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Anthropology

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Iowa State University Anthropology Symposium

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Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

Mantled Howler Monkey (Aouatta Palliata Palliata) Positional Behaviors In Relation To Substrate Diameter And Angle Of Incline, Cole Clawson Apr 2017

Mantled Howler Monkey (Aouatta Palliata Palliata) Positional Behaviors In Relation To Substrate Diameter And Angle Of Incline, Cole Clawson

Iowa State University Anthropology Symposium

My research question was if substrate diameter and angle of incline, in relation to most often the trunk of a tree, would affect positional behaviors of mantled howler monkeys (Alouatta palliata). In pursuing this research question I wanted to understand more the effects of diet, specifically low quality diet, on primate locomotor and postural behaviors and how this might impact primate behaviors according to what foods are available. To test my research question, I collected observational data from adult howler monkeys, to see how they influenced locomotive patterns. I divided the substrates, in this study being tree branches, into 4 ...


Cultural Misconceptions Surrounding Indigenous Populations In The Western Hemisphere, Dan Gagni, Laurie Johnson, Johanna Stravers, Bill Winnett Apr 2017

Cultural Misconceptions Surrounding Indigenous Populations In The Western Hemisphere, Dan Gagni, Laurie Johnson, Johanna Stravers, Bill Winnett

Iowa State University Anthropology Symposium

This group has researched common misconceptions that american culture holds regarding Native North Americans and Latinx immigrants. This was a significant topic for the researchers because these misconceptions are the building blocks for cultural prejudice within Americans. Many of the misconceptions that are perpetuated within American culture regarding native peoples and latinx immigrants have severe, and negative repercussions on those populations. Moreover these misconceptions are naturalized within American culture and have distinctively shaped the way in which Americans view and interact with these minority populations. This group’s research revealed that many of the misconceptions held about Native North Americans ...


Observing Relations Between Traditional And Modern Medicine, Samantha Salter Apr 2017

Observing Relations Between Traditional And Modern Medicine, Samantha Salter

Iowa State University Anthropology Symposium

Can traditional rituals and remedies survive in the face of western health service expansion? The struggle between traditional and western medicinal methods is one known across the globe. Many traditional rituals have dwindled and some have disappeared entirely with western health development programs. Additionally, modern health programs continue to fail in many regions of the world. However, some communities have been able to hold onto their traditional rituals, while still utilizing modern health services. This is the case for the Kedougou region in western Senegal. World Vision, an international development and humanitarian organization has been established in Senegal for the ...


4th Annual Anthropology Symposium, Iowa State University Department Of Anthropology Apr 2016

4th Annual Anthropology Symposium, Iowa State University Department Of Anthropology

Iowa State University Anthropology Symposium

The program for the 4th Annual Anthropology Symposium at Iowa State University, held in the Cardinal and Campanile Rooms of the Memorial Union, 29 April 2016.


The New Generation Of Forensic Facial Reconstruction, Celeste R. Moreno Apr 2016

The New Generation Of Forensic Facial Reconstruction, Celeste R. Moreno

Iowa State University Anthropology Symposium

Forensic facial reconstruction is an impressive and unique blend of scientific and artistic skill sets that for many years was based primarily on non-digital or traditional methods such as pencil sketches and clay models. With the recent advancements in 2D digital art software as well as 3D digital art software, forensic artists have a new set of tools to take advantage of. Some artists have focused on using primarily digital reconstruction techniques. These artists and their new techniques are a part of the new generation of forensic facial reconstruction. This is a discussion of how cutting edge technology can increase ...


Can The Presence And Proportion Of Bacterial Communities Be Used To Estimate Post-Mortem Interval? A Critical Analysis, Alexa L. Golemo Apr 2016

Can The Presence And Proportion Of Bacterial Communities Be Used To Estimate Post-Mortem Interval? A Critical Analysis, Alexa L. Golemo

Iowa State University Anthropology Symposium

The use of bacterial communities to estimate post-mortem interval is a relatively new concept in the field of forensic anthropology, but one that shows great promise. Research has shown a correlation between the presence and proportion of bacterial communities within the microbiome of a deceased vertebrate and the post-mortem interval of that individual. Methodologies include analyzing and comparing relative abundance of different taxa during decomposition, as well as comparing the microbiome of the decomposing vertebrate to the surrounding soil during different phases of decomposition in skeletonized remains. However, this method of estimating time since death must undergo much more in-depth ...


Native Americans: The Fight For Race, Class And Equality In The Field Of Anthropology, Cheryl A. Sanders Apr 2016

Native Americans: The Fight For Race, Class And Equality In The Field Of Anthropology, Cheryl A. Sanders

Iowa State University Anthropology Symposium

Native Americans have endured racial typology, robbery for pseudo-science, declared a dying race as they became the trophy items for emerging museums all over the country. Because of such actions the Native American Grave Protection and Repatriation Act (NAGPRA) was created to safeguard any remains and protect any burials of Native American descent. My research is set out to reveal that the field of physical anthropology is always changing and how this history affects forensic anthropology in practice. This project will focus on the history of eugenics and Social Darwinism, as these outdated concepts led to the establishment of NAGPRA ...


Considering Conscience-Development Among Lgbt And Allied Catholics, Benjamin T. Spick Apr 2016

Considering Conscience-Development Among Lgbt And Allied Catholics, Benjamin T. Spick

Iowa State University Anthropology Symposium

This presentation explores the role which the development and cultivation of conscience plays in the lived experiences of LGBT and allied Catholics. In conversations with informants for past and current projects, the theological notion of “primacy of conscience” – that is, an individual has the moral obligation to follow their informed conscience in making judgments or decisions – emerged as a key explanation for their championing of LGBT issues as Roman Catholics. This presentation will also reflect on the outcomes, potential, and limitations in laying groundwork for further study of this topic. In so concluding, it will also touch on some identifiable ...


Struggles Of Social Inequalities In The Neoliberal World, Cheryl A. Sanders Apr 2016

Struggles Of Social Inequalities In The Neoliberal World, Cheryl A. Sanders

Iowa State University Anthropology Symposium

Social inequalities are often thought of as inexistent in the globalized world. This project looks at anthropological observations in a sense of new class boundaries. The purpose of this project is to establish symbols of inequality within current day society. My project is constructed within the frameworks of Pierre Bourdieu’s habitus and field. Some of the constructs of class that are exposed within my project are on the biological level between gender and race as well as in consumer’s everyday lives through items such as the television and the automobile. Social inequalities remain in place because they establish ...


Honor's Investigation Into Lgbt-Catholic Intersections Of Identity In A Midwestern College Town Parish, Benjamin T. Spick Apr 2016

Honor's Investigation Into Lgbt-Catholic Intersections Of Identity In A Midwestern College Town Parish, Benjamin T. Spick

Iowa State University Anthropology Symposium

This pilot study seeks to investigate the intersections of LGBT and Catholic identities by analyzing the discourse of members of a gay-straight alliance in a Midwestern parish. The goal was to understand what teachings or practices they referenced. Key questions concerned why those teachings/practices were important; where those teachings/practices came from; and how those teachings/practices are used by different people in different ways. Interviews with three informants were conducted, and data pertaining to individuals' ideologies, worldviews, practices, etc. were compared with each other and with data collected from secondary sources.


Spatial Expansion On Lima's Costa Verde, Brandon V. Scheuring Apr 2016

Spatial Expansion On Lima's Costa Verde, Brandon V. Scheuring

Iowa State University Anthropology Symposium

This project examines spatial growth and allocation in Lima Peru’s Costa Verde. The region is governed by the six autonomous municipalities that comprise it, each with their own visions for the region. The Costa Verde is characterized by cliffs topped with high-rises, plunging abruptly into the Pacific Ocean. Along the ocean below the cliffs is a narrow strip of land that has become the focus of municipal developers and of this project. There have been many phases of expanding the coastal shelf to make new real estate. Because of the strong Humboldt Current, being situated on the Pacific Ring ...


Place Based Culture And Identity: The Threat Of Gentrification To Bo-Kaap And Woodstock In Cape Town, South Africa, Danielle K. Propst Apr 2016

Place Based Culture And Identity: The Threat Of Gentrification To Bo-Kaap And Woodstock In Cape Town, South Africa, Danielle K. Propst

Iowa State University Anthropology Symposium

The Group Areas Act of 1950 was a tool used by the apartheid government of South Africa to separate people geographically by racial classifications. Most neighborhoods and suburbs of Cape Town were impacted by this act either through forced removals or the establishment of new townships. The two areas exempt this act were the Muslim neighborhood of Bo-Kaap and the racially mixed suburb of Woodstock. These neighborhoods are now experiencing an increase in property values, an outward migration of working-class and lower income households, and an influx in the number of wealthy young professionals. The aforementioned indicators are all signs ...


Witchcraft In Africa, Jeremy R. Weese Apr 2016

Witchcraft In Africa, Jeremy R. Weese

Iowa State University Anthropology Symposium

Witchcraft’s prevalence in Africa, and many other places in the world, has been a subject of interest to scholars for quite some time. However, its popularization in movies and books has skewed the public’s perception of all the things witchcraft entails. Looking past the fictionalized “monsters” that are depicted in today’s popular culture, Witchcraft’s prevalence in Africa, and many other places in the world, has been a subject of interest to scholars for quite some time. However, its popularization in movies and books has skewed the public’s perception of all the things witchcraft entails. Looking ...


Using Science Communication And Informal Education To Become An Informational Portal To The Public, Karri D. Folks Apr 2016

Using Science Communication And Informal Education To Become An Informational Portal To The Public, Karri D. Folks

Iowa State University Anthropology Symposium

Effective communication with the public is a key component of research outreach. As graduate students, our curriculums usually require some form of public outreach. You are expected to demonstrate the broader impacts of your research through multi-generational education; however training for this type of communication is usually not provided. Reiman Gardens (Ames, IA) provides outreach development and training to Iowa State graduate students, scientists, engineers, researchers, and other science-based professionals through their Portal to the Public Science Communication Fellowship. The fellowship provides training on how to effectively communicate your research to diverse audiences and enhance science communication skills. Each fellow ...


English And Lexigram Comprehension Of Language-Trained Bonobos, Andrea Rabinowitz Apr 2016

English And Lexigram Comprehension Of Language-Trained Bonobos, Andrea Rabinowitz

Iowa State University Anthropology Symposium

If language and cognition are intrinsically linked, it follows that studying the linguistic processes of great apes will heighten our knowledge of the evolution of human language and thought, a primary focus of anthropological research. The present study expanded upon ongoing research of bonobos (Pan paniscus) raised in a language-enriched environment at the Ape Cognition and Conservation Initiative. While Kanzi’s linguistic and cognitive capabilities have been well documented in early life, this project evaluated a current vocabulary of English and symbolic lexigrams. A series of three computerized match-to-sample tasks tested his ability to match a picture to spoken English ...


Δ13c And Δ18o Isotopic Analysis Of A Platygonus Compressus Tusk, Kurt M. Wilson Apr 2016

Δ13c And Δ18o Isotopic Analysis Of A Platygonus Compressus Tusk, Kurt M. Wilson

Iowa State University Anthropology Symposium

Stable-isotope analysis of Platygonus compressus remains from Peccary Cave, AR documents previously unknown dietary and seasonal information on flat-headed peccary. P. compressus diet knowledge currently derives from dental wear analyses with no isotopic data. New δ13C data obtained from 14C dated specimens reveals a C3 focused diet, despite dental adaptations allowing for omnivorous and mixed plant-life feeding. Combined with other indicators, δ13C enables improved recreation of peccary habitat adaptations in the late Pleistocene. Serial sampling of a P. compressus tusk for δ13C and δ18O further evidences a C3 diet and documents seasonal shifts in δ18O. Abrupt δ18O shifts between samples ...


Accuracy Of Cut-Mark Analysis Databases Within Forensic Anthropology, Sydney L. Dighton, Whitney E. Graves Apr 2016

Accuracy Of Cut-Mark Analysis Databases Within Forensic Anthropology, Sydney L. Dighton, Whitney E. Graves

Iowa State University Anthropology Symposium

When it comes to trauma analysis, there are multiple databases and criteria used to determine weapons. Therefore, the purpose of this research is to determine whether or not the accuracy of these databases are precise enough to definitively determine which type of weapon is used. Five different tools were used, split into two different sections. The first were weapons used in stabbings: scalpels, pocket knife, and kitchen knife. The next section of weapons were those used in the dismembering of remains: an axe and machete. It is apparent that the identification of murder weapons is a clear link to the ...


Iowa City Pathologies, Danielle M. Airola Apr 2016

Iowa City Pathologies, Danielle M. Airola

Iowa State University Anthropology Symposium

This study is focused on the pathologies and skeletal abnormalities present among specimens from the Iowa City Collection, narrowed down to four individuals in particular. It compares abnormalities observed on the bones themselves with the written record from the inventory of this collection, identifying which pathology is most common among the specimens, why those pathologies leave their marks in bony tissue, and speculates about the possible origin of this collection before it was loaned to Iowa State from the University of Iowa to become part of the teaching collection for classes in skeletal biology and forensic anthropology.


The Effect Of Civil War On The Economic Development Of Sierra Leone, Hawa Dindin Conteh Apr 2016

The Effect Of Civil War On The Economic Development Of Sierra Leone, Hawa Dindin Conteh

Iowa State University Anthropology Symposium

Sierra Leone, home to 6.1 million people, has suffered huge consequences in the country’s economic growth due to a civil war that took place from 1991-2002. Therefore, Sierra Leone’s population is made of mostly the young youths and adults due to abandonment of caregivers and deaths. The effect of the violent civil war has caused the country to be ranked as one of the poorest country in the world. There are some efforts being put to stimulate economic growth so the citizens can be able to sustain themselves. The efforts include outside assistance from other countries and ...


A Critical Review Of The Identification Of Mass Disaster Remains Through The Use Of Genomic Analysis, Katherine R. Slimak Apr 2016

A Critical Review Of The Identification Of Mass Disaster Remains Through The Use Of Genomic Analysis, Katherine R. Slimak

Iowa State University Anthropology Symposium

Identification of a single complete set of bones can be considerably challenging given the condition of the bones; however, identifying tens to hundreds of different bones, how many complete sets are present, and to whom they belong is a complete different story. Throughout the world today there are many mass disasters that take the lives of hundreds and even thousands of people, leaving remains behind that are fragmented, heavily impacted by the incident and environment, or completely obliterated. Mass disaster remains can be identified through techniques in genomic analysis that use extracted DNA from remains that have potential to be ...