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Anthropology

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Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

Gibeon Revisited: An Integrated Approach To A Bioarchaeological Collection, Fiona Jensen-Hitch May 2019

Gibeon Revisited: An Integrated Approach To A Bioarchaeological Collection, Fiona Jensen-Hitch

Anthropology Senior Theses

The Penn Museum contains a set of previously unstudied skeletal remains from a site called Gibeon, located near the modern Palestinian village, al-Jib. I analyzed these remains over a year and a half, using two main frameworks. The first, and primary framework centered on the collection of the bones and their subsequent history within the Penn Museum, attempting to explore why they were brought here and were never analyzed. I addressed this through as complete of a basic osteological analysis as possible, given the state of the collection. This framework also joins the discussion on how museums choose to collect ...


Let Motherly Love Endure: An Investigation Of Maternal Health In West Philadelphia, Cassandra Dinh Apr 2019

Let Motherly Love Endure: An Investigation Of Maternal Health In West Philadelphia, Cassandra Dinh

Anthropology Senior Theses

In 2000, the United Nations set forth its Millennium Developmental Goals, drawing attention to a worldwide epidemic of maternal mortality. This visibility facilitated global efforts to reduce maternal mortality and improve overall maternal health. Despite a successful reduction of 44% in the global maternal mortality rate, this progress was not seen by all members of the international community, especially the United States, reflecting numerous and diverse disparities related to healthcare access. In West Philadelphia, where the maternal mortality rate is as much as 1.5 times higher than the national average, the poor outcomes in maternal health in are a ...


The Ontogeny Of Basicranial Flexion In Children Of African And European Ancestry, Catarina M. Conran Apr 2019

The Ontogeny Of Basicranial Flexion In Children Of African And European Ancestry, Catarina M. Conran

Anthropology Senior Theses

This study examined ontogenetic changes in the cranial base angle in individuals between the ages of 2 and 25 years old. Also, variation in the cranial base angle between males and females, and between blacks and whites was examined. This study was initially conceived as an examination of the spectrum of human variation in the growth and development of the basicranium, as well as its possible correlation to language development. This study was designed to replicate Lieberman and McCarthy’s 1999 examination of the processes of basicranial flexion, with additional consideration of variation by sex and by race. To that ...


Penn Face: Stigma And Mental Health Of Undergraduates At The University Of Pennsylvania, Rebecca Pels Apr 2019

Penn Face: Stigma And Mental Health Of Undergraduates At The University Of Pennsylvania, Rebecca Pels

Anthropology Senior Theses

This thesis considers how undergraduate students at the University of Pennsylvania navigate mental health and its related struggles, considering willingness, or lack thereof, to seek help when it is needed. Focused on the nexus of mental health and minority status, the aim is to determine whether certain populations of undergraduates may be particularly reluctant to seek help or to discuss the struggles they are facing, thereby limiting the efficacy of current on-campus mental health resources such as Counseling and Psychological Services (CAPS). “Penn Face” and stigmatization of mental illness are also considered. Data was obtained over the course of three ...


‘I Don’T Really Get It’: An Ethnographic Investigation Of The National School Lunch Program Of Middle School Children In New Jersey, Emily G. Elenio Apr 2019

‘I Don’T Really Get It’: An Ethnographic Investigation Of The National School Lunch Program Of Middle School Children In New Jersey, Emily G. Elenio

Anthropology Senior Theses

In light of the obesity epidemic, the National School Lunch Program (NSLP) has been extensively analyzed and criticized. Thus far, literature examining the NSLP has focused on what foods are provided rather than what is actually eaten. Additionally, there is limited research on the socialization effects of school lunch and childhood foodways within a school setting. The socialization of children during household mealtimes has been extensively studied, but these studies have been limited to the family dinner table. The purpose of this ethnographic study is to determine how children are socialized during school lunch and to examine the extent to ...


Striking A Balance: Identity, Language, And Belonging In The Gujarati-American Immigrant Community, Leana Reich Apr 2019

Striking A Balance: Identity, Language, And Belonging In The Gujarati-American Immigrant Community, Leana Reich

Anthropology Senior Theses

This project explores the question of how children of immigrants negotiate a sense of belonging through expressions of bilingualism and biculturalism in the public and private spheres. Drawing upon insights from linguistic anthropology, Asian studies, and migration studies in conjunction with information gleaned from a series of semi-structured interviews of a single informant born in the United States to parents who emigrated from India, I seek to understand how a specific experience of an individual fits into the larger discussion of identity, language, and belonging. Experiencing culture is a distinctly and exclusively human process, and this project makes sure to ...


Laïcité And Governmentality In Two Parks Bordering The Parisian Seine, Morgan Savige Apr 2019

Laïcité And Governmentality In Two Parks Bordering The Parisian Seine, Morgan Savige

Anthropology Senior Theses

This thesis is an ethnographic study of two parks bordering the Seine in Paris, France, one on the outskirts of the city and the other in the center of the city. Based on data gathered during the spring of 2018, this project provides an account of the location, design, and policing of these parks. Further, this thesis addresses how experiences in these two recently developed parks may constitute new ways of thinking about secularism, governmentality, and city planning. This project highlights the pitfalls of secularism, the reach of governmentality, and the ways states attempt to constitute modernity. Observations of these ...


A Study Of The Effect Of Altitude And Local Biologies Upon Nunoan Breast Milk Content, Lauren A. Schafrank Jan 2019

A Study Of The Effect Of Altitude And Local Biologies Upon Nunoan Breast Milk Content, Lauren A. Schafrank

Anthropology Senior Theses

As a readily available substance and primary source of nutrition for infants, breast milk serves as a reasonable window into adaptive human physiology and human growth differences in physiologically stressed environments. Prior studies in Tibet show a considerable buffering of breast milk composition at high altitude but imply that economic status and cultural differences in breastfeeding practices influence milkfat content significantly. With an elevation of over 4000 meters above sea level, relatively low levels of socioeconomic status, and variability in women’s schedules resulting in high variability of breastfeeding patterns, Nunoa, Peru provides an excellent location for investigating altitudinal and ...


Soweto, The “Storybook Place”: Tourism And Feeling In A South African Township, Sarah Marie Kgagudi Jan 2019

Soweto, The “Storybook Place”: Tourism And Feeling In A South African Township, Sarah Marie Kgagudi

Publicly Accessible Penn Dissertations

This dissertation deals with the role of tour guides in creating and telling the story of Soweto – a township southwest of Johannesburg, South Africa. The story speaks of a place afflicted by poverty because of its history of segregation during apartheid but emerging out of these struggles to lead its nation in a post-apartheid culture. I argue that Soweto’s story was created out of a governmental mandate for the township to become one of Gauteng’s tourism locations, and out of a knowledge that the transformation story from apartheid to a ‘rainbow nation’ would not sell in this context ...


The Affiliative Social Relations Of Free-Ranging Rhesus Macaques In The Context Of Instability, Sam Larson Jan 2019

The Affiliative Social Relations Of Free-Ranging Rhesus Macaques In The Context Of Instability, Sam Larson

Publicly Accessible Penn Dissertations

Across primates, socially integrated individuals exhibit improved genetic fitness compared to their peripheral conspecifics. However, the mechanisms through which this disparity operates is unclear. One hypothesis is that social bonds mitigate the stressors imparted by environmental instability. To date, this relationship has gone critically unexamined, owing to the inability to anticipate and account for instability in prospective research design. In this dissertation, I evaluate this hypothesis within a population of free-ranging rhesus macaques (M. mulatta). I employ a long-term behavioral data set comprised of 691 unique individuals across 6 groups, followed from 1 to 8 years. I employ the tool-kit ...


Therapeutic Clientship Of Diabetes Clubs: Engagement In Chronic Disease Management Programs In Guatemala’S Western Highlands, Arnav Shah May 2018

Therapeutic Clientship Of Diabetes Clubs: Engagement In Chronic Disease Management Programs In Guatemala’S Western Highlands, Arnav Shah

Anthropology Senior Theses

The increasing global mortality and morbidity of chronic disease signals that a major epidemiological shift is underway in more-economically developed and less-economically developed countries. This epidemiological transition is especially salient in the Western Highlands of Guatemala as the prevalence of type 2 diabetes has risen steeply and poses great challenges for health practitioners and the public health system. This thesis is based from ten weeks of ethnographic fieldwork that I conducted in region surrounding Lake Atitlán. Collected through participant observation and semi-structured interviews, the data this thesis analyses attempts to examine the nature of and motivations for engagement in a ...


Creating A Space For The "Outsider Within": A Framework For Black Feminist Anthropology, Alexus Bazen Apr 2018

Creating A Space For The "Outsider Within": A Framework For Black Feminist Anthropology, Alexus Bazen

Anthropology Senior Theses

Anthropology, ideally, is an intellectual endeavor to provide insight into the nature of the variations on the human condition. Historically, European anthropologists have used it as a tool to justify colonialism, scientific racism, and relentless persecution, while simultaneously exploiting and erasing the lives of oppressed individuals. African-American intellectuals in post-emancipation America sought to combat the negative impact of slavery and subjugation by using ethnography and self-reflection to capture the totality of their experiences in America. Black women represent a greatly influential but almost invisible intellectual source whose multilateral identities and social experiences inform and dictate sociocultural trajectory in the United ...


Constructed Identities And Perpetuated Inequalities In App Dating, Alyssa D. Turizo Apr 2018

Constructed Identities And Perpetuated Inequalities In App Dating, Alyssa D. Turizo

Anthropology Senior Theses

This study seeks to investigate the ways in which individuals make sense of the nearly overwhelming amount of information they are presented with in an application like Tinder, and the ways in which their experiences at the confluence of the digital and “real” worlds are informed by various forces, including race and ethnicity. In particular, it seeks to determine how the experiences of marginalized groups are represented (and underrepresented) through the design and use of the app. By engaging with students at the University of Pennsylvania through a series of semi-structured interviews, this study reveals that users are enmeshed in ...


The Cuba Paradox: An Assessment Of Primary And Maternal Healthcare In Cuba Today, Ivana T. Kohut, Ivana Kohut Apr 2018

The Cuba Paradox: An Assessment Of Primary And Maternal Healthcare In Cuba Today, Ivana T. Kohut, Ivana Kohut

Anthropology Senior Theses

Cuba’s healthcare system is lauded on the Global Health stage as renowned. Low mother/infant mortality rates paired with low infectious disease transmission rates have garnered Cuba’s maternal and primary healthcare systems significant fame. In addition to these healthcare feats, Cuban women experience challenges in finding access to basic forms of over-the-counter care. The Cuba Paradox emerges in which a Cuban woman’s healthcare experience in places such as Mayajigua, Cuba (407 km southeast of Havana) is characterized by access to acute care (expensive treatments such as IVF) and lacks of access to active care (over-the-counter products such ...


Heaven Is A Circle, Earth Is A Square: Historical Analysis Of Chinese Neolithic Jade Disks, Nichole M. Bryant Apr 2018

Heaven Is A Circle, Earth Is A Square: Historical Analysis Of Chinese Neolithic Jade Disks, Nichole M. Bryant

Anthropology Senior Theses

The main goal of this senior thesis is not only to investigate the origins of the xuánjī, , and cóng artifacts of the Chinese Neolithic, but also to understand the ways in which these three classes of stone artifacts were used in relation to one another. Details found within the historical texts of the Chinese Neolithic are used to piece together the fragmented history of these three objects, while observable analysis of the nighttime sky and flood patterns of the eastern Chinese coast are later brought in to explain the usage of all three objects in tandem.

Ultimately, this thesis ...


The Experience Of Managing Type Ii Diabetes Among Indigenous Maya In The Western Highlands Of Guatemala, Nubia Ortega Apr 2018

The Experience Of Managing Type Ii Diabetes Among Indigenous Maya In The Western Highlands Of Guatemala, Nubia Ortega

Anthropology Senior Theses

As part of the Guatemala Health Initiative program, I spent ten weeks in the Western Highlands of Guatemala in one of the towns surrounding the lake region: Santiago Atitlan. My research question was among indigenous Maya who have been diagnosed with type II diabetes in the Western highlands of Guatemala, what is their experience with diagnosis, treatment, and management of type II diabetes?

With assistance from the Hospitalito Atitlan, the primary referral hospital in the region, I conducted semi-structured interviews with a purposive sample of 41 people with diabetes. Patients were recruited from diabetes clubs at different health centers and ...


Robert H. Lamborn: At The Intersection Of Anthropology And Museums In The Nineteenth Century, Sheridan S. Small Apr 2018

Robert H. Lamborn: At The Intersection Of Anthropology And Museums In The Nineteenth Century, Sheridan S. Small

Anthropology Senior Theses

In the nineteenth century, anthropology began to coalesce as a discipline while museums modernized their mission as educational institutions. Because objects were key sources of anthropological knowledge during this period, museums operated as the institutional base for the discipline. Robert Henry Lamborn was a collector who was deeply involved in developing anthropological theories and museum best practices, differing from both museum professionals and private collectors in his methods and goals. Lamborn presents an ideal case study for examining the intersection of anthropology and museums in the nineteenth century, as well as the object-based theoretical underpinnings of anthropology, a history that ...


Broken Chains Of Custody: Possessing, Dispossessing, And Repossessing Lost Wampum Belts, Margaret Bruchac Mar 2018

Broken Chains Of Custody: Possessing, Dispossessing, And Repossessing Lost Wampum Belts, Margaret Bruchac

Department of Anthropology Papers

No abstract provided.


Visualizing Native People In Philadelphia's Museums: Public Views And Student Reviews, Margaret Bruchac Jan 2018

Visualizing Native People In Philadelphia's Museums: Public Views And Student Reviews, Margaret Bruchac

Department of Anthropology Papers

Material representations of Indigenous history in public museums do more than merely present the past. Exhibitions are always incomplete and idiosyncratic, revealing only a small window into the social worlds of diverse human communities. Museums create, in essence, staged assemblages: compositions of objects, documents, portraits, and other material things that have been filtered through an array of influences. These influences—museological missions, collection processses, curatorial choices, loan possibilities, design concepts, research specialties, funding options, consultant opinions, space limitations, time limits, logistical challenges, etc.—will be unique for each museum and each collection. Taken together, they will inevitably determine which objects ...


Fieldwork Out Of Place, Etienne S. Benson Jan 2018

Fieldwork Out Of Place, Etienne S. Benson

Departmental Papers (HSS)

In the naturalist tradition, knowledge of nature has been closely tied to the embodied experience of place. Indeed, it is the direct and unmediated encounter with particular places and the natural objects found within them that has often been held to distinguish naturalists from other students of the natural world, particularly from laboratory scientists. In his 1994 memoir Naturalist, for example, E.O. Wilson writes of a formative childhood summer spent at Florida's Paradise Beach encountering jellyfish, stingrays, and other forms of sea life: 'Hands-on experience at the critical time, not systematic knowledge, is what counts in the making ...


Wives, Witches, And Warriors: Women In Arabic Popular Epic, Amanda Steinberg Jan 2018

Wives, Witches, And Warriors: Women In Arabic Popular Epic, Amanda Steinberg

Publicly Accessible Penn Dissertations

This dissertation consolidates the known corpus of the medieval Arabic popular epic (sīrah shaʿbīyah) in order to examine the roles of its female characters and how they relate to power. Borrowing from feminist theory, the study takes as its organizing principle the categories of “power-over,” “power-to,” and “power-with,” showing that how a woman is judged for expressing power depends upon how her actions fit into one of these three categories. Moreover, each expression of power tends to be connected to a woman’s familial relationships: sexually available women are usually classified as expressing “power-over,” while the nonsexual relationships of sisters ...


Anyone Anywhere: Narrating African Innovation In A Global Community Of Practice, Eleanor Rosalind Marchant Jan 2018

Anyone Anywhere: Narrating African Innovation In A Global Community Of Practice, Eleanor Rosalind Marchant

Publicly Accessible Penn Dissertations

The last eight years have seen rapid growth in the number of technology startups emerging in urban centers around Africa, from Lagos to Nairobi to Bamako. The growth of annual investments in African startups – rising from $12 million to $560 million between 2013 and 2017 (Kazeem, 2018) – is an indication that many, including investors abroad, believe the trend in African involvement in international technology innovation practices is just beginning. Yet while these changes are promising, this dissertation encourages critical reflection on them and asks: To what extent are Africans really able to fully participate in the production of the new ...


Levi Levering's Headdress: Blurring Borders And Bridging Cultures, Margaret Bruchac Dec 2017

Levi Levering's Headdress: Blurring Borders And Bridging Cultures, Margaret Bruchac

Department of Anthropology Papers

The feather headdress labeled 38-2-1 in the Penn Museum Collection is richly colored and composed of many types of materials. It consists of a felt cap with a leather forehead band covered with a panel of vivid loomed beadwork (in orange, blue, yellow, and white tipi shapes) and two beaded rosettes (blue, yellow, white, and red) on either end of the band. Hanging from each side are ear pendants made of buckskin with metal beads attached, and dyed downy feathers and long ribbons trail from the headdress. Extending from the top of the band are felt cylinders (faded perhaps due ...


Object Matters: Considering Materiality, Meaning, And Memory, Margaret Bruchac Dec 2017

Object Matters: Considering Materiality, Meaning, And Memory, Margaret Bruchac

Department of Anthropology Papers

How do indigenous objects in museum collections "speak" to those who create, collect, curate, display, and observe them? The material traces in these objects obviously evoke connections to particular aesthetic values, beliefs, and practices, but do they also retain memories of the artisans who created them? Can these objects communicate across cultural and temporal boundaries? Do they have agency, outside of the people who handle them? How might the Native American objects in the Penn Museum, in particular, represent a "bundle of relations" that entangle collectors, collections, and communities?1 Students in my Fall 2017 "Anthropology of Museums" course at ...


Awakening The Potential Of Positive Computing: A Transversal, Heliotropic Design Paradigm For Human Flourishing, Ryan Wynia Dec 2017

Awakening The Potential Of Positive Computing: A Transversal, Heliotropic Design Paradigm For Human Flourishing, Ryan Wynia

Master of Applied Positive Psychology (MAPP) Capstone Projects

Positive Computing literature does not consider the complex implications stemming from the evidence of computing technologies’ harmful effects. Moreover, present approaches to integrating well-being science into the design of interactive systems are built on deficit-oriented models. In response, a transversal, social constructionist paradigm of Positive Computing sensitive to the social complex and views technology as a part ofcivilization as a living, human construction is explored as a means of advancing the Positive Computing domain. The work argues the well-being of civilization needs to be routinely re-secured through the development of a metacognitive, affirmative competency that recognizessocial systems as capable of ...


Tangled Memories Of Wampum Diplomacy In Philadelphia, Margaret Bruchac Dec 2017

Tangled Memories Of Wampum Diplomacy In Philadelphia, Margaret Bruchac

Department of Anthropology Papers

Throughout North America, Indigenous Native American and First Nations histories are often presented as fragments of a broken past. Isolated objects, historical markers, archaeological sites, lost memories, curious folklore, and uninhabited places evoke memories of something that happened long ago, to someone else, in another time. The influential tribal individuals and nations who shaped and experienced those events are often depicted as tangential to the narrative of the emerging American nation, and imagined to have vanished from the scene. Yet, Indigenous histories are best seen as part of an on-going stream of events that are never entirely past, even (especially ...


Restorative Research In North American Museums, Margaret Bruchac Nov 2017

Restorative Research In North American Museums, Margaret Bruchac

Department of Anthropology Papers

In May 2014, three members of the “Wampum Trail” research team (Dr. Margaret Bruchac with research assistants Lise Puyo and Stephanie Mach) set out to follow a century-old trail left by University of Pennsylvania anthropologist Frank G. Speck. Our field research led us across the Northeastern United States and Canada, visiting museums with collections of wampum (woven shell bead) belts and collars. Our goal is survey these collections and conduct interviews to construct more detailed object histories for wampum belts in regional collections. With funding from the Penn Museum and the Department of Anthropology, we made an ambitious list of ...


In Situ 2017: University Of Pennsylvania Undergraduate Research Journal, Samantha Sharon Ashok, Ivana Kohut, Jessie Lu, Emma Mcnamara, Arielle Mae Pierson May 2017

In Situ 2017: University Of Pennsylvania Undergraduate Research Journal, Samantha Sharon Ashok, Ivana Kohut, Jessie Lu, Emma Mcnamara, Arielle Mae Pierson

In Situ

No abstract provided.


Penn: Worlds In A Small Room, Jay Ruby May 2017

Penn: Worlds In A Small Room, Jay Ruby

Studies in Visual Communication

No abstract provided.


Hockings: Principles Of Visual Anthropology, Duncan Holaday May 2017

Hockings: Principles Of Visual Anthropology, Duncan Holaday

Studies in Visual Communication

No abstract provided.