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Social and Behavioral Sciences Commons

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Anthropology

Anthropology Faculty Publications

1988

Articles 1 - 4 of 4

Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

A Sociobiological Perspective On The Development Of Human Reproductive Strategies, Patricia Draper, Henry Harpending May 1988

A Sociobiological Perspective On The Development Of Human Reproductive Strategies, Patricia Draper, Henry Harpending

Anthropology Faculty Publications

Humans show a great deal of variability in their reproductive behavior, including types of sexual activity, types of ties between males and females, and ways of arranging for the rearing of offspring. We will consider three principal topics: (1) Father absence versus father presence, contrasting children who are reared in a family system in which there is a closely involved and economically contributing father in contrast to a family system in which women rear their children in cooperation with other women (usually kin) and without consistent help from a man who is father to children. (2) Peer rearing versus parent ...


On The Nature And Antiquity Of The Manix Lake Industry, Douglas Bamforth, Ronald Dorn Jan 1988

On The Nature And Antiquity Of The Manix Lake Industry, Douglas Bamforth, Ronald Dorn

Anthropology Faculty Publications

The antiquity of human occupation in the New World undoubtedly is one of the major unresolved culture-historical problems in North American prehistory. On the one hand, a dominant position with a long history in American archaeology (cf. Wilmsen 1965) holds that human beings arrived in the New World at the close of the Pleistocene, no longer than 12,000 years ago, and that Clovis sites represent the oldest occupation in the Americas (Haynes 1970; Martin 1973; Waters 1985). On the other hand, a less widely accepted school of thought sees a variety of evidence for human occupation in the Americas ...


Technological Change And Child Behavior Among The !Kung, Patricia Draper, Elizabeth Cashdan Jan 1988

Technological Change And Child Behavior Among The !Kung, Patricia Draper, Elizabeth Cashdan

Anthropology Faculty Publications

How does change in one part of a social system affect other parts? This is the central question that must be answered in order to understand the process through which culture changes. This paper is about a small piece of the problem. It investigates how changes in subsistence economy affect child behavior and the relations between parents and children among !Kung Bushmen of Western Botswana. We will show that the adoption of a sedentary life style and a new technology of food production is associated with changes in the social interactions between parents and children and between children and their ...


The Allocation Of Parental Care Among The Ye'kwana, Raymond B. Hames Jan 1988

The Allocation Of Parental Care Among The Ye'kwana, Raymond B. Hames

Anthropology Faculty Publications

It is well known that human children require more care or parental investment than any other primate species (Lancaster and Lancaster 1983). While this dimension of human behavior is well documented in the psychological literature for Euroamerican populations (Babchuck et al. 1985), it has received scant, quantitative attention by anthropologists working among tribal populations (for exceptions see Whiting and Whiting 1975, Katz and Konner 1981, Hurtado et al. 1985, Hewlett, this volume (Chapter 16), Turke, this volume (Chapter 10)). The role of alloparental care (care of non-offspring children) has received even less quantitative attention by social scientists (for a review ...