Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Social and Behavioral Sciences Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Anthropology

University of South Carolina

Keyword
Publication Year
Publication
Publication Type

Articles 1 - 30 of 906

Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

The Effects Of Student Identities On Stressors And College Satisfaction, Isabella Heimke Apr 2019

The Effects Of Student Identities On Stressors And College Satisfaction, Isabella Heimke

Senior Theses

Undergraduate college students are faced with numerous stressors in their day to day life, many of which are affected by their individual identities. Research shows college is a time when students explore different facets of their identity, which can influence a student’s school performance and overall well-being. The main research of this study asks: How do various identities of University of South Carolina undergraduate students—such as race, gender, and sexual orientation—affect stressors and college satisfaction? This study was a secondary data analysis of the 2016 Campus Climate Undergraduate Survey, administered to all University of South Carolina undergraduates ...


Domestic Workers In Hong Kong: Their Stories, Self-Perception, And Their Portrayal In Hong Kong And Filipino Media, Lauren Ernst May 2018

Domestic Workers In Hong Kong: Their Stories, Self-Perception, And Their Portrayal In Hong Kong And Filipino Media, Lauren Ernst

Senior Theses

Foreign domestic helpers are one of the most common and unique sights in current-day Hong Kong. On the weekdays, they can be seen walking dogs, taking children to school, and completing chores around the house. On Sundays, they flood the streets in full force, relaxing and taking advantage of their one day off a week. This population faces many challenges during their time in Hong Kong – these challenges are modern as well as historical and include financial, governmental, emotional, and social challenges. Along with the challenges of day to day life, they also face challenges in that their stories are ...


The Walking Debt: Surviving An Outbreak Of Predatory Lending, Arya Novinbakht Jan 2018

The Walking Debt: Surviving An Outbreak Of Predatory Lending, Arya Novinbakht

Theses and Dissertations

The Walking Debt provides first-hand accounts of predatory finance and financial literacy. This thesis displays how low- and middle-income earners afford their cost of living in times of stagnant wages and rising costs, through face-to-face interviews with payday loan recipients. Payday loans are short-term, high interest loans whose clients typically “rollover” to afford the cost of credit and their cost of living. Although these loans are not new, they came to thrive following a series of neoliberal reforms beginning in the 1970s that ultimately undermined the Community Reinvestment Act (CRA) of 1977. Due to the nature of neoliberalism, responsibility for ...


Ground Truthing: The Politics And Culture Of Soil And Water Conservation In Iowa Agriculture, Brianna Farber Jan 2018

Ground Truthing: The Politics And Culture Of Soil And Water Conservation In Iowa Agriculture, Brianna Farber

Theses and Dissertations

This dissertation explores the complex relationships between people, technologies, and ecologies involved in natural resource conservation and industrial agriculture in Iowa. Specifically I focus on the various efforts to address water pollution affected primarily by agriculture in the state. Using a theoretical framework informed by political ecology, Science and Technology Studies (STS), and posthumanist theory, I draw on thirteen months of ethnographic fieldwork to discuss what makes conservation culturally salient and practically difficult to achieve. This difficulty around conservation arises in part from the tensions between what I describe as the corn assemblage and the prairie assemblage. I identify these ...


East Branch Of The Cooper River, 1780-1820: Panopticism And Mobility, Lisa Briggitte Randle Jan 2018

East Branch Of The Cooper River, 1780-1820: Panopticism And Mobility, Lisa Briggitte Randle

Theses and Dissertations

In recent years historical archaeologists have employed the panoptic plantation approach to examine issues of surveillance and control at plantations. Despite new scholarship in the area of the panoptic plantation, few studies place the enslaved laborer at the center and the planter-elite on the periphery. Failure to broaden the scope of studies that focus on enslaved laborers minimizes the importance of the differences in perception, cognition, and landscape between the planter-elite and the enslaved laborers. The aim of this study is to determine potential enslaved laborer mobility and how cognitive predictive models can aid in identifying potential locations for archaeological ...


Legacy - December 2017, South Carolina Institute Of Archaeology And Anthropology--University Of South Carolina Dec 2017

Legacy - December 2017, South Carolina Institute Of Archaeology And Anthropology--University Of South Carolina

SCIAA Newsletter - Legacy & PastWatch

Contents:

Oemler Pottery: A Prehistoric Mystery.....p. 1
Director's Notes.....p. 2
Reconstructing Hawthorne: A New Documentary Film.....p. 3
Tracking Hernando de Soto.....p. 4
The Last Morning of the War: Archaeology on the Appomattox Court House Battlefield.....p. 7
Archaeology in South Carolina: Exploring the Hidden Heritage of the Palmetto State.....p. 9
The First Radiocarbon Dates from 38FA608.....p. 10
Port Royal Sound Stone Fleet Survey...p. 12
Update on Atlantic Offshore Wind Energy Development Project: Ground-Truthing Operations.....p. 15
ART/SCIAA Donors Update August 2016-December 2017.....p. 18 Please Support the New Stanley South Student ...


Legacy - June 2017, South Carolina Institute Of Archaeology And Anthropology--University Of South Carolina Jun 2017

Legacy - June 2017, South Carolina Institute Of Archaeology And Anthropology--University Of South Carolina

SCIAA Newsletter - Legacy & PastWatch

Contents:

Revisit of Excavations at Spanish Mount Point.....p. 1
Director's Notes.....p. 2
Unloading Loaded Cannons Jettisoned from the CSS Pee Dee.....p. 4
The Dorchester Waterfront Report.....p. 10
Retirement of Joseph M. Beatty, III.....p. 12
The White Pond Human Paleoecology Project.....p. 14
The Broad River Archaeological Field School: Season 1.....p. 18
South Carolina Archaeology Book.....p. 21
ART/SCIAA Donors Update January 2016-June 2017.....p. 22
Please Support the New Stanley South Student Archaeological Research Endowment Fund.....p. 24


The Role Of Soccer In The Post-Colonial Relationship Between Brazil And Portugal, Hunter Johnson May 2017

The Role Of Soccer In The Post-Colonial Relationship Between Brazil And Portugal, Hunter Johnson

Senior Theses

This thesis analyses the role of soccer in the post-colonial relationship between Brazil and Portugal. It begins by discussing the history of the two countries, in particular the discovery and colonization of Brazil by Portugal. It then examines notable Brazilian-born Portuguese players, and then analyzes Brazilian player transfers to Portugal in the 2011- 12 season. It concludes by discussing the wider impact of the results, and the effect of globalization on the modern-day soccer world.


Modeling Early Archaic Mobility And Subsistence: Evaluating Resource Risk Across The South Carolina Landscape, Joseph E. Wilkinson May 2017

Modeling Early Archaic Mobility And Subsistence: Evaluating Resource Risk Across The South Carolina Landscape, Joseph E. Wilkinson

Theses and Dissertations

Previous models predicting Early Archaic mobility and subsistence strategies in South Carolina have evaluated behavioral negotiations of specific resource distributions. A new model is presented using empirical datasets that quantify and evaluate the quality and geographic distributions of lithic raw materials and drainage systems in the state. By utilizing datasets from private collections and landscape elevation data, this model is generated using Geographic Information Systems (GIS) software in order to produce a "Risk Landscape" from which predictions of site density, artifact density, lithic raw material diversity, and the condition of lithic toolkit assemblages can be generated based on landscape location ...


Andrew Lang: A World We Have Lost, William Donaldson May 2017

Andrew Lang: A World We Have Lost, William Donaldson

Studies in Scottish Literature

Discusses the career and wide-ranging accomplishments of the Scottish essayist, poet and critic Andrew Lang (1844-1912), author of Myth, Ritual and Religion (2 vols., 1887), arguing that Lang was "an original thinker with a powerful oppositional streak;" reviews his significance for late Victorian anthropology and the studies of religions (including psychical research), and on his work as a translator and classicist, reviewer, ballad scholar, biographer, and Scottish historian, as well as his contribution to children's literature; includes an assessment of a new 2-volume selection of Lang's writing; and concludes that Lang's "virtuosic range" and "slashing keenness of ...


The Dorchester Waterfront: An Avocational Underwater Archaeological Report, Drew Ruddy, Steve Howard Jan 2017

The Dorchester Waterfront: An Avocational Underwater Archaeological Report, Drew Ruddy, Steve Howard

Publications

No abstract provided.


Keithfield Plantation Bluff & Wharf Sites, Steve Howard, William R. Judd, Drew Ruddy Jan 2017

Keithfield Plantation Bluff & Wharf Sites, Steve Howard, William R. Judd, Drew Ruddy

Faculty & Staff Publications

This 36-page, unpublished document was written by SCIAA Research Associates Steve Howard, William R. (Billy) Judd, and Drew Ruddy for use by SCIAA.


A Critical Analysis Of The Effects Of Language Policy, Curriculum, And Assessment On Arabic L1 Student Performance In An Esl 1 Classroom, Juliane Bilotta Jan 2017

A Critical Analysis Of The Effects Of Language Policy, Curriculum, And Assessment On Arabic L1 Student Performance In An Esl 1 Classroom, Juliane Bilotta

Theses and Dissertations

This thesis offers a preliminary analysis into looking at the ways in which Arabicspeaking ESL students are inadvertently marginalized by state standardization, curriculum, and dominant forms of classroom interactions in a NJ recovery program. Specifically, this analysis addresses the absence of orthographic training and a reliance on teacher-fronted, textbook based classroom exercises as a problematic structure that limits opportunities for Arabic-speaking students to participate successfully in an ESL 1 classroom. This data was collected during six-weeks of preliminary research during the summer of 2016 in a Jersey City, NJ ESL classroom. Using transcriptions of recorded data from lessons that typify ...


Paleodemographic And Biochemical Analysis Of Urbanization, Famine, And Mortality, Brittany S. Walter Jan 2017

Paleodemographic And Biochemical Analysis Of Urbanization, Famine, And Mortality, Brittany S. Walter

Theses and Dissertations

Urbanization is a transitional period often associated with deteriorating population health and increased mortality, as the rapid increase of population density in urban centers facilitates the transmission of infectious diseases, unsanitary living conditions, and precarious food supplies. Research on the transition to an urban environment in the past offers a temporal depth to our understanding of the consequences of urbanization that cannot be accomplished through examination of contemporary populations. This project integrates paleodemographic (hazard analysis) and biochemical (stable isotope analysis) approaches to examine the health and diet of inhabitants in late medieval England (c. 1120-1539 CE), specifically the relationship between ...


A Functional Analysis Of Yadkin Bifaces In The Middle Savannah River Valley, Jessica M. Cooper Jan 2017

A Functional Analysis Of Yadkin Bifaces In The Middle Savannah River Valley, Jessica M. Cooper

Theses and Dissertations

The Woodland period was a time of changing settlement patterns, social structure, and technology. Increasing sedentism and social complexity begin during this period in the Savannah River valley and triangular bifaces enter the technological repertoire for the first time in the form of Yadkin bifaces. Yadkins are found exclusively in Middle Woodland contexts suggesting they played an important role in the changes occurring during this time. This thesis establishes the presence of the bow and arrow during the Middle Woodland period through a functional analysis of Yadkin and Eared Yadkin bifaces from South Carolina. This analysis shows that the evolutionary ...


The Middle Stone Age In West Africa: Lithics From The Birimi Site In Northern Ghana, Agatha Kenda Baluh Jan 2017

The Middle Stone Age In West Africa: Lithics From The Birimi Site In Northern Ghana, Agatha Kenda Baluh

Theses and Dissertations

The Middle Stone Age (MSA) began around 300,000 years ago and continued to around 20,000 years ago in Africa. During this time anatomically modern Homo sapiens emerged in Africa. Also during this period modern human behavioral traits appear gradually both temporally and geographically in Africa. This is in direct contrast to “human revolution” theories of modern human origins, which state that behavioral modernity emerged rapidly and quite late in the record around 40,000 years ago. Siliceous mudstone artifacts from the MSA component of the Birimi site in northern Ghana were analyzed using Individual Flake Analysis, helping to ...


Embodied Madness: Contextualizing Biological Stress Among 19th And 20th-Century Institutionalized Euro-American Women, Madeline M. Atwell Jan 2017

Embodied Madness: Contextualizing Biological Stress Among 19th And 20th-Century Institutionalized Euro-American Women, Madeline M. Atwell

Theses and Dissertations

The late 19th and early 20th-centuries in the United States were periods in which white women of middle and low socio-economic status were admitted into insane asylums at a higher rate than men for the first time in recorded history. An existent body of literature helps us to comprehend the social and cultural climate in which the institutionalization of women was both acceptable and commonplace; yet few studies have paired this research with the information that can be revealed on the bones of those institutionalized. A sample of 53 institutionalized women from the Robert J. Terry Anatomical Collection were analyzed ...


Legacy - December 2016, South Carolina Institute Of Archaeology And Anthropology--University Of South Carolina Dec 2016

Legacy - December 2016, South Carolina Institute Of Archaeology And Anthropology--University Of South Carolina

SCIAA Newsletter - Legacy & PastWatch

Contents:

Engraved Bone Pin Found at Spanish Mount Point.....p. 1
Director's Notes.....p. 2
Archaeology in South Carolina.....p. 3
Archaeological Research Trust's 25th Anniversary.....p. 4
Celebrating 25 Years with the Archaeological Research Trust Board.....p. 8
Archaeological Research Trust (ART) Board Members from 1992-2016.....p. 10
A Tribute to Russ Burns.....p. 11
Spanish Mount Point Revisited.....p. 12
Camden East, Camden West - All Around the Town.....p. 13
The Research Potential of Large Surface Collections: The Larry Strong Example.....p. 14
Fort San Marcos - Found at Last!.....p. 16
South Carolina Archaeology Month ...


Santa Elena-450Th Anniversary: 1566 - 1587, South Carolina Institute Of Archaeology And Anthropology--University Of South Carolina Oct 2016

Santa Elena-450Th Anniversary: 1566 - 1587, South Carolina Institute Of Archaeology And Anthropology--University Of South Carolina

Archaeology Month Posters

This poster was released in conjunction with South Carolina Archaeology Month, October 2016.


Archaeological Predictive Modeling Along The Central Savannah River, J. Christopher Gillam Jul 2016

Archaeological Predictive Modeling Along The Central Savannah River, J. Christopher Gillam

Faculty & Staff Publications

No abstract provided.


Serendipity And Ix-Inch Dahlgren Smoothbore Cannon “Fp 513”, James D. Spirek Jul 2016

Serendipity And Ix-Inch Dahlgren Smoothbore Cannon “Fp 513”, James D. Spirek

Faculty & Staff Publications

No abstract provided.


Legacy - July 2016, South Carolina Institute Of Archaeology And Anthropology--University Of South Carolina Jul 2016

Legacy - July 2016, South Carolina Institute Of Archaeology And Anthropology--University Of South Carolina

SCIAA Newsletter - Legacy & PastWatch

Contents:

Director's Notes.....p. 2
Archaeology in South Carolina.....p. 3
A Tribute to Stanley Austin South.....p. 4
A Stan South Album.....p. 7
Santa Elena Update.....p. 14
Return to Mississippi.....p. 16
Fort Motte on Exhibit.....p. 18
Laurens County Museum: A Window on the Piedmont Past.....p. 19
Archaeological Predictive Modeling along the Central Savannah River.....p. 22
Serendipity and IX-Inch Dahlgren Smoothbore Cannon "FP 513".....p. 26
Celebrating the 25th Annual South Carolina Archaeology Month.....p. 31
Celebrating the Archaeological Research Trust's 25th Anniversary.....p. 32
ART/SCIAA Donors Update January ...


A Study Of Material Diversity In The Carolina Colony: Silver Bluff, Yaughan, Curriboo, And Middleburg Plantations, Brandy Joy Jun 2016

A Study Of Material Diversity In The Carolina Colony: Silver Bluff, Yaughan, Curriboo, And Middleburg Plantations, Brandy Joy

Theses and Dissertations

The Carolina Backcountry is a temporally and geographically defined area reaching westward from the Carolina Lowcountry and its center, Charleston. For roughly a one hundred year span between the late seventeenth century and late eighteenth century it was a frontier and contact zone for colonists and indigenous groups. The Backcountry has sometimes been considered culturally and socially retarded, lacking the material refinement found in the colonial center of Lowcountry Charleston, South Carolina. Often landed estates in the eighteenth century Carolina Backcountry have been portrayed as one side of a dichotomy between refinement and local, rural folk craft traditions. I propose ...


Sifting Through The Sand: Adaptive Flexibility In The Middle Archaic Occupations Of The Sandhills Province Of South Carolina, Audrey Rachel Dawson Jun 2016

Sifting Through The Sand: Adaptive Flexibility In The Middle Archaic Occupations Of The Sandhills Province Of South Carolina, Audrey Rachel Dawson

Theses and Dissertations

Based on a sample of Coastal Plain Middle Archaic sites in addition to lithic debitage data from three Morrow Mountain (7,500-5,500 BP) occupation clusters at the Three Springs site (38RD837/841/842/844), Richland County, South Carolina, this dissertation explores the applicability of a model of Adaptive Flexibility to the Morrow Mountain occupations of the South Carolina Sandhills Province. The model of Adaptive Flexibility was developed to explain the redundant, low-density scatters of lithic debitage and generalized, expedient tools made of locally available raw materials that characterize the Middle Archaic, specifically Morrow Mountain, archaeological record of the South ...


Cultural Perceptions Of Chikungunya In The Dominican Republic, James Preston Kerns Jun 2016

Cultural Perceptions Of Chikungunya In The Dominican Republic, James Preston Kerns

Theses and Dissertations

Chikungunya (CHIKV) is a mosquito-borne virus that recently (2013) entered the Western hemisphere and tore through the Caribbean and most of Latin America. The symptoms include rash, joint pain, vomiting, diarrhea, headache, and fever. In many cases, sufferers report persistent arthralgia long after the actual viral infection has subsided. There are a variety of misperceptions about CHIKV, which directly impact public health efforts aimed at reducing the prevalence of the disease. Understanding the epidemic spread of CHIKV in the DR and the growth of misconceptions about the origin, severity, cause, and treatment of the disease requires a perspective that encompasses ...


Enslaved Labor In The Gang And Task Systems: A Case Study In Comparative Bioarchaeology Of Commingled Remains, William D. Stevens Jun 2016

Enslaved Labor In The Gang And Task Systems: A Case Study In Comparative Bioarchaeology Of Commingled Remains, William D. Stevens

Theses and Dissertations

This study designs and tests an approach intended to confront one of the major problems faced within biological anthropology, the commingling or mixing of human skeletal remains. The first goal of the study is to implement an approach to sorting mixed human remains in order that they can be made amenable to comparative study. Bioarchaeologists depend on an array of measures, preserved in the human skeleton, to assess the lifestyles and identity of past human groups. As many of these measures are preserved within the morphology of different bones, it is imperative that the association and context of remains are ...


Preserving Fields Of Conflict: Papers From The 2014 Fields Of Conflict Conference And Preservation Workshop, Steven D. Smith Jan 2016

Preserving Fields Of Conflict: Papers From The 2014 Fields Of Conflict Conference And Preservation Workshop, Steven D. Smith

Faculty Publications

From 12 through 15 March 2014 conflict archeologists and preservationists met in Columbia, South Carolina, to present 54 papers and 14 posters at the 8th Biennial Fields of Conflict Conference. In conjunction with the conference, a workshop was held on the preservation of battlefields across the globe entitled “Call to Action: National Park Service American Battlefield Protection Program Battlefield Preservation Workshop.” The 33 papers in this volume are extended abstracts of those papers presented in a popular format. The goal of this volume is to make conflict archeology assessable to the public and raise the awareness of the critical ...


"Gone But Not Forgotten" - African American Cemeteries On The United States Marine Corps Recruit Depot, Parris Island, South Carolina, Chester B. Depratter, James B. Legg, Stanley South Jan 2016

"Gone But Not Forgotten" - African American Cemeteries On The United States Marine Corps Recruit Depot, Parris Island, South Carolina, Chester B. Depratter, James B. Legg, Stanley South

Research Manuscript Series

No abstract provided.


A Spectacle Of The Odd: Constructing Otherness In The Odditoriums Of Ripley’S Believe It Or Not!, Sarah Haughenbury Jan 2016

A Spectacle Of The Odd: Constructing Otherness In The Odditoriums Of Ripley’S Believe It Or Not!, Sarah Haughenbury

Theses and Dissertations

Since Robert Ripley’s inception of the concept behind Ripley’s Believe It or Not! in 1918, Ripley Entertainment Inc. has continued to capture the attention of the public with their display of purportedly strange and unbelievable people, animals, and artifacts from across the globe. Using theories of categorization, Othering, materiality, the grotesque, the carnivalesque, and the gaze, this ethnographic study examines how persons and things in the company’s odditoriums are constructed as odd through the arrangement and decoration of exhibits and odditorium space and through the language used in advertisements and information panels.

I argue that Ripley’s ...


Framing Death: Politics, Meaning, And The Strategic Communication Of Organ Donation Messages In South Carolina, Jeremy T. Vanderknyff Dec 2015

Framing Death: Politics, Meaning, And The Strategic Communication Of Organ Donation Messages In South Carolina, Jeremy T. Vanderknyff

Theses and Dissertations

This study applies framing theory within a critical-interpretive anthropological context to understand how organ procurement organizations (OPOs) design messages to promote organ donation registration and how cultural factors including notions of embodiment and structural inequalities influence audiences’ processing of those messages. The first part of the study employs content analysis to deductively identify OPO-produced message frames. The second part of the study uses focus groups across South Carolina to explore audience reactions to different message frames. Themes from donors and non-donors alike reflected a mistrust of the medical establishment, a keen awareness of structural inequality, and complex notions of embodiment ...