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Articles 1 - 19 of 19

Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

Complexity Of Factors Implicated In The Forensic Assessments Of Ancient Human Cremated Skeletal Tissues Including The Possibility For Methodological Problems And Biases Of Interpretation: Exploring The Cases Of The Geometric-Archaic Burial Ground At Orthi Petra In Eleutherna, Crete, And The Classical Necropolis Of Abdera In Thrace, Greece, Anagnostis P. Agelarakis Dec 2012

Complexity Of Factors Implicated In The Forensic Assessments Of Ancient Human Cremated Skeletal Tissues Including The Possibility For Methodological Problems And Biases Of Interpretation: Exploring The Cases Of The Geometric-Archaic Burial Ground At Orthi Petra In Eleutherna, Crete, And The Classical Necropolis Of Abdera In Thrace, Greece, Anagnostis P. Agelarakis

Anthropology Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


Arcane Whispers Echoed From Monumental Tomb "M" At Orthi Petra In Eleutherna: Contributions Of Anthropological Research, Anagnostis P. Agelarakis Dec 2012

Arcane Whispers Echoed From Monumental Tomb "M" At Orthi Petra In Eleutherna: Contributions Of Anthropological Research, Anagnostis P. Agelarakis

Anthropology Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


A Survey Of Non-Classical Polyandry, Kathrine E. Starkweather, Raymond Hames Jun 2012

A Survey Of Non-Classical Polyandry, Kathrine E. Starkweather, Raymond Hames

Anthropology Faculty Publications

We have identified a sample of 53 societies outside of the classical Himalayan and Marquesean area that permit polyandrous unions. Our goal is to broadly describe the demographic, social, marital, and economic characteristics of these societies and to evaluate some hypotheses of the causes of polyandry. We demonstrate that although polyandry is rare it is not as rare as commonly believed, is found worldwide, and is most common in egalitarian societies. We also argue that polyandry likely existed during early human history and should be examined from an evolutionary perspective. Our analysis reveals that it may be a predictable response ...


Spirits Of The Forest: Cambodia’S Kuy People Practice Spirit-Based Conservation, Neal B. Keating May 2012

Spirits Of The Forest: Cambodia’S Kuy People Practice Spirit-Based Conservation, Neal B. Keating

Anthropology Faculty Publications

Kuy theories of environment and development suggest a religiously embedded ecology that has sustained a robust biodiversity and viable habitat over long periods of time. In varying extents, their theories are engaged by other Indigenous Peoples throughout the uplands of Southeast Asia, who have been noted for their state-evasive, anarchic proclivities. It is a human adaptation that has until recently proven to be relatively successful as an alternative response to the multiple lowland state formations that have developed over the last 1,000 years.


Review Of The Pastoral Clinic: Addiction And Dispossession Along The Rio Grande, Gilbert Quintero Apr 2012

Review Of The Pastoral Clinic: Addiction And Dispossession Along The Rio Grande, Gilbert Quintero

Anthropology Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


From Spirit Forest To Rubber Plantation: The Accelerating Disaster Of “Development” In Cambodia, Neal B. Keating Apr 2012

From Spirit Forest To Rubber Plantation: The Accelerating Disaster Of “Development” In Cambodia, Neal B. Keating

Anthropology Faculty Publications

Despite the rise of Cambodia’s GDP and other development indicators, continuing extreme poverty combined with very rapid conversion of traditional subsistence lands, forests, and waters into land concessions to national and transnational companies is leading to intensified land insecurity issues and other human rights problems that may destabilize the country. An elite sector of Cambodian society comprised of the heads of state, business, and the military is implicated as the central cause of ongoing poverty and land loss. This paper outlines the problematic nature of the concession processes that began in the post-conflict era and continue today, and adapts ...


Sex Differences In Spatial Abilities: Methodological Problems In Hoffman Et Al., Drew A.H. Bailey, Richard A. Lippa, Marco Del Giudice, Raymond Hames, Dave C. Geary Mar 2012

Sex Differences In Spatial Abilities: Methodological Problems In Hoffman Et Al., Drew A.H. Bailey, Richard A. Lippa, Marco Del Giudice, Raymond Hames, Dave C. Geary

Anthropology Faculty Publications

Hoffman et al. (1) claimed to provide evidence that “nurture” (i.e., residing in a patrilineal vs. matrilineal tribe in India) critically affects sex differences in spatial abilities. Unfortunately, their conclusion is undermined by major problems with their measures of spatial ability and sex equality.

The first and biggest problem is with their measure of spatial abilities. “Spatial abilities” are a complex cognitive domain, with facets ranging from location memory (favoring women) to navigation in 3D virtual space (favoring men) (2). The puzzle used by Hoffman et al. (1) is similar to the Object Assembly subtest of the Wechsler Adult ...


Signifying The Place Of Unforgettable Memory: Atrocity And Trauma In A Post-Conflict Landscape, Ralph J. Hartley Feb 2012

Signifying The Place Of Unforgettable Memory: Atrocity And Trauma In A Post-Conflict Landscape, Ralph J. Hartley

Anthropology Faculty Publications

After active inter-group lethal violence subsides places at which atrocities occurred are often assigned significance, reflecting an altered social topography influenced by ideology that may foster the hardening of socio-ethnic boundary distinctions. While using a comparativist approach, this paper explores the relationships between socio-cultural trauma, places of atrocity, and socio-political polarization. Two sites in the former Yugoslavia and in Rwanda, where highly publicized massacres occurred, illustrate the power of place significance in social environments vulnerable to flare-ups of violent conflict.


Body Size And Pubertal Development Explain Ethnic Differences In Structural Geometry At The Femur In Asian, Hispanic, And White Early Adolescent Girls Living In The U.S., Daniel L. Osborne, C.M. Weaver, L.D. Mccabe, G.P. Mccabe, R. Novotny, M.D. Van Loan, S. Going, V. Matkovic, C.J. Boushey, D.A. Savaiano Jan 2012

Body Size And Pubertal Development Explain Ethnic Differences In Structural Geometry At The Femur In Asian, Hispanic, And White Early Adolescent Girls Living In The U.S., Daniel L. Osborne, C.M. Weaver, L.D. Mccabe, G.P. Mccabe, R. Novotny, M.D. Van Loan, S. Going, V. Matkovic, C.J. Boushey, D.A. Savaiano

Anthropology Faculty Publications

Variation in structural geometry is present in adulthood, but when this variation arises and what influences this variation prior to adulthood remains poorly understood. Ethnicity is commonly the focus of research of skeletal integrity and appears to explain some of the variation in quantification of bone tissue. However, why ethnicity explains variation in skeletal integrity is unclear.
Methods
: Here we examine predictors of bone cross sectional area (CSA) and section modulus (Z), measured using dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) and the Advanced Hip Analysis (AHA) program at the narrow neck of the femur in adolescent (9–14 years) girls (n=479 ...


Kinect And 3d Gis In Archaeology, Heather Richards-Rissetto, Fabio Remondino, Jim Robersson, Jennifer Von Schwerin, Giorgio Agugiaro, Gabrio Girardi Jan 2012

Kinect And 3d Gis In Archaeology, Heather Richards-Rissetto, Fabio Remondino, Jim Robersson, Jennifer Von Schwerin, Giorgio Agugiaro, Gabrio Girardi

Anthropology Faculty Publications

This paper explores the potential of using Microsoft's Kinect to create a low-cost and portable system to virtually navigate, through a prototype 3D GIS, the digitally reconstructed ancient Maya city and UNESCO World Heritage Site of Copan in Honduras. The 3D GIS, named QueryArch3D, was developed as part of the MayaArch3D project (http://mayaarch3d.unm.edu), which explores the possibilities of integrating databases and 3D digital tools for research and teaching on ancient architectures and landscapes. The developed system, based on the Flexible Action and Articulated Skeleton Toolkit (FAAST), controls in a remote and touchless mode the movements in ...


Situating Sexual Violence In Rwanda (1990–2001): Sexual Agency, Sexual Consent, And The Political Economy Of War, Jennie E. Burnet Jan 2012

Situating Sexual Violence In Rwanda (1990–2001): Sexual Agency, Sexual Consent, And The Political Economy Of War, Jennie E. Burnet

Anthropology Faculty Publications

This article situates the sexual violence associated with the Rwandan civil war and 1994 genocide within a local cultural history and political economy in which institutionalized gender violence shaped the choices of Rwandan women and girls. Based on ethnographic research, it argues that Western notions of sexual consent are not applicable to a culture in which colonialism, government policy, war, and scarcity of resources have limited women’s access to land ownership, economic security, and other means of survival. It examines emic cultural models of sexual consent and female sexual agency and proposes that sexual slavery, forced marriage, prostitution, transactional ...


Snapshot: Work-In-Progress: The Baps Swaminarayan Sanstha On The Web, Hanna H. Kim Jan 2012

Snapshot: Work-In-Progress: The Baps Swaminarayan Sanstha On The Web, Hanna H. Kim

Anthropology Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


The Baps Swaminaryan Temple Organisation And Its Publics, Hanna H. Kim Jan 2012

The Baps Swaminaryan Temple Organisation And Its Publics, Hanna H. Kim

Anthropology Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


A Fine Balance: Adaptation And Accommodation In The Swaminarayan Sanstha, Hanna H. Kim Jan 2012

A Fine Balance: Adaptation And Accommodation In The Swaminarayan Sanstha, Hanna H. Kim

Anthropology Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


Social Interaction At The Maya Site Of Copan, Honduras: A Least Cost Approach To Configurational Analysis, Heather Richards-Rissetto Jan 2012

Social Interaction At The Maya Site Of Copan, Honduras: A Least Cost Approach To Configurational Analysis, Heather Richards-Rissetto

Anthropology Faculty Publications

In this article, I employ least cost paths using GIS to measure the relationship between site configuration and social connectivity at the ancient Maya site of Copan, Honduras. I investigate two questions. First, did people of different social classes experience varying degrees of social connectivity? Second, did people living in different parts of the city experience difference degrees of social connectivity? Ultimately, the goal is modify traditional configurational analysis using least cost analysis (LCA) to identify how social hierarchy was embedded in landscapes and how ancient people may have strategically manipulated landscapes to structure social interaction and community organization.


Binford, Lewis R., Alan J. Osborn Jan 2012

Binford, Lewis R., Alan J. Osborn

Anthropology Faculty Publications

Binford challenged anthropologists and archaeologists to expand the scope of their research, to develop more rigorous methodologies for data collection and analysis, and to think more critically. Science is a marathon without a finish line. Our understanding of past and present human behavior and cultural systems does not come easily. Social scientists can produce reliable knowledge by means of an iterative process that involves generating, testing, and refining (or rejecting) explanatory models. These models are, then, combined to construct scientific theories. The robust consequences of these theories are then continually scrutinized and evaluated. Binford continually made use of the complex ...


Anthropological Data Regarding The Adaptiveness Of Hebephilia, Raymond B. Hames, Ray Blanchard Jan 2012

Anthropological Data Regarding The Adaptiveness Of Hebephilia, Raymond B. Hames, Ray Blanchard

Anthropology Faculty Publications

Hebephilia is the sexual attraction to early pubertal children in Tanner Stages 2 and 3, generally ages 11 through 14.

The second author of this letter (R.B.), a member of the Paraphilias Subworkgroup of the Work Group on Sexual and Gender Identity Disorders for DSM-5, proposed a diagnostic entity for DSM-5 that resembles the ICD-10 model, but with a different name: Pedohebephilic Disorder. In the original proposal (Blanchard, 2010a), this disorder would have three subtypes: pedophilic, hebephilic, and pedohebephilic. In the current version of the proposal, which is still under consideration, the name has been changed to Pedophilic Disorder ...


White Kids: Language, Race, And Styles Of Youth Identity, Marcia Mikulak Jan 2012

White Kids: Language, Race, And Styles Of Youth Identity, Marcia Mikulak

Anthropology Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


Social Memory And Ritualized Practice In Prehispanic Honduras, Julia A. Hendon Jan 2012

Social Memory And Ritualized Practice In Prehispanic Honduras, Julia A. Hendon

Anthropology Faculty Publications

This paper discusses ritualized practices in domestic spaces as signs of an ongoing and dynamic engagement between the people living there and non-human material and incorporeal social actors, using archaeological evidence from the ancient town of Cerro Palenque and related sites in northwestern Honduras occupied from the 7th to 11th centuries. The paper considers the ways that figurines, pottery, and other kinds of material culture were given meaning through their involvement in these ritualized practices, the materiality of the objects themselves, and their association with human bones. These practices are situated in particular spaces and occur at particular points in ...