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Articles 241 - 267 of 267

Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

Creating Mexican Consumer Culture In The Age Of Porfirio Díaz By Steven B. Bunker, Susanne Eineigel Jan 2015

Creating Mexican Consumer Culture In The Age Of Porfirio Díaz By Steven B. Bunker, Susanne Eineigel

International Social Science Review

No abstract provided.


The Canadian Cognitive Bias And Its Influence On Canada/U.S. Relations, Ken Holmes Jan 2015

The Canadian Cognitive Bias And Its Influence On Canada/U.S. Relations, Ken Holmes

International Social Science Review

Canada and the United States enjoy an intimate relationship like few countries in the world experience. However, both nations had many serious misunderstandings over domestic and world situations, largely due to their philosophical beginnings, the cornerstone of social and political bias. Canada’s foundation originates from the British Empire based on the tradition of “peace, order, and good government,” while the U.S. is built on individualism as expressed by “life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness.” Consequently, both nations experienced varied disputes, all while engaging in extensive cooperation. This paper traces historical development of the Canadian cognitive bias toward ...


Seized By Sleaze: The Siege Of Corruption And A Search For Workable Options In Nigeria, Oluwaseun Bamidele, Azeez O. Olaniyan, Bonnie Ayodele Jan 2015

Seized By Sleaze: The Siege Of Corruption And A Search For Workable Options In Nigeria, Oluwaseun Bamidele, Azeez O. Olaniyan, Bonnie Ayodele

International Social Science Review

The Nigerian state presents a contradictory scenario. It is a country of immense human and material resources, yet it remains poor and grossly underdeveloped. Studies have identified two major obstacles to Nigerian’s development: widespread corruption, and the lingering money laundering scheme. Since gaining independence in 1960, Nigeria has been enduring corruption with little or no serious efforts at combating it. Corruption has become a popular language in Nigerian governance to the extent that an average government political official in Nigeria is generally believed to be corrupt in one way or the other, thereby making Nigeria one of the most ...


Denying Pell Grants To Prisoners: Race, Class, And The Philosophy Of Mass Incarceration, Jason L. Mallory Jan 2015

Denying Pell Grants To Prisoners: Race, Class, And The Philosophy Of Mass Incarceration, Jason L. Mallory

International Social Science Review

This paper asks whether prisoners should have access to Pell Grants, for which they are currently ineligible. In the first section, the author considers philosophical arguments relating to the present ban by examining traditional concerns of deterrence, rehabilitation, and retribution. The second section explores two arguments against a more inclusive Pell Grant policy. In the third section the author argues that restoring higher education grants to prisoners is compelling, especially when one considers issues of race and class. The paper concludes by using Erich Fromm’s social theory to call into question the justice, ethics, and rationality of those societies ...


Democracies, Autocracies, And Political Stability, Rollin F. Tusalem Jan 2015

Democracies, Autocracies, And Political Stability, Rollin F. Tusalem

International Social Science Review

Does democracy promote political instability? Research by pre-eminent scholars demonstrate how nascent democracies may be disadvantaged in promoting political stability because of the pluralist and populist demands that citizens may place on the state that can generate large-scale social rigidities. Furthermore, recent scholarship has shown that nascent democracies are prone to having ethnic dominant minorities that precipitate large scale violence against them as they control most of the wealth, while ethnic dominant majorities resist income inequities. Autocracies are also considered to be more stable over time because of its virtual monopoly on the centralized use of force and its quick ...


Breaking Rules: The Social And Situation Dynamics Of Young People's Urban Crime By Per-Olof Wikström, Dietrich Oberwittler, Kyle Treiber, & Beth Hardie, Kingsley U. Ejiogu Sep 2014

Breaking Rules: The Social And Situation Dynamics Of Young People's Urban Crime By Per-Olof Wikström, Dietrich Oberwittler, Kyle Treiber, & Beth Hardie, Kingsley U. Ejiogu

International Social Science Review

No abstract provided.


Chronicles From The Field: The Townsend Thai Project By Robert M. Townsend, Okori Uneke Sep 2014

Chronicles From The Field: The Townsend Thai Project By Robert M. Townsend, Okori Uneke

International Social Science Review

No abstract provided.


Governing Animals: Animal Welfare And The Liberal State By Kimberly K. Smith, Barry D. Friedman Sep 2014

Governing Animals: Animal Welfare And The Liberal State By Kimberly K. Smith, Barry D. Friedman

International Social Science Review

No abstract provided.


The Bill Of The Century: The Epic Battle For The Civil Rights Act By Clay Risen, John Herbert Roper Sr. Sep 2014

The Bill Of The Century: The Epic Battle For The Civil Rights Act By Clay Risen, John Herbert Roper Sr.

International Social Science Review

No abstract provided.


Fear Across The Disciplines Edited By Jan Plamper And Benjamin Lazier, Linda Quest Sep 2014

Fear Across The Disciplines Edited By Jan Plamper And Benjamin Lazier, Linda Quest

International Social Science Review

No abstract provided.


Behind The Shock Machine: The Untold Story Of The Notorious Milgram Psychology Experiments By Gina Perry, Tanetta Andersson Sep 2014

Behind The Shock Machine: The Untold Story Of The Notorious Milgram Psychology Experiments By Gina Perry, Tanetta Andersson

International Social Science Review

No abstract provided.


The Origins Of Christian Democracy: Politics And Confession In Modern Germany By Maria D. Mitchell, Thomas W. Goldstein Sep 2014

The Origins Of Christian Democracy: Politics And Confession In Modern Germany By Maria D. Mitchell, Thomas W. Goldstein

International Social Science Review

No abstract provided.


Go Shopping In Argentina: The Rise Of Popular Consumer Culture By Natalia Milanesio, Cristian A. Harris Sep 2014

Go Shopping In Argentina: The Rise Of Popular Consumer Culture By Natalia Milanesio, Cristian A. Harris

International Social Science Review

No abstract provided.


Global Tourism: Cultural Heritage And Economic Encounters By Sarah Lyons And E. Christian Wells, Michelle Y. Fiedler Sep 2014

Global Tourism: Cultural Heritage And Economic Encounters By Sarah Lyons And E. Christian Wells, Michelle Y. Fiedler

International Social Science Review

No abstract provided.


Orgasmology By Annamarie Jagose, Misty Luminais Sep 2014

Orgasmology By Annamarie Jagose, Misty Luminais

International Social Science Review

No abstract provided.


Russia: A Long View By Yegor Gaidar, Suzanne Ament Sep 2014

Russia: A Long View By Yegor Gaidar, Suzanne Ament

International Social Science Review

No abstract provided.


Émile Durkheim: A Biography By Marcel Fournier, Terry R. Morris Sep 2014

Émile Durkheim: A Biography By Marcel Fournier, Terry R. Morris

International Social Science Review

No abstract provided.


The Oral Gospel Tradition By James D. Dunn, Edward J. Mills Iii Sep 2014

The Oral Gospel Tradition By James D. Dunn, Edward J. Mills Iii

International Social Science Review

No abstract provided.


Inhumanities: Nazi Interpretations Of Western Culture By David B. Dennis, John H. Roper Jr. Sep 2014

Inhumanities: Nazi Interpretations Of Western Culture By David B. Dennis, John H. Roper Jr.

International Social Science Review

No abstract provided.


Issac Newton And The Origin Of Civilization By Jed Buchwald And Mordechai Feingold, Richard Bowler Sep 2014

Issac Newton And The Origin Of Civilization By Jed Buchwald And Mordechai Feingold, Richard Bowler

International Social Science Review

No abstract provided.


Women On Ice: Methamphetamine Use Among Suburban Women By Miriam Williams Boeri, David B. Broad Sep 2014

Women On Ice: Methamphetamine Use Among Suburban Women By Miriam Williams Boeri, David B. Broad

International Social Science Review

No abstract provided.


The Technology Of Nonviolence: Social Media And Violence Prevention By Joseph G. Bock, Yadria Diaz Sep 2014

The Technology Of Nonviolence: Social Media And Violence Prevention By Joseph G. Bock, Yadria Diaz

International Social Science Review

No abstract provided.


Are Human Rights A Philosophy Of History? The Case For The Defense, Ben Dorfman Sep 2014

Are Human Rights A Philosophy Of History? The Case For The Defense, Ben Dorfman

International Social Science Review

This paper explains what a human rights philosophy of history might be, how such a philosophy of history might function, and why it might be important that human rights maintain, or reflect a philosophy of history. In this article human rights are represented by The Universal Declaration of Human Rights passed by the United Nations General Assembly in 1948.


An Examination Of Crime Perception And Arkansas Fair Housing, David Montague, Shannon Rynders, Jennifer Bearden, Jennifer M. Miller, Carol Johnson, Emily Blank Sep 2014

An Examination Of Crime Perception And Arkansas Fair Housing, David Montague, Shannon Rynders, Jennifer Bearden, Jennifer M. Miller, Carol Johnson, Emily Blank

International Social Science Review

This study examines the issue of fair housing from the standpoint of appraisal reports that determine the value of properties. Specifically, descriptors of crime within Arkansas appraisal reports are analyzed, along with completed interview questionnaires representing the mortgage lending, law enforcement, and home appraisal communities. This study provides pivotal findings with respect to appraisal reports in Arkansas and implications for public policy. Particularly, it finds that some of the most relevant stakeholders related to housing in Arkansas unfairly categorize certain geographic areas according to perceptions of crime, as indicated by a review of data found within appraisal reports. This study ...


The Civilized And The Barbarous: Honor In French And Turkish Contemporary Societies, Julie Alev Dilmac Sep 2014

The Civilized And The Barbarous: Honor In French And Turkish Contemporary Societies, Julie Alev Dilmac

International Social Science Review

The goal of this paper is to explore the place of honor in an increasingly rationalized world, in which individuals are characterized by their interchangeability. To do so, the honor principle in two societies which, although in geographical proximity, represent distinct traditions, France and Turkey, was analyzed. The goal was to grasp the multiple understandings of honor among young adults, defined as those between the age of 20 and 27 years old in these two societies. In the Turkish language, honor translates to şeref, which means the personal value felt by an individual coming from the other’s respect, or ...


The End Of Civil War, The Rise Of Narcotrafficking And The Implementation Of The Merida Initiative In Central America, William L. Marcy Sep 2014

The End Of Civil War, The Rise Of Narcotrafficking And The Implementation Of The Merida Initiative In Central America, William L. Marcy

International Social Science Review

The End of Civil War, the Rise of Narcotrafficking, and the Implementation of the Merida Initiative in Central America provides a broad explanation of how Central America became a hub for narcotrafficking between 1979-2012. Using newly declassified documents acquired from the U.S. Department of State, the paper reviews the emergence of narcotrafficking in Central America during its civil war era and briefly shows how Colombian and then Mexican narcotraffickers established a permanent foothold in the region during the early 1990s as its civil wars wound down. At the same time, the essay looks at how Central America responded to ...


Global Environmental Governance Reconsidered By Frank Biermann & Philipp Pattberg, Samuel B. Hoff May 2014

Global Environmental Governance Reconsidered By Frank Biermann & Philipp Pattberg, Samuel B. Hoff

International Social Science Review

No abstract provided.