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Anthropology

1998

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Articles 1 - 30 of 279

Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

Pvn-Cat-444-C-008-004-Fwo, Patricia Urban Dec 1998

Pvn-Cat-444-C-008-004-Fwo, Patricia Urban

Four Valleys Archive

No abstract provided.


The Wee Boat, Carl Naylor Dec 1998

The Wee Boat, Carl Naylor

Faculty & Staff Publications

No abstract provided.


Willtown: Past And Present, Drew Ruddy Dec 1998

Willtown: Past And Present, Drew Ruddy

Faculty & Staff Publications

No abstract provided.


Archaeologists Uncover An Artist, Steven D. Smith Dec 1998

Archaeologists Uncover An Artist, Steven D. Smith

Faculty & Staff Publications

No abstract provided.


Analytics Isomorphism And Speech Perception, Irene Appelbaum Dec 1998

Analytics Isomorphism And Speech Perception, Irene Appelbaum

Anthropology Faculty Publications

The suggestion that analytic isomorphism should be rejected applies especially to the domain of speech perception because (1) the guiding assumption that solving the lack of invariance problem is the key to explaining speech perception is a form of analytic isomorphism, and (2) after nearly half a century of research there is virtually no empirical evidence of isomorphism between perceptual experience and lower-level processing units.


A Search For Le Prince: Underwater Archaeological Prospecting In The French Archives, James D. Spirek Dec 1998

A Search For Le Prince: Underwater Archaeological Prospecting In The French Archives, James D. Spirek

Faculty & Staff Publications

No abstract provided.


Flotsam And Jetsam - December 1998, South Carolina Institute Of Archaeology And Anthropology--University Of South Carolina Dec 1998

Flotsam And Jetsam - December 1998, South Carolina Institute Of Archaeology And Anthropology--University Of South Carolina

Sport Diver Newsletters

Contents:

South Carolina's First Underwater Trail is Open!..... p.1
Willtown: Past and Present..... p.18
The Wee Boat..... p.18


Legacy - December 1998, South Carolina Institute Of Archaeology And Anthropology--University Of South Carolina Dec 1998

Legacy - December 1998, South Carolina Institute Of Archaeology And Anthropology--University Of South Carolina

SCIAA Newsletter - Legacy & PastWatch

Contents:

South Carolina's First Underwater Trail is Open!.....p. 1
Director’s Notes.....p. 2
"Romancing the Past" Gala.....p. 3
Bush Hill Plantation.....p. 4
Allendale Expedition.....p. 8
Santa Elena Conference.....p. 9
Search for Le Prince.....p. 10
ART Donors.....p. 14
Willtown: Past and Present.....p. 18
The Wee Boat.....p. 19
Portrait of an Artist.....p. 20
ART Tour to South Africa.....p. 23
Pritchard's Shipyard.....p. 24


The Morphometric Relationship Of Upper Cave 101 And 103 To Modern Homo Sapiens, Deborah Lenz Cornell Dec 1998

The Morphometric Relationship Of Upper Cave 101 And 103 To Modern Homo Sapiens, Deborah Lenz Cornell

Masters Theses

Upper Cave 101 and Upper Cave 103 (UC 101 and UC 103), the much argued over Homo sapiens fossils from Zhoukoudian, China, figure prominently into discussions of modem human origins. Adherents to the Multiregional model see the Zhoukoudian fossils as exhibiting some of the same Asian characteristics that can be seen in modern Asian populations. On the other hand, proponents of the Out-of-Africa model see anything and everything but Asian features, frequently pointing out African characteristics which they claim are retentions of features from the initial exodus of modern humans.

UC 101 and UC 103 were compared to Howells' modern ...


Class Identity And The International Division Of Labor: Sri Lanka's Migrant Housemaids, Michele Ruth Gamburd Dec 1998

Class Identity And The International Division Of Labor: Sri Lanka's Migrant Housemaids, Michele Ruth Gamburd

Anthropology Faculty Publications and Presentations

In 1996, 408,000 Sri Lankan women, nearly 10% of the country’s working-age women, worked abroad, many of them in the oil producing countries of the Persian Gulf. In this paper I compare the influence of international migration on local hierarchies of class and gender in two villages in southern Sri Lanka: a Sinhala-speaking Buddhist village where I did my doctoral dissertation research in 1992-4, and a Tamil-speaking Muslim village where I spent some time during the summer of 1997. I discuss the challenges of using ‘class’ as a unit of analysis in a non-Western setting where gender identities ...


Re-Cycling The Menstrual Cycle: A Multidisciplinary Reinterpretation Of Menstruation, Heather H. Rea Dec 1998

Re-Cycling The Menstrual Cycle: A Multidisciplinary Reinterpretation Of Menstruation, Heather H. Rea

Master's Theses

This thesis offers a reinterpretation of the human female menstrual cycle that understands the process as positive, functional, and practical experience. Standard western definitions and understandings of menstruation use negative terminology and focus on menstrual blood as an indicator of failed conception. This view contributes significantly to the negative perception women have of menstruation in general, their own menstrual cycles, and ultimately of their femaleness. This fundamental, physiological process that symbolizes femaleness, the menstrual cycle, has been defined both, bio-medically and culturally, as a negative experience. I propose a reconceptualization of the menstrual cycle that is not only a tool ...


Household Management Of Endoparasitic Infection In A Border Community In Tamaulipas, Mexico, Charles Thomas Faulkner Nov 1998

Household Management Of Endoparasitic Infection In A Border Community In Tamaulipas, Mexico, Charles Thomas Faulkner

Doctoral Dissertations

Fecal samples from 438 children in 217 families were examined for helminth eggs/larve and protozoan cysts to study the occurrence of parasitic infection and household knowledge of cholera preventive measures in a border community in Tamaulipas, Mexico. The age of the children ranged from 1 month to 16 years. Parasitic infections occurred in 30% of children residing in 79 of 217 households. Giardia lamblia accounted for 12.5% of all infections. Other endoparasitic species found in the children were: Hymenolepis nana, (28/438), Ascaris lumbricoides (16/438), Trichuris trichiura (6/438), Enterobius vermicularis (6/438), Ancylostoma-Necator (1/438),Strongyloides ...


What Does Equality Mean?--The Basque View, Marcia Ascher Nov 1998

What Does Equality Mean?--The Basque View, Marcia Ascher

Humanistic Mathematics Network Journal

No abstract provided.


A Historic Context Statement For A World War Ii Era Black Officers' Club At Fort Leonard Wood, Missouri, Steven D. Smith Nov 1998

A Historic Context Statement For A World War Ii Era Black Officers' Club At Fort Leonard Wood, Missouri, Steven D. Smith

Research Manuscript Series

This report provides a historic context statement for Building 2101, a WWII period Black Officers' Club located at Fort Leonard Wood, Missouri, that is still in active use. The best historical evidence indicates that the building, a standard A-12 temporary classroom building, was designed as the club for black officers stationed at Fort Leonard Wood sometime between June 1942 and January 1943. Later in 1943, it was expanded with an addition. The building was built as part of Fort Leonard Wood's initial construction and used as a Personnel Adjutant's Office for the Engineer Replacement Training Center, 7th Training ...


Bulletin Of The Massachusetts Archaeological Society, Vol. 59, No. 2, Massachusetts Archaeological Society Oct 1998

Bulletin Of The Massachusetts Archaeological Society, Vol. 59, No. 2, Massachusetts Archaeological Society

Bulletin of the Massachusetts Archaeological Society

  • Editor’s Note (Shirley Blancke)
  • The Powell-Heckman Trust Site: A Salvage Excavation by the Massasoit Chapter Near the Mouth of the Jones River, Kingston, Massachusetts (Bernard A. Otto)
  • Anthropomorphic and Fertility Stoneworks of Southeastern New England: A Native Interpretation (Russell H. Gardner [Great Moose])
  • Conflict in English and Indian Attitudes Regarding Land Ownership: The Story of John Wampas (Dennis A. Connole)
  • Unique Birdbone Artifact from Middleton, Massachusetts (Jacqueline C. Tidman)


"Cash In A Cul-De-Sac.", Jack Weatherford Sep 1998

"Cash In A Cul-De-Sac.", Jack Weatherford

Jack Weatherford, Retired

No abstract provided.


4 Days For The Prophet Sep 1998

4 Days For The Prophet

Scholarship

Reports on the Lamu Maulidi festival, a celebration in Kenya being held in commemoration of the Prophet Muhammad's birth. Article covers activities featured in the festival, reason for the ceremony's resilience and respect to God for sending the Prophet.


Rock Art: Stone Imagery Through The Ages - 1998, South Carolina Institute Of Archaeology And Anthropology--University Of South Carolina Sep 1998

Rock Art: Stone Imagery Through The Ages - 1998, South Carolina Institute Of Archaeology And Anthropology--University Of South Carolina

Archaeology Month Posters

This poster was released in conjunction with South Carolina Archaeology Month, September 3-October 3, 1998.

Note that, in 1998, Archaeology Week was expanded to Archaeology Month.


Division Within The Boundaries, Annelise Riles Sep 1998

Division Within The Boundaries, Annelise Riles

Cornell Law Faculty Publications

In the Part-European settlement of Kasavu, Fiji, land is divided in each generation into parallel plots of ever-decreasing width but identical form. Kinship as division, I argue, is knowledge which is not representative of social relations and which therefore does not effectuate 'change'. This is contrasted to an additive logic of of kinship relations among urban Part-Europeans, a logic in which information is potentially infinite and thus always incomplete, and in which knowledge attaches to persons and changes through techniques of collective discovery.


4 Days For The Prophet Aug 1998

4 Days For The Prophet

Rebecca Gearhart

Reports on the Lamu Maulidi festival, a celebration in Kenya being held in commemoration of the Prophet Muhammad's birth. Article covers activities featured in the festival, reason for the ceremony's resilience and respect to God for sending the Prophet.


Betrayed. The Legacy Of The African American Soldier, Timothy Hampton Aug 1998

Betrayed. The Legacy Of The African American Soldier, Timothy Hampton

Honors Theses

America has called upon its citizens on many occasions to defend its interests. Once called upon, American citizens usually respond with enthusiasm, courage, and great composure. They become American soldiers. The citizen/soldier's obligation is to "support and defend the Constitution of the United States against all enemies, foreign and domestic," and to "bear true faith and allegiance to the same...." (Department of Defense Form No. 4, 1992). With this affirmation, military campaigns are launched. Missions are undertaken. Battles are fought. Ultimately, people die fighting for this nation.


"Modernization, The State, And The Construction Of A Tharu Identity In Nepal.", Arjun Guneratne Aug 1998

"Modernization, The State, And The Construction Of A Tharu Identity In Nepal.", Arjun Guneratne

Arjun Guneratne

No abstract provided.


Individuals And Relatives, Robert Cooter, Robert K. Thomas Aug 1998

Individuals And Relatives, Robert Cooter, Robert K. Thomas

Robert K. Thomas

In this paper, a narrative of a Cherokee childhood precedes and a theory of child development as indivdiuation follows.


Turkistan: Kazak Religion And Collective Memory, Bruce G. Privratsky Aug 1998

Turkistan: Kazak Religion And Collective Memory, Bruce G. Privratsky

Doctoral Dissertations

This study in the anthropology of religion examines the relationship between Kazak ethnicity and religion, exploring how the collective memory is mediating Muslim values in Kazak culture in the 1990s. Ethnographic field research was conducted in the Kazak language from 1992 to 1998 in the city of Turkistan (Turkestan) in southern Kazakstan (Kazakhstan). Turkistan is the site of the Timurid shrine of Ahmet Yasawi (Ahmed Yasavi), a key figure in the Turkic Sufism of Central Asia. Today it is also a cultural center of the new Pan-Turkism and the site of a Kazak-Turkish international university.

The findings of the study ...


Being Cherokee In A White World: Ethnic Identity In A Post-Removal American Indian Enclave, Betty J. Duggan Aug 1998

Being Cherokee In A White World: Ethnic Identity In A Post-Removal American Indian Enclave, Betty J. Duggan

Doctoral Dissertations

Within a few years of 1838, when most members of the Cherokee Nation were forced to emigrate to Indian Territory on the Trail of Tears, a small group of Cherokee families reestablished settlements in and around the Ducktown Basin in the southeastern comer of Tennessee, away from the major Eastern Cherokee remnants in North Carolina. This dissertation reconstructs the history of these Cherokees from 1838 through the 1910s, focusing on the nature of their communities; their economic, social, and religious relationships with local whites; their associations with other Cherokee enclaves and individuals; and their ultimate disappearance from the Basin.

Data ...


Microscopic Enamel Defects In A Contemporary Population: Biological And Social Implications, Lise Marie Mifsud Aug 1998

Microscopic Enamel Defects In A Contemporary Population: Biological And Social Implications, Lise Marie Mifsud

Masters Theses

In this study, the frequency of microscopic defects in enamel, termed Wilson bands, are analyzed according to socioeconomic affiliation, the sex, and ethnicity of the individual. The sample consists of 193 anterior teeth collected from private practice and public health oral surgeon's offices. These defects have been studied in great detail by dental researchers, dental anthropologists, and bioarchaeologists to ascertain: etiology, morphology, inter- and intra- population differences, prehistoric diet and health, and dietary and morbidity conditions of underprivileged contemporary populations.

The results of this study are compared to results of previous researchers and similarities and differences in findings are ...


Latitudinal Gradient In The Body Mass Index (Bmi), And The Bmi's Geometric And Statistical Relationships To The Surface Area: Volume Ratio And Body Shape, Brandy Lea O'Neil Aug 1998

Latitudinal Gradient In The Body Mass Index (Bmi), And The Bmi's Geometric And Statistical Relationships To The Surface Area: Volume Ratio And Body Shape, Brandy Lea O'Neil

Masters Theses

The body mass index (BMI), weight/height2 (W/H2), is currently the index of choice for assessment of nutritional status. Statements in the literature about the BMI as a potential expression of “cold adaptation” or “Bergmann’s Rule” beg the question: What does that BMI measure in terms of size, shape, and the surface area:volume (SA:V) ratio? Geometric modeling shows that the BMI captures both size and shape and is inversely related to the SA:V ratio. This admixture of size/shape information, combined with the unmeaningful absolute value of the BMI, preclude precise understanding of ...


The Plains Paradox: Secular Trends In Stature In 19Th Century Nomadic Plains Equestrian Indians, Joseph M. Prince Aug 1998

The Plains Paradox: Secular Trends In Stature In 19Th Century Nomadic Plains Equestrian Indians, Joseph M. Prince

Doctoral Dissertations

This study documents the occurrence of secular trends in height in an historic population of 19th century nomadic Plains equestrian Indians. The eight tribal samples utilized are a subset of the Boas North American Indian anthropometric data set. A cross-sectional design was used to examine the span of years from 1800 to 1870 for adult individuals over 20 years of age, sexes analyzed separately, male n=1,123 and female n=362. Adult heights were adjusted for aging effects on three variables: standing height; sitting height; and sitting height/subischial length ratio. Combined with an unadjusted subischial length, these ...


"Anything Dead Coming Back To Life Hurts": Ghosts And Memory In Hamlet And Beloved, Rebecca Boyd Aug 1998

"Anything Dead Coming Back To Life Hurts": Ghosts And Memory In Hamlet And Beloved, Rebecca Boyd

Masters Theses & Specialist Projects

Ghost stories are an ingrained part of most cultures because, typically, humans must be forced to confront those elements of their individual and communal past that they would prefer to ignore. Accordingly, ghosts have embodied weaknesses and hidden evils that must be assimilated and transcended, and writers have embroidered a variety of subtexts upon the traditional fabric of ghostlore. Specifically, both William Shakespeare's Hamlet and Toni Morrison's Beloved employ ghosts as symbols of man's archetypal desire to hide his past. A careful examination of the texts in these ghost stories, of the cultural folklore included, and of ...


Urban Slave Diet In Early Knoxville: Faunal Remains From Blount Mansion, Knoxville, Tennessee, Carey Lamar Coxe Aug 1998

Urban Slave Diet In Early Knoxville: Faunal Remains From Blount Mansion, Knoxville, Tennessee, Carey Lamar Coxe

Masters Theses

The vertebrate faunal remains recovered during excavations at the Blount Mansion Slave Cabin, located at Blount Mansion, Knoxville, Tennessee provide a rare opportunity to address the dietary refuse from an urban slave context in the Upland South region. The material was analyzed and data compared to faunal data from three other slave sites on Upland South plantations, Mabry, Locust Grove, and the Hermitage, and one Upland South yeoman farm site, the Gibbs House site. These comparisons revealed that the urban slaves at Blount Mansion appear to have consumed much more fish than rural slaves and farmers in the uplands. Also ...