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Articles 1 - 18 of 18

Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

In-Law Conflict: Women’S Reproductive Lives And The Roles Of Their Mothers And Husbands Among The Matrilineal Khasi, Donna L. Leonetti, Dilip C. Nath, Natabar S. Hemam, Evelyn Blackwood (Comment By), Patricia Draper (Comment By), Harald A. Euler (Comment By), Mhairi A. Gibson (Comment By), Mark R. Jenike (Comment By), R. Khongsdier (Comment By), Karen L. Kramer (Comment By), B. T. Langstieh (Comment By), Kimber Haddix Mckay (Comment By), Gillian Ragsdale (Comment By), Eckart Voland (Comment By) Dec 2007

In-Law Conflict: Women’S Reproductive Lives And The Roles Of Their Mothers And Husbands Among The Matrilineal Khasi, Donna L. Leonetti, Dilip C. Nath, Natabar S. Hemam, Evelyn Blackwood (Comment By), Patricia Draper (Comment By), Harald A. Euler (Comment By), Mhairi A. Gibson (Comment By), Mark R. Jenike (Comment By), R. Khongsdier (Comment By), Karen L. Kramer (Comment By), B. T. Langstieh (Comment By), Kimber Haddix Mckay (Comment By), Gillian Ragsdale (Comment By), Eckart Voland (Comment By)

Anthropology Faculty Publications

Human behavioral ecologists have shown that the reproductive lives of women are affected by both their husbands and the grandmothers of their children. Study of the combined effect of the roles of the husbands and mothers of 650 Khasi women aged 16–50 years supports the ideas that the reproductive agendas of husbands may require more than women want to invest and that mothers provide support and protective services to their daughters and grandchildren. In the absence of the woman’s mother, the husband’s agenda appears to have more influence on her reproductive career. In a cooperative vein, women ...


The Politics Of Vodou: Aids, Access To Health Care And The Use Of Culture In Haiti, Catherine Benoît Dec 2007

The Politics Of Vodou: Aids, Access To Health Care And The Use Of Culture In Haiti, Catherine Benoît

Anthropology Faculty Publications

During the past few years, the AIDS campaign in Haiti has been targeting Vodou officiants and organizations. These awareness and training programmes in- form officiants about the transmission and prevention of AIDS, tests for HIV and anti- retroviral drugs, or even try to encourage them to become involved in a medical referral system. These culturalist interventions are grounded in an essentialist concept of culture that can have harmful effects on the targeted groups. The concept of culture underlying such interventions is deconstructed along with the categories of tradi- tional medicine and the ‘tradipractitioner’. An approach to public health is advocated ...


Lost And Found: (Re)-Placing Say Ka In The La Milpa Suburban Settlement Pattern, Jon B. Hageman, Brett A. Houk Dec 2007

Lost And Found: (Re)-Placing Say Ka In The La Milpa Suburban Settlement Pattern, Jon B. Hageman, Brett A. Houk

Anthropology Faculty Publications

The site of Say Ka, less than 4 km from the major center of La Milpa, has generated a large degree of interest among researchers in northwestern Belize in part because of its elusiveness. After being recorded by archaeologists in 1990, Say Ka was "lost"; attempts to relocate it failed for nearly a decade (Figure I). It was fortuitously rediscovered in 1999, and three seasons of excavation began in 2004. This paper considers the history of Say Ka, its rediscovery, the results of initial excavations, and the possible implications of this minor center for studying the La Milpa suburban zone.


Responses To Innovation In An Insecure Environment In Rural Nepal, Kimber Haddix Mckay, Alex Zahnd, Catherine Lee Sanders, Govinda Nepali Nov 2007

Responses To Innovation In An Insecure Environment In Rural Nepal, Kimber Haddix Mckay, Alex Zahnd, Catherine Lee Sanders, Govinda Nepali

Anthropology Faculty Publications

Humla District in Nepal is a very remote area, prone to food shortages and characterized by a harsh environment. The livelihoods of agropastoralists in this district became much more vulnerable during the recent Maoist insurgency, and this vulnerability was particularly acute in some areas. As a result, people in different villages responded quite differently to an externally funded holistic community development project-one of the only projects the Maoists allowed to proceed with in Humla during the height of the unrest. Villagers' responses to this health- and conservation-oriented development project seem to correlate most closely with socioeconomic status and ability to ...


Review Of The Archaeology Of Chaco Canyon: An Eleventh-Century Pueblo Regional Center, Edited By Stephen H. Lekson, Carrie Heitman Jul 2007

Review Of The Archaeology Of Chaco Canyon: An Eleventh-Century Pueblo Regional Center, Edited By Stephen H. Lekson, Carrie Heitman

Anthropology Faculty Publications

The Archaeology of Chaco Canyon is one of two synthesis volumes resulting from the National Park Service Chaco Project (1971-1982) (see also Mathien 2005). As the capstone to that project, this volume has much to offer the student of Chaco and those interested in the intellectual history and trajectories of archaeological theory. From 1999 to 2004, Stephen Lekson (and many others) organized six working conferences to address different dimensions of Chacoan prehistory. Broadly called the Chaco Synthesis, the topics included ecology and economy, architecture, the organization of production, the Chaco world, and so- ciety and polity and concluded with a ...


Re-Evaluating The “House” In Chaco Canyon, New Mexico, Carrie Heitman Apr 2007

Re-Evaluating The “House” In Chaco Canyon, New Mexico, Carrie Heitman

Anthropology Faculty Publications

IN RECENT YEARS, a growing number of archaeologists have explored the potential of Claude Lévi-Strauss’s concept of “house societies.” His and subsequent works describe ethnographic contexts where people are organized through houses ranked according to their age and connection to ancestors. Using Puebloan ethnographic literature and cross-cultural comparisons, the house model helps to draw out the symbolic meaning of Chaco-era architecture. Looking specifically at the classificatory distinction between “great houses” and “small houses” in Chaco Canyon (A.D. 850–1180), my research compares the evidence for house creation, manifestation, maintenance, and abandonment in both great and small house contexts ...


Landscapes Of Settlement In Northern Iceland: Historical Ecology Of Human Impact And Climate Fluctuation On The Millennial Scale, Thomas H. Mcgovern, Orri Vesteinsson, Adolf Fridriksson, Mike Church, Ian Lawson, Ian A. Simpson, Arni Einarsson, Andy Dugmore, Gordon Cook, Sophia Perdikaris Mar 2007

Landscapes Of Settlement In Northern Iceland: Historical Ecology Of Human Impact And Climate Fluctuation On The Millennial Scale, Thomas H. Mcgovern, Orri Vesteinsson, Adolf Fridriksson, Mike Church, Ian Lawson, Ian A. Simpson, Arni Einarsson, Andy Dugmore, Gordon Cook, Sophia Perdikaris

Anthropology Faculty Publications

Early settlement in the North Atlantic produced complex interactions of culture and nature. The sustained program of interdisciplinary collaboration is intended to focus on ninth- to 13th-century sites and landscapes in the highland interior lake basin of M´yvatn in Iceland and to contribute a long-term perspective to larger issues of sustainable resource use, soil erosion, and the historical ecology of global change.


Love And Suffering In Bom Jesus: Marileia As Favela Woman And Mother, Marcia Mikulak Feb 2007

Love And Suffering In Bom Jesus: Marileia As Favela Woman And Mother, Marcia Mikulak

Anthropology Faculty Publications

This article explores the life history of Marileia, a favela woman and mother of five children, several of whom work the streets in Curvelo, Minas Gerais, Brazil, and is drawn from research carried out between 1997-2000 in Brazil. Ethnography exposes the multiple realities coexisting within and between individuals engaged in the constructionist process of fieldwork. From the anthropologists perspective, narrative is a translated and transcribed event that can magnify inequalities and barriers between researcher and subject. This article explores ethnographic representation by extending the cantankerous and complex experiences of researcher, subject, and reader into a form similar to a musical ...


Edifice Complex': Swaminarayan Bodies And Buildings In The Diaspora, Hanna H. Kim Jan 2007

Edifice Complex': Swaminarayan Bodies And Buildings In The Diaspora, Hanna H. Kim

Anthropology Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


The Queer Tourist In 'Straight'(?) Space: Sexual Citizenship In Provincetown, Sandra Faiman-Silva Jan 2007

The Queer Tourist In 'Straight'(?) Space: Sexual Citizenship In Provincetown, Sandra Faiman-Silva

Anthropology Faculty Publications

Provincetown, Massachusetts USA, a rural out-of-the-way coastal village at the tip of Cape Cod with a yearround population of approximately 3,500, has 'taken off' since the late 1980s as a popular GLBTQ tourist destination. Long tolerant of sexual minorities, Provincetown transitioned from a Portuguese-dominated fishing village to a popular 'queer' gay resort mecca, as the fishing industry deteriorated drastically over the twentieth century. Today Provincetowners rely mainly on tourists—both straight and gay—who enjoy the seaside charm, rustic ambiance, and a healthy dose of non-heternormative performance content, in this richly diverse tourist milieu. As Provincetown's popularity as ...


Indian Gaming And Tribal Sovereignty: Vulnerable, Provisional, Contested, Sandra Faiman-Silva Jan 2007

Indian Gaming And Tribal Sovereignty: Vulnerable, Provisional, Contested, Sandra Faiman-Silva

Anthropology Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


The Political Economy Of Everyday Life: Working Children In Curvelo, Minas Gerais, Brazil, Marcia Mikulak Jan 2007

The Political Economy Of Everyday Life: Working Children In Curvelo, Minas Gerais, Brazil, Marcia Mikulak

Anthropology Faculty Publications

Numerous articles about working children in Brazil focus on HIV-Aids, child labor, crime, and petty thievery; however, social science literature does not analyze their positive contributions. From the perspective of working children, this article discusses the contributions that they make to their families as they navigate between home, school, and the informal labor market. Data are presented on the types of work that working children perform, time spent working, money eared, and contributions to their family household incomes. In addition, this article argues that the lack of extra-familial support networks within favelas contributes to the high numbers of children working ...


Human Modifications To The Landscape Of Hunt And Sheep Mountains, Wyoming: Exploring Socially Constructed Space, Ralph J. Hartley Jan 2007

Human Modifications To The Landscape Of Hunt And Sheep Mountains, Wyoming: Exploring Socially Constructed Space, Ralph J. Hartley

Anthropology Faculty Publications

Abstract The cultural topography of two adjacent mountain tops in the northern Bighorn mountain range of the state of Wyoming, USA, is examined through several field and computer aided techniques. Socially constructed space, as reflected in cumulative architectural features through time, was initially revealed by high resolution aerial photography of the mountain tops. Features observed included clusters of stone circles, solitary rock structures commonly known as vision quests, and various sized rock cairns. Field mapping of all features with high resolution GPS allowed exploratory analysis of spatial relationships of stone circles using categorical data and tessellation models in GIS. The ...


Gendered Support Strategies Of The Elderly In The Gwembe Valley, Zambia, Lisa Cliggett Jan 2007

Gendered Support Strategies Of The Elderly In The Gwembe Valley, Zambia, Lisa Cliggett

Anthropology Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


Conducting Cross-Cultural Research In Teams And The Search For The “Culture-Proof” Variable, Patricia Draper Jan 2007

Conducting Cross-Cultural Research In Teams And The Search For The “Culture-Proof” Variable, Patricia Draper

Anthropology Faculty Publications

Objective: Cross-cultural research must always deal with the problem that meaning systems and behaviors cannot be readily compared from one culture to the next because the sociocultural context can vary so widely.
Design: The organizers of Project AGE: Age, Generation, and Experience, a multicultural study of aging, recognized this problem and devised instruments for studying age that allowed for cultural variation as well as comparability at higher levels of abstraction. The principal investigators of Project AGE and the individual researchers made every effort to gain an emic understanding (understanding based on categories recognized by the local respondents) of people’s ...


Houses Great And Small: Reevaluating The 'House' In Chaco Canyon, New Mexico, Carrie Heitman Jan 2007

Houses Great And Small: Reevaluating The 'House' In Chaco Canyon, New Mexico, Carrie Heitman

Anthropology Faculty Publications

In recent years, a growing number of archaeologists have explored the potential of expanding Lévi-Strauss’ concept of house societies to better understand specific archaeological contexts. Looking specifically at the classificatory distinction between “great houses” and “small houses” within Chaco Canyon (A.D. 850–1180), I suggest this theoretical model might yield new insights with regard to four symbolic dimensions of house construction: the use of wood, directional offerings, resurfacing practices, and the bones of ancestors. Using Puebloan ethnographic literature and cross-cultural comparisons, I suggest a house model analysis may serve to integrate anomalous “ceremonial” dimensions of house construction in an ...


Respectable Ladies And Uncouth Men: The Performative Politics Of Class And Gender In The Public Realm Of An Italian City, Emanuela Guano Jan 2007

Respectable Ladies And Uncouth Men: The Performative Politics Of Class And Gender In The Public Realm Of An Italian City, Emanuela Guano

Anthropology Faculty Publications

According to the Webster’s dictionary, being respectable means being “decent or correct in character or behavior” or being “fit to be seen.” In this article, I approach “decent behavior” and “fitness to be seen” as the staple factor in the negotiation and the struggle over the place of women in the streets of an Italian city. Drawing on ethnographic research conducted in Genoa between 2002 and 2005, this article explores how middle-class women perform a classed and gendered respectability to resist their exclusion from an intensely masculinized public realm.


Paleo-Indians, Alan J. Osborn Jan 2007

Paleo-Indians, Alan J. Osborn

Anthropology Faculty Publications

First paragraph:

Paleo-Indians were the earliest people to inhabit the Americas. Between thirty and eleven thousand years ago, small, highly mobile groups of huntergatherers extended their hunting areas throughout Beringia (the landmass that joined Siberia and Alaska) and into the Western Hemisphere. This “bridging landmass” emerged slowly from beneath the Bering Sea as more than nine million cubic miles of glacial ice accumulated over southern Alaska, Canada, Labrador, and Greenland. About twenty to eighteen thousand years ago an immense “ice dome” (the Laurentide glacier) towered more than one mile over present-day Hudson Bay. Two lobes of ice spread southward over ...