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Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

Pvc-Lot-015-E-011, Russell Smith Feb 2999

Pvc-Lot-015-E-011, Russell Smith

Four Valleys Archive

No abstract provided.


Children Shouldn't Play With Dead Things, Sarah Adcock Aug 2019

Children Shouldn't Play With Dead Things, Sarah Adcock

Graduate School of Art Theses

I view my creative process as alchemy, the transformation of materials through experimentation. I use wax as a material that transcends its historical use as a sculptural process for casting and instead, use it for its transmutable qualities to inform content. Because of its plasticity and duality as fragile and resilient, wax is symbolically submissive and assertive. By applying heat, wax can be molded and formed into new shapes. Once it cools, wax reverts back to its natural state; solid and impermeable. I use objects to explore desires of origin and life. Transitional objects, the first “me not me” possession ...


Analyzing Social Issues Within Rock Island’S Christian Communities, Daniel Warren Jun 2019

Analyzing Social Issues Within Rock Island’S Christian Communities, Daniel Warren

Celebration of Learning

This research asks how Christians within the Quad Cities Area understand prevalent American social issues. Through my research, I explored how homophobia, racism, and gender discrimination fit within the context of American Christianity. I conducted interviews and participant observation with two different communities within the Rock Island area: Intervarsity Christian Fellowship, and the Quad Cities Mainspring Ministry. My research examines several major themes: race, sexuality, gender, and socioeconomic status, and through my research I concluded that religion is a major factor in contributing to how my participants have viewed these themes.


The Ethnohistory Of Freshwater Use On Rapa Nui (Easter Island, Chile), Sean W. Hixon, Robert J. Dinapoli, Carl P. Lipo, Terry L. Hunt Jun 2019

The Ethnohistory Of Freshwater Use On Rapa Nui (Easter Island, Chile), Sean W. Hixon, Robert J. Dinapoli, Carl P. Lipo, Terry L. Hunt

Anthropology Faculty Scholarship

Sources of drinking water on islands often present critical constraints to human habitation. On Rapa Nui (Easter Island, Chile), there is remarkably little surface fresh water due to the nature of the island’s volcanic geology. While several lakes exist in volcanic craters, most rainwater quickly passes into the subsurface and emerges at coastal springs. Nevertheless, the island sustained a relatively large human population for hundreds of years, one that built an impressive array of monumental platforms (ahu) and statues (moai). To understand how Rapanui acquired their scarce fresh water, we review ethnohistoric data from first European arrival (1722) through ...


The Ethnohistory Of Freshwater Use On Rapa Nui (Easter Island, Chile), Carl P. Lipo Jun 2019

The Ethnohistory Of Freshwater Use On Rapa Nui (Easter Island, Chile), Carl P. Lipo

Carl Lipo

Sources of drinking water on islands often present critical constraints to human habitation. On Rapa Nui (Easter Island, Chile), there is remarkably little surface fresh water due to the nature of the island’s volcanic geology. While several lakes exist in volcanic craters, most rainwater quickly passes into the subsurface and emerges at coastal springs. Nevertheless, the island sustained a relatively large human population for hundreds of years, one that built an impressive array of monumental platforms (ahu) and statues (moai). To understand how Rapanui acquired their scarce fresh water, we review ethnohistoric data from first European arrival (1722) through ...


Wiseman, Michelle (Fa 1306), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives Jun 2019

Wiseman, Michelle (Fa 1306), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives

FA Finding Aids

Finding aid only for Folklife Archives Project 1306. Student project titled “Folk Songs and Legends,” which includes survey sheets of folk songs and folk legends collected in Indiana and Kentucky. Sheets may include folk songs, lyrics, musical scores, Brown Collection variant number, legends, informant’s name, age, and address.


Fuller, Patrick Jon (Fa 1305), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives Jun 2019

Fuller, Patrick Jon (Fa 1305), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives

FA Finding Aids

Finding aid only for Folklife Archives Project 1305. Student project titled “Slave Folklore,” which includes details about the memories regarding black magic and ghost stories of Anna Belle Daves in Christian County, Kentucky. Survey sheets include quotes from Daves.


The Collapse Of Empire At Gordion In The Transition From The Achaemenid To The Hellenistic World, Elspeth R. M. Dusinberre Jun 2019

The Collapse Of Empire At Gordion In The Transition From The Achaemenid To The Hellenistic World, Elspeth R. M. Dusinberre

Classics Faculty Contributions

Gordion, ancient capital of Phrygia, was a large and thriving city of secondary importance during the period of the Achaemenid Persian Empire (ca 550–333 BC). Recent work makes possible a reconsideration of the site: evaluating its architecture, finds and use of landscape within and after the socio-economic and administrative context of the Achaemenid imperial system enables the following new overview. During the Achaemenid period, Gordion’s populace participated in the broad cultural exchanges enabled by the imperial system and may have emphasised animal husbandry. When Alexander’s conquest led to the collapse of the Achaemenid administrative infrastructure, the impact ...


Clarke, Kenneth Wendell, B. 1917 (Fa 1304), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives Jun 2019

Clarke, Kenneth Wendell, B. 1917 (Fa 1304), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives

FA Finding Aids

Finding aid only for Folklife Archives Project 1304. Project titled “Place Names [Clark County, Indiana],” which includes details about the folk names of sites in Clark County, Indiana. The paper may include the traditional name of the site, the history of the site’s folk name, and its location.


Kimbler, Jewel (Fa 1303), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives Jun 2019

Kimbler, Jewel (Fa 1303), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives

FA Finding Aids

Finding aid only for Folklife Archives Project 1303. Student folk studies project titled: “History of Columbia, Kentucky, 1920’s and 1930’s,” which includes interviews with Mason Judd and Callie Huff about their early lives in Columbia, Adair County, Kentucky. Interviews are found on cassette tapes 1420 and 1422, which are also stored in the Sound Archives.


Let's Talk About Sex, Maybe, Ani Karagianis Jun 2019

Let's Talk About Sex, Maybe, Ani Karagianis

Inter-Text: An Undergraduate Journal for Social Sciences and Humanities

No abstract provided.


Innate Mysticism: An Argument For Neurotheology, Zoe L. Walts Jun 2019

Innate Mysticism: An Argument For Neurotheology, Zoe L. Walts

Inter-Text: An Undergraduate Journal for Social Sciences and Humanities

No abstract provided.


For The Wild: Ritual And Commitment In Radical Eco-Activism By Sarah M. Pike, Alda Balthrop-Lewis Jun 2019

For The Wild: Ritual And Commitment In Radical Eco-Activism By Sarah M. Pike, Alda Balthrop-Lewis

The Goose

Review of Sarah M. Pike's For the Wild: Ritual and Commitment in Radical Eco-Activism


Antle, Ruth Ann (Fa 1302), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives Jun 2019

Antle, Ruth Ann (Fa 1302), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives

FA Finding Aids

Finding aid only for Folklife Archives Project 1302. Student folk studies project completed by Ruth Ann Antle titled: “Parvin Reece History Project,” which includes an interview with Parvin Egbert Reece about his life in Montpelier, Adair County, Kentucky. Interview is found on cassette tape 1451, which is also stored in the Sound Archives.


Grape, Virginia (Fa 1301), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives Jun 2019

Grape, Virginia (Fa 1301), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives

FA Oral Histories

Finding aid only for Folklife Archives Project 1301. Student project titled “Place Name Legend: Lickskillet, Kentucky,” which includes a project with a brief description of the history of Lickskillet in Logan County, Kentucky. Project includes descriptions of sites, photos, and the names and addresses of the informants.


Reynolds, Paula Jean (Fa 1300), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives Jun 2019

Reynolds, Paula Jean (Fa 1300), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives

FA Oral Histories

Finding aid only for Folklife Archives Project 1300. Project titled “Rosa Cleo Steelman Speer in Doll Making,” which includes details about traditional doll making in Taylor County, Kentucky. The paper includes illustrations, pattern pieces, photos, and detailed directions of the process.


Beware The Cat In The Hat: How Children's Literature Is The Modern Form Of Segregation, Lucy Kebler Jun 2019

Beware The Cat In The Hat: How Children's Literature Is The Modern Form Of Segregation, Lucy Kebler

Celebration of Learning

Every person grows up exposed to children’s literature. Unfortunately, much of the children’s literature that is published is racially discriminatory, historically inaccurate, blatantly offensive, or pure propaganda. The research for this presentation began in Augustana College’s library and has transitioned to a much broader space: The Saint Louis Country Library. Through this research, it has become obvious that diverse literature is hard to find and is often marketed as only readable for those in the minority race depicted. Many libraries mark literature that contains African Americans, as to help “guide” readers in their selections. Books labeled in ...


Late Classic Soil Conservation And Agricultural Production In The Three Rivers Region, Byron Smith, Stanton Morse Jun 2019

Late Classic Soil Conservation And Agricultural Production In The Three Rivers Region, Byron Smith, Stanton Morse

Humboldt Journal of Social Relations

Agricultural production during the Classic Period (c.1,700 to 1050 BP) in the Central Maya Lowlands was comprised of a variety of techniques that were used to satisfy dietary needs and to stimulate its subsistence economy. The complexity of those methods was a consequence of a variable topography and previous forest management practices that likely resulted in wide-spread deforestation, and subsequently large-scale erosion which limited arable land. The Classic Maya solution to limitations in arable land, augmented by increased erosion seems to have come in the form of geotechnical constructions placed in a variety of positions along the contours ...


Mapping Maya Hinterlands: Lidar Derived Visualization To Identify Small Scale Features In Northwestern Belize, Jeremy Mcfarland, Marisol Cortes-Rincon Ph.D. Jun 2019

Mapping Maya Hinterlands: Lidar Derived Visualization To Identify Small Scale Features In Northwestern Belize, Jeremy Mcfarland, Marisol Cortes-Rincon Ph.D.

Humboldt Journal of Social Relations

This paper will discuss the processes and methods of relief visualization of LiDAR-derived digital elevation models (DEM’s) and classification of secondary data to identify archaeological remains on the ancient Maya landscape in northwestern Belize. The basis of the research explores various Geographic Information System (GIS) and cartographic techniques to visualize topographical relief. Graphic terrain maps assist archaeologists with predictive settlement patterns. The Relief Visualization Toolbox (RVT 1.3) aids to visualize raster DEM datasets in the predictive identification and interpretation of small-scale archaeological features. This dataset and methodology can be utilized to answer questions of population estimates, mobility costs ...


A Geospatial Recipe For Identifying Social Values And Fragmentation Issues Of The Friends Of The Dunes Land Trust, Buddhika Madurapperuma, Jess Barger, Melissa Collin, Christine Emerson, Sean Fleming, Brian Murphy Jun 2019

A Geospatial Recipe For Identifying Social Values And Fragmentation Issues Of The Friends Of The Dunes Land Trust, Buddhika Madurapperuma, Jess Barger, Melissa Collin, Christine Emerson, Sean Fleming, Brian Murphy

Humboldt Journal of Social Relations

The beach and coastal sand dunes comprise a dynamic and fragile ecosystem that provides a bounty of ecological services. These lands provide protection from coastal erosion and sea level rise, and are home to a rich biodiversity of plant and animal species in addition to their recreational value. The Humboldt Coastal Nature Center and the surrounding coastal dunes (HCNC) are man-aged as a land trust by Friends of the Dunes (FOD). FOD prioritize the restoration of dune habitats and encourages public involvement through community supported education and stewardship programs, guided nature tours, and naturalist training programs. The faculty, students, and ...


Situating Giving Back For Native Americans Pursuing Careers In Stem: “You Don’T Just Take, You Give Something Back”, Janet Page-Reeves, Gabriel Leroy Cortez, Yoenesha Ortiz, Mark Moffett, Kathy Deerinwater, Douglas Medin Jun 2019

Situating Giving Back For Native Americans Pursuing Careers In Stem: “You Don’T Just Take, You Give Something Back”, Janet Page-Reeves, Gabriel Leroy Cortez, Yoenesha Ortiz, Mark Moffett, Kathy Deerinwater, Douglas Medin

Intersections: Critical Issues in Education

This article explores how a desire to give back influences Native Americans pursuing education and careers in science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM). We present analysis of data from 51 interviews with Native students and STEM professionals. Despite the compelling evidence of the core significance of a community orientation among Native Americans, insufficient attention has been given to thinking about the unique challenges faced by STEM professionals in devising ways to give back and how this relates to the continuing problem of under-representation of Native Americans in STEM. Here we propose strategies for universities and industry to honor Native ways ...


Book Review: Making Ubumwe: Power, State And Camps In Rwanda’S Unity-Building Project, Simon Turner Jun 2019

Book Review: Making Ubumwe: Power, State And Camps In Rwanda’S Unity-Building Project, Simon Turner

Genocide Studies and Prevention: An International Journal

No abstract provided.


Robison, Jesse (Fa 1298), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives May 2019

Robison, Jesse (Fa 1298), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives

FA Oral Histories

Finding aid only for Folklife Archives Project 1298. Project titled “Military Songs and Cadence Rhymes,” which includes survey sheets of songs and cadences collected in Warren County, Kentucky and Marian, Smyth County, Virginia. Survey sheets may include descriptions, song lyrics, tunes, and informant name and location.


An Overview Of American Ginseng Through The Lens Of Healing, Conservation And Trade, Margaret Wulfsberg May 2019

An Overview Of American Ginseng Through The Lens Of Healing, Conservation And Trade, Margaret Wulfsberg

Lawrence University Honors Projects

American ginseng (Panax quinquefolius) is an herbaceous plant found in the eastern United States and Canada. Due to the high demand for ginseng roots on the Chinese market, it has been harvested at unsustainable rates. If this continues, overharvest along with other environmental factors will lead it to become extinct in the wild. American ginseng became popular due to its similarities with Asian ginseng, (Panax ginseng), a related plant that has been used in Chinese medicine for hundreds of years. Since there is so little Asian ginseng left in the wild, American ginseng now helps satisfy the demand for wild ...


Thomason, Mary Jean (Healan) (Fa 1299), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives May 2019

Thomason, Mary Jean (Healan) (Fa 1299), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives

FA Oral Histories

Finding aid only for Folklife Archives Project 1299. Project titled “Ten Broeck and Mollie: An Intriguing Puzzle,” which includes variants of the texts for “Ten Broeck and Mollie” and “Skewball” collected primarily from Jesse Blair in Grayson County, Kentucky. Project may include texts, song lyrics, tunes, photos, and informant name and location.


Competition And Cooperation In Polygynous & Monogamous Households: Experimental Evidence From Sierra Leone, Bethany Gerdemann May 2019

Competition And Cooperation In Polygynous & Monogamous Households: Experimental Evidence From Sierra Leone, Bethany Gerdemann

Master's Theses

Competition and cooperation in polygynous households have both been widely documented across various disciplines. There is contradictory evidence as to whether these interpersonal dynamics produce better or worse outcomes for the household. This study uses a competitiveness game and a series of dictator games to measure competition and cooperation within households and between marriage types. Results show that there are key differences between monogamy and polygyny. Monogamous women compete less with their husbands than stranger and less in comparison to polygynous women. Monogamous spouses are more likely to forgo economic opportunities than polygynous spouses and have a greater preference for ...


Raven’S Work In Tlingit Ethno-Geography, Thomas F. Thornton, Douglas Deur, Bert Adams May 2019

Raven’S Work In Tlingit Ethno-Geography, Thomas F. Thornton, Douglas Deur, Bert Adams

Douglas Deur

This is a chapter in Language and Toponymy in Alaska and Beyond: Papers in Honor of James Kari.

Book description:
It is difficult to imagine place names research in Alaska without the work of James Kari. Through his tireless field work and advocacy, Dr. Kari has collaborated with speakers of all of Alaska’s Dene languages to help build a comprehensive record of Dene geographic knowledge. When Jim came to Alaska in 1972, the documentation of Dene languages was fragmentary at best, and the only records of Native place names were those found inaccurately spelled on maps and gazetteers. Now ...


Crabtree, Julie Anne, B. 1988 (Fa 1294), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives May 2019

Crabtree, Julie Anne, B. 1988 (Fa 1294), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives

FA Finding Aids

Finding aid only for Folklife Archives Project 1294. Project titled “Pride Before the Fall: The Tale of a Motorcycle Wreck and the Onset of Supernatural Senses in Out-of-Body/Near-Death Experiences,” which details the supernatural experience of Russell Lee Callahan of Glasgow, Barren County, Kentucky. The interview includes details of the accident, the core supernatural experience, and the resulting change toward religion. The interview is stored in the Sound Archives.


Briscoe, Richard Blake (Fa 1292), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives May 2019

Briscoe, Richard Blake (Fa 1292), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives

FA Oral Histories

Finding aid only for Folklife Archives Project 1292. Student folk studies project titled “’The Music Will Preserve Itself’: The Lost River Strummers Dulcimer Club,” which includes the history of Southern Appalachian traditional music and the Lost River Strummers Dulcimer Club of Warren County, Kentucky. Sheet music for dulcimers is included.


Sexual Dimorphism In Homo Erectus Inferred From 1.5 Ma Footprints Near Ileret, Kenya, Brian Villmoare, Kevin G. Hatala, William Jungers May 2019

Sexual Dimorphism In Homo Erectus Inferred From 1.5 Ma Footprints Near Ileret, Kenya, Brian Villmoare, Kevin G. Hatala, William Jungers

Anthropology Faculty Publications

Sexual dimorphism can be one of the most important indicators of social behavior in fossil species, but the effects of time averaging, geographic variation, and differential preservation can complicate attempts to determine this measure from preserved skeletal anatomy. Here we present an alternative, using footprints from near Ileret, Kenya, to assess the sexual dimorphism of presumptive African Homo erectus at 1.5 Ma. Footprint sites have several unique advantages not typically available to fossils: a single surface can sample a population over a very brief time (in this case likely not more than a single day), and the data are ...