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Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

Pvc-Lot-015-E-011, Russell Smith Feb 2999

Pvc-Lot-015-E-011, Russell Smith

Four Valleys Archive

No abstract provided.


Transforming Through Power: Teachers And The Negotiation Of Authority In Schools, Madhu Narayanan Sep 2019

Transforming Through Power: Teachers And The Negotiation Of Authority In Schools, Madhu Narayanan

All Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

Schools are unique institutions where structural and cultural dynamics shape the actions of humans. Teachers work within structures of power to establish themselves as legitimate figures of authority worthy of the right to command respect. Such efforts are complicated by the multi-faceted and swirling relationships of power that exist everywhere in schools, defining and guiding individuals. In this study, I interview and observe the practice of seven secondary teachers working in New York City public schools. All in their third year of teaching, they were at an interesting time in their development, not novice teachers and not quite veteran. Using ...


Children Shouldn't Play With Dead Things, Sarah Adcock Aug 2019

Children Shouldn't Play With Dead Things, Sarah Adcock

Graduate School of Art Theses

I view my creative process as alchemy, the transformation of materials through experimentation. I use wax as a material that transcends its historical use as a sculptural process for casting and instead, use it for its transmutable qualities to inform content. Because of its plasticity and duality as fragile and resilient, wax is symbolically submissive and assertive. By applying heat, wax can be molded and formed into new shapes. Once it cools, wax reverts back to its natural state; solid and impermeable. I use objects to explore desires of origin and life. Transitional objects, the first “me not me” possession ...


Licentious Legends: A Folklore Podcast, Alexandra L. Haynes Aug 2019

Licentious Legends: A Folklore Podcast, Alexandra L. Haynes

All Graduate Plan B and other Reports

Licentious Legends was created out of a need to both understand and educate about sexual contemporary legends; not just what they are and what defines them, but the effect that they have on those who experience them. The purpose of this podcast is not to shame, but to take what has been found and educate about the joys and dangers of these legends. These legends range from the everyday (such as "The Hook"), to legends about a young man killing himself with a plunger. In an effort to gather as many examples as they could, Faye interviewed several of their ...


Heroic Failure: Brexit And The Politics Of Pain. Fintan O’Toole. London: Apollo, Uk, 2018. 217 Pages. Isbn: 978–1789540987., Peter C. Grosvenor Jul 2019

Heroic Failure: Brexit And The Politics Of Pain. Fintan O’Toole. London: Apollo, Uk, 2018. 217 Pages. Isbn: 978–1789540987., Peter C. Grosvenor

e-Keltoi: Journal of Interdisciplinary Celtic Studies

No abstract provided.


Injuries In Racing Greyhounds, Andrew Knight Jul 2019

Injuries In Racing Greyhounds, Andrew Knight

Andrew Knight, Ph.D.

This 25 pp. report reviews welfare problems, and particularly, injuries sustained by racing greyhounds, with a focus on the British greyhound racing industry.


Probability, Populations, Phylogenetics And Hominin Speciation, Niccolo Caldararo Jul 2019

Probability, Populations, Phylogenetics And Hominin Speciation, Niccolo Caldararo

Human Biology Open Access Pre-Prints

A number of recent articles have appeared on the hominin Denisova fossil remains. Many of them focus on attempts to produce DNA sequences from the extracted samples. Often these project mtDNA sequences from the fossil remains of a number of Neandertal fossils and the Denisovans in an attempt to understand the evolution of Mid Pleistocene human ancestors. These papers, introduce a number of problems in the interpretation of speciation in hominins. One concerns the degradation of the ancient DNA and its interpretation as authentic genetic information. Another concerns the idea of “species” versus that of “population” and the use of ...


Cognitive Relatives Yet Moral Strangers?, Judith Benz-Scharzberg, Andrew Knight Jul 2019

Cognitive Relatives Yet Moral Strangers?, Judith Benz-Scharzberg, Andrew Knight

Andrew Knight, Ph.D.

This article provides an empirically based, interdisciplinary approach to the following two questions: Do animals possess behavioral and cognitive characteristics such as culture, language, and a theory of mind? And if so, what are the implications, when long-standing criteria used to justify differences in moral consideration between humans and animals are no longer considered indisputable? One basic implication is that the psychological needs of captive animals should be adequately catered for. However, for species such as great apes and dolphins with whom we share major characteristics of personhood, welfare considerations alone may not suffice, and consideration of basic rights may ...


Was Jack The Ripper A Slaughterman? Human-Animal Violence And The World’S Most Infamous Serial Killer, Andrew Knight, Katherine D. Watson Jul 2019

Was Jack The Ripper A Slaughterman? Human-Animal Violence And The World’S Most Infamous Serial Killer, Andrew Knight, Katherine D. Watson

Andrew Knight, Ph.D.

Hundreds of theories exist concerning the identity of “Jack the Ripper”. His propensity for anatomical dissection with a knife—and in particular the rapid location and removal of specific organs—led some to speculate that he must have been surgically trained. However, re-examination of a mortuary sketch of one of his victims has revealed several aspects of incisional technique highly inconsistent with professional surgical training. Related discrepancies are also apparent in the language used within the only letter from Jack considered to be probably authentic. The techniques he used to dispatch his victims and retrieve their organs were, however, highly ...


Battle Of The Sexes In Best Of Breed: Sex Influences Dogs’ Success In The Show Ring, Bethany J. Wilson, Alicia J. Kasbarian, Navneet Dhand, Paul D. Mcgreevy Jul 2019

Battle Of The Sexes In Best Of Breed: Sex Influences Dogs’ Success In The Show Ring, Bethany J. Wilson, Alicia J. Kasbarian, Navneet Dhand, Paul D. Mcgreevy

Paul McGreevy, Ph.D.

Much of the research on pedigree dog breeding has been directed towards understanding the implications of reduced genetic diversity and the prevalence of inherited disorders. An example is the potential role of the popular sire effect in perpetuating genetic defects. If male dogs are more likely than bitches to be identified as examples of members of a breed that align with breed standard, they may be selected for breeding earlier. This may contribute to the influence of individual males and contribute to popular sire effect. Conversely, if breed standards are written in a sex-neutral fashion, and if dogs are entered ...


The Ultimatum Game: An Introduction To Quantitative Literacy In A Social Justice Context, Robert G. Root Jul 2019

The Ultimatum Game: An Introduction To Quantitative Literacy In A Social Justice Context, Robert G. Root

Numeracy

The Ultimatum Game is a two-person, multiple-strategy game widely used in the experimental social sciences to demonstrate the human propensity for costly punishment in response to inequitable treatment. The game serves to provide quantitative evidence for a diversity of fairness norms across cultures. The play of the game and its interpretation offer nuanced views of the nature and importance of quantitative literacy. Its use in a writing seminar connecting quantitative literacy and social justice is described.


Stewart, Wayne (Fa 1307), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives Jul 2019

Stewart, Wayne (Fa 1307), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives

FA Finding Aids

Finding aid only for Folklife Archives Project 1307. Student folk studies project titled: “Folk Remedies and Outlaw Tales,” which includes brief descriptions of folk remedies and outlaw tales in south central Kentucky. Sheets may include a brief description of belief, traditional practice, remedy, saying, outlaw tale, and informant’s name.


Wilgus, Donald Knight (Fa 1201), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives Jul 2019

Wilgus, Donald Knight (Fa 1201), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives

FA Finding Aids

Finding aid only for Folklife Archives Project 1201. Recipes for traditional Kentucky foods collected by Professor Donald Knight “D.K.” Wilgus while teaching folk studies classes at Western Kentucky University. Most of the recipes are from south central Kentucky and northern Tennessee. Some recipes give specific directions and measurements, while others are much less specific, giving measurements such as “a handful,” “a pinch,” and “a teacup full.” Some of the recipes are for food preservation, rather than food preparation


Uni S A C Updates: Sociology, Anthropology, Criminology Newsletter, Summer 2019, University Of Northern Iowa. Department Of Sociology, Anthropology, And Criminology. Jul 2019

Uni S A C Updates: Sociology, Anthropology, Criminology Newsletter, Summer 2019, University Of Northern Iowa. Department Of Sociology, Anthropology, And Criminology.

Sociology, Anthropology, and Criminology Newsletter

Inside This Issue:
-- Fall 2018 Alumni in Residence - Katelyn M. Bries
-- 2019 UNI Outstanding Student Leader
-- UNI Purple and Gold Awards
-- UNI Honors Students
-- 2018-19 Student Admissions Ambassadors
-- 2018-19 Ethnic Student Promoters
-- Social and Behavioral Representatives (SABRs)
-- INSPIRE Student Research & Engagement Conference: Poster Presentations
-- Iowa Sociological Association Annual Meeting: Poster Presentation
-- Midwest Sociological Society Annual Meeting
-- CSBS Donald and Gudrun Fruehling Summer Undergraduate Research Fellowship
-- SAC Internships
-- Sociology
-- Criminology
-- Anthropology
-- Faculty Retirements
-- Sociology Endowed Scholarship Fundraising Progress


The Anatomy Of Patriotism: The Commodification Of American Gender Roles And The Female Body In World War Ii Print Media, Adison Beals Jun 2019

The Anatomy Of Patriotism: The Commodification Of American Gender Roles And The Female Body In World War Ii Print Media, Adison Beals

Voces Novae

During World War II, the United States turned to the female gender roles that underpinned American society and commodified them in print media to sell the war effort and female participation in it, resulting in the appearance of hands, lips, and legs in propaganda, makeup advertisements, and pinup images. This phenomenon reflects how physical presentation indicates social anxieties and American constructions of gender, as well as how the female body is imbued with cultural symbolism.


Review Essay: Law And Migrant Labor In The 20th Century: Ghost Workers And Global Capitalism, Ruth M. Gomberg-Muñoz Jun 2019

Review Essay: Law And Migrant Labor In The 20th Century: Ghost Workers And Global Capitalism, Ruth M. Gomberg-Muñoz

Ruth Gomberg-Munoz

Large-scale movements of workers, production lines, commodities, and centers of power have been integral to capitalist development since its earliest stages (see Mintz 1986; Wallerstein 2011; Wolf 1997). Today, mobility continues to uphold global capitalism in important respects (Sassen 1988). In particular, the capacity to move production across nation-state borders has allowed capitalist industries to take advantage of post-colonial inequalities as they reorganize production in ways and places that reduce manufacturing costs and enhance corporate profit...


The Complicit Anthropologist, Ruth Gomberg‐Muñoz Jun 2019

The Complicit Anthropologist, Ruth Gomberg‐Muñoz

Ruth Gomberg-Munoz

The invitation to become “accomplices, not allies” is a timely and urgent summons to a political left that has recently swelled with renewed vigor. Galvanized to contest the Trump administration, freshly politicized young people and veteran activists alike have a spectrum of options for political engagement—few of which seriously threaten to dismantle broader systems of inequality and injustice. In line with Rosa and Bonilla's call to avoid exceptionalizing Trump in favor of more critical and robust analyses of colonialism, racism, and U.S. statehood, the call to become accomplices urges progressives to avoid the deceptive comfort of allyship ...


Analyzing Social Issues Within Rock Island’S Christian Communities, Daniel Warren Jun 2019

Analyzing Social Issues Within Rock Island’S Christian Communities, Daniel Warren

Celebration of Learning

This research asks how Christians within the Quad Cities Area understand prevalent American social issues. Through my research, I explored how homophobia, racism, and gender discrimination fit within the context of American Christianity. I conducted interviews and participant observation with two different communities within the Rock Island area: Intervarsity Christian Fellowship, and the Quad Cities Mainspring Ministry. My research examines several major themes: race, sexuality, gender, and socioeconomic status, and through my research I concluded that religion is a major factor in contributing to how my participants have viewed these themes.


The Ethnohistory Of Freshwater Use On Rapa Nui (Easter Island, Chile), Sean W. Hixon, Robert J. Dinapoli, Carl P. Lipo, Terry L. Hunt Jun 2019

The Ethnohistory Of Freshwater Use On Rapa Nui (Easter Island, Chile), Sean W. Hixon, Robert J. Dinapoli, Carl P. Lipo, Terry L. Hunt

Anthropology Faculty Scholarship

Sources of drinking water on islands often present critical constraints to human habitation. On Rapa Nui (Easter Island, Chile), there is remarkably little surface fresh water due to the nature of the island’s volcanic geology. While several lakes exist in volcanic craters, most rainwater quickly passes into the subsurface and emerges at coastal springs. Nevertheless, the island sustained a relatively large human population for hundreds of years, one that built an impressive array of monumental platforms (ahu) and statues (moai). To understand how Rapanui acquired their scarce fresh water, we review ethnohistoric data from first European arrival (1722) through ...


The Ethnohistory Of Freshwater Use On Rapa Nui (Easter Island, Chile), Carl P. Lipo Jun 2019

The Ethnohistory Of Freshwater Use On Rapa Nui (Easter Island, Chile), Carl P. Lipo

Carl Lipo

Sources of drinking water on islands often present critical constraints to human habitation. On Rapa Nui (Easter Island, Chile), there is remarkably little surface fresh water due to the nature of the island’s volcanic geology. While several lakes exist in volcanic craters, most rainwater quickly passes into the subsurface and emerges at coastal springs. Nevertheless, the island sustained a relatively large human population for hundreds of years, one that built an impressive array of monumental platforms (ahu) and statues (moai). To understand how Rapanui acquired their scarce fresh water, we review ethnohistoric data from first European arrival (1722) through ...


Wiseman, Michelle (Fa 1306), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives Jun 2019

Wiseman, Michelle (Fa 1306), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives

FA Finding Aids

Finding aid only for Folklife Archives Project 1306. Student project titled “Folk Songs and Legends,” which includes survey sheets of folk songs and folk legends collected in Indiana and Kentucky. Sheets may include folk songs, lyrics, musical scores, Brown Collection variant number, legends, informant’s name, age, and address.


Fuller, Patrick Jon (Fa 1305), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives Jun 2019

Fuller, Patrick Jon (Fa 1305), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives

FA Finding Aids

Finding aid only for Folklife Archives Project 1305. Student project titled “Slave Folklore,” which includes details about the memories regarding black magic and ghost stories of Anna Belle Daves in Christian County, Kentucky. Survey sheets include quotes from Daves.


The Collapse Of Empire At Gordion In The Transition From The Achaemenid To The Hellenistic World, Elspeth R. M. Dusinberre Jun 2019

The Collapse Of Empire At Gordion In The Transition From The Achaemenid To The Hellenistic World, Elspeth R. M. Dusinberre

Classics Faculty Contributions

Gordion, ancient capital of Phrygia, was a large and thriving city of secondary importance during the period of the Achaemenid Persian Empire (ca 550–333 BC). Recent work makes possible a reconsideration of the site: evaluating its architecture, finds and use of landscape within and after the socio-economic and administrative context of the Achaemenid imperial system enables the following new overview. During the Achaemenid period, Gordion’s populace participated in the broad cultural exchanges enabled by the imperial system and may have emphasised animal husbandry. When Alexander’s conquest led to the collapse of the Achaemenid administrative infrastructure, the impact ...


Clarke, Kenneth Wendell, B. 1917 (Fa 1304), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives Jun 2019

Clarke, Kenneth Wendell, B. 1917 (Fa 1304), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives

FA Finding Aids

Finding aid only for Folklife Archives Project 1304. Project titled “Place Names [Clark County, Indiana],” which includes details about the folk names of sites in Clark County, Indiana. The paper may include the traditional name of the site, the history of the site’s folk name, and its location.


Intersectionality And Maternal Mortality: African-American Women And Healthcare Bias, Katherine Mijal Jun 2019

Intersectionality And Maternal Mortality: African-American Women And Healthcare Bias, Katherine Mijal

Global Honors Theses

African-American women's maternal mortality is significantly higher than that of white women. This is because of the intersectional oppression of sexism and racism, which significantly limits these women's access to quality healthcare through their pregnancy and during and after birth. This access is impeded by healthcare practitioners' implicit biases, which result in these practitioners not providing their patients with the quality of care they need.


Kimbler, Jewel (Fa 1303), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives Jun 2019

Kimbler, Jewel (Fa 1303), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives

FA Finding Aids

Finding aid only for Folklife Archives Project 1303. Student folk studies project titled: “History of Columbia, Kentucky, 1920’s and 1930’s,” which includes interviews with Mason Judd and Callie Huff about their early lives in Columbia, Adair County, Kentucky. Interviews are found on cassette tapes 1420 and 1422, which are also stored in the Sound Archives.


Let's Talk About Sex, Maybe, Ani Karagianis Jun 2019

Let's Talk About Sex, Maybe, Ani Karagianis

Inter-Text: An Undergraduate Journal for Social Sciences and Humanities

No abstract provided.


Innate Mysticism: An Argument For Neurotheology, Zoe L. Walts Jun 2019

Innate Mysticism: An Argument For Neurotheology, Zoe L. Walts

Inter-Text: An Undergraduate Journal for Social Sciences and Humanities

No abstract provided.


Antle, Ruth Ann (Fa 1302), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives Jun 2019

Antle, Ruth Ann (Fa 1302), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives

FA Finding Aids

Finding aid only for Folklife Archives Project 1302. Student folk studies project completed by Ruth Ann Antle titled: “Parvin Reece History Project,” which includes an interview with Parvin Egbert Reece about his life in Montpelier, Adair County, Kentucky. Interview is found on cassette tape 1451, which is also stored in the Sound Archives.


For The Wild: Ritual And Commitment In Radical Eco-Activism By Sarah M. Pike, Alda Balthrop-Lewis Jun 2019

For The Wild: Ritual And Commitment In Radical Eco-Activism By Sarah M. Pike, Alda Balthrop-Lewis

The Goose

Review of Sarah M. Pike's For the Wild: Ritual and Commitment in Radical Eco-Activism