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Articles 1 - 21 of 21

Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

Political Settlements, Women’S Representation And Gender Equality: The 2008 Gender-Based Violence Law And Gender Parity In Primary And Secondary Education In Rwanda, Jennie E. Burnet, Jeanne D’Arc Kanakuze Feb 2018

Political Settlements, Women’S Representation And Gender Equality: The 2008 Gender-Based Violence Law And Gender Parity In Primary And Secondary Education In Rwanda, Jennie E. Burnet, Jeanne D’Arc Kanakuze

Anthropology Faculty Publications

This paper explores the ways in which power and politics shape the realisation of women’s rights and gender equity in Rwanda. In the past decade, Rwanda has become a global leader in increasing women’s inclusion in politics and in promoting and securing women’s rights. This paper considers legislative reform, policy formulation and policy implementation in two areas: gender-based violence and gender parity in education. The paper injects a gender analysis into the political settlement theoretical framework and seeks to answer two questions: (1) how do women and other actors (including formal and information institutions, powerbrokers and other ...


Accountability For Mass Death, Acts Of Rescue And Silence In Rwanda, Jennie E. Burnet Jan 2018

Accountability For Mass Death, Acts Of Rescue And Silence In Rwanda, Jennie E. Burnet

Anthropology Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


El Proyecto Costa Escondida: Una Investigación Arqueológica Del Puerto Maya Conil, Quintana Roo, México, Jeffrey Glover, Dominique Rissolo, Sebastian Afshari, Daniel Leonard, Eric Lo, Dominique Meyer, Vera Smirnova, Andrew Vaughan Jan 2015

El Proyecto Costa Escondida: Una Investigación Arqueológica Del Puerto Maya Conil, Quintana Roo, México, Jeffrey Glover, Dominique Rissolo, Sebastian Afshari, Daniel Leonard, Eric Lo, Dominique Meyer, Vera Smirnova, Andrew Vaughan

Anthropology Faculty Publications

Capítulo 1. Introducción (por Jeffrey B. Glover y Dominique Rissolo)

Capítulo 2. Recorrido y Mapeo (por Jeffrey B. Glover)

Capítulo 3. Inspección a través de Vehículos Aéreos No Tripulados (por Dominique Meyer, Andrew Vaughan, Eric Lo, Sebastian Afshari y Vera Smirnova)

Capítulo 4. Programa de excavaciones de sondeo en Conil (por Jeffrey B. Glover y Dan Leonard)

Capítulo 5. Análisis de artefactos (por Jeffrey B. Glover)

Capítulo 6. Comentarios finales y futuros planes de investigación (por Jeffrey B. Glover y Dominique Rissolo)


Rape As A Weapon Of Genocide: Gender, Patriarchy, And Sexual Violence In The Rwandan Genocide, Jennie E. Burnet Jan 2015

Rape As A Weapon Of Genocide: Gender, Patriarchy, And Sexual Violence In The Rwandan Genocide, Jennie E. Burnet

Anthropology Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


Touring The Hidden City: Walking Tour Guides In Deindustrializing Genoa, Emanuela Guano Jan 2015

Touring The Hidden City: Walking Tour Guides In Deindustrializing Genoa, Emanuela Guano

Anthropology Faculty Publications

Drawing on ethnographic research conducted in Genoa, a northern Italian city whose deindustrialization process began in the early 1970s, this paper explores how the city’s high levels of intellectual unemployment have given rise to the profession of walking tour guides. These are highly educated women, and more rarely men, who, working independently of the financial and political powers that usually drive urban revitalization processes, utilize their cultural capital and talents to spin itinerant tales of concealment and discovery around the master narrative of Genoa’s decline and its tourist potential. Through an analysis of their professional histories and experiences ...


Genocide, Evil And Human Agency: The Concept Of Evil In Rwandan Explanations Of The 1994 Genocide, Jennie E. Burnet Jan 2015

Genocide, Evil And Human Agency: The Concept Of Evil In Rwandan Explanations Of The 1994 Genocide, Jennie E. Burnet

Anthropology Faculty Publications

Evil, conceived of as the opposite of good, is defined by a moral system and thus cannot be abstracted as a portable theoretical concept to be applied cross-culturally. David Parkin solved this problem by assuming a “common awareness of evil acts” and then raising “the question of how and to what extent certain kinds of behavior and phenomenon come to be identified by this or a comparable term” (Parkin: 1985, p. 224). Following this same methodology, this chapter explores the ways Rwandans made sense of their experiences of violence during the civil war (1990-1994) and genocide (April – June 1994) by ...


Sexual Violence, Female Agencies, And Sexual Consent: Complexities Of Sexual Violence In The 1994 Rwandan Genocide, Jennie E. Burnet Jan 2014

Sexual Violence, Female Agencies, And Sexual Consent: Complexities Of Sexual Violence In The 1994 Rwandan Genocide, Jennie E. Burnet

Anthropology Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


Inside The Magic Circle: Conjuring The Terrorist Enemy At The 2001 Group Of Eight Summit, Emanuela Guano Jan 2014

Inside The Magic Circle: Conjuring The Terrorist Enemy At The 2001 Group Of Eight Summit, Emanuela Guano

Anthropology Faculty Publications

Held in Italy shortly after the election of Silvio Berlusconi’s conservative government, the 2001 Group of Eight summit went down in history as the battle of Genoa. From July 20th through July 22nd, the leaders of the eight wealthiest countries in the world conducted their debates inside Genoa’s “red zone:” a militarized citadel at the heart of this city’s downtown. In the meantime, the surrounding “yellow zone” became the theater of a guerrilla warfare and a police and army violence that had few antecedents in recent Italian history. As a state of exception was established in Genoa ...


Gender Quotas, Democracy And Women’S Representation In Africa: Some Insights From Democratic Botswana And Autocratic Rwanda, Gretchen Bauer, Jennie E. Burnet Jan 2013

Gender Quotas, Democracy And Women’S Representation In Africa: Some Insights From Democratic Botswana And Autocratic Rwanda, Gretchen Bauer, Jennie E. Burnet

Anthropology Faculty Publications

The ‘fast track’ approach for increasing women’s representation in politics through the adoption of electoral gender quotas has replaced the ‘incremental approach’ (waiting for cultural, political and socioeconomic developments over time) in recent years. Scholars have disagreed whether increasing women’s representation in sub-Saharan Africa where legislatures are weak and executives are strong is meaningless or may even undermine democracy; or increasing women’s representation results in significant substantive or symbolic representation effects. This article compares two divergent cases: Botswana, a stable multiparty democracy in southern Africa and Rwanda, an increasingly authoritarian single party dominant state in east Africa ...


Situating Sexual Violence In Rwanda (1990–2001): Sexual Agency, Sexual Consent, And The Political Economy Of War, Jennie E. Burnet Jan 2012

Situating Sexual Violence In Rwanda (1990–2001): Sexual Agency, Sexual Consent, And The Political Economy Of War, Jennie E. Burnet

Anthropology Faculty Publications

This article situates the sexual violence associated with the Rwandan civil war and 1994 genocide within a local cultural history and political economy in which institutionalized gender violence shaped the choices of Rwandan women and girls. Based on ethnographic research, it argues that Western notions of sexual consent are not applicable to a culture in which colonialism, government policy, war, and scarcity of resources have limited women’s access to land ownership, economic security, and other means of survival. It examines emic cultural models of sexual consent and female sexual agency and proposes that sexual slavery, forced marriage, prostitution, transactional ...


Women Have Found Respect: Gender Quotas, Symbolic Representation And Female Empowerment In Rwanda, Jennie E. Burnet Jan 2011

Women Have Found Respect: Gender Quotas, Symbolic Representation And Female Empowerment In Rwanda, Jennie E. Burnet

Anthropology Faculty Publications

Building on previous studies of women’s formal, descriptive, and substantive representation in Rwanda, this article examines women’s symbolic representation, meaning the broader social and cultural impact of the greater representation of women in the Rwandan political system. It explores the cultural meanings of gender quotas by analyzing popular perceptions of women, of women’s roles in politics and society more broadly, and of changing cultural practices vis-à-vis gender. Data were gathered over twenty four months of ethnographic research conducted between 1997 and 2009, and ongoing documentary research. The study finds that although Rwandan women have made few legislative ...


La Costa Escondida: Una Investigación Arqueológica Del Puerto Maya Vista Alegre, Quintana Roo, México, Jeffrey Glover Jan 2010

La Costa Escondida: Una Investigación Arqueológica Del Puerto Maya Vista Alegre, Quintana Roo, México, Jeffrey Glover

Anthropology Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


Taxpayers, Thieves, And The State: Fiscal Citizenship In Contemporary Italy, Emanuela Guano Jan 2010

Taxpayers, Thieves, And The State: Fiscal Citizenship In Contemporary Italy, Emanuela Guano

Anthropology Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


Social Immobility And The Poetics Of Contentment In Paolo Virzí’S Caterina In The Big City, Emanuela Guano Jan 2010

Social Immobility And The Poetics Of Contentment In Paolo Virzí’S Caterina In The Big City, Emanuela Guano

Anthropology Faculty Publications

By intertwining fictional and actual circumstances and characters from Italy’s political and cultural scene, Paolo Virzí’s Caterina va in cittá/Caterina in the Big City tells the story of the difficulties encountered by Giancarlo Iacovoni and his daughter Caterina as they strive to carve a place for themselves in Roman society. This article argues that, while seemingly upholding the meritocracy myth, the film actually challenges both the inclusiveness feigned by Italy’s right wing populists and the emancipation promises of the Left. Furthermore, it suggests that Caterina in the Big City posits a poetics of contentment as the ...


Gender Balance And The Meanings Of Women In Governance In Post-Genocide Rwanda, Jennie E. Burnet Jan 2008

Gender Balance And The Meanings Of Women In Governance In Post-Genocide Rwanda, Jennie E. Burnet

Anthropology Faculty Publications

Across Africa, many countries have taken initiatives to increase the participation and representation of women in governance. Yet it is unclear what meaning these initiatives have in authoritarian, single-party states like Rwanda. Since seizing power in 1994, the Rwandan Patriotic Front has taken many steps to increase the participation of women in politics such as creating a Ministry of Gender, organizing women’s councils at all levels of government, and instituting an electoral system with reserved seats for women in the national parliament. This article explores the dramatic increase in women’s participation in public life and representation in governance ...


Respectable Ladies And Uncouth Men: The Performative Politics Of Class And Gender In The Public Realm Of An Italian City, Emanuela Guano Jan 2007

Respectable Ladies And Uncouth Men: The Performative Politics Of Class And Gender In The Public Realm Of An Italian City, Emanuela Guano

Anthropology Faculty Publications

According to the Webster’s dictionary, being respectable means being “decent or correct in character or behavior” or being “fit to be seen.” In this article, I approach “decent behavior” and “fitness to be seen” as the staple factor in the negotiation and the struggle over the place of women in the streets of an Italian city. Drawing on ethnographic research conducted in Genoa between 2002 and 2005, this article explores how middle-class women perform a classed and gendered respectability to resist their exclusion from an intensely masculinized public realm.


Women’S Health: Attitudes And Practices In North Carolina, Jennie E. Burnet Jan 2005

Women’S Health: Attitudes And Practices In North Carolina, Jennie E. Burnet

Anthropology Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


The Denial Of Citizenship: “Barbaric” Buenos Aires And The Middle-Class Imaginary, Emanuela Guano Jan 2004

The Denial Of Citizenship: “Barbaric” Buenos Aires And The Middle-Class Imaginary, Emanuela Guano

Anthropology Faculty Publications

This paper explores how, in the Buenos Aires of neoliberalism, middle-class residents strove to make sense of their own impoverishment and their disenfranchisement by generating a consensus on how this city’s modernity was being eroded by the presence of a large mestizo lower class. Through an analysis of the discourse that constructed the urban poor as “barbaric” (i.e., dangerous, polluting, and foreign), I suggest that this representation not only sought to reinforce the fading social difference between the middle- and the lower class, but it also contributed to denying the latter its citizenship in a Buenos Aires that ...


“She Looks At Him With The Eyes Of A Camera”: Female Visual Pleasures And The Polemic With Fetishism In Sally Potter’S Tango Lesson, Emanuela Guano Jan 2004

“She Looks At Him With The Eyes Of A Camera”: Female Visual Pleasures And The Polemic With Fetishism In Sally Potter’S Tango Lesson, Emanuela Guano

Anthropology Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


Culture, Practice, And Law: Women’S Access To Land In Rwanda, Jennie E. Burnet, Rwanda Initiative For Sustainable Development Jan 2003

Culture, Practice, And Law: Women’S Access To Land In Rwanda, Jennie E. Burnet, Rwanda Initiative For Sustainable Development

Anthropology Faculty Publications

Women constitute the majority of the Rwandan population and labour force, particularly in agriculture, but have faced substantial constraints on their participation in the economy and society. The discriminatory laws and practices in education, employment, inheritance and finance have marginalized women. Consequently, the majority of women in Rwanda remain poor and vulnerable. (Rwanda Development Indicators, Ministry of Finance and Planning, 1999).


Réseau Des Femmes Oeuvrant Pour Le Dévéloppement Rural: An Organizational Case Study, Jennie E. Burnet, Jacqueline Mukandamage Jan 2000

Réseau Des Femmes Oeuvrant Pour Le Dévéloppement Rural: An Organizational Case Study, Jennie E. Burnet, Jacqueline Mukandamage

Anthropology Faculty Publications

Réseau des Femmes Oeuvrant pour le Dévéloppement Rural is a grassroots network of over 300 women committed to assisting rural Rwandan women in their personal development and thus to contribute to the development of the entire country. This case study reports on Réseau des Femmes’ development, activities, and empowerment of women, based on documentary research, open-ended interviews, and focus groups conducted during March 2000.