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Therapeutic Clientship Of Diabetes Clubs: Engagement In Chronic Disease Management Programs In Guatemala’S Western Highlands, Arnav Shah May 2018

Therapeutic Clientship Of Diabetes Clubs: Engagement In Chronic Disease Management Programs In Guatemala’S Western Highlands, Arnav Shah

Anthropology Senior Theses

The increasing global mortality and morbidity of chronic disease signals that a major epidemiological shift is underway in more-economically developed and less-economically developed countries. This epidemiological transition is especially salient in the Western Highlands of Guatemala as the prevalence of type 2 diabetes has risen steeply and poses great challenges for health practitioners and the public health system. This thesis is based from ten weeks of ethnographic fieldwork that I conducted in region surrounding Lake Atitlán. Collected through participant observation and semi-structured interviews, the data this thesis analyses attempts to examine the nature of and motivations for engagement in a ...


Creating A Space For The "Outsider Within": A Framework For Black Feminist Anthropology, Alexus Bazen Apr 2018

Creating A Space For The "Outsider Within": A Framework For Black Feminist Anthropology, Alexus Bazen

Anthropology Senior Theses

Anthropology, ideally, is an intellectual endeavor to provide insight into the nature of the variations on the human condition. Historically, European anthropologists have used it as a tool to justify colonialism, scientific racism, and relentless persecution, while simultaneously exploiting and erasing the lives of oppressed individuals. African-American intellectuals in post-emancipation America sought to combat the negative impact of slavery and subjugation by using ethnography and self-reflection to capture the totality of their experiences in America. Black women represent a greatly influential but almost invisible intellectual source whose multilateral identities and social experiences inform and dictate sociocultural trajectory in the United ...


Constructed Identities And Perpetuated Inequalities In App Dating, Alyssa D. Turizo Apr 2018

Constructed Identities And Perpetuated Inequalities In App Dating, Alyssa D. Turizo

Anthropology Senior Theses

This study seeks to investigate the ways in which individuals make sense of the nearly overwhelming amount of information they are presented with in an application like Tinder, and the ways in which their experiences at the confluence of the digital and “real” worlds are informed by various forces, including race and ethnicity. In particular, it seeks to determine how the experiences of marginalized groups are represented (and underrepresented) through the design and use of the app. By engaging with students at the University of Pennsylvania through a series of semi-structured interviews, this study reveals that users are enmeshed in ...


Heaven Is A Circle, Earth Is A Square: Historical Analysis Of Chinese Neolithic Jade Disks, Nichole M. Bryant Apr 2018

Heaven Is A Circle, Earth Is A Square: Historical Analysis Of Chinese Neolithic Jade Disks, Nichole M. Bryant

Anthropology Senior Theses

The main goal of this senior thesis is not only to investigate the origins of the xuánjī, , and cóng artifacts of the Chinese Neolithic, but also to understand the ways in which these three classes of stone artifacts were used in relation to one another. Details found within the historical texts of the Chinese Neolithic are used to piece together the fragmented history of these three objects, while observable analysis of the nighttime sky and flood patterns of the eastern Chinese coast are later brought in to explain the usage of all three objects in tandem.

Ultimately, this thesis ...


The Cuba Paradox: An Assessment Of Primary And Maternal Healthcare In Cuba Today, Ivana T. Kohut, Ivana Kohut Apr 2018

The Cuba Paradox: An Assessment Of Primary And Maternal Healthcare In Cuba Today, Ivana T. Kohut, Ivana Kohut

Anthropology Senior Theses

Cuba’s healthcare system is lauded on the Global Health stage as renowned. Low mother/infant mortality rates paired with low infectious disease transmission rates have garnered Cuba’s maternal and primary healthcare systems significant fame. In addition to these healthcare feats, Cuban women experience challenges in finding access to basic forms of over-the-counter care. The Cuba Paradox emerges in which a Cuban woman’s healthcare experience in places such as Mayajigua, Cuba (407 km southeast of Havana) is characterized by access to acute care (expensive treatments such as IVF) and lacks of access to active care (over-the-counter products such ...


The Experience Of Managing Type Ii Diabetes Among Indigenous Maya In The Western Highlands Of Guatemala, Nubia Ortega Apr 2018

The Experience Of Managing Type Ii Diabetes Among Indigenous Maya In The Western Highlands Of Guatemala, Nubia Ortega

Anthropology Senior Theses

As part of the Guatemala Health Initiative program, I spent ten weeks in the Western Highlands of Guatemala in one of the towns surrounding the lake region: Santiago Atitlan. My research question was among indigenous Maya who have been diagnosed with type II diabetes in the Western highlands of Guatemala, what is their experience with diagnosis, treatment, and management of type II diabetes?

With assistance from the Hospitalito Atitlan, the primary referral hospital in the region, I conducted semi-structured interviews with a purposive sample of 41 people with diabetes. Patients were recruited from diabetes clubs at different health centers and ...


Robert H. Lamborn: At The Intersection Of Anthropology And Museums In The Nineteenth Century, Sheridan S. Small Apr 2018

Robert H. Lamborn: At The Intersection Of Anthropology And Museums In The Nineteenth Century, Sheridan S. Small

Anthropology Senior Theses

In the nineteenth century, anthropology began to coalesce as a discipline while museums modernized their mission as educational institutions. Because objects were key sources of anthropological knowledge during this period, museums operated as the institutional base for the discipline. Robert Henry Lamborn was a collector who was deeply involved in developing anthropological theories and museum best practices, differing from both museum professionals and private collectors in his methods and goals. Lamborn presents an ideal case study for examining the intersection of anthropology and museums in the nineteenth century, as well as the object-based theoretical underpinnings of anthropology, a history that ...


Health Citizenship In The "Forgotten District": Non-Profit Governance In The Ugandan Welfare State, Jessie Lu Apr 2017

Health Citizenship In The "Forgotten District": Non-Profit Governance In The Ugandan Welfare State, Jessie Lu

Anthropology Senior Theses

The increasing presence of non-profit and non-governmental organizations as healthcare providers in Uganda has altered the role of the nation state in providing health services. This alteration is especially salient in Bududa district, located in a region of Uganda that has been labeled as “the forgotten district,” where traditional modes of the government oftentimes do not reach. Through three months of ethnographic fieldwork conducted in Bududa, this thesis attempts to address the ways in which individuals understand their relationship to the government vis à vis the health welfare system, and the ways in which the presence of the non-profit alters ...


Variation In Rhesus Macaque (Macaca Mulatta) Vocalizations: Social And Biological Influences, Emma A. Mcnamara Apr 2017

Variation In Rhesus Macaque (Macaca Mulatta) Vocalizations: Social And Biological Influences, Emma A. Mcnamara

Anthropology Senior Theses

Rhesus macaques (Macaca mulatta) are the most widely studied nonhuman primate. While some work has been done on both vocal communication and the role of the neuropeptides, oxytocin, and vasopressin in the behavior of these highly social primates, key questions remain unanswered. In this study, seven rhesus macaques (four adult females and three adult males) were given a dose of either saline (control), oxytocin, or vasopressin. After being given this treatment, they were placed in close proximity to a conspecific who had not received any such treatment and the two monkeys were allowed to interact for five minutes. A variety ...


The History Of Race In Anthropology: Paul Broca And The Question Of Human Hybridity, Samantha S. Ashok Apr 2017

The History Of Race In Anthropology: Paul Broca And The Question Of Human Hybridity, Samantha S. Ashok

Anthropology Senior Theses

Paul Broca (1824-1880) was a French physician and anthropologist whose belief in the polygenesis of human origins was inextricably linked to the question of human hybridity. His studies on hybridity began in 1857 after he observed leporids, the crossing of a hare and a rabbit. He applied his methods of analyzing these animal hybrids to mixed-race individuals, a task he believed would prove polygenism. His studies laid the basis for French anthropology and led to the founding of the Société d’Anthropologie de Paris, the world’s first anthropological society. Broca’s background in mathematics led him to expand upon ...


Comparison Between Genetic And Morphological Sex Of The Cranium, Elizabeth V. Pierce Apr 2017

Comparison Between Genetic And Morphological Sex Of The Cranium, Elizabeth V. Pierce

Anthropology Senior Theses

Morphological methods are relied upon to determine the sex of skeletal remains of both archaeological and forensic significance. The characteristics commonly examined in these morphological methods have a large margin of error, especially when it comes to partial or fragmentary cranial remains. The case could be made from this morphological study that sex attributed to fragmented remains where not more than one commonly scored trait is available for examination should not be considered as being fully reliable. In this study, I examined 20 crania from a collection from Tepe Hissar to compare morphological sex and genetic sex. Overall, the mastoid ...


"Pro-Poor" Tourism In Nicaragua: A Case Study Of The Telica Rota Natural Reserve, Megan M. Bridges Dec 2016

"Pro-Poor" Tourism In Nicaragua: A Case Study Of The Telica Rota Natural Reserve, Megan M. Bridges

Anthropology Senior Theses

The following paper is an ethnographic study that was conducted over the course of eleven months while working in León, Nicaragua, for an international NGO. It adds to existing literature that illustrate the shortfalls of community-based tourism projects, particularly when multiple stakeholders are involved. It focuses its attention on the cultural misunderstandings between the NGO, municipal government, and a rural tourism cooperative regarding tourism development and land management. Furthermore, it highlights the cooperative’s efforts in maintaining its agency when it felt as though its interests were being ignored by organizations with greater social, political, and economic capital than they ...


Mitochondrial Dna Diversity Of Saint Vincent And Trinidad And Its Implications For Caribbean Settlement History, Taryn R. Mackinney Apr 2016

Mitochondrial Dna Diversity Of Saint Vincent And Trinidad And Its Implications For Caribbean Settlement History, Taryn R. Mackinney

Anthropology Senior Theses

ABSTRACT

European colonization of the Americas had profound impacts on the indigenous peoples of the Caribbean Basin. The indigenous communities of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines and Trinidad and Tobago, two island nations of the Caribbean Lesser Antilles, endured a European colonial presence for just shy of 500 years. Today, analysis of mitochondrial DNA can help paint a better portrait of pre-Columbian indigenous peoples, including their settlement of the Caribbean Basin and their resistance to European colonialism. To further explore these issues, we conducted analysis of genetic variation in two indigenous communities, the Garifuna of Saint Vincent and the First ...


Credit Where Credit Is Due: Looking Back At The Junior Archeological Society Of Baton Rouge, 1958-1976, Ashley Lauren Terry Apr 2016

Credit Where Credit Is Due: Looking Back At The Junior Archeological Society Of Baton Rouge, 1958-1976, Ashley Lauren Terry

Anthropology Senior Theses

The Junior Archaeological Society of Baton Rouge, which operated from 1958 through 1976, afforded middle- and high school-aged students the opportunity to learn about anthropology, history, and a wide range of other topics. The Society (headed by J. Ashley Sibley, Jr.) also excavated at Native American sites in Louisiana and Mississippi – for the perceived “unprofessionalism” with which they proceeded, they have received considerable scrutiny from the Southeastern archaeological community. My goal, from the project’s outset, was to understand the Society’s archaeological endeavors (particularly as they centered around Smith Creek site in Wilkinson County, Mississippi). In order to do ...


Choice, Control And Childbirth: Cesarean Deliveries On Maternal Request In Shanghai, China, Eileen Wang Apr 2016

Choice, Control And Childbirth: Cesarean Deliveries On Maternal Request In Shanghai, China, Eileen Wang

Anthropology Senior Theses

Cesarean deliveries on maternal request (CDMR) have become increasingly common in China within the past 20 years, coinciding with the dramatic rise in cesarean section rates. In recent years, the state has tried to control the escalation of cesarean section rates by restricting those that are considered medically “unnecessary” and particularly those requested by mothers. Drawing upon eight weeks of ethnographic fieldwork and 34 interviews with women, providers and family members at a district hospital in Shanghai, this thesis looks at the sociocultural context that influences mothers in China to request cesarean deliveries, as well as the ongoing negotiations among ...


Transnational Migration And Political Exile In Laos, Sharon Vongvanith Apr 2016

Transnational Migration And Political Exile In Laos, Sharon Vongvanith

Anthropology Senior Theses

The failures of development efforts in underachieving countries bring into question the effectiveness of the structures and mechanisms that govern policymaking. Laos, in particular, is a small country located in Southeast Asia that has recently gained prominence in spheres of international development and the global marketplace. Since the mid-1980s, leaders of the state have implemented economic reform in hopes of achieving greater economic gain. Their efforts fall short, however, when many marginalized communities comprised of ethnic minorities fall deeper into poverty. In search of a better life, many made the decision to flee the country to escape their impoverishment. Those ...


Burmese Migrant Laborers In Bangkok: Assimilation Patterns And Their Indications For Global Movement, Enika Selby Apr 2016

Burmese Migrant Laborers In Bangkok: Assimilation Patterns And Their Indications For Global Movement, Enika Selby

Anthropology Senior Theses

The observations relating to the assimilation of Burmese migrant workers in Bangkok serve as a reference for how migrants around the world might integrate themselves into new societies. For this research, I traveled to Bangkok and interviewed 40 unskilled workers from Burma and implemented participant-observation. I also conducted literary research to contextualize the information gathered during fieldwork. The synthesis of these methods revealed that historical tensions affected the current relationship between Thai and Burmese people. This led to the belief that most Burmese migrants are only in Bangkok temporarily and will return home to avoid the discrimination they face from ...


Epigenetic Traits, Computerized Tomography And Native American Identity, Jordi Rivera Prince Apr 2016

Epigenetic Traits, Computerized Tomography And Native American Identity, Jordi Rivera Prince

Anthropology Senior Theses

For over two centuries, epigenetic traits were considered minor variations in trait expressions found on the human skull, and largely disregarded. It is now known many of these traits are heritable and potentially define population affinity. Native American skeletal collections have been diminishing after the 1990 Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act (NAGPRA). Epigenetic traits have the potential to indicate population affinity in the event cultural affiliation cannot be determined. When Native American remains are repatriated from the Penn Museum’s Physical Anthropology section, the only primary data collection source is their Computerized Tomography (CT) scan on the Open ...


Ritual And Subsistence: Paleobotany At The Smith Creek Site (22wk526), Alexandria T. Mitchem Apr 2016

Ritual And Subsistence: Paleobotany At The Smith Creek Site (22wk526), Alexandria T. Mitchem

Anthropology Senior Theses

The Smith Creek Archaeological Project focuses on a mound site in Wilkinson County, Mississippi. The site (22Wk526) has three earthen mounds surrounding an open plaza dating to the Coles Creek period (AD 700 – 1200) and a probable village are at the south end of the site dating to the Anna Phase of the Plaquemine period (AD 1200 – 1350). This thesis examines paleobotanical material from the flotation and water screening samples from this village area. The discussion centers around both subsistence, with a focus on the beginnings of corn agriculture, and ritual uses of plants, with a focus on sweet gum ...


The Penn Face: Deconstructing Mental Health At Penn, Antonia Diener Apr 2016

The Penn Face: Deconstructing Mental Health At Penn, Antonia Diener

Anthropology Senior Theses

This paper explores the social and cultural factors that influence how students present themselves publicly and privately in terms of mental health at the University of Pennsylvania (Penn). It represents a case study of a specific time and place – this particular university during the spring of 2016. Recently, Penn culture has been criticized for causing or exacerbating issues related to students’ mental health in the wake of renewed fervor and passion for issues of student mental wellness. In this study I heard about the idea of the Penn Face, about sources of stress stemming from academics and other structures, and ...


Gender Post-Mortem At Sitio Conte, Panama, Monica Fenton May 2015

Gender Post-Mortem At Sitio Conte, Panama, Monica Fenton

Anthropology Senior Theses

“What is gender?” One can drop that question in certain young and spirited corners of the Internet blogosphere and watch the debate roll in like a thunderstorm. The traditionally-minded respondent will say that gender is the behaviors and expectations grafted onto biological sex. Biologically female people occupy female gender roles; biologically male people occupy male gender roles. The concept is simple until a statistics enthusiast comments that one in 1500 children with ambiguous genitalia are born in the United States each year, that the chromosomes of 1 in 1666 people are neither XX nor XY, and that biological sex is ...


Recasting Sustainability: A Case For The Reevaluation Of A Sustainable Healthcare Model For Hiv Programs In Botswana, Elizabeth Pecan Apr 2015

Recasting Sustainability: A Case For The Reevaluation Of A Sustainable Healthcare Model For Hiv Programs In Botswana, Elizabeth Pecan

Anthropology Senior Theses

Today, the global public health community places an emphasis on creating “sustainable” intervention mechanisms that integrate with local governments and existing infrastructure for long term success. Through an in-depth evaluation of Botswana’s public-private healthcare intervention to combat HIV/AIDS, with supporting on-the-ground interviews and extensive evaluation of published data, I argue that key factors deemed essential for long-term sustainable healthcare programs have the potential to isolate and additionally harm certain segments of a population. Given the distinct marginalization of key populations, the concept of sustainability needs to be recast in a manner that achieves health for all segments of ...


A Taste Of Brown: Alimentary Anthropology Between Michoacan And Washington, Jose A. Romero Apr 2015

A Taste Of Brown: Alimentary Anthropology Between Michoacan And Washington, Jose A. Romero

Anthropology Senior Theses

Alternative food movements in this country (veganism, local eating, organic, etc.) have often had to frame their demands around the idea that food is both medicine and life, often ignoring the migrant bodies picking these crops. “A Taste of Brown” filters this issue from the perspective of nationalism and capitalist development. It thinks with the experiences of primarily Mexican farm workers in Washington and their distant families and communities of origin in Michoacán, Mexico. Interviewing over twenty people in both locations, it works intergenerationally and transnationally in order to effectively explore how labor affects kinship and expand the discourse around ...


As Long As You’Re A Black Wo/Man You’Re An African: Creole Diasporic Politics In The Age Of Mestizo Nationalism, Melanie Y. White Apr 2015

As Long As You’Re A Black Wo/Man You’Re An African: Creole Diasporic Politics In The Age Of Mestizo Nationalism, Melanie Y. White

Anthropology Senior Theses

Nicaragua, along with most—if not all—Central American nations is seldom considered to have a Black or Afro-Latino population. Despite the legacies of colonial Black erasure that bleed into the present day, however, Nicaragua’s Southern Atlantic Coast in particular has been home to Afro-descendants since the early 17th century. Part of Nicaragua’s historical narrative of Black erasure has to do with the white supremacist mestizo nationalism that has plagued the nation since before independence in 1821. While Spanish colonial ideology led to notions of white supremacy on the Pacific coast of the county, the Atlantic Coast was ...


Penn Masti: An Ethnography On Penn’S Premier Co-Ed South Asian Fusion Dance Troupe, Mithin Thomas Apr 2015

Penn Masti: An Ethnography On Penn’S Premier Co-Ed South Asian Fusion Dance Troupe, Mithin Thomas

Anthropology Senior Theses

The University of Pennsylvania is host to a variety of different student groups. With a total population of around 20,000 undergraduate and graduate students, it also boasts one of the most ethnically diverse campuses in the country. Within this landscape, a particular attention to one South Asian performing arts group is our focus. Penn Masti, Penn’s premier co-ed South Asian Fusion dance troupe is unique not only for the styles of dance they perform and the incorporation of both masculine and feminine forms of dance (unlike many of its counterparts) but it is also an example of a ...


The Cost Of Volunteering: Consequences Of Voluntourism, Megan Smith Apr 2015

The Cost Of Volunteering: Consequences Of Voluntourism, Megan Smith

Anthropology Senior Theses

This study offers a critical analysis of international short-term volunteer work, also known as “voluntourism”, in designated “poor countries”, the global south, by university students from relatively “rich countries”, the global north. Using literature reviews, participant observation, and interviews with student volunteers, the motivations for volunteering its consequences on global health are understood from a student volunteer perspective. Based on this understanding, the involvement of participating organizations and the effects on the communities involved are evaluated. From this report, I intend to expand the conversation on “voluntourism”, specifically in the medical field and offer suggestions to consider for future student ...


The Karen Of Andaman Islands: Labor Migration, Indian Citizenship And Development Of A Unique Cultural Identity, Tanvi Mittal Apr 2015

The Karen Of Andaman Islands: Labor Migration, Indian Citizenship And Development Of A Unique Cultural Identity, Tanvi Mittal

Anthropology Senior Theses

The Karen of the Andaman Islands present a unique story—a story of migration, transformation and endurance. This paper presents the findings of my ethnographic fieldwork of 2014 contextualized through extensive secondary research of Andaman and Karen history. Some data supported my initial expectation of rapid cultural transformation of the Karen due to their gradual increase in contact and interaction with other populations. On the other hand, data that exemplified cultural constancies of the Karen problematized my research. This cultural endurance drove my research into the study of identity and I shifted focus to understand how and why the Karen ...


Philly Coalition For Real Justice: Constructing A Collective Identity Out Of Many For Black Liberation, Emanuel Martinez Apr 2015

Philly Coalition For Real Justice: Constructing A Collective Identity Out Of Many For Black Liberation, Emanuel Martinez

Anthropology Senior Theses

This paper focuses on archiving the development of the Coalition for Racial Economic and Legal (REAL) Justice; a key piece of organizing in Philaldelphia, PA against police brutality, and as part of the larger Black Lives Matter Movement. After which theorizing will be done to engage the processes that take place when collective identity and individual identity intersect and contribute to the creation of an organizing space. The observations outlined below are informed by my thorough involvement with the coalition since its establishment and my close following of grassroots organizers in Ferguson and in different cities of the U.S.


"Constructing" Hepatitis C In Philadelphia, Amy Phillips Apr 2015

"Constructing" Hepatitis C In Philadelphia, Amy Phillips

Anthropology Senior Theses

This research explores how the CDC Hepatitis Epidemiology Investigation Team at the Philadelphia Department of Public Health (PDPH) constructs Hepatitis C (HCV) in the public and medical discourse through their monitoring and education activities. Data in the form of field notes and ethnographic observation was collected during 16 months of participant observations at the Philadelphia Department of Public Health. This research provides evidence that the team’s actions give voice to a silent epidemic by being responsible for the construction of the conversations happening around HCV in Philadelphia. Their actions in the domains of risk factors, support systems, public health ...


Thematic Analysis Of The Culture Of Unicef In Response To Polio Eradication Efforts, Sarah Albala Jan 2015

Thematic Analysis Of The Culture Of Unicef In Response To Polio Eradication Efforts, Sarah Albala

Anthropology Senior Theses

UNICEF is the largest contributor of vaccines to the developing world. Under the framework of Global Polio Eradication Initiative, UNICEF has deployed a strategic approach called the Communication for Development (C4D) approach that utilizes community engagement to effectively disseminate the oral polio vaccine (OPV). UNICEF stresses how the C4D approach results in the structuring and implementation of programs that reflect the community's thoughts and actions. Documents focused on the existing C4D approach in Pakistan were analyzed to see how themes of community knowledge are relayed according to document type and level. Based on the various levels of documentation (ranging ...