing At The Headwaters Of The San Marcos River: Southwest Texas State University Raw Water Supply Project, Anthony S. Lyle, Christopher E. Horrell, Steve A. Tomka, Diane A. Cargill

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

Between April 30 and June 3, 1998, the Center for Archaeological Research of The University of Texas at San Antonio conducted subsurface testing for cultural resources along the proposed route of a water pipeline for Southwest Texas State University. The area to be impacted by the proposed waterline included a tract on the banks of the headwaters of the San Marcos River and tracts adjacent to the Aquatic Biology Building. The project area is partially within the known boundaries of site 41HY161. The archaeological investigations included shovel testing, backhoe trenching, excavation of three 1 x 1-m units, and monitoring. Upon ...


Archeological Test Excavations At 41wm543 On Fm 734, The Parmer Lane Extension, Williamson County, Texas, Barbara J. Hickman Jan 2000

Archeological Test Excavations At 41wm543 On Fm 734, The Parmer Lane Extension, Williamson County, Texas, Barbara J. Hickman

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

A previously recorded site, 41WM543, was re-evaluated by archeologists from the Texas Department of Transportation in connection with the FM 734 Parmer Lane extension northwest of Austin, Texas. The portion of the site within the proposed right-of-way was tested after a burned rock concentration was exposed. Chronology of the open campsite is based on projectile point typology as no datable features were found. The diagnostic projectile points represented a time span of Early Archaic through Late Archaic Periods. The majority of the points were found in only two levels, however. Given the lack of buried features, no further work is ...


A Bluff-Shelter Site In Pontotoc County, Oklahoma, H. R. Antle Jan 2000

A Bluff-Shelter Site In Pontotoc County, Oklahoma, H. R. Antle

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

In the wildly rugged hills near Canyon Springs, in southeastern Pontotoc County, Oklahoma, a unique sandstone formation has produced evidence of once sheltering a prehistoric people.

Technically, the sandstone is of the Wilcox series, and is faulted to a position above the McLish limestone beneath which it normally lies. The fault line runs from the north southward a distance of 25 yards, then runs at right angles to the east for 40 yards. The sandstone ranges from 6 feet in height on the northern extremity to 35 feet along the southeastern portion. Multiple fractures, generally parallel to the fault lines ...


The Caddoan Ceramics From The Gray's Pasture Site (41hs524), Harrison County, Texas, Timothy K. Perttula, Bo Nelson, Mike Turner Jan 2000

The Caddoan Ceramics From The Gray's Pasture Site (41hs524), Harrison County, Texas, Timothy K. Perttula, Bo Nelson, Mike Turner

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

This paper discusses the Caddoan ceramics recovered during the 1992 Northeast Texas Archeological Society Field School at the Gray's Pasture site (41HS524) on Clark's Creek, a few miles south of Hallsville, Texas and about 2 miles from the Sabine River floodplain. During the course of the excavations, an extensive Caddoan settlement was documented on a series of knolls on a broad terrace landform overlooking the Clark's Creek floodplain, and each of those areas contains Caddoan ceramics. Most notably, a dense concentration of Caddoan ceramics, as well as two burials with whole ceramic vessels, was encountered in the ...


An Early Caddoan Period Cremation From The Boxed Springs Mound Site (41ur30) In Upshur County, Texas, And A Report On Previous Archaeological Investigations, Timothy K. Perttula, Diane E. Wilson, Mark Walters Jan 2000

An Early Caddoan Period Cremation From The Boxed Springs Mound Site (41ur30) In Upshur County, Texas, And A Report On Previous Archaeological Investigations, Timothy K. Perttula, Diane E. Wilson, Mark Walters

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

The Boxed Springs Mound site (41UR30) is one of three major Early Caddoan (ca. A.D. 900- t 200) multiple mound centers in the Sabine River basin of northeastern Texas, the others including the Jamestown (41SM54) and Hudnall-Pirtle (41RK4) sites upstream and downstream, respectively, from Boxed Springs. It is situated on a large and prominent upland ridge projection that extends from a bluff on the Sabine River about 500 m north to where the landform merges with a broader stretch of uplands and Bienville alluvium. Sediments on the site are Trep loamy fine sand, a relatively fertile soil. The site ...


Caddo Ceramics From 41cv41a At Fort Hood, Coryell County, Texas, Timothy K. Perttula Jan 2000

Caddo Ceramics From 41cv41a At Fort Hood, Coryell County, Texas, Timothy K. Perttula

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

Prehistoric Caddo ceramics made in Northeast Texas after ca. A.D. 900 were widely traded in Texas, and other parts of the Caddoan area, being found in some quantity on North central, East central, central, and inland Southeast Texas archeological sites. They were also traded with prehistoric peoples in the Midwest, the southeastern U.S., and the southern Plains. However, the ceramic evidence for prehistoric Caddoan trade and exchange with other Native Americans has not been systematically compiled and studied for the prehistoric and historic periods. Consequently, it is impossible to confidently discuss the scope, timing, or direction of trade ...


The Bryan Hardy Site (41sm55), Smith County, Texas, Mark Walters, Patti Haskins Jan 2000

The Bryan Hardy Site (41sm55), Smith County, Texas, Mark Walters, Patti Haskins

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

The authors put on record archeological data obtained by Mr. Walters' late uncle Sam Whiteside from the Bryan Hardy site (41SM55) in Smith County, Texas. Mr. Whiteside was an active avocational archeologist in East Texas during the late 1950s and early 1960s, and he recorded numerous prehistoric sites on Prairie Creek and Ray Creek in Smith County, and the Jamestown (41SM54) and Boxed Springs (41UR30) mound sites on the Sabine River. An abrupt illness in mid-life prevented him from publishing his findings, and we hope that the publication of his investigations at the Bryan Hardy site will allow his work ...


Two New Cultures In Delaware County, Oklahoma, David A. Baerreis Jan 2000

Two New Cultures In Delaware County, Oklahoma, David A. Baerreis

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

The Mode site is an extensive village site on the banks of Grand River. Only a small portion of the site has been explored as yet, so the scope of our knowledge of this aspect will soon be considerably expanded.

Cultural remains were found scattered through about three feet of soil and in three cache pits which extended below this into yellowish, sandy subsoil. The pottery found in the various levels appeared to be quite homogeneous.


The Lino Site: A Stratified Late Archaic Campsite In A Terrace Of The San Idelfonzo Creek, Webb County, Southern Texas, J. Michael Quigg, Chris Lintz, Grant Smith, Scott Wilcox Jan 2000

The Lino Site: A Stratified Late Archaic Campsite In A Terrace Of The San Idelfonzo Creek, Webb County, Southern Texas, J. Michael Quigg, Chris Lintz, Grant Smith, Scott Wilcox

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

Archeologists from TRC Mariah Associates Inc. of Austin conducted mitigation excavations at the Lino site (41WB437) during a six-week period in April and May 1998 under contract with the Texas Department of Transportation, Environmental Affairs Division. The prehistoric archeological site was within the right-of-way of the planned expansion of Highway 83, south of Laredo. A single 196 m2 block measuring 7m north-south by 28 m east-west was investigated following requirements of a contract that stipulated a three-pronged approach to data recovery. First, a Gradallâ„¢ was employed to carefully strip 2 to 4 cm thick layers in eight 3m wide areas ...


Notes On The Mollusca From Site 41dt59, Cooper Lake, Delta County, Texas, Jesse Todd Jan 2000

Notes On The Mollusca From Site 41dt59, Cooper Lake, Delta County, Texas, Jesse Todd

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

This paper focuses on the information about the mollusca from site 41DT59. The author takes the information from Dr. Fullington, the noted malacologist, and illustrates how the archeologist can take the information and apply it to site analysis. This information derived from the analysis mainly supports what the authors have concluded about site 41DT59, but does discuss material not covered in the original text. The analysis is divided into two sections. The information derived from the gastropods is discussed first, and the information derived from the mussels second.


Archeological Investigations At The Harrison Bayou Site (41hs240) In Harrison County, Texas, Timothy K. Perttula, Bo Nelson Jan 2000

Archeological Investigations At The Harrison Bayou Site (41hs240) In Harrison County, Texas, Timothy K. Perttula, Bo Nelson

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

We recently completed archeological investigations on approximately 1400 acres of land on Harrison Bayou, Longhorn Army Ammunition Plant, Harrison County, Texas, leased by the Caddo Lake Institute, Inc. (Perttula and Nelson 1999). The Caddo Lake Institute, Inc. leased this portion of the Longhorn Army Ammunition Plant (LHAAP) for 30 years under a September 1996 Memorandum of Agreement (MOA) with the Department of the Army. These archeological investigations were completed under Archeological Resources Protection Permit DACA63-4- 97-0580 issued September 1, 1997, by the Real Estate Division of the Department of the Army, Fort Worth District, Corps of Engineers to the Caddo ...


Field Report On The Excavation Of Indian Villages In The Vicinity Of The Spiro Mounds, Leflore County, Oklahoma, Kenneth G. Orr Jan 2000

Field Report On The Excavation Of Indian Villages In The Vicinity Of The Spiro Mounds, Leflore County, Oklahoma, Kenneth G. Orr

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

A wealth of strikingly unusual and beautiful objects of Indian manufacture were excavated from the burials of the Spiro Mound, Leflore (sic.) County, Oklahoma during 1936-37. Engraved Gulf Coast conch shells, shell beads of a dozen types, river pearls, effigy pipes, long delicately chipped flint blades, feather and textile cloths and precisely incised pottery vessels were excavated in quantities. So unusual was this material that, at the time, the archaeological science was unable to answer a host of questions which immediately arose concerning the identity of the tribe who had made the artifacts and who were buried with them. How ...


Current Status Of The Norman Site, 34wg2, Louis E. Vogele Jr. Jan 2000

Current Status Of The Norman Site, 34wg2, Louis E. Vogele Jr.

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

As defined by Finkelstein in his description of excavations at the site, the Norman site currently is completely located within the waters of Fort Gibson Reservoir, a U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (COE) lake on the Grand (Neosho) River in northeastern Oklahoma. Due to a combination of archeological excavations at the site during the 1930s and 1940s, pothunting, large-scale earthmoving activities associated with the construction of a nearby highway bridge, and approximately 50 years of wave action and seasonal inundation by Fort Gibson Reservoir, portions of Mounds I-1 and I-2 are all that remain of the Norman site.


Chronometrics At The Norman Site, J. Daniel Rogers, Lois E. Albert, Frank Winchell Jan 2000

Chronometrics At The Norman Site, J. Daniel Rogers, Lois E. Albert, Frank Winchell

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

Unfortunately, some of the most significant sites in eastern Oklahoma have been those with the least published information. This is a well-known consequence of the pre-World War II social aid-sponsored excavations that produced large fieldwork projects, but very little in the way of laboratory work or publication. The Norman site, in Wagoner County of eastern Oklahoma, is a major mound center that falls into this category. This report presents a specific orientation to the further analysis of the site, documentation of the available radiocarbon dates, and a few interpretive comments on regional chronology. Although the authors have an interest in ...


The Norman Site: Descriptions, Lois E. Albert Jan 2000

The Norman Site: Descriptions, Lois E. Albert

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

The Norman site (34WG2) lay on a terrace on the west side of the Neosho (Grand) River in Wagoner County, Oklahoma. Throughout much of its course within Oklahoma, this river flows along the western boundary of the Ozark Uplift. East of the river, the limestones, shales, and sandstones deposited during the Upper Mississippian and Pennsylvanian geological periods form the Boston Mountains and the Springfield Plateau. Several of these formations contain knappable cherts, often of good quality. West of the river, the Mississippian and Pennsylvanian deposits thin and dip under the surface to form the Prairie Plains Province, characterized by low ...


The Norman Site Excavations Near Wagoner, Oklahoma, J. Joe Finkelstein Jan 2000

The Norman Site Excavations Near Wagoner, Oklahoma, J. Joe Finkelstein

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

The Norman site is seven miles southeast of Wagoner, Wagoner County, Okla., on State Highway 51. It is on the upper terraces on the west side of Grand River just north of the approach to the new bridge. Principal mound is a double unit; the larger mound, clearly visible from the highway, is conical, 27' high and 90' in diameter; the low mound, on the north, is circular, 7' high and 100' in diameter; a low, broad saddle 12' long connects the 2 mounds. An extensive habitation area, Unit IV, extends to the north and northeast of Mound I-2. Unit ...


The Frequency Of Fire In East Texas Forests, David H. Jurney, John Ippolito, Velicia Bergstrom Jan 2000

The Frequency Of Fire In East Texas Forests, David H. Jurney, John Ippolito, Velicia Bergstrom

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

The debate over the use of fire by Native Americans has been a lively one for many years. Did they or did they not set fires? If they did, how frequently and for what purpose? If not, did they take advantage of naturally occurring fires for the same purposes? If so, how frequently and to what intensity did those natural fires occur? These seem like relatively simple questions that should elicit focused, directed research that would, in tum, produce straightforward answers. In some parts of North America, this has indeed been the case. Ethnographic documentation, corroborated by archaeological research, has ...