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Articles 1 - 12 of 12

Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

Putting The Ninth Ward On The Map: Race, Place, And Transformation In Desire, New Orleans, Rachel Breunlin Dec 2006

Putting The Ninth Ward On The Map: Race, Place, And Transformation In Desire, New Orleans, Rachel Breunlin

Anthropology Faculty Publications

In this article, we consider how long-term patterns of resistance to structural violence inform citizens’ responses to displacement before and after Katrina. Drawing on Abdou Maliq Simone’s (2004) conceptualization of people as infrastructure, we recenter the discussion about the rebuilding of New Orleans around displaced residents, taking the place-making practices of members of a social club as a lens through which to examine the predicament of the city as a whole. Members have been generating alternative ways of thinking about and dwelling together in a restructuring city. Their perspectives are articulated through in-depth interviews, focus groups, and the embodied ...


Early Evidence Of Cranial Surgical Intervention In Abdera, Greece, A Nexus To On Head Wounds Of The Hippocratic Corpus, Anagnostis P. Agelarakis Dec 2006

Early Evidence Of Cranial Surgical Intervention In Abdera, Greece, A Nexus To On Head Wounds Of The Hippocratic Corpus, Anagnostis P. Agelarakis

Anthropology Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


Understanding Chaco: A Digital, Archival Approach, Stephen Plog, Carrie Heitman Jul 2006

Understanding Chaco: A Digital, Archival Approach, Stephen Plog, Carrie Heitman

Anthropology Faculty Publications

MANY ASPECTS OF Chacoan prehistory remain unclear due to the inaccessibility of unpublished excavation records and photographs for the earliest excavations and explorations. As a result, key unanswered questions about the nature of Chaco itself and individual Chaco villages and towns—small- rather than large-scale issues—have become more, rather than less, significant over time. Despite the magnitude of the excavations at Pueblo Bonito and Pueblo del Arroyo and the amount and range of materials recovered, our knowledge of why these sites were built and how they were used remains remarkably uncertain or, at best, highly contested. To explore some ...


Review Of Indigenous Use And Management Of Marine Resources By Nobuhiro Kishigami And James M. Savelle, Editors. Osaka: National Museum Of Ethnology, 2005, 455 Pp., Alan J. Osborn Jul 2006

Review Of Indigenous Use And Management Of Marine Resources By Nobuhiro Kishigami And James M. Savelle, Editors. Osaka: National Museum Of Ethnology, 2005, 455 Pp., Alan J. Osborn

Anthropology Faculty Publications

Book review of Indigenous Use and Management of Marine Resources, by Nobuhiro Kishigami and James M. Savelle, editors. Published in Osaka, Japan by the National Museum of Ethnology in 2005, 455 pages.


Changes In Co-Survivorship Of Adult Children And Parents: Ju/'Hoansi Of Botswana In 1968 And 1988, Patricia Draper, Nancy Howell May 2006

Changes In Co-Survivorship Of Adult Children And Parents: Ju/'Hoansi Of Botswana In 1968 And 1988, Patricia Draper, Nancy Howell

Anthropology Faculty Publications

Our study addresses these issues in a sociological microcosm that makes questions about population aging particularly interesting. The group on whom we report are the Ju|'hoansi (!Kung) of western Ngamiland, part of the Kalahari Desert of Botswana. They constitute a noteworthy case for several reasons. Discussion of modernization and its impact on the lives of elderly in traditional society has focused most often on agricultural and peasant societies, rather than on economically simpler groups such as hunter gatherers1). Ju|'hoansi, though now living in permanent settlements, have a recent past of mobile hunting and gathering. Over the past sixty ...


Kinship And The Dynamics Of The House: Rediscovering Dualism In The Pueblo Past, Carrie Heitman, Stephen Plog Jan 2006

Kinship And The Dynamics Of The House: Rediscovering Dualism In The Pueblo Past, Carrie Heitman, Stephen Plog

Anthropology Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


Modeling For Management In A Compliance World, Christopher D. Dore, Luann Wandsnider Jan 2006

Modeling For Management In A Compliance World, Christopher D. Dore, Luann Wandsnider

Anthropology Faculty Publications

In practice, compliance-driven cultural resource “management” and its requirements for resource location, evaluation, impact assessment, and mitigation manifests a fundamentally different use of geospatial predictive modeling than do research-oriented investigations. This difference primarily results from the lack of an iterative research design. In research-oriented modeling, iterations of model building and model testing gradually build a more robust model and lead to an increased understanding of the variables that condition human spatial behavior in the past. In a compliance environment, spatial models are rarely built and evaluated; rather, once built, they are applied in a single iteration. An assumption is made ...


Pollen Concentration Analysis Of Ancestral Pueblo Dietary Variation, Karl J. Reinhard, Sherrian Edwards, Teyona R. Damon, Debra K. Meier Jan 2006

Pollen Concentration Analysis Of Ancestral Pueblo Dietary Variation, Karl J. Reinhard, Sherrian Edwards, Teyona R. Damon, Debra K. Meier

Anthropology Faculty Publications

Previous coprolite research on the Colorado Plateau has shown that macrofossils are a useful way of statistically demonstrating prehistoric dietary variation of Ancestral Pueblos (Anasazi). Up until now, pollen concentration from human coprolites has not been used for comparative, statistical study. We present here the statistical analysis of pollen concentration values of coprolites from two Ancestral Pueblo sites, Salmon Ruin and Antelope House. The data show that although most pollen types do not show statistically significant variation, there are some types that show how different Ancestral Pueblo populations adapted to plant resources in different environments. The analysis indicates that future ...


Success In Identification Of Experimentally Fragmented Limb Bone Shafts: Implications For Estimates Of Skeletal Element Abundance In Archaeofaunas, Travis Rayne Pickering, Charles P. Egeland, Amy G. Schnell, Daniel L. Osborne, Jake Enk Jan 2006

Success In Identification Of Experimentally Fragmented Limb Bone Shafts: Implications For Estimates Of Skeletal Element Abundance In Archaeofaunas, Travis Rayne Pickering, Charles P. Egeland, Amy G. Schnell, Daniel L. Osborne, Jake Enk

Anthropology Faculty Publications

A strong pattern of high hindlimb representation (especially tibiae) was recognized in our survey of zooarchaeological analyses that included limb bone shafts in estimates of element abundance in assemblages from the Old and New Worlds, from widely spread time periods and with various hominid species that acted as bone accumulators. Inter-element differences in bone mineral density and carcass transport behavior by hominids do not explain the pattern satisfactorily. We hypothesized that shaft fragments of hindlimb elements (especially tibiae) might be more “intrinsically identifiable” than are fragments from other limb bones, and constructed an experiment to test this idea. Whole limb ...


Critical Analysis Of Coprolite Evidence Of Medicinal Plant Use, Piauí, Brazil, Sérgio Augusto De Miranda Chaves, Karl J. Reinhard Jan 2006

Critical Analysis Of Coprolite Evidence Of Medicinal Plant Use, Piauí, Brazil, Sérgio Augusto De Miranda Chaves, Karl J. Reinhard

Anthropology Faculty Publications

Human coprolites, dating from 8,500 to 7,000 years BP, were collected from the rock-shelter of Boqueirão da Pedra Furada, in Piauí, Brazil. These dates fall within the “Serra Talhada” cultural traditions I and II of the Tradição Nordeste, a paleohuman culture of northeastern Brazil. Archaeoparasitological analysis of the coprolites revealed whipworm eggs and hookworm eggs. Analysis of Tradição Nordeste skeletons and hair shows a variety of diseases including dental problems, osteoarthritis, and head louse infestation. Palynological analysis of the coprolites revealed 12 genera that were potentially medicinal. The pollen data were critically analyzed to assess the potentiality that ...


Temporal Scales And Archaeological Landscapes From The Eastern Desert Of Australia And Intermontane North America, Simon J. Holdaway, Luann Wandsnider Jan 2006

Temporal Scales And Archaeological Landscapes From The Eastern Desert Of Australia And Intermontane North America, Simon J. Holdaway, Luann Wandsnider

Anthropology Faculty Publications

Time gets much less attention than space in discussions of archaeological scale. This may seem strange in a primarily historical discipline for which the demonstration of human antiquity is something of a defining moment (Grayson, 1983). Part of the reason may lie in the nature of time. Time unfolds along a continuum, and the way observers perceive time depends on their location and the scales they adopt. Compare the contemporary Western experience of earth time, for example, with time at the scale of the universe. A person traveling at the speed of light would experience a different time (Hawking, 1998 ...


Supranational Networks: States And Firms, Alvin W. Wolfe Jan 2006

Supranational Networks: States And Firms, Alvin W. Wolfe

Anthropology Faculty Publications

The nation-state systems that seem to dominate the global landscape are not necessarily the pinnacle of evolution. A conglomeration of interacting factors spelled doom for the traditional colonialism of previous centuries while providing an ideal environment for multinational firms operating above the level of nation-states to play an important role in the generation of a new politico-socio-economic system better described by network models than by ordinary political models. Previously existing units and subunits, in the course of adjustment and adaptation to changing circumstances, change their relations with one another and are, sometimes, newly integrated in a novel manner such that ...