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Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

Pvc-Lot-015-E-011, Russell Smith Feb 2999

Pvc-Lot-015-E-011, Russell Smith

Four Valleys Archive

No abstract provided.


Probability, Populations, Phylogenetics And Hominin Speciation, Niccolo Caldararo Jul 2019

Probability, Populations, Phylogenetics And Hominin Speciation, Niccolo Caldararo

Human Biology Open Access Pre-Prints

A number of recent articles have appeared on the hominin Denisova fossil remains. Many of them focus on attempts to produce DNA sequences from the extracted samples. Often these project mtDNA sequences from the fossil remains of a number of Neandertal fossils and the Denisovans in an attempt to understand the evolution of Mid Pleistocene human ancestors. These papers, introduce a number of problems in the interpretation of speciation in hominins. One concerns the degradation of the ancient DNA and its interpretation as authentic genetic information. Another concerns the idea of “species” versus that of “population” and the use of ...


Stewart, Wayne (Fa 1307), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives Jul 2019

Stewart, Wayne (Fa 1307), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives

FA Finding Aids

Finding aid only for Folklife Archives Project 1307. Student folk studies project titled: “Folk Remedies and Outlaw Tales,” which includes brief descriptions of folk remedies and outlaw tales in south central Kentucky. Sheets may include a brief description of belief, traditional practice, remedy, saying, outlaw tale, and informant’s name.


Wilgus, Donald Knight (Fa 1201), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives Jul 2019

Wilgus, Donald Knight (Fa 1201), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives

FA Finding Aids

Finding aid only for Folklife Archives Project 1201. Recipes for traditional Kentucky foods collected by Professor Donald Knight “D.K.” Wilgus while teaching folk studies classes at Western Kentucky University. Most of the recipes are from south central Kentucky and northern Tennessee. Some recipes give specific directions and measurements, while others are much less specific, giving measurements such as “a handful,” “a pinch,” and “a teacup full.” Some of the recipes are for food preservation, rather than food preparation


The Ethnohistory Of Freshwater Use On Rapa Nui (Easter Island, Chile), Sean W. Hixon, Robert J. Dinapoli, Carl P. Lipo, Terry L. Hunt Jun 2019

The Ethnohistory Of Freshwater Use On Rapa Nui (Easter Island, Chile), Sean W. Hixon, Robert J. Dinapoli, Carl P. Lipo, Terry L. Hunt

Anthropology Faculty Scholarship

Sources of drinking water on islands often present critical constraints to human habitation. On Rapa Nui (Easter Island, Chile), there is remarkably little surface fresh water due to the nature of the island’s volcanic geology. While several lakes exist in volcanic craters, most rainwater quickly passes into the subsurface and emerges at coastal springs. Nevertheless, the island sustained a relatively large human population for hundreds of years, one that built an impressive array of monumental platforms (ahu) and statues (moai). To understand how Rapanui acquired their scarce fresh water, we review ethnohistoric data from first European arrival (1722) through ...


Wiseman, Michelle (Fa 1306), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives Jun 2019

Wiseman, Michelle (Fa 1306), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives

FA Finding Aids

Finding aid only for Folklife Archives Project 1306. Student project titled “Folk Songs and Legends,” which includes survey sheets of folk songs and folk legends collected in Indiana and Kentucky. Sheets may include folk songs, lyrics, musical scores, Brown Collection variant number, legends, informant’s name, age, and address.


Fuller, Patrick Jon (Fa 1305), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives Jun 2019

Fuller, Patrick Jon (Fa 1305), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives

FA Finding Aids

Finding aid only for Folklife Archives Project 1305. Student project titled “Slave Folklore,” which includes details about the memories regarding black magic and ghost stories of Anna Belle Daves in Christian County, Kentucky. Survey sheets include quotes from Daves.


The Collapse Of Empire At Gordion In The Transition From The Achaemenid To The Hellenistic World, Elspeth R. M. Dusinberre Jun 2019

The Collapse Of Empire At Gordion In The Transition From The Achaemenid To The Hellenistic World, Elspeth R. M. Dusinberre

Classics Faculty Contributions

Gordion, ancient capital of Phrygia, was a large and thriving city of secondary importance during the period of the Achaemenid Persian Empire (ca 550–333 BC). Recent work makes possible a reconsideration of the site: evaluating its architecture, finds and use of landscape within and after the socio-economic and administrative context of the Achaemenid imperial system enables the following new overview. During the Achaemenid period, Gordion’s populace participated in the broad cultural exchanges enabled by the imperial system and may have emphasised animal husbandry. When Alexander’s conquest led to the collapse of the Achaemenid administrative infrastructure, the impact ...


Clarke, Kenneth Wendell, B. 1917 (Fa 1304), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives Jun 2019

Clarke, Kenneth Wendell, B. 1917 (Fa 1304), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives

FA Finding Aids

Finding aid only for Folklife Archives Project 1304. Project titled “Place Names [Clark County, Indiana],” which includes details about the folk names of sites in Clark County, Indiana. The paper may include the traditional name of the site, the history of the site’s folk name, and its location.


Kimbler, Jewel (Fa 1303), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives Jun 2019

Kimbler, Jewel (Fa 1303), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives

FA Finding Aids

Finding aid only for Folklife Archives Project 1303. Student folk studies project titled: “History of Columbia, Kentucky, 1920’s and 1930’s,” which includes interviews with Mason Judd and Callie Huff about their early lives in Columbia, Adair County, Kentucky. Interviews are found on cassette tapes 1420 and 1422, which are also stored in the Sound Archives.


Antle, Ruth Ann (Fa 1302), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives Jun 2019

Antle, Ruth Ann (Fa 1302), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives

FA Finding Aids

Finding aid only for Folklife Archives Project 1302. Student folk studies project completed by Ruth Ann Antle titled: “Parvin Reece History Project,” which includes an interview with Parvin Egbert Reece about his life in Montpelier, Adair County, Kentucky. Interview is found on cassette tape 1451, which is also stored in the Sound Archives.


Grape, Virginia (Fa 1301), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives Jun 2019

Grape, Virginia (Fa 1301), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives

FA Oral Histories

Finding aid only for Folklife Archives Project 1301. Student project titled “Place Name Legend: Lickskillet, Kentucky,” which includes a project with a brief description of the history of Lickskillet in Logan County, Kentucky. Project includes descriptions of sites, photos, and the names and addresses of the informants.


Reynolds, Paula Jean (Fa 1300), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives Jun 2019

Reynolds, Paula Jean (Fa 1300), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives

FA Oral Histories

Finding aid only for Folklife Archives Project 1300. Project titled “Rosa Cleo Steelman Speer in Doll Making,” which includes details about traditional doll making in Taylor County, Kentucky. The paper includes illustrations, pattern pieces, photos, and detailed directions of the process.


Robison, Jesse (Fa 1298), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives May 2019

Robison, Jesse (Fa 1298), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives

FA Oral Histories

Finding aid only for Folklife Archives Project 1298. Project titled “Military Songs and Cadence Rhymes,” which includes survey sheets of songs and cadences collected in Warren County, Kentucky and Marian, Smyth County, Virginia. Survey sheets may include descriptions, song lyrics, tunes, and informant name and location.


An Overview Of American Ginseng Through The Lens Of Healing, Conservation And Trade, Margaret Wulfsberg May 2019

An Overview Of American Ginseng Through The Lens Of Healing, Conservation And Trade, Margaret Wulfsberg

Lawrence University Honors Projects

American ginseng (Panax quinquefolius) is an herbaceous plant found in the eastern United States and Canada. Due to the high demand for ginseng roots on the Chinese market, it has been harvested at unsustainable rates. If this continues, overharvest along with other environmental factors will lead it to become extinct in the wild. American ginseng became popular due to its similarities with Asian ginseng, (Panax ginseng), a related plant that has been used in Chinese medicine for hundreds of years. Since there is so little Asian ginseng left in the wild, American ginseng now helps satisfy the demand for wild ...


Thomason, Mary Jean (Healan) (Fa 1299), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives May 2019

Thomason, Mary Jean (Healan) (Fa 1299), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives

FA Oral Histories

Finding aid only for Folklife Archives Project 1299. Project titled “Ten Broeck and Mollie: An Intriguing Puzzle,” which includes variants of the texts for “Ten Broeck and Mollie” and “Skewball” collected primarily from Jesse Blair in Grayson County, Kentucky. Project may include texts, song lyrics, tunes, photos, and informant name and location.


Crabtree, Julie Anne, B. 1988 (Fa 1294), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives May 2019

Crabtree, Julie Anne, B. 1988 (Fa 1294), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives

FA Finding Aids

Finding aid only for Folklife Archives Project 1294. Project titled “Pride Before the Fall: The Tale of a Motorcycle Wreck and the Onset of Supernatural Senses in Out-of-Body/Near-Death Experiences,” which details the supernatural experience of Russell Lee Callahan of Glasgow, Barren County, Kentucky. The interview includes details of the accident, the core supernatural experience, and the resulting change toward religion. The interview is stored in the Sound Archives.


Briscoe, Richard Blake (Fa 1292), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives May 2019

Briscoe, Richard Blake (Fa 1292), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives

FA Oral Histories

Finding aid only for Folklife Archives Project 1292. Student folk studies project titled “’The Music Will Preserve Itself’: The Lost River Strummers Dulcimer Club,” which includes the history of Southern Appalachian traditional music and the Lost River Strummers Dulcimer Club of Warren County, Kentucky. Sheet music for dulcimers is included.


Sexual Dimorphism In Homo Erectus Inferred From 1.5 Ma Footprints Near Ileret, Kenya, Brian Villmoare, Kevin G. Hatala, William Jungers May 2019

Sexual Dimorphism In Homo Erectus Inferred From 1.5 Ma Footprints Near Ileret, Kenya, Brian Villmoare, Kevin G. Hatala, William Jungers

Anthropology Faculty Publications

Sexual dimorphism can be one of the most important indicators of social behavior in fossil species, but the effects of time averaging, geographic variation, and differential preservation can complicate attempts to determine this measure from preserved skeletal anatomy. Here we present an alternative, using footprints from near Ileret, Kenya, to assess the sexual dimorphism of presumptive African Homo erectus at 1.5 Ma. Footprint sites have several unique advantages not typically available to fossils: a single surface can sample a population over a very brief time (in this case likely not more than a single day), and the data are ...


Associations Between Masculine Norms And Health-Care Utilization In Highly Religious, Heterosexual Men, Josh R. Novak, Terry Peak, Julie Gast, Melinda Arnell May 2019

Associations Between Masculine Norms And Health-Care Utilization In Highly Religious, Heterosexual Men, Josh R. Novak, Terry Peak, Julie Gast, Melinda Arnell

Sociology, Social Work and Anthropology Faculty Publications

The purpose of this study was to use focus groups to explore married men’s avoidance of health-care utilization. Five focus groups of 8 to 10 married, heterosexual, male participants (N = 44) were conducted and analyzed using grounded theory methods. Several important themes emerged connected to how masculine norms were associated with health-care utilization at several domains including at the organizational level (perceptions of doctors), interpersonal level (past family context and current family context), and individual level (illness severity, money concerns). These themes were all connected with the societal theme of masculine norms, where men’s reasons for health-care utilization ...


Bell, William Langston "Will," B. 1992 (Fa 1296), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives May 2019

Bell, William Langston "Will," B. 1992 (Fa 1296), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives

FA Finding Aids

Finding aid only for Folklife Archives Project 1296. Student folk studies project titled “Games in the Minton Residence Hall of Western Kentucky University,” which includes games collected from Honors College students at the university. Interviews may include game descriptions and rules, and informant name and location. The digital files are stored in the Sound Archives.


Mchugh, Walter (Fa 1297), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives May 2019

Mchugh, Walter (Fa 1297), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives

FA Oral Histories

Finding aid only for Folklife Archives Project 1297. Project titled “Weather Sayings and Ghost Stories,” which includes weather sayings and ghosts stories collected from WKU students and a faculty member in Warren County, Kentucky by WKU folk studies student Walter McHugh. Sheets may include saying, story, and informant name and location.


The Medicalization Of Sleeplessness: Results Of U.S. Office Visit Outcomes, 2008–2015, Mairead Eastin Moloney, Gabriele Ciciurkaite, Robyn Lewis Brown May 2019

The Medicalization Of Sleeplessness: Results Of U.S. Office Visit Outcomes, 2008–2015, Mairead Eastin Moloney, Gabriele Ciciurkaite, Robyn Lewis Brown

Sociology, Social Work and Anthropology Faculty Publications

Previous analysis of U.S. physician office visits (1993–2007) indicated that the medicalization of sleeplessness was on the rise and had potentially negative implications for population health. Our study asks if the medicalization of sleeplessness at the level of patient-physician interaction has persisted over time. Using the most recent years available (2008–2015) of the National Ambulatory Medical Care Survey we calculated nationally representative estimates for four sleeplessness-related outcomes of physician office visits: sleeplessness complaint, insomnia diagnosis, and prescription of benzodiazepine and non-benzodiazepine sedative-hypnotics (NBSH). To test for the significance of the linear trajectory, we ran a series of ...


Hart County Foodways (Fa 1291), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives May 2019

Hart County Foodways (Fa 1291), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives

FA Finding Aids

Finding aid only for Folklife Archives Project 1291. Collection of projects conducted by students for Dr. Ann Ferrell's 2018 fieldwork class. Projects address traditional and contemporary foodways practices throughout Hart County, Kentucky.


Situating Social Sustainability On Spartanburg’S Northside: An Engaged Neighborhood Study Of Community, History, And Place Making, Helen S. Seddelmeyer May 2019

Situating Social Sustainability On Spartanburg’S Northside: An Engaged Neighborhood Study Of Community, History, And Place Making, Helen S. Seddelmeyer

Community Based Research

From the very beginning of my research, I have been interested in sustainability and what it means to be sustainable. I was previously partial to environmental sustainability but came to the realization that understanding social sustainability is a more relevant and important topic for the Northside at this time. When a neighborhood is socially sustainable, they are investing in the next generation, building sincere relationships founded on trust, are adaptable, and have networks with civil society organizations such as schools, churches and businesses. Saffron Woodcraft defines social sustainability as, “a process for creating sustainable, successful places that promote well-being by ...


Mccartt-Jackson, Sarah, B. 1982 (Fa 1290), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives May 2019

Mccartt-Jackson, Sarah, B. 1982 (Fa 1290), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives

FA Finding Aids

Finding aid only for Folklife Archives Project 1290. Student collection titled “’Clogging’s Just Clogging’: The Richard McHargue Cloggers and Approaches to Vernacular Percussive Dance Study” in which Sarah McCartt-Jackson conducts an interview with Richard McHargue, a clogging instructor from Richmond, Kentucky. The interview contains McHargue’s early dancing memories, clogging terms, and opinions about the contemporary state of clogging. The collection also contains a partial transcript, fieldnotes, interview questions, content index, photographs, and the recorded audio interview on CD.


Pendleton, Kenneth (Fa 1295), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives May 2019

Pendleton, Kenneth (Fa 1295), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives

FA Finding Aids

Finding aid only for Folklife Archives Project 1295. Student folk studies project titled “Traditional Farm Implements,” which includes traditional farm implements collected in Warren County, Kentucky. Sheets may include tool description and use, photograph, and informant name and location.


Odum, Daisy Dean, 1877-1969 (Sc 3426), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives May 2019

Odum, Daisy Dean, 1877-1969 (Sc 3426), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives

MSS Finding Aids

Finding aid only for Manuscripts Small Collection 3426. Letter to WKU faculty member Frances Richards from Daisy Odum. She recounts a ghost story from DeKalb County, Tennessee, involving her nephew and the reaction of his horse to the sight of a spectral figure.


From Accusation To Execution: A Case Study, Sophie Abber May 2019

From Accusation To Execution: A Case Study, Sophie Abber

Keck Undergraduate Humanities Research Fellows

This project centers on the question: how are dynamics present in the Salem Witch Trials related to contemporary religious issues surrounding gender and agency? An existential approach to studying the Salem Witch Trials is used, highlighting themes like agency and intersubjectivity to create a new understanding of these events (Jackson 2002; Arendt 1962). Not only has this not been done in previous scholarship, but existential analysis opens the door to making connections between the Salem Witch Trials and modern times. Women today are still constrained by social and religious norms and motivated by existential needs and questions. This will be ...


Brown, Chloe Jo, B. 1991 (Fa 1289), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives May 2019

Brown, Chloe Jo, B. 1991 (Fa 1289), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives

FA Finding Aids

Finding aid only for Folklife Archives Project 1289. Student collection titled “Dale Cross: The Art of Flintknapping” in which Chloe Brown examines the commercial, historical, and cultural factors that have influenced the production of arrowheads. Brown interviews Dale Cross, a flintknapper from Burkesville, Kentucky who is renowned for his artistic skills. The paper addresses Cross’ personal aesthetics, flintknapping processes, and his business-related endeavors. The collection includes an academic paper, a transcription, CDs containing the recorded audio interview and photographs, and one of Cross’ arrowheads.