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Articles 1 - 12 of 12

Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

Diversity In Human Behavioral Ecology, Raymond B. Hames Oct 2014

Diversity In Human Behavioral Ecology, Raymond B. Hames

Anthropology Faculty Publications

As befitting an evolutionary approach to the study of human behavior, the papers in this special issue of Human Nature cover a diversity of topics in modern and traditional societies. They include the goals of hunting in foraging societies, social bias, cooperative breeding, the impact of war on women, leadership, and social mobility. In combination these contributions demonstrate the utility of selectionist’s thinking on a wide variety of topics. While many of the contributions employ standard evolutionary biological approaches such as kin selection, cooperative breeding and the Trivers- Willard model, others examine important human issues such as the problems ...


Working With Clay, Rosemary A. Joyce, Julia A. Hendon, Jeanne Lopiparo Oct 2014

Working With Clay, Rosemary A. Joyce, Julia A. Hendon, Jeanne Lopiparo

Anthropology Faculty Publications

Evidence from sites in the lower Ulua valley of north-central Honduras, occupied between a.d. 500 and 1000, provides new insight into the connections between households, craft production, and the role of objects in maintaining social relations within and across households. Production of pottery vessels, figurines, and other items in a household context has been documented at several sites in the valley, including Cerro Palenque, Travesía, Campo Dos, and Campo Pineda. Differences in raw materials, in what was made, and in the size and design of firing facilities allow us to explore how crafting with clay created communities of practice ...


The Phonetics Of Moraic Alignment In Yoloxóchitl Mixtec, Christian Dicanio, Jonathan Amith, Rey Castillo Garcia May 2014

The Phonetics Of Moraic Alignment In Yoloxóchitl Mixtec, Christian Dicanio, Jonathan Amith, Rey Castillo Garcia

Anthropology Faculty Publications

This talk highlights recent research on the phonetics of tonal alignment in Yoloxóchitl Mixtec (YM). This language is notable for its large tonal inventory, where 20 tonal melodies contrast on monosyllabic words. The language’s phonological structure strongly supports the alignment of tonal targets to moras, resulting in contrastive contour types even within a single syllable, e.g. /1.3/ vs. /13.3/. Patterns of phonetic tonal alignment were investigated. The alignment of non-glottalized tonal targets was examined with original field data collected by the authors from 10 speakers. Words varied by word type (monosyllabic, disyllabic) and tone. Both the ...


A Life History Perspective On Skin Cancer And The Evolution Of Skin Pigmentation, Daniel L. Osborne, Raymond B. Hames Jan 2014

A Life History Perspective On Skin Cancer And The Evolution Of Skin Pigmentation, Daniel L. Osborne, Raymond B. Hames

Anthropology Faculty Publications

The ancestral state of human skin pigmentation evolved in response to high ultraviolet radiation (UVR) stress. Some argue that pigmentation evolved to limit folate photolysis, therein limiting neural tube defects. Pigmentation also protects against sunburn which decreases the efficiency of sweating and potentiates skin infection. Pigmentation increases the efficacy of skin as a barrier to infection. Skin cancer has been rejected or minimized as a selective pressure because it is believed to have little or no effect on mortality during reproductive years. This argument ignores evidence of human longevity as a derived life history trait and the adaptive value of ...


Movement As A Means Of Social (Re)Production: Using Gis To Measure Social Integration Across Urban Landscapes, Heather Richards-Rissetto, Kristin Landau Jan 2014

Movement As A Means Of Social (Re)Production: Using Gis To Measure Social Integration Across Urban Landscapes, Heather Richards-Rissetto, Kristin Landau

Anthropology Faculty Publications

This paper contributes to the archaeological study of movement in urban environments where built forms and natural features worked together to play a key role in structuring human mobility.We propose an analytical method using least cost analysis in a Geographic Information System (GIS) to empirically measure social integration. The method defines mobility as the potential for pedestrian movement, and identifies locations where people were most likely to walk to or through in a landscape. The calculated mobility data are then employed to identify with whom people were most likely to interact and the degree to which they were socially ...


The “Female Fertility–Social Stratification–Hypergyny” Hypothesis Of Male Homosexual Preference: Factual, Conceptual And Methodological Errors In Barthes Et Al. [Commentary], Doug P. Vanderlaan, Zachary H. Garfield, Melissa J. Garfield, Jean-Baptiste Leca, Paul L. Vasey, Raymond B. Hames Jan 2014

The “Female Fertility–Social Stratification–Hypergyny” Hypothesis Of Male Homosexual Preference: Factual, Conceptual And Methodological Errors In Barthes Et Al. [Commentary], Doug P. Vanderlaan, Zachary H. Garfield, Melissa J. Garfield, Jean-Baptiste Leca, Paul L. Vasey, Raymond B. Hames

Anthropology Faculty Publications

Barthes, Godelle, and Raymond (2013, Evolution and Human Behavior, 34, 155–163) proposed a hypothesis to (1) identify the process by which genes influencing male homosexual preference (MHP) are passed on over evolutionary time, and (2) account for why life-course persistent MHP is restricted to humans. According to their hypothesis, certain genes lower reproductive success in male carriers by causing MHP, but these same genes promote fertility in female carriers (i.e., sexual antagonism). Barthes et al. proposed that the female carriers of genes for MHP have physical cues of fertility (i.e., beauty) that help them marry up the ...


Returning Urbanite, Matthew H. Amster Jan 2014

Returning Urbanite, Matthew H. Amster

Anthropology Faculty Publications

Christian is not a typical returning urban-rural migrant. Unlike most men who come back to the Kelabit Highlands after living in town, he did not return having struggled to make a decent living, nor did he return expecting to get married and start a family. Christian had already done both, leaving behind a good job and returning with his wife and children. What he did not anticipate is how out of place and misunderstood he would be once back home. [excerpt]


Late Classic Maya Provisioning And Distinction In Northwestern Belize, David J. Goldstein, Jon B. Hageman Jan 2014

Late Classic Maya Provisioning And Distinction In Northwestern Belize, David J. Goldstein, Jon B. Hageman

Anthropology Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


Sexual Violence, Female Agencies, And Sexual Consent: Complexities Of Sexual Violence In The 1994 Rwandan Genocide, Jennie E. Burnet Jan 2014

Sexual Violence, Female Agencies, And Sexual Consent: Complexities Of Sexual Violence In The 1994 Rwandan Genocide, Jennie E. Burnet

Anthropology Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


Inside The Magic Circle: Conjuring The Terrorist Enemy At The 2001 Group Of Eight Summit, Emanuela Guano Jan 2014

Inside The Magic Circle: Conjuring The Terrorist Enemy At The 2001 Group Of Eight Summit, Emanuela Guano

Anthropology Faculty Publications

Held in Italy shortly after the election of Silvio Berlusconi’s conservative government, the 2001 Group of Eight summit went down in history as the battle of Genoa. From July 20th through July 22nd, the leaders of the eight wealthiest countries in the world conducted their debates inside Genoa’s “red zone:” a militarized citadel at the heart of this city’s downtown. In the meantime, the surrounding “yellow zone” became the theater of a guerrilla warfare and a police and army violence that had few antecedents in recent Italian history. As a state of exception was established in Genoa ...


Swaminarayan: Bhakti Yoga And The Aksarabrahman Guru, Hanna H. Kim Jan 2014

Swaminarayan: Bhakti Yoga And The Aksarabrahman Guru, Hanna H. Kim

Anthropology Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


Deglaciation And Human Colonization Of Northern Europe, Brian T. Wygal, Stephan M. Heidenreich Jan 2014

Deglaciation And Human Colonization Of Northern Europe, Brian T. Wygal, Stephan M. Heidenreich

Anthropology Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.