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Anthropology

Iowa State University

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Articles 1 - 30 of 187

Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

Digital Representation Of Indigenous Peoples Through Sharing, Collaboration, And Negotiation: An Introduction, Christina Gish Hill, Medeia C. Dehass Jul 2018

Digital Representation Of Indigenous Peoples Through Sharing, Collaboration, And Negotiation: An Introduction, Christina Gish Hill, Medeia C. Dehass

World Languages and Cultures Publications

In the past decade, digital media have been increasingly employed in museums in a variety of ways. This practice capitalized on the new medium’s effectiveness in connecting a variety of stakeholders across multiple key issues. Projects representing Indigenous communities are not an exception to this trend. This special issue critically reflects on the politics of representation in the process of reframing culturally specific concepts in a digital environment. In addition to discussing potential benefits of digital media to working with Indigenous communities, papers in the special issue also carefully weigh the benefits and shortcomings virtual environments may bring to ...


Seasonal Variation In Physiology Challenges The Notion Of Chimpanzees (Pan Troglodytes Verus) As A Forest-Adapted Species, Erin G. Wessling, Tobias Deschner, Roger Mundry, Jill D. Pruetz, Roman M. Wittig, Hjalmar S. Kühl May 2018

Seasonal Variation In Physiology Challenges The Notion Of Chimpanzees (Pan Troglodytes Verus) As A Forest-Adapted Species, Erin G. Wessling, Tobias Deschner, Roger Mundry, Jill D. Pruetz, Roman M. Wittig, Hjalmar S. Kühl

World Languages and Cultures Publications

Savanna-mosaic habitats are thought to represent exceptional circumstances for chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes), and owing to the virtues of their habitat as well as peripheral biogeographic location, they are often regarded as marginal to the chimpanzee ecological niche. If these habitats are marginal, then we should expect that chimpanzees living in these habitats demonstrate physiological consequences of the extremity of this environment. We therefore compared seasonal variation in physiological responses to climatic and ecological factors in chimpanzees inhabiting Fongoli, a savanna-mosaic habitat at the margins of the chimpanzee range with chimpanzees from Taï National Park, a lowland rainforest centrally located within ...


Personae Non Gratae, Laura Bisaillon Mar 2018

Personae Non Gratae, Laura Bisaillon

Journal of Critical Thought and Praxis

The Journal of Critical Thought and Praxis has traditionally published creative pieces. We believe that this expression is a reflective way to contribute to critical issues in social justice. It was important to the author that this poem has a bilingual appearance. The poem was originally written in English and translated to Amharic.


What Are The Meanings Behind Clothing Attachment? A Product Experience Investigation In Baby Boomers, Seoha Min, Lina M. Ceballos Jan 2018

What Are The Meanings Behind Clothing Attachment? A Product Experience Investigation In Baby Boomers, Seoha Min, Lina M. Ceballos

International Textile and Apparel Association (ITAA) Annual Conference Proceedings

As of 2016, the number of baby boomers in the U.S. reached 81.3 million. Despite the large amount of individuals in this generation, there is relatively scarce research—especially qualitative research—focused on the baby boomer consumer group. Based on the framework of product experience, this study explores consumers’ product experiences that are associated with consumer-clothing attachment. This qualitative investigation will offer opportunities to marketers and designers who seek to better understand the experiences behind clothing attachment in older consumers.


Coloring The Community Through Tattooed Identities, Sarah Frankel, Michelle L. Childs, Youn-Kyung Kim Jan 2018

Coloring The Community Through Tattooed Identities, Sarah Frankel, Michelle L. Childs, Youn-Kyung Kim

International Textile and Apparel Association (ITAA) Annual Conference Proceedings

No abstract provided.


A Design Anthropology Approach To Understanding Human Wildlife Relationships: Monkeys, Local Development And Participant Conservation In Southest Costa Rica, Yibo Fan Jan 2018

A Design Anthropology Approach To Understanding Human Wildlife Relationships: Monkeys, Local Development And Participant Conservation In Southest Costa Rica, Yibo Fan

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This project uses a combined methodology of participatory design and ethnographic fieldwork to study human-wildlife relationships and explore better ways to design and implement a monkey crossing bridge in the area of Talamanca, Costa Rica. It also examines how an interdisciplinary methodology can identify the needs of three species of monkeys and local beliefs, and to integrate these things into project design. The project not only answers how participatory design might promote a favorable human-wildlife relationship, but also explores local beliefs about development and conservation. Based on my research, I argue that the design of the bridge and the process ...


Chimpanzees As Ecosystem Service Providers: Seed Dispersal Of An Economically Important Plant Resource At Fongoli, Senegal, William Aguado Jan 2018

Chimpanzees As Ecosystem Service Providers: Seed Dispersal Of An Economically Important Plant Resource At Fongoli, Senegal, William Aguado

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Vertebrate-mediated seed dispersal is a vital mutualistic interaction in tropical ecosystems that is beginning to be recognized for its role in sustaining populations of plant resources on which people rely for food, medicine and other materials. Some studies have demonstrated that avian seed dispersers provide such ecosystem services whereas other taxa, such as primates, have received little attention in this regard despite their known importance as seed dispersers. Frugivorous primates are currently presumed to sustain forest resources utilized by people, but this hypothesis remains untested. To test this, I examined the effectiveness of critically endangered western chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes verus ...


Influence Of Human Disturbance On Western Chimpanzee (Pan Troglodytes Verus) Nesting Behavior In A Savanna Mosaic Habitat, Southeastern Senegal, Kristine Micheletti Jan 2018

Influence Of Human Disturbance On Western Chimpanzee (Pan Troglodytes Verus) Nesting Behavior In A Savanna Mosaic Habitat, Southeastern Senegal, Kristine Micheletti

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The human population continues to grow worldwide at an alarming rate, and, with this growth, comes expansion into new areas. These expansions can come with actions, like logging, mining, and agriculture that are harmful to the environment and the species inhabiting it. The critically endangered West African chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes verus) is one primate species affected by such human actions. In the Kedougou region of southeastern Senegal, artisanal small-scale gold mining has become a way of life and has accelerated rapidly in the last few years. I conducted research at the Bantan site, which is located a few kilometers south ...


Cheyenne Odyssey: Representing Removal In An Educational Video Game, Christina Gish Hill Jan 2018

Cheyenne Odyssey: Representing Removal In An Educational Video Game, Christina Gish Hill

World Languages and Cultures Publications

This articles reflects on the process of creating digital media in collaboration with Native communities, using the example of Cheyenne Odyssey, a game from Mission US, to argue that such media can illuminate the perspectives of Indigenous peoples for a wide audience while also creating digital repositories for both visual and narrative forms of knowledge. This game takes on the difficult challenge of portraying very sensitive moments of US history to middle school-age children. The game walks the player through the Battle of Little Big Horn, the forced removal of the Northern Cheyenne people, their harrowing journey home again, and ...


Neoliberal Effects As Seen In Village Health Dispensaries Within The Kedougou Region Of Southeast Senegal, Samantha Salter Jan 2018

Neoliberal Effects As Seen In Village Health Dispensaries Within The Kedougou Region Of Southeast Senegal, Samantha Salter

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

My research lead me to the Kedougou Region of southeastern Senegal, a rural area struggling for accessible healthcare. This paper explores how neoliberal health reforms have negatively affected access to quality health care in rural Senegal. I used ethnographic research methods, such as in person interviews and participant observation during my fieldwork in Senegal from May through August 2017. In analyzing my interview and observation data, I applied a localist, semi-structured approach and utilized a critical ethnographic perspective. Over 2-months worth of observations and 15 interviews yielded data that illustrates the lasting effects of neoliberal economic reforms from 30 years ...


A Theoretical Consideration: Understanding Primate Polyspecific Associations Through Current Literature Of Primate Predation And Communication, Kaelyn Melinne Dobson Jan 2018

A Theoretical Consideration: Understanding Primate Polyspecific Associations Through Current Literature Of Primate Predation And Communication, Kaelyn Melinne Dobson

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Primates are a unique taxon of organisms found to have complex communication, behavior, sociality and in turn, life histories. One of the areas of primate study with relatively little current knowledge is regarding natural polyspecific interactions in which two different species interact in a mutualistic or commensalistic relation suggested to be due to predation threats or foraging benefits. While polyspecific associations have been identified in a wide array of organisms including primate species, the causes are not always clear. Causes are suggested to include reducing predation threats and the ability to communicate information, particularly about predators. This paper will review ...


A Comparison Of Child And Adult Health: Traditional Vs. Western Medicine And The Application Of Gris-Gris, Moriah Rose Morgan Jan 2018

A Comparison Of Child And Adult Health: Traditional Vs. Western Medicine And The Application Of Gris-Gris, Moriah Rose Morgan

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Djindji, Senegal is a community that has been seeking to increase its access to Western medicine. Within the last fifteen years, the region's namesake and largest town, Kedougou, has grown significantly due to an increase in gold mining. The town's growth spurred increased access to Western medicines and is now home to two hospitals, multiple pharmacies, and multiple NGOs including the Evangelical Christian organization, World Vision, who aims to improve health standards. Despite the increased access to Western medicine in Kedougou, locals have not abandoned their indigenous practices. Religious protective amulets known as gris-gris are still commonly used ...


Mattress Fires And Their Effect On The Destruction And Distribution Of Remains In A House-Fire Setting, Nicole Heide Winders Schwalbach Jan 2018

Mattress Fires And Their Effect On The Destruction And Distribution Of Remains In A House-Fire Setting, Nicole Heide Winders Schwalbach

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Forensically, burned and cremated remains are encountered on a fairly regular basis; owing their presence to both the relatively high fire death rate in the United States, and the continued (and mistaken) belief that human remains can be rendered unidentifiable or completely destroyed through burning. In many cases it is necessary to recover and identify remains from residential fires, with the goal being to identify the deceased and to determine the sequence of events leading up to and during the fire.

This research addresses the very specific scenario of fire fatalities that involve bed-settings with regards to how (and if ...


Rural Value-Orientations And Farm-Policy Positions And Actions, George M. Beal, Joe M. Bohlen, Rex H. Warland Jun 2017

Rural Value-Orientations And Farm-Policy Positions And Actions, George M. Beal, Joe M. Bohlen, Rex H. Warland

Research Bulletin (Iowa Agriculture and Home Economics Experiment Station)

There is limited consensus within the agricultural sector of the United States concerning government farm policy. American farmers differ widely in their perceptions of the proper role of government in agriculture.

It is generally believed that value and belief differences among farmers are meaningfully associated with the variety of positions and actions taken by farmers with respect to government farm policy. Several observers have suggested that, if these value and belief diversities can be clearly articulated and resolved, more rapid progress can be made toward solving many present farm problems. However, there is little information on the relationship between values ...


Mantled Howler Monkey (Aouatta Palliata Palliata) Positional Behaviors In Relation To Substrate Diameter And Angle Of Incline, Cole Clawson Apr 2017

Mantled Howler Monkey (Aouatta Palliata Palliata) Positional Behaviors In Relation To Substrate Diameter And Angle Of Incline, Cole Clawson

Iowa State University Anthropology Symposium

My research question was if substrate diameter and angle of incline, in relation to most often the trunk of a tree, would affect positional behaviors of mantled howler monkeys (Alouatta palliata). In pursuing this research question I wanted to understand more the effects of diet, specifically low quality diet, on primate locomotor and postural behaviors and how this might impact primate behaviors according to what foods are available. To test my research question, I collected observational data from adult howler monkeys, to see how they influenced locomotive patterns. I divided the substrates, in this study being tree branches, into 4 ...


Cultural Misconceptions Surrounding Indigenous Populations In The Western Hemisphere, Dan Gagni, Laurie Johnson, Johanna Stravers, Bill Winnett Apr 2017

Cultural Misconceptions Surrounding Indigenous Populations In The Western Hemisphere, Dan Gagni, Laurie Johnson, Johanna Stravers, Bill Winnett

Iowa State University Anthropology Symposium

This group has researched common misconceptions that american culture holds regarding Native North Americans and Latinx immigrants. This was a significant topic for the researchers because these misconceptions are the building blocks for cultural prejudice within Americans. Many of the misconceptions that are perpetuated within American culture regarding native peoples and latinx immigrants have severe, and negative repercussions on those populations. Moreover these misconceptions are naturalized within American culture and have distinctively shaped the way in which Americans view and interact with these minority populations. This group’s research revealed that many of the misconceptions held about Native North Americans ...


Observing Relations Between Traditional And Modern Medicine, Samantha Salter Apr 2017

Observing Relations Between Traditional And Modern Medicine, Samantha Salter

Iowa State University Anthropology Symposium

Can traditional rituals and remedies survive in the face of western health service expansion? The struggle between traditional and western medicinal methods is one known across the globe. Many traditional rituals have dwindled and some have disappeared entirely with western health development programs. Additionally, modern health programs continue to fail in many regions of the world. However, some communities have been able to hold onto their traditional rituals, while still utilizing modern health services. This is the case for the Kedougou region in western Senegal. World Vision, an international development and humanitarian organization has been established in Senegal for the ...


Blackademic Negotiations When The Ivory Tower Isn't Enough: Finding Pathways To Activism As An Emerging Black Scholar, Wideline Seraphin Apr 2017

Blackademic Negotiations When The Ivory Tower Isn't Enough: Finding Pathways To Activism As An Emerging Black Scholar, Wideline Seraphin

Journal of Critical Thought and Praxis

This reflexive essay chronicles the last two years of the author's PhD program and the negotiations of an emerging black female critical scholar in response to the growing tensions between academic obligations and growing racial unrest. Guiding questions of, “what are you going to do? And what are you willing to pay?” were used to think through what it meant to dedicate oneself to critical social justice work and apply that dedication to everyday practices despite perceived limitations.


Chimpanzees In The Island Of Gold: Impacts Of Artisanal Small-Scale Gold Mining On Chimpanzees (Pan Troglodytes Verus) In Fongoli, Senegal, Kelly Morgan Boyer Ontl Jan 2017

Chimpanzees In The Island Of Gold: Impacts Of Artisanal Small-Scale Gold Mining On Chimpanzees (Pan Troglodytes Verus) In Fongoli, Senegal, Kelly Morgan Boyer Ontl

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Despite its historical and global pervasiveness, little quantitative research has been conducted on artisanal small-scale gold mining (ASGM) and terrestrial wildlife. Using an ethnoprimatological approach, this body of work evaluates the impacts of anthropogenic activity associated with ASGM on a community of savanna chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes verus) living in a complex and coupled human and natural system. Research was conducted in Senegal where the recent intensification of ASGM has increased the local human population, polluted, and degraded the environment, and threatens the habitat of critically endangered West African savanna chimpanzees. To quantify the impacts of ASGM, we analyzed 10 years ...


Shifting Sands: A Spatial Examination Of Class And Environmental Change On Lima’S Costa Verde, Brandon Valentine Scheuring Jan 2017

Shifting Sands: A Spatial Examination Of Class And Environmental Change On Lima’S Costa Verde, Brandon Valentine Scheuring

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Lima’s Costa Verde is a ten-mile coastal “green zone” of new beaches, parks, and commercial development adjacent to six economically and socially diverse municipalities that has been expanded as part of regional tourism development since the 1960s. This project argues that the contemporary Costa Verde’s is a geographical manifestation of the inequalities among its six municipalities, produced by a deregulated and decentralized governing structure that has allowed local actors to remake the coastline through the uneven allocation and development of space for recreational activities. My study of the Costa Verde’s coastal shelf geography demonstrates how political economy ...


Settler Agnosia In The Field: Indigenous Action, Functional Ignorance, And The Origins Of Ethnographic Entrapment, Grant Arndt Aug 2016

Settler Agnosia In The Field: Indigenous Action, Functional Ignorance, And The Origins Of Ethnographic Entrapment, Grant Arndt

Anthropology Publications

In the late 1930s a novice fieldworker from the University of Chicago wrote in his field notes that his collaboration with a Ho-Chunk interpreter had failed because of the interpreter's “aggressions” in the struggle for “white class status.” The notes exhibit a pattern of perceptual failure that I call “settler agnosia,” elements of which have been noted in research on the obstacles facing Indigenous activists. The case shows that the tendency of older anthropological accounts of contemporary American Indian life to obscure evidence of both colonial oppression and Indigenous action may have originated as consequences of a form of ...


Afterword: Gesamtkunstwerk As Epistemic Space, Kevin S. Amidon Jul 2016

Afterword: Gesamtkunstwerk As Epistemic Space, Kevin S. Amidon

World Languages and Cultures Publications

For two centuries, Gesamtkunstwerk—the ideal of the “total work of art”—has exerted a powerful influence over artistic discourse and practice, spurring new forms of collaboration and provoking debates over the political instrumentalization of art. Despite its popular conflation with the work of Richard Wagner, Gesamtkunstwerk’s lineage and legacies extend well beyond German Romanticism, as this wide-ranging collection demonstrates. In eleven compact chapters, scholars from a variety of disciplines trace the idea’s evolution in German-speaking Europe, from its foundations in the early nineteenth century to its manifold articulations and reimaginings in the twentieth century and beyond, providing ...


4th Annual Anthropology Symposium, Iowa State University Department Of Anthropology Apr 2016

4th Annual Anthropology Symposium, Iowa State University Department Of Anthropology

Iowa State University Anthropology Symposium

The program for the 4th Annual Anthropology Symposium at Iowa State University, held in the Cardinal and Campanile Rooms of the Memorial Union, 29 April 2016.


The New Generation Of Forensic Facial Reconstruction, Celeste R. Moreno Apr 2016

The New Generation Of Forensic Facial Reconstruction, Celeste R. Moreno

Iowa State University Anthropology Symposium

Forensic facial reconstruction is an impressive and unique blend of scientific and artistic skill sets that for many years was based primarily on non-digital or traditional methods such as pencil sketches and clay models. With the recent advancements in 2D digital art software as well as 3D digital art software, forensic artists have a new set of tools to take advantage of. Some artists have focused on using primarily digital reconstruction techniques. These artists and their new techniques are a part of the new generation of forensic facial reconstruction. This is a discussion of how cutting edge technology can increase ...


Can The Presence And Proportion Of Bacterial Communities Be Used To Estimate Post-Mortem Interval? A Critical Analysis, Alexa L. Golemo Apr 2016

Can The Presence And Proportion Of Bacterial Communities Be Used To Estimate Post-Mortem Interval? A Critical Analysis, Alexa L. Golemo

Iowa State University Anthropology Symposium

The use of bacterial communities to estimate post-mortem interval is a relatively new concept in the field of forensic anthropology, but one that shows great promise. Research has shown a correlation between the presence and proportion of bacterial communities within the microbiome of a deceased vertebrate and the post-mortem interval of that individual. Methodologies include analyzing and comparing relative abundance of different taxa during decomposition, as well as comparing the microbiome of the decomposing vertebrate to the surrounding soil during different phases of decomposition in skeletonized remains. However, this method of estimating time since death must undergo much more in-depth ...


Native Americans: The Fight For Race, Class And Equality In The Field Of Anthropology, Cheryl A. Sanders Apr 2016

Native Americans: The Fight For Race, Class And Equality In The Field Of Anthropology, Cheryl A. Sanders

Iowa State University Anthropology Symposium

Native Americans have endured racial typology, robbery for pseudo-science, declared a dying race as they became the trophy items for emerging museums all over the country. Because of such actions the Native American Grave Protection and Repatriation Act (NAGPRA) was created to safeguard any remains and protect any burials of Native American descent. My research is set out to reveal that the field of physical anthropology is always changing and how this history affects forensic anthropology in practice. This project will focus on the history of eugenics and Social Darwinism, as these outdated concepts led to the establishment of NAGPRA ...


Considering Conscience-Development Among Lgbt And Allied Catholics, Benjamin T. Spick Apr 2016

Considering Conscience-Development Among Lgbt And Allied Catholics, Benjamin T. Spick

Iowa State University Anthropology Symposium

This presentation explores the role which the development and cultivation of conscience plays in the lived experiences of LGBT and allied Catholics. In conversations with informants for past and current projects, the theological notion of “primacy of conscience” – that is, an individual has the moral obligation to follow their informed conscience in making judgments or decisions – emerged as a key explanation for their championing of LGBT issues as Roman Catholics. This presentation will also reflect on the outcomes, potential, and limitations in laying groundwork for further study of this topic. In so concluding, it will also touch on some identifiable ...


Struggles Of Social Inequalities In The Neoliberal World, Cheryl A. Sanders Apr 2016

Struggles Of Social Inequalities In The Neoliberal World, Cheryl A. Sanders

Iowa State University Anthropology Symposium

Social inequalities are often thought of as inexistent in the globalized world. This project looks at anthropological observations in a sense of new class boundaries. The purpose of this project is to establish symbols of inequality within current day society. My project is constructed within the frameworks of Pierre Bourdieu’s habitus and field. Some of the constructs of class that are exposed within my project are on the biological level between gender and race as well as in consumer’s everyday lives through items such as the television and the automobile. Social inequalities remain in place because they establish ...


Honor's Investigation Into Lgbt-Catholic Intersections Of Identity In A Midwestern College Town Parish, Benjamin T. Spick Apr 2016

Honor's Investigation Into Lgbt-Catholic Intersections Of Identity In A Midwestern College Town Parish, Benjamin T. Spick

Iowa State University Anthropology Symposium

This pilot study seeks to investigate the intersections of LGBT and Catholic identities by analyzing the discourse of members of a gay-straight alliance in a Midwestern parish. The goal was to understand what teachings or practices they referenced. Key questions concerned why those teachings/practices were important; where those teachings/practices came from; and how those teachings/practices are used by different people in different ways. Interviews with three informants were conducted, and data pertaining to individuals' ideologies, worldviews, practices, etc. were compared with each other and with data collected from secondary sources.


Spatial Expansion On Lima's Costa Verde, Brandon V. Scheuring Apr 2016

Spatial Expansion On Lima's Costa Verde, Brandon V. Scheuring

Iowa State University Anthropology Symposium

This project examines spatial growth and allocation in Lima Peru’s Costa Verde. The region is governed by the six autonomous municipalities that comprise it, each with their own visions for the region. The Costa Verde is characterized by cliffs topped with high-rises, plunging abruptly into the Pacific Ocean. Along the ocean below the cliffs is a narrow strip of land that has become the focus of municipal developers and of this project. There have been many phases of expanding the coastal shelf to make new real estate. Because of the strong Humboldt Current, being situated on the Pacific Ring ...