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Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

Domestic Masonry Architecture In 17th-Century Virginia, David Brown Dec 2015

Domestic Masonry Architecture In 17th-Century Virginia, David Brown

David C. Brown

The focus of this study is to provide an easily accessible source of information on domestic masonry architecture in 17th-century Virginia. This includes buildings constructed entirely of brick or stone as well as framed structures, brick enders, and homes with brick-nogged walls. The few surviving examples of these buildings do not adequately represent the period and, until recently, literature pertaining to this subject has either been inaccurate or has concentrated far too heavily on a limited number of structures. Through research in the fields of history, historical archaeology, and architectural history, at least 24 structures have been found dating to ...


Wetland Manipulation In The Yalahau Region Of The Northern Maya Lowlands, Scott Fedick, Bethany Morrison, Bente Andersen, Sylviane Boucher, Jorge Acosta, Jennifer Mathews Nov 2015

Wetland Manipulation In The Yalahau Region Of The Northern Maya Lowlands, Scott Fedick, Bethany Morrison, Bente Andersen, Sylviane Boucher, Jorge Acosta, Jennifer Mathews

Jennifer P Mathews

Manipulation of wetlands for agricultural purposes by the ancient Maya of southern Mexico and Central America has been a subject of much research and debate since the 1970s. Evidence for wetland cultivation systems, in the form of drained or channelized fields, and raised planting platforms, has been restricted primarily to the southern Maya Lowlands. New research in the Yalahau region of Quintana Roo, Mexico, has recorded evidence for wetland manipulation in the far northern lowlands, in the form of rock alignments that apparently functioned to control water movement and soil accumulation in seasonally inundated areas. Nearby ancient settlements date primarily ...


A Pre-Columbian World [Review], Jennifer Mathews Nov 2015

A Pre-Columbian World [Review], Jennifer Mathews

Jennifer P Mathews

This excellent volume arose out of the 2001 Dumbarton Oaks symposium, “A Pre-Columbian World.” The proposal of the symposium, in response to the recent trend of hyperdifferentiating cultures and emphasizing geographic and cultural boundaries, was to examine commonalities of the pre-Columbian world. The subsequent well-crafted, 11-chapter volume examines “the Americas” through the research of scholars working in North, Central, and South America. A number of themes emerge, including a call to Americanist archaeologists to remember that the geographic and political boundaries that we have placed on the ancient world are not real and that we should once again consider the ...


Megalithic Architecture At The Site Of Victoria, Quintana Roo, Jennifer Mathews Nov 2015

Megalithic Architecture At The Site Of Victoria, Quintana Roo, Jennifer Mathews

Jennifer P Mathews

Megalithische Architektur in der archäologischen Stätte Victoria in Quintana Roo, Mexiko. Das "Yalahau Regional Human Ecology Project" der University of California, Riverside und der Trinity University, San Antonio erforscht seit 1993 die archäologischen Stätten in der Region von Tumben-Naranjal im nördlichen Quintana Roo. Im Jahr 1997 wurde der zuvor nicht bekannte Fundort Victoria im Munizip von Leona Vicario dokumentiert und vermessen. Neben einer kolonialzeitlichen Kirche ließen sich verschiedene Strukturen nachweisen, deren Architektur im megalithischen Stil ausgeführt ist. Die megalithische Bauweise ist charakteristisch für die Zeit der späten Präklassik und frühen Klassik auf der Halbinsel Yukatan.

Arquitectura megalítica en el sitio ...


Models Of Cosmic Order: Physical Expression Of Sacred Space Among The Ancient Maya, Jennifer Mathews, James Garber Nov 2015

Models Of Cosmic Order: Physical Expression Of Sacred Space Among The Ancient Maya, Jennifer Mathews, James Garber

Jennifer P Mathews

The archaeological record, as well as written texts, oral traditions, and iconographic representations, express the Maya perception of cosmic order, including the concepts of quadripartite division and layered cosmos. The ritual act of portioning and layering created spatial order and was used to organize everything from the heavens to the layout of altars. These acts were also metaphors for world creation, world order, and establishing the center as a position of power and authority. This article examines the articulations of these concepts from the level of caches to the level of regions from the past and present in an attempt ...


Radiocarbon Dating Of Architectural Mortar: A Case Study In The Maya Region, Quintana Roo, Mexico, Jennifer Mathews Nov 2015

Radiocarbon Dating Of Architectural Mortar: A Case Study In The Maya Region, Quintana Roo, Mexico, Jennifer Mathews

Jennifer P Mathews

The use of radiocarbon dating to analyze mortar and charcoal inclusions within mortar or plaster is a useful way to date the construction of architecture, particularly when options for other chronometric methods are limited. In the Yalahau region of northern Quintana Roo, Mexico, members of the Yalahau Regional Human Ecology Project have faced challenges in dating buildings made of large blocks of stone in the Megalithic architectural style. The Megalithic style poses serious problems for any analysis, as excavating into structures with stones weighing several tons can be dangerous, expensive, and time consuming. Additionally, there are no associated sculptures, texts ...


The Box Ni Group Of Naranjal, And Early Architecture Of The Maya Lowlands, Jennifer Mathews Nov 2015

The Box Ni Group Of Naranjal, And Early Architecture Of The Maya Lowlands, Jennifer Mathews

Jennifer P Mathews

The distinctive Early Classic megalithic style of the northern Maya Lowlands did not exist in isolation, but rather shared a number of features with monumental architecture of the central Petén. One particularly striking example is the triadic platform grouping, found at Naranjal as well as Uaxactún and other early sites of the northern and southern lowlands. The temporal and geographic distribution of Maya triadic platform groupings are reviewed in conjunction with such shared architectural features as rounded corners. These comparisons support the early dating ofmegalithic architecture and help define the special characteristics of this northern lowland style.


Preliminary Evidence For The Existence Of A Regional Sacbe Across The Northern Maya Lowlands, Scott Fedick, Dawn Reid, Jennifer Mathews Nov 2015

Preliminary Evidence For The Existence Of A Regional Sacbe Across The Northern Maya Lowlands, Scott Fedick, Dawn Reid, Jennifer Mathews

Jennifer P Mathews

Ancient road systems have often been used by archaeologists to reconstruct interaction and political ties among prehistoric settlements. Roads built by the ancient Maya offer many insights into the political geography of the area, particularly in the northern lowlands where hieroglyphic texts are rare. This study examines ethnohistoric, historic, and archaeological data that suggest that a regional road, some 300 km in length, once spanned the northern lowlands from the modern location of Mérida to the east coast facing the island of Cozumel. The political implications of such a road, if it once existed, are discussed.


El Proyecto Costa Escondida: Arqueología Y Compromiso Comunitario A Lo Largo De La Costa Norte De Quintana Roo, México, Jeffrey Glover, Dominique Rissolo, Jennifer Mathews, Carrie Furman Nov 2015

El Proyecto Costa Escondida: Arqueología Y Compromiso Comunitario A Lo Largo De La Costa Norte De Quintana Roo, México, Jeffrey Glover, Dominique Rissolo, Jennifer Mathews, Carrie Furman

Jennifer P Mathews

El Proyecto Costa Escondida iniciado en 2006 se diseñó para investigar las culturas marítimas previas y posteriores al contacto español, así como para estudiar el paisaje del norte de Quintana Roo, Península de Yucatán, México. Este proyecto no promueve una agenda de desarrollo “tradicional”, sino que se inserta en la crítica del desarrollo para ampliar los límites del compromiso comunitario a través del aprendizaje social. Al encontrarse lejos de los principales sitios turísticos de la costa del Caribe, el área cuenta con una industria de turismo en expansión asociada a la Isla Holbox. En este artículo se discuten las experiencias ...


Utatlán: The Constituted Community Of The K’Iche’ Maya Of Q’Umarkaj [Review], Jennifer Mathews Nov 2015

Utatlán: The Constituted Community Of The K’Iche’ Maya Of Q’Umarkaj [Review], Jennifer Mathews

Jennifer P Mathews

This volume is the culmination of fieldwork that was carried out in the 1970s at Greater Utatlán, made up of several communities surrounding the ceremonial centre of Q'umarkaj and the famed home of the Popol Wuj. Although he completed his dissertation in 1980, Babcock freely admits that life got in the way of publishing at the time, and I commend him for returning to it three decades later. This temporal distance offers the advantage of being able to review the initial work within the context of later research and to incorporate the wisdom attained since the initial writing of ...


Enlightening The Bats: Sound And Place Making In Burmese Buddhist Practice, Andrew Dicks Nov 2015

Enlightening The Bats: Sound And Place Making In Burmese Buddhist Practice, Andrew Dicks

Andrew Dicks

In Burma (Myanmar), the Abhidhamma, a rigorous and abstract soteriological treatise situated within the vast Pali Buddhist canon, is the focus of both monastic and lay practitioners’ close study and popular veneration. In particular, the Paṭṭhāna, the last and most complex volume of the Abhidhamma, is envisioned as a keystone in the long-term preservation of the Buddha’s teachings, which are also understood to inevitably disappear. As a result of these conditions and understandings, a popular ritualized and amplified recitation of this difficult text has developed in order to maintain the text’s presence in popular consciousness. This is a ...


Response To Commentary On “Rethinking Combined Departments: An Argument For History & Anthropology” By Stephen M. Lyon/Durham University, Uk; Yasar Abu Ghosh, Pavel Himl, Tereza Stöckelová, Lucie Storchová/Charles University, Prague; Robert Gibb/University Of Glasgow; Jakob Krause-Jensen/Aarhus University, Denmark; Veerendra P. Lele/Denison University, Ageeth Sluis, Elise Edwards Sep 2015

Response To Commentary On “Rethinking Combined Departments: An Argument For History & Anthropology” By Stephen M. Lyon/Durham University, Uk; Yasar Abu Ghosh, Pavel Himl, Tereza Stöckelová, Lucie Storchová/Charles University, Prague; Robert Gibb/University Of Glasgow; Jakob Krause-Jensen/Aarhus University, Denmark; Veerendra P. Lele/Denison University, Ageeth Sluis, Elise Edwards

Ageeth Sluis

Contains response from the authors, Ageeth Sluis and Elise Edwards.


Rethinking Combined History Departments: An Argument For History And Anthropology, Ageeth Sluis, Elise Edwards Sep 2015

Rethinking Combined History Departments: An Argument For History And Anthropology, Ageeth Sluis, Elise Edwards

Ageeth Sluis

Many opportunities for more integrated teaching that better capture the interdisciplinary nature of contemporary scholars' work and better achieve the aims of liberal arts education still remain untapped, particularly at smaller schools where combined departments are often necessary. The disciplinary boundaries between history and sociocultural anthropology have become increasingly blurred in recent decades, a trend reflected in scholarly work that engages with both fields, as well as dual-degree graduate programmes at top U.S. research universities. For many scholars, this interdisciplinarity makes sense, with the two disciplines offering critical theoretical tools and methods that must be used in combination to ...


Program Report For The Society Of East Asian Anthropology, Elise Edwards Sep 2015

Program Report For The Society Of East Asian Anthropology, Elise Edwards

Elise M. Edwards

No abstract provided.


Response To Commentary On “Rethinking Combined Departments: An Argument For History & Anthropology” By Stephen M. Lyon/Durham University, Uk; Yasar Abu Ghosh, Pavel Himl, Tereza Stöckelová, Lucie Storchová/Charles University, Prague; Robert Gibb/University Of Glasgow; Jakob Krause-Jensen/Aarhus University, Denmark; Veerendra P. Lele/Denison University, Ageeth Sluis, Elise Edwards Sep 2015

Response To Commentary On “Rethinking Combined Departments: An Argument For History & Anthropology” By Stephen M. Lyon/Durham University, Uk; Yasar Abu Ghosh, Pavel Himl, Tereza Stöckelová, Lucie Storchová/Charles University, Prague; Robert Gibb/University Of Glasgow; Jakob Krause-Jensen/Aarhus University, Denmark; Veerendra P. Lele/Denison University, Ageeth Sluis, Elise Edwards

Elise M. Edwards

Contains response from the authors, Ageeth Sluis and Elise Edwards.


Rethinking Combined History Departments: An Argument For History And Anthropology, Ageeth Sluis, Elise Edwards Sep 2015

Rethinking Combined History Departments: An Argument For History And Anthropology, Ageeth Sluis, Elise Edwards

Elise M. Edwards

Many opportunities for more integrated teaching that better capture the interdisciplinary nature of contemporary scholars' work and better achieve the aims of liberal arts education still remain untapped, particularly at smaller schools where combined departments are often necessary. The disciplinary boundaries between history and sociocultural anthropology have become increasingly blurred in recent decades, a trend reflected in scholarly work that engages with both fields, as well as dual-degree graduate programmes at top U.S. research universities. For many scholars, this interdisciplinarity makes sense, with the two disciplines offering critical theoretical tools and methods that must be used in combination to ...


Theorizing The Cultural Importance Of Play: Anthropological Approaches To Sports And Recreation Of Japan, Elise Edwards Sep 2015

Theorizing The Cultural Importance Of Play: Anthropological Approaches To Sports And Recreation Of Japan, Elise Edwards

Elise M. Edwards

Dr. Edwards' contribution to: Robertson, Jennifer Ellen. 2005. A Companion to the Anthropology of Japan. Blackwell companions to anthropology, 5. Malden, MA: Blackwell Pub..


An Ethics For Working Up?: Japanese Corporate Scandals And Rethinking Lessons About Fieldwork, Elise Edwards Sep 2015

An Ethics For Working Up?: Japanese Corporate Scandals And Rethinking Lessons About Fieldwork, Elise Edwards

Elise M. Edwards

Almost forty years after Laura Nader's initial rallying call for anthropologists to “study up,” research on power holders and elite individuals and institutions still constitutes only a small fraction of ethnographic work. In addition, many of the methodological and ethical issues specific to studying up remain under-examined. Most discussions of methodological and ethical dilemmas in anthropology to date have assumed a power differential that favors the anthropologist. What happens when the power vector points in the other direction? Through the retelling of dilemmas faced when dealing with a very powerful and prominent field subject, I set the stage for ...


Towards A Unified Theory Of Play: A Case Study Of Minecraft, James Hooper, Penny De Byl Aug 2015

Towards A Unified Theory Of Play: A Case Study Of Minecraft, James Hooper, Penny De Byl

Penny de Byl

Researchers in the fields of game design, childhood development, learning, and movement studies discuss the concept of play. However, the term has been frequently redefined resulting in a divergent understanding of the concept. This paper presents a Unified Theory of Play that aims to provide a holistic examination of the domain that will enhance understanding of play by delivering a tripartite framework for critical analysis of a variety of computer games. Minecraft is presented herein as a case study analysis using the proposed framework.


Modern Views Of Ancient Goddesses In Tarot, Jeana Jorgensen Jul 2015

Modern Views Of Ancient Goddesses In Tarot, Jeana Jorgensen

Jeana Jorgensen

Jeana Jorgensen's contribution to: Tarot in Culture, ed. Emily Auger. Ontario: Valleyhome Books, 2014.


Sexual Health & Relationship Education Via Life Stories, Jeana Jorgensen, Xaverine Bates, Lara [Sic] Jul 2015

Sexual Health & Relationship Education Via Life Stories, Jeana Jorgensen, Xaverine Bates, Lara [Sic]

Jeana Jorgensen

A riart Grrrl, a folklorist and a condom monologuer get together to discuss the phenomenon of real-life storytelling in the context of sex education,


Geller, Pamela L. And Miranda K. Stockett, Eds., Feminist Anthropology: Past, Present, Future And Lavender, Catherine J., Scientists And Storytellers: Feminist Anthropologists And The Construction Of The American Southwest, Double Review, Jeana Jorgensen Jul 2015

Geller, Pamela L. And Miranda K. Stockett, Eds., Feminist Anthropology: Past, Present, Future And Lavender, Catherine J., Scientists And Storytellers: Feminist Anthropologists And The Construction Of The American Southwest, Double Review, Jeana Jorgensen

Jeana Jorgensen

No abstract provided.


2013 Propp, Vladimir, The Russian Folktale And Chandler, Robert, Russian Magic Tales: From Pushkin To Platonov, Jeana Jorgensen Jul 2015

2013 Propp, Vladimir, The Russian Folktale And Chandler, Robert, Russian Magic Tales: From Pushkin To Platonov, Jeana Jorgensen

Jeana Jorgensen

No abstract provided.


Computational Analysis Of The Body In European Fairy Tales, Scott Weingart, Jeana Jorgensen Jul 2015

Computational Analysis Of The Body In European Fairy Tales, Scott Weingart, Jeana Jorgensen

Jeana Jorgensen

This article explores how digital humanities research methods can be used to analyze the representations of gendered bodies in European fairy tales, a flexible and pervasive genre that has influenced Western children's education and acquisition of gender identity for centuries. By blending the theoretical and methodological concerns of folkloristics, gender studies, and large-scale scientific research, this article demonstrates the utility of cross-disciplinary collaboration in asking traditional questions of traditional materials with new methods. To facilitate this research, a hand-coded database listing every reference to a body or body part in the 233 fairy tales was created. Analysis revealed strong ...


Zipes, Jack, The Enchanted Screen: A History Of Fairy Tales On Film, Jeana Jorgensen Jul 2015

Zipes, Jack, The Enchanted Screen: A History Of Fairy Tales On Film, Jeana Jorgensen

Jeana Jorgensen

No abstract provided.


Pemberton, Marilyn. Enchanted Ideologies: A Collection Of Rediscovered Nineteenth-Century Moral Fairy Tales, Jeana Jorgensen Jul 2015

Pemberton, Marilyn. Enchanted Ideologies: A Collection Of Rediscovered Nineteenth-Century Moral Fairy Tales, Jeana Jorgensen

Jeana Jorgensen

No abstract provided.


Whether It’S Coins, Fringe, Or Just Stuff That’S Sparkly': Aesthetics And Utility In A Tribal Fusion Belly Dance Troupe’S Costumes, Jeana Jorgensen Jul 2015

Whether It’S Coins, Fringe, Or Just Stuff That’S Sparkly': Aesthetics And Utility In A Tribal Fusion Belly Dance Troupe’S Costumes, Jeana Jorgensen

Jeana Jorgensen

As both a scholar and a belly dancer, I believe that belly dance is recognizable on aesthetic grounds. In addition to the movements that belly dancers typically perform—muscle isolations, undulations, graceful hand motions and turns, and lots of hip work—belly dancers wear costumes that are visually identifiable as belly dance costumes. While this description may seem tautological, there are recognizable standards both in the public sphere and among dancers for what constitutes the belly dance image—or images, as belly dance is a diverse phenomenon that encompasses teaching, learning, performing, watching, socializing, and costuming.


Bacchilega, Cristina, Fairy Tales Transformed? Twenty-First-Century Adaptations And The Politics Of Wonder, Jeana Jorgensen Jul 2015

Bacchilega, Cristina, Fairy Tales Transformed? Twenty-First-Century Adaptations And The Politics Of Wonder, Jeana Jorgensen

Jeana Jorgensen

No abstract provided.


Understanding ‘The Body’ In Fairy Tales, Scott Weingart, Jeana Jorgensen Jul 2015

Understanding ‘The Body’ In Fairy Tales, Scott Weingart, Jeana Jorgensen

Jeana Jorgensen

Computational analysis and feminist theory generally aren’t the first things that come to mind in association with fairy tales. This unlikely pairing, however, can lead to important insights regarding how cultures understand and represent themselves. For example, by looking at how characters are described in European fairy tales, we’ve been able to show how Western culture tends to bias the younger generation, especially the men. While that result probably won’t shock anyone more than passingly familiar with the Western world, the method of reaching these results allows us to look at cultural biases in a new light ...


Bobby, Susan Redington, Ed., Fairy Tales Reimagined: Essays On New Retellings, Jeana Jorgensen Jul 2015

Bobby, Susan Redington, Ed., Fairy Tales Reimagined: Essays On New Retellings, Jeana Jorgensen

Jeana Jorgensen

No abstract provided.