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2013

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Articles 1 - 30 of 149

Full-Text Articles in Organic Chemistry

Synthesis Of Novel Azetidines, Amber Thaxton Dec 2013

Synthesis Of Novel Azetidines, Amber Thaxton

University of New Orleans Theses and Dissertations

Azetidine is a four-membered nitrogen-containing heterocyclic ring that has recently received a great deal of attention as a molecular scaffold for the design and preparation of biologically active compounds. Structure-activity studies employing functionalized azetidines have led to the development of variety of drug molecules and clinical candidates encompassing a broad spectrum of biological activities.

Herein, the synthesis a novel series of 3-aryl-3-arylmethoxyazetidines is described. Selected 3-aryl-3-arylmethoxyazetidines were evaluated for their binding affinity to multiple monoaminergic transporters for the potential treatment of methamphetamine addiction. It was discovered that this scaffold exhibits high binding affinity (nM) for both the serotonin and dopamine ...


The Spontaneous Formation Of Selenium Nanoparticles On Gallic Acid Assemblies And Their Antioxidant Properties, Stacey Barnaby Fcrh '11, Nazmul Sarker Fcrh '13, Aaron Dowdell Fcrh '12, Ipsita Bannerjee Dec 2013

The Spontaneous Formation Of Selenium Nanoparticles On Gallic Acid Assemblies And Their Antioxidant Properties, Stacey Barnaby Fcrh '11, Nazmul Sarker Fcrh '13, Aaron Dowdell Fcrh '12, Ipsita Bannerjee

The Fordham Undergraduate Research Journal

Gallic acid (GA) is a naturally occurring plant phenol known for its anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties. In this work, we probed the molecular self-assembly of GA for the development of GA based nanocomposites for potential device fabrications and enhanced antioxidant applications. We found that the formation of GA nanostructures was pH dependent. Further, we examined the interactions of selenite with GA and subsequently examined the biomimetic formation of selenium (Se) nanoparticles. We found that in the presence of selenite, the yield of nanofibers was significantly higher, and selenium nanoparticle coated nanofibers were formed. The ability of the nanocomposites to scavenge ...


Progress Toward Synthesis Of Molecular Beacons Incorporating Dabcyl Analog Quenchers, Christie M. Ettles Dec 2013

Progress Toward Synthesis Of Molecular Beacons Incorporating Dabcyl Analog Quenchers, Christie M. Ettles

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Progress toward the synthesis of molecular beacons containing analogs of the universal quencher 4-(4'-dimethylaminophenylazo)benzoic acid (DABCYL) has been made. A synthetic methodology has been developed for the differential labeling of a PNA molecular beacon with quencher and fluorophore moieties. A DABCYL analog diarylazo compound and three small fluorescent molecules have been derivatized with terminal alkyne groups for incorporation into azide-decorated PNA oligomers by on-resin “click” chemistry. An optimized on-resin procedure was used to determine the viability of the fluorophores and quencher for incorporation into PNA.

The synthesis of a pyrrolocytidine phosphoramidite containing a diarylazo DABCYL analog moiety ...


Phosphate Esters, Thiophosphate Esters And Metal Thiophosphates As Lubricant Additives, David W. Johnson, John E. Hils Dec 2013

Phosphate Esters, Thiophosphate Esters And Metal Thiophosphates As Lubricant Additives, David W. Johnson, John E. Hils

Chemistry Faculty Publications

Phosphate esters, thiophosphate esters and metal thiophosphates have been used as lubricant additives for over 50 years. While their use has been extensive, a detailed knowledge of how they work has been a much more recent development. In this paper, the use of phosphate esters and thiophosphate esters as anti-wear or extreme pressure additives is reviewed with an emphasis on their mechanism of action. The review includes the use of alkyl phosphates, triaryl phosphates and metal containing thiophosphate esters. The mechanisms of these materials interacting with a range of iron and steel based bearing material are examined.


Developing A Presumptive Test For Select Synthetic Cannabinoids, Carrie Snyder Dec 2013

Developing A Presumptive Test For Select Synthetic Cannabinoids, Carrie Snyder

Theses and Dissertations

Synthetic cannabinoids (SC's) began to gain popularity around the world in 2009. Since then, many of the compounds have been outlawed and methods developed to detect them and their metabolites using mass spectrometry. Our work investigated the possibility of developing a colorimetric presumptive test. The SC JWH-019 was synthesized and its ketone targeted as a possible reaction site. Many SC's contain ketones and thus a reaction at this site would be applicable to many of the compounds. Since JWH-019 is costly and time consuming to synthesize, much of the experimental work was done using benzophenone (BP). BP contains ...


Design And Synthesis Of Novel Sultams As Non-Nucleoside Inhibitors Of Hiv Reverse Transcriptase, Brian Chadwick Lecroix Dec 2013

Design And Synthesis Of Novel Sultams As Non-Nucleoside Inhibitors Of Hiv Reverse Transcriptase, Brian Chadwick Lecroix

Doctoral Dissertations

The compound 2-methyl-3-phenyl-2,3-dihydro-1,2-benzisothiazole 1,1-dioxide (NSC 108406) was identified as an HIV-1 reverse transcriptase inhibitor by the National Cancer Institute. Using this lead, the Baker group has developed a series of analogues with various groups at the 3-position that show a spectrum of biological activities. In the end, the substituents used could not compare to the biological activity of the inhibitor efavirenz (Sustiva® [trademark]), and so it was decided to synthesize sultams with alkylethynyl substituents at the 3-position of the sultams in an attempt to mimic the activity of efavirenz.

Previous research analyzed the proposed novel sultams in ...


Tin Sensitization For Electroless Plating, Xingfei Wei Dec 2013

Tin Sensitization For Electroless Plating, Xingfei Wei

Theses and Dissertations

The tin sensitization process has been used in electroless plating since 1940s Brenner and Riddell developed the electroless plating for surface metallization method. It was found to be an interesting topic to study tin sensitization for chemically controlling metal deposition on different substrates, because the tin sensitization process had critical effects on the electroless plated metal thin films. Nowadays electroless plating metal deposition is still an important method for depositing metals. It has a few advantages over the vapor deposition and electrodeposition method, such as work in an ambient condition, on nonconductive substrates, and without extra power input. Applying electroless ...


Towards The Total Synthesis Of Antascomicin B. Efforts To Construct The C1-C21 Fragment, Juliette Rivero-Castro Dec 2013

Towards The Total Synthesis Of Antascomicin B. Efforts To Construct The C1-C21 Fragment, Juliette Rivero-Castro

Theses and Dissertations

Antascomicin B is a macrolide isolated from a strain of Micromonospora. It possesses structural similarities to FK506 and rapamycin and exhibits potent binding ability to FKBP12. Recent reports suggest that small molecule ligands of FKBP12 possess potent neuroprotective and neurodegenerative properties in mouse models of Parkinson's disease. Our approach to the C1-21 fragment of antascomicin B involves an asymmetric amino-Claisen rearrangement originally developed by Tsunoda et al.35 report the scalability of the preparation and rearrangement of an allylic amide possessing a silyloxy group at the terminal position of the alkene. The Tsunoda-Claisen rearrangement uses inexpensive (S)-α-methylbenzylamine as ...


Synthesis And Characterization Of Manganese Pyridazyl Complexes, Sana Shah Dec 2013

Synthesis And Characterization Of Manganese Pyridazyl Complexes, Sana Shah

Masters Theses & Specialist Projects

Heterocyclic’s and their fused-ring derivatives have been of interest for their use in electronic materials due to their ease of production, synthetic versatility, and low cost compared to traditional inorganic materials like silicon. Pyridazines have been found to be useful in catalysis gas storage, polymeric sensors and biological mimetics. When a transition-metal is fused into a synthesized pyridazine, unique properties such as conductivity and optics are allowed. In this work, synthesized pyridazine complexes will be analyzed by mass spectroscopy, elemental analysis, nuclear magnetic resonance, imaging, x-ray crystallography, and infrared spectroscopy. We are interested in synthesizing organometallic pyridazines and manganese ...


Molecular Level Interaction Of Human Fibroblast Growth Factor-1 (Hfgf-1) With Phloridzin, Rammohan Paripelly Dec 2013

Molecular Level Interaction Of Human Fibroblast Growth Factor-1 (Hfgf-1) With Phloridzin, Rammohan Paripelly

Masters Theses & Specialist Projects

Fibroblast growth factors (FGFs) are a family of growth factors which includes twenty three proteins. FGFs work as modulators for various cellular activities like mitosis, differentiation and survival. Among the FGF family, human fibroblast growth factor-1 (hFGF-1), which is also known as acidic fibroblast growth factor, is a potent angiogenic agent, involved in the formation of new blood vessels in various tissues. hFGF-1 is regarded as a prototype of the FGF family. It serves as one of the potential targets in tumor inhibition and obesity due to its involvement in new blood vessel formation in cancerous regions and adipose tissues ...


Lipid Production By Microalgae Treating Municipal Wastewater, James Edward Kelley Dec 2013

Lipid Production By Microalgae Treating Municipal Wastewater, James Edward Kelley

Master's Theses and Project Reports

Microalgae hold much promise as a feedstock in liquid biofuel production. Lipid content of microalgae cells range from 30-80% dry weight of biomass. It is projected that microalgae can produce between 1,000-6,500 gallons/acre/year of oil. Currently, production of industrial algae operates in open raceway ponds that use minimal capital and energy inputs to culture algae. Raceway ponds can also be used to grow microalgae from municipal waste streams. Although high biomass productivity can be achieved in these systems, there remains a large production gap between large volumes of biomass cultivation and high lipid content from microalgae ...


Three-Step Synthesis Of An Annulated Β-Carboline Via Palladium Catalysis, Seann Mulcahy, Jonathan Verelas Nov 2013

Three-Step Synthesis Of An Annulated Β-Carboline Via Palladium Catalysis, Seann Mulcahy, Jonathan Verelas

Seann P. Mulcahy

The synthesis of β-carbolines is a mature field, yet new methods are desirable to introduce new functionality onto the core scaffold. We describe the incorporation of an additional fused ring onto the β-carboline via a novel palladium-catalyzed, one-pot Sonogashira coupling/intramolecular [2+2+2] cyclization. This method generates three rings in one flask and produces an annulated β-carboline in 80% yield. A preliminary mechanistic study into the sequence of events is described, which confirms an unprecedented catalytic role for palladium.


New Bis(Imino)Pyridine Complexes Of Iron(Ii) And Iron(Iii), And Their Catalytic­ Activity In The Mukaiyama Aldol Reaction, Pushkar Shejwalkar, Nigam P. Rath, Eike B. Bauer Nov 2013

New Bis(Imino)Pyridine Complexes Of Iron(Ii) And Iron(Iii), And Their Catalytic­ Activity In The Mukaiyama Aldol Reaction, Pushkar Shejwalkar, Nigam P. Rath, Eike B. Bauer

Nigam Rath

New iron(II) and iron(III) complexes bearing bis(imino)pyridine ligands were synthesized and successfully applied to the Mukaiyama aldol reaction. The two complexes [FeCl2 L] (L = bis(imino)pyridine ligand, 55% isolated yield) and [LFe(μCl)3FeCl3] (76%) were obtained employing FeCl2 and FeCl3 iron sources, respectively, and characterized by elemental analyses, mass spectrometry, IR spectroscopy and, one example, by X-ray diffraction. The two new iron complexes were subsequently employed as catalysts in the Mukaiyama aldol reaction after abstraction of two chlorides by AgSbF6 to obtain the aldol products in 43% to virtually quantitative yield (CH2Cl2 solvent, room ...


Development Of Biodegradable And Stimuli-Responsive Macromolescules And Their Assemblies, Ali Nazemi Nov 2013

Development Of Biodegradable And Stimuli-Responsive Macromolescules And Their Assemblies, Ali Nazemi

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Polymersomes are potentially multifunctional soft materials constructed by the self-assembly of amphiphilic block copolymers in aqueous medium. While much research has focused on controlling the assembly and encapsulation properties of polymersomes, their surface functionalization has been relatively unexplored. This is important because it plays a critical role in determining their properties such as toxicity and biodistribution behavior. The work described in this thesis involves the development of a biocompatible and biodegradable polymersome systems based on poly(ethylene oxide)-b-polycaprolactone (PEO-PCL) block copolymers with azide surface groups as a novel scaffold for various biomedical applications. The surface functionalization of these ...


Cytochrome P450 Family 1 Inhibitors And Structure-Activity Relationships, Jiawang Liu, Jayalakshmi Sridhar, Maryam Foroozesh Nov 2013

Cytochrome P450 Family 1 Inhibitors And Structure-Activity Relationships, Jiawang Liu, Jayalakshmi Sridhar, Maryam Foroozesh

Faculty and Staff Publications

With the widespread use of O-alkoxyresorufin dealkylation assays since the 1990s, thousands of inhibitors of cytochrome P450 family 1 enzymes (P450s 1A1, 1A2, and 1B1) have been identified and studied. Generally, planar polycyclic molecules such as polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, stilbenoids, and flavonoids are considered to potentially be effective inhibitors of these enzymes, however, the details of the structure-activity relationships and selectivity of these inhibitors are still ambiguous. In this review, we thoroughly discuss the selectivity of many representative P450 family 1 inhibitors reported in the past 20 years through a meta-analysis.


Investigating Intermolecular Interactions In Crystalline Aspirin Using Cdft, Nicholas Turner, Tonglei Li, Mingtao Zhang Oct 2013

Investigating Intermolecular Interactions In Crystalline Aspirin Using Cdft, Nicholas Turner, Tonglei Li, Mingtao Zhang

The Summer Undergraduate Research Fellowship (SURF) Symposium

Drugs today are widely administered in their crystalline form, namely via tablets and capsules. The crystal structure of a drug molecule affects important drug qualities such as solubility, bioavailability, shelf life, and compaction properties. In order to form a basis for crystal structure prediction, it is necessary to first understand how intermolecular interactions cause molecules to pack in certain ways. Being able to predict and perhaps even control a drug molecule’s crystal structure will lead to the development of higher quality drugs that perform more consistently. Scientists and engineers do not fully understand the reasons for a molecule assuming ...


Osmium Catalyzed Dihydroxylation And Oxidative Cleavage Of Vinyl Sulfone And Elucidation Of The Vinylsulfone Polypropionate Methodology For The Synthesis Of The C32 Des-Methyl C28-C34 Actin Binding Tail Of Aplyronine A, Thomas Paul Bobinski Oct 2013

Osmium Catalyzed Dihydroxylation And Oxidative Cleavage Of Vinyl Sulfone And Elucidation Of The Vinylsulfone Polypropionate Methodology For The Synthesis Of The C32 Des-Methyl C28-C34 Actin Binding Tail Of Aplyronine A, Thomas Paul Bobinski

Open Access Dissertations

A general methodology for the generation of dipropionate functionalities using cyclic 7-membered vinylsulfones has been devised for the purpose of synthesizing polyketide natural products such as aplyronine A. Final oxidative cleavage via ozonolysis has been shown to be difficult providing variable yields. Furthermore, elegant synthesis of the C28-C34 segment of the aplyronine A actin binding tail has proved elusive. Utilization of OsO4 and catalytic citric acid has led to a methodology whereby harsh ozonolysis procedures can be mostly avoided. A reengineering of the vinylsulfone polypropionate methodology in conjunction with osmylation has been found to provide the actin binding tail under ...


Synthesis Of Novel Isoprenoid Diphosphate Analogs As Chemical Tools To Investigate Protein Geranylgeranylation, Kayla Jo Temple Oct 2013

Synthesis Of Novel Isoprenoid Diphosphate Analogs As Chemical Tools To Investigate Protein Geranylgeranylation, Kayla Jo Temple

Open Access Dissertations

Many proteins require prenylation in order to be biologically functional. Some such proteins include the small Ras and Rho GTPase superfamilies, nuclear lamins A and B, and the kinesin motor proteins CENP-E and F. Prenyltransferase (PTase) inhibition is currently being explored as a possible treatment not only for cancer but for a wide variety of other diseases.

Clinical studies revealed that the effectiveness of farnesyltransferase inhibitors (FTIs) to treat Ras-dependent tumors is determined by which isoform of Ras is overactive. Unfortunately the majority of Ras-dependent tumors have a mutation in either the N- or K-Ras isoforms; both of these isoforms ...


Continued Progress Towards Efficient Syntheses Of Cephalostatin North 1 Analogs, Daniel Preston Jamieson Oct 2013

Continued Progress Towards Efficient Syntheses Of Cephalostatin North 1 Analogs, Daniel Preston Jamieson

Open Access Dissertations

Jamieson, Daniel P. Ph.D., Purdue University, December 2013. Continued Progress Towards Efficient Syntheses of Cephalostatin North 1 Analogs. Major Professor: PhilipL. Fuchs.

The cephalostatins and ritterazines represent an intriguing class of marine natural products in both structure and biological activity, and the progress towards the synthesis of high valued analogs with a focus on process orientated methodology is described herein. Included in the pages to follow, is the further advancement of the `Red-Ox' strategy toward the highly efficient synthesis of 25-epi-4,15-dihydro-North 1, Chapter 2. A short review focusing on the earlier efforts toward the main synthetic challenges of ...


Fluorous- Phase Synthesis Of Heparan Sulfate Disaccharides & Low-Molecular Weight Additives For Enhancing The Performance Of Lithium-Ion Batteries., Matthew Daniel Casselman Oct 2013

Fluorous- Phase Synthesis Of Heparan Sulfate Disaccharides & Low-Molecular Weight Additives For Enhancing The Performance Of Lithium-Ion Batteries., Matthew Daniel Casselman

Open Access Dissertations

Heparan sulfate is a complex cell-surface proteoglycan that serves many important roles in biology, such as growth and development, immune response and pathogenesis. Heparan sulfate is structurally heterogeneous due to the variable post- glycosylation modifications, particularly the generation of diverse sets of sulfate esters (sulfoforms) for any given disaccharide unit. In order to establish useful relationships between heparan sulfate structure and biological activity, a set of well-defined sulfoforms is necessary to support binding affinity screening. In this thesis, we describe the generation of diverse sulfoforms from heparan disaccharides using a fluorous tag to facilitate purification of highly charged intermediates, and ...


Synthesis Of Orthogonally Protected 1,2-Diaminopropanoic Acids By Ring-Opening Of 3-Unsubstituted N-Activated Aziridine 2-Carboxylates With Para-Methoxybenzylamine: A Study Of The Regioselectivity Of The Reaction, Fintan Kelleher, Keith O'Brien Oct 2013

Synthesis Of Orthogonally Protected 1,2-Diaminopropanoic Acids By Ring-Opening Of 3-Unsubstituted N-Activated Aziridine 2-Carboxylates With Para-Methoxybenzylamine: A Study Of The Regioselectivity Of The Reaction, Fintan Kelleher, Keith O'Brien

Articles

Orthogonally protected 1,2-diaminopropanoic acids (DAPs) have been synthesised in good yields by the ring-opening of 3-unsubstituted N-activated aziridine 2-carboxylates with para-methoxybenzylamine. The choice of both the N-activating group and ester alkyl group had a significant influence on the ratio of attack at the a or b positions of the aziridine. However, the regiochemical outcome is not predictable.


Characterizing The Promiscuity Of Ligab, A Lignin Catabolite Degrading Extradiol Dioxygenase From Sphingomonas Paucimobilis Syk-6, Kevin P. Barry, Erika A. Taylor Sep 2013

Characterizing The Promiscuity Of Ligab, A Lignin Catabolite Degrading Extradiol Dioxygenase From Sphingomonas Paucimobilis Syk-6, Kevin P. Barry, Erika A. Taylor

Erika A. Taylor, Ph.D.

LigAB from Sphingomonas paucimobilis SYK-6 is the only structurally characterized dioxygenase of the largely uncharacterized superfamily of Type II extradiol dioxygenases (EDO). This enzyme catalyzes the oxidative ring-opening of protocatechuate (3,4-dihydroxybenzoic acid or PCA) in a pathway allowing the degradation of lignin derived aromatic compounds (LDACs). LigAB has also been shown to utilize two other LDACs from the same metabolic pathway as substrates, gallate, and 3-O-methyl gallate; however, kcat/KM had not been reported for any of these compounds. In order to assess the catalytic efficiency and get insights into the observed promiscuity of this enzyme, steady-state kinetic analyses ...


Computational De Novo Design And Characterization Of A Protein That Selectively Binds A Highly Hyperpolarizable Abiological Chromophore, H Christopher Fry, Andreas Lehmann, Louise E. Sinks, Inge Asselberghs, Andrey Tronin, Venkata Krishnan, J Kent Blasie, Koen Clays, William F. Degrado, Jeffery G. Saven, Michael J. Therien Sep 2013

Computational De Novo Design And Characterization Of A Protein That Selectively Binds A Highly Hyperpolarizable Abiological Chromophore, H Christopher Fry, Andreas Lehmann, Louise E. Sinks, Inge Asselberghs, Andrey Tronin, Venkata Krishnan, J Kent Blasie, Koen Clays, William F. Degrado, Jeffery G. Saven, Michael J. Therien

Departmental Papers (Chemistry)

This work reports the first example of a single-chain protein computationally designed to contain four α-helical segments and fold to form a four-helix bundle encapsulating a supramolecular abiological chromophore that possesses exceptional nonlinear optical properties. The 109-residue protein, designated SCRPZ-1, binds and disperses an insoluble hyperpolarizable chromophore, ruthenium(II) [5-(4'-ethynyl-(2,2';6',2″-terpyridinyl))-10,20-bis(phenyl)porphinato]zinc(II)-(2,2';6',2″-terpyridine)(2+) (RuPZn) in aqueous buffer solution at a 1:1 stoichiometry. A 1:1 binding stoichiometry of the holoprotein is supported by electronic absorption and circular dichroism spectra, as well as equilibrium ...


Evolution Of Enzymatic Activities In The Enolase Superfamily: L-Rhamnonate Dehydratase, John Rakus, Alexander Fedorov, Elena Fedorov, Margaret Glasner, Brian Hubbard, Joseph Delli, Patricia Babbitt, Steven Almo, John Gerlt Sep 2013

Evolution Of Enzymatic Activities In The Enolase Superfamily: L-Rhamnonate Dehydratase, John Rakus, Alexander Fedorov, Elena Fedorov, Margaret Glasner, Brian Hubbard, Joseph Delli, Patricia Babbitt, Steven Almo, John Gerlt

John F. Rakus

The L-rhamnonate dehydratase (RhamD) function was assigned to a previously uncharacterized family in the mechanistically diverse enolase superfamily that is encoded by the genome of Escherichia coli K-12. We screened a library of acid sugars to discover that the enzyme displays a promiscuous substrate specificity: L-rhamnonate (6-deoxy-L-mannonate) has the “best” kinetic constants, with L-mannonate, L-lyxonate, and D-gulonate dehydrated less efficiently. Crystal structures of the RhamDs from both E. coli K-12 and Salmonella typhimurium LT2 (95% sequence identity) were obtained in the presence of Mg2+; the structure of the RhamD from S. typhimurium was also obtained in the presence of 3-deoxy-L-rhamnonate ...


Molecular Orbitals And Organic Chemical Reactions (Book Review), Jeffrey H. Glans Sep 2013

Molecular Orbitals And Organic Chemical Reactions (Book Review), Jeffrey H. Glans

Jeffrey H. Glans

Book review by Jeffrey Glans. Fleming, Ian. Molecular Orbitals and Organic Chemical Reactions. Wiley-Blackwell, 2010, c2009. ISBN: 9780470746608; 9780470746592 (pbk.)


Comparison Of Arsenic Uptake And Oxidative Stress By Christmas Fern And Spider Brake Fern, Paul Lkanich, Pratheek Koneru, Robert Wei Sep 2013

Comparison Of Arsenic Uptake And Oxidative Stress By Christmas Fern And Spider Brake Fern, Paul Lkanich, Pratheek Koneru, Robert Wei

Undergraduate Research Posters 2013

Plants are widely considered the most cost effective and environmentally friendly way to clean soils and waters contaminated with toxic metals, e.g. arsenic and mercury. We have focused our research on the uptake of arsenic and its biochemical effect on two species of fern, Spider brake fern and Christmas fern. Spider brake fern is known to be capable of accumulating significant amounts of arsenic. We wish to determine whether the levels of arsenic uptake in Christmas fern are comparable to Spider Brake fern (>1g kg-1 plant biomass) when both are grown under the same conditions. Another aim of the ...


Structure, Theoretical Studies And Coupling Reactions Of Some New Cyclic Boronic Esters, Andrew Kuttler, Sravanthi Durganala, Albert Fratini, Alexander Morgan, Vladimir Benin Sep 2013

Structure, Theoretical Studies And Coupling Reactions Of Some New Cyclic Boronic Esters, Andrew Kuttler, Sravanthi Durganala, Albert Fratini, Alexander Morgan, Vladimir Benin

Chemistry Faculty Publications

The present report describes the X-ray structural and theoretical studies of some new pinacolboronate esters, and it also outlines the use of the target structures in Suzuki coupling reactions to produce new aromatic or heteroaromatic esters and amides. X-ray structural analysis of the studied compounds revealed that the pinacolborane ring's position with respect to the benzene ring varies, depending on the particular environment. An ortho-positioned carboxylic ester (methyl ester) causes a nearly perpendicular orientation of the pinacolborane unit with respect to the benzene ring, whereas an ortho-positioned amide (N,N-dimethylamide) causes the pinacolborane unit to orient itself nearly coplanar ...


One-Pot Enol Silane Formation-Mukaiyama–Mannich Addition Of Ketones, Amides, And Thioesters To Nitrones In The Presence Of Trialkylsilyl Trifluoromethanesulfonates, C. Wade Downey, Carolyn M. Dombrowski, Erin N. Maxwell, Chelsea L. Safran, Odamea A. Akomah Sep 2013

One-Pot Enol Silane Formation-Mukaiyama–Mannich Addition Of Ketones, Amides, And Thioesters To Nitrones In The Presence Of Trialkylsilyl Trifluoromethanesulfonates, C. Wade Downey, Carolyn M. Dombrowski, Erin N. Maxwell, Chelsea L. Safran, Odamea A. Akomah

Chemistry Faculty Publications

Ketones, amides, and thioesters form enol silanes and add to N-phenylnitrones in one pot in the presence of trimethylsilyl trifluoromethanesulfonate and trialkylamine. The reaction is general to a range of silyl trifluoromethanesulfonates and N-phenylnitrones. The b-(silyloxy)amino carbonyl products are stable to chromatography and can be isolated in 63-99% yield.


Computation-Facilitated Assignment Of The Function In The Enolase Superfamily: A Regiochemically Distinct Galactarate Dehydratase From Oceanobacillus Iheyensis, John Rakus, Chakrapani Kalyanaraman, Alexander Fedorov, Elena Fedorov, Fiona Mills-Groninger, Rafael Toro, Jeffrey Bonanno, Kevin Bain, J. Sauder, Stephen Burley, Steven Almo, Matthew Jacobson, John Gerlt Aug 2013

Computation-Facilitated Assignment Of The Function In The Enolase Superfamily: A Regiochemically Distinct Galactarate Dehydratase From Oceanobacillus Iheyensis, John Rakus, Chakrapani Kalyanaraman, Alexander Fedorov, Elena Fedorov, Fiona Mills-Groninger, Rafael Toro, Jeffrey Bonanno, Kevin Bain, J. Sauder, Stephen Burley, Steven Almo, Matthew Jacobson, John Gerlt

John F. Rakus

The structure of an uncharacterized member of the enolase superfamily from Oceanobacillus iheyensis(GI 23100298, IMG locus tag Ob2843, PDB entry 2OQY) was determined by the New York SGX Research Center for Structural Genomics (NYSGXRC). The structure contained two Mg2+ ions located 10.4 A˚ from one another, with one located in the canonical position in the (β/R) 7 β-barrel domain (although the ligand at the end of the fifth β-strand is His, unprecedented in structurally characterized members of the superfamily); the second is located in a novel site within the capping domain. In silico docking of a library ...


Development Of Novel Contrast Agents For Magnetic Resonance Imaging, Mark Milne Aug 2013

Development Of Novel Contrast Agents For Magnetic Resonance Imaging, Mark Milne

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Magnetic resonance (MR) has outstanding potential as a noninvasive imaging modality. Possessing spatial resolution at the millimeter scale, MR imaging of anatomical features is unrivalled by other imaging techniques. Although MR imaging has outstanding spatial resolution it suffers from inherently low signal intensity. With a low sensitivity, the signal to noise ratio is low; thus MRI scans may take upwards of an hour to generate an acceptable image without a contrast agent. This drawback clearly justifies the need for contrast agents and the long held interest in their development.

Our development of novel MRI contrast agents focuses on the synthesis ...