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Articles 661 - 688 of 688

Full-Text Articles in Medicinal-Pharmaceutical Chemistry

Electrochemically-Modulated Liquid Chromatography (Emlc): Column Design, Retention Processes, And Applications , En-Yi Ting Jan 1997

Electrochemically-Modulated Liquid Chromatography (Emlc): Column Design, Retention Processes, And Applications , En-Yi Ting

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This dissertation explores a new separation technique, electrochemically modulated liquid chromatography (EMLC), from the column design, retention processes, to the pharmaceutical applications. A literature review, general summary, and perspectives of this technique are also described. Chapter 1 presents the newly designed EMLC column. The principal modification of this design is to connect the porous stainless steel column as counter electrode as opposed to part of working electrode in the previous design. The improvement in performance from this modification results in a shorter response time to changes in applied potential (E appl) and a better control of E appl at cathodic ...


Α-Vinyllysine And Α-Vinylarginine Are Time-Dependent Inhibitors Of Their Cognate Decarboxylases, David B. Berkowitz, Wan Jin Jahng, Michelle L. Pedersen Sep 1996

Α-Vinyllysine And Α-Vinylarginine Are Time-Dependent Inhibitors Of Their Cognate Decarboxylases, David B. Berkowitz, Wan Jin Jahng, Michelle L. Pedersen

Faculty Publications -- Chemistry Department

(±)-α-Vinyllysine and (±)-α-vinylarginine display time-dependent inhibition of L-lysine decarboxylase from B. cadaveris, and L-arginine decarboxylase from E. coli, respectively. A complete Kitz-Wilson analysis has been performed using a modification of the Palcic continuous UV assay for decarboxylase activity.


Synthesis Of Higher Α-Chlorovinyl And Α-Bromovinyl Amino Acids: The Amino Protecting Group Determines The Reaction Course, David B. Berkowitz, Michelle L. Pedersen, Wan Jin Jahng Jun 1996

Synthesis Of Higher Α-Chlorovinyl And Α-Bromovinyl Amino Acids: The Amino Protecting Group Determines The Reaction Course, David B. Berkowitz, Michelle L. Pedersen, Wan Jin Jahng

Faculty Publications -- Chemistry Department

N-Trifluoroacetyl α-vinyl amino esters are smoothly converted to the corresponding α-chlorovinyl or α-bromovinyl amino esters through the agency of phenyselenyl chloride or phenylselenyl bromide, respectively, followed by oxidation and pyrolysis. Exclusively the (E)-extemal halovinyl isomer and the internal halovinyl isomer are observed. The amino protecting group is a critical determinant of the reaction course (alkene addition vs. 5-exo-trig-like cyclization).


Total Synthesis Of Angularly Fused Natural Products , Guohua Zhao Jan 1996

Total Synthesis Of Angularly Fused Natural Products , Guohua Zhao

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The synthesis of angularly fused quinone natural product G-2N has been achieved using a photoenolization reaction and a Diels-Alder reaction in the key carbon-carbon bond forming steps. This route is direct and flexible. It should be applicable to synthesis of other analogous natural products;The skeleton of colchicine has been achieved using a Diels-Alder reaction followed by an electrophilic addition to the A ring as key steps. Our synthetic approach is direct. It could provide an efficient entry to total synthesis of colchicine.


Synthesis Of Diterpene Alkaloids , Tiberiu Mircea Siclovan Jan 1996

Synthesis Of Diterpene Alkaloids , Tiberiu Mircea Siclovan

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Aconitine, atisine and garrya type diterpene alkaloids show remarkable biological activity and have a number of structural features in common. Due to their complex structure, there is a discrepancy between progress made lately in the identification, isolation and characterization of new members of this family, on one hand, and successful efforts towards their total synthesis, on the other;Our synthetic studies led us to develop a highly reproducible synthesis of adamantane-containing compounds via the corresponding bridgehead anions;Studies on the application of functionalized bridgehead radicals in natural product synthesis resulted in the development of a versatile, mild and highly tolerant ...


Light-Induced Acidification By The Antiviral Agent Hypericin, Michael J. Fehr, M. A. Mccloskey, Jacob W. Petrich Feb 1995

Light-Induced Acidification By The Antiviral Agent Hypericin, Michael J. Fehr, M. A. Mccloskey, Jacob W. Petrich

Chemistry Publications

The naturally occurring polycyclic quinone hypericin possesses light-induced antiviral activity against the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and other closely related enveloped lentiviruses such as equine infectious anemia virus (EIAV). We have previously argued that hypericin undergoes a fast proton transfer reaction in its singlet state (J. Phys. Chem. 1994, 98, 5784). We have also presented evidence that the light-induced antiviral activity of hypericin does not depend upon the formation of singlet oxygen (Bioorg. Med. Chem. Lett. 1994, 4, 1339). It is demonstrated here that steady-state illumination of a solution containing hypericin effects a pH drop. When hypericin and an indicator ...


Synthesis, Structure Features And Application Of Pro-Azaphsphatranes As Catalysts And Strong Non-Ionic Bases In Organic Synthesis , Jiansheng Tang Jan 1994

Synthesis, Structure Features And Application Of Pro-Azaphsphatranes As Catalysts And Strong Non-Ionic Bases In Organic Synthesis , Jiansheng Tang

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This dissertation describes the development of pro-azaphosphatranes ZP(MeNCH[subscript]2CH[subscript]2)[subscript]3N as versatile useful materials in organic synthesis;Pro-imidophosphatranes MeN= P(MeNCH[subscript]2CH[subscript]2)[subscript]3N and PhN= P(MeNCH[subscript]2CH[subscript]2)[subscript]3N, their corresponding acyclic analogues MeN= P(NMe[subscript]2)[subscript]3 and PhN= P(NMe[subscript]2)[subscript]3, and their conjugate acids as well as the conjugate acid of the commercially available non-ionic base P[subscript]4-t-Bu (i.e. t-BuN=P (N=P(NMe[subscript]2)[subscript]3][subscript]3) have been synthesized. Equilibria measured by [superscript ...


Synthetic Approaches To Huperzine A , Danette René Vines Jan 1994

Synthetic Approaches To Huperzine A , Danette René Vines

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The natural product huperzine A has been found to possess activity as a nootropic agent. Because of its memory facilitating effects, huperzine A represents a promising drug for the treatment of neurodegenerative diseases, such as Alzheimer's disease. As life expectancy increases, identifying and synthesizing drugs which treat cognitive dysfunction becomes a primary health objective;This study was undertaken to synthesize huperzine A, and to offer a direct route to improved analogs of huperzine A. A bicyclic amino ketone for the synthesis of huperzine A was prepared in six steps. The conjugate addition of metallated alkylpyridines afforded a direct route ...


Sds Non-Acrylamide Polymeric Gel-Filled Capillary Electrophoresis For Molecular Size Separation Of Protein, Devon Andres Aug 1993

Sds Non-Acrylamide Polymeric Gel-Filled Capillary Electrophoresis For Molecular Size Separation Of Protein, Devon Andres

Honors Theses

Sodium dodecyl sulfide (SDS) non-acrylamide gel-filled capillary columns are a new technology being used for analysis and separation of biotechnology-derived proteins. This research was to compare this new technology to the current methods of SDS polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE) and high-performance size-exclusion chromatography (HPSEC). The molecular mass of four different recombinant proteins were determined by two commercialized SDS non-acrylamide gel-filled capillary columns, SDS-PAGE, and HPSEC. The data obtained showed that the SDS non-acrylamide gel-filled capillary columns were compatible with the SDS-PAGE technique for molecular mass determination. HPSEC was shown to be unreliable for molecular weight determination. SDS non-acrylamide gel-filled capillary ...


Telomere Processing In Euplotes, Joris Robert Vermeesch, Dewight Williams, Carolyn M. Price Jan 1993

Telomere Processing In Euplotes, Joris Robert Vermeesch, Dewight Williams, Carolyn M. Price

Faculty Publications -- Chemistry Department

In Euplotes crassus millions of telomeres are synthesized during the sexual phase of the life cycle. Since these newly synthesized telomeres are longer than normal macronuclear telomeres, they must be trimmed to the mature size. We have examined the timing and mechanism of this trimming step. We have shown that a sudden decrease in telomere length takes place at a specific time during macronuclear development. The decrease in telomere length is not caused by incomplete replication of the most terminal DNA sequences; rather it is the result of an active processing event that occurs independently of DNA replication. The developmentally ...


Improved Recovery Of A Radlolabeled Peptide With An Albumin-Treated Reversed-Phase Hplc Column, David S. Hage, Robert L. Taylor, Pai C. Kao Jan 1992

Improved Recovery Of A Radlolabeled Peptide With An Albumin-Treated Reversed-Phase Hplc Column, David S. Hage, Robert L. Taylor, Pai C. Kao

David Hage Publications

Reversed-phase high-performance liquid chromatography (RP-HPLC) is an important tool in the purification of radiolabeled peptides and proteins for immunoassay. However, for some proteins and peptides it is difficult to achieve reproducible behavior in RP-HPLC because of the low recovery of these compounds. Factors that can be varied to improve recovery include the strength or pH of the mobile phase, the chain length and spacing of groups on the reversed-phase support, and the flow rate or steepness of the elution gradient (1-5). ... In summary, we obtained better recovery and more reproducible chromatographic behavior for labeled 1-34 PTHrP with an albumin-pretreated reversed-phase ...


Intact Parathyroid Hormone: Performance And Clinical Utility Of An Automated Assay Based On High-Performance Immunoaffinity Chromatography And Chemiluminescence Detection, David S. Hage, Bob Taylor, Pai C. Kao Jan 1992

Intact Parathyroid Hormone: Performance And Clinical Utility Of An Automated Assay Based On High-Performance Immunoaffinity Chromatography And Chemiluminescence Detection, David S. Hage, Bob Taylor, Pai C. Kao

David Hage Publications

The performance and clinical utility of an automated assay of intact parathyroid hormone (parathyrin, PTH) are evaluated. The method is based on the extraction of PTH from plasma by an HPLC column containing immobilized anti-(44-68 PTH) antibodies. The PTH retained is detected with a postcolumn reactor and use of anti-(1--34 PTH) chemiluminescent-labeled antibodies. The total cycle time of the assay is 6.5 mm per injection after a 1-h incubation.The lower limit of detection for PTH in a 66-pL plasma sample was 0.5 pmol/L based on peak heights and 0.2 pmol/L based on ...


Use Of Affinity Chromatography In Developing Acridinium Ester-Labeled Antibodies For An Immunometric Assay Of Parathyrin, David S. Hage, Bob Taylor, Pat Schryver, Pai C. Kao Jan 1991

Use Of Affinity Chromatography In Developing Acridinium Ester-Labeled Antibodies For An Immunometric Assay Of Parathyrin, David S. Hage, Bob Taylor, Pat Schryver, Pai C. Kao

David Hage Publications

In developing an immunometric assay of intact parathyrin (parathyroid hormone, PTH), we found that affinity chromatography is a useful tool in purifying and optimizing the labeling conditions for acridinium ester-labeled antibodies. ... In summary, affinity chromatography was found to be useful in the purification of acridinium ester-labeled antibodies, particularly for removing denatured antibodies from the prepared label and for monitoring the amount of active labeled antibodies produced.


Development Of An Ocular Drug Release System For Cattle , Thomas Quang Dinh Jan 1991

Development Of An Ocular Drug Release System For Cattle , Thomas Quang Dinh

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

An erodible ring-shaped ocular insert containing an antibiotic (tylosin tartrate) has been developed for treatment of infectious bovine keratoconjunctivitis (IBK). Four additional tasks have been completed: (1) a test to determine the retention time of the ocular device in the eyes of the calves, (2) an in vitro test to determine the degradation characteristics of the device, (3) an in vitro study to obtain the drug release profiles of the insert, and (4) a study to compare the use of rings and a field treatment method using infected cattle;The device remained in the eyes an average of 3.92 ...


A Prostaglandin Synthase Inhibition Assay With Detection By Elisa, Patricia Scott Apr 1990

A Prostaglandin Synthase Inhibition Assay With Detection By Elisa, Patricia Scott

Theses, Dissertations & Honors Papers

A simple, reliable method is described for the routine measurement of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) as inhibitors of prostaglandin synthase. Appropriate concentrations of inhibitor are incubated with ram seminal vesical prostaglandin synthase, sodium arachidonate and reduced glutathione. Prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) production is then quantitated by and enzyme linked immunosorbant assay (ELISA), in which anti-PGE2 antibody is utilized in a binding competition between test sample and adsorbed conjugate of PGE2-BSA. The antibody which remains bound to the solid phase is quantitatively determined colorimetrically by incubation with horse radish peroxidase labeled goat anti-rabbit IgG followed by incubation ...


Telomere Structure In Euplotes Crassus: Characterization Of Dna-Protein Interactions And Isolation Of A Telomere-Binding Protein, Carolyn M. Price Jan 1990

Telomere Structure In Euplotes Crassus: Characterization Of Dna-Protein Interactions And Isolation Of A Telomere-Binding Protein, Carolyn M. Price

Faculty Publications -- Chemistry Department

The nucleoprotein structure of telomeres from Euplotes crassus was studied by using nuclease and chemical footprinting. The macronuclear telomeres were found to exist as DNA-protein complexes that are resistant to micrococcal nuclease digestion. Each complex encompassed 85 to 130 base pairs of macronuclear DNA and appeared to consist of two structural domains that are characterized by dissimilar DNA-protein interactions. Dimethyl sulfate footprinting demonstrated that very sequence-specific and salt-stable interactions occur in the most terminal region of each complex. DNase I footprinting indicated that DNA in the region 30 to 120 base-pairs from the 5' end lies on a protein surface ...


7li Nmr Of Normal Human Erythrocytes, Rao P. Gullapalli, Roger M. Hawk, Richard A. Komoroski Jan 1989

7li Nmr Of Normal Human Erythrocytes, Rao P. Gullapalli, Roger M. Hawk, Richard A. Komoroski

Journal of the Arkansas Academy of Science

Lithium has been known to be an effective medication for people with bipolar disorder. The mechanisms of action of lithium in the brain is not very well understood. NMR spectroscopy and imaging are effective both in determining lithium levels in tissue and brain. We have monitored lithium levels in red blood cells. We have been able to separate intra- and extracellular compartments of lithium using shift reagents, thereby obtaining T^1 's of both the compartments. Lithium uptake as a function of hematocrit was monitored weekly over a 3 week period. The time constant of 50 mM lithium uptake at ...


Structures Of Four Trans-2-Hydroxy- And Methoxy-2-Methyl-3,4-Dihydro-4-Alkyl-2H,5H-Pyrano[3,2-C][1]Benzopyran-5-Ones, Edward J. Valente, Drake S. Eggleston, Verner Schomaker Mar 1987

Structures Of Four Trans-2-Hydroxy- And Methoxy-2-Methyl-3,4-Dihydro-4-Alkyl-2H,5H-Pyrano[3,2-C][1]Benzopyran-5-Ones, Edward J. Valente, Drake S. Eggleston, Verner Schomaker

Chemistry Faculty Publications and Presentations

Derivatives of 2-methyl-3,4-dihydro-2H,5H-pyrano[ 3,2-c][1]benzopyran-5-one. ( l) Racemic trans- 2-methoxy-4-(2-propyl), Mr= 288·3, monoclinic, P2i/c, a = 13·737 (3), b = 13·228 (6), c = 17·229(4) Å, β = l02·93(2)° , V = 3051·4 Å3, Z = 8 (two molecules/asymmetric unit), Dx = 1·255 g cm- 3, λ(Mo Kα) = O·71073 Å, μ = 0·908 cm-1 , F(OOO) = 1232, T = 298 K, final R = 0·050 for 3988 unique intensities. Dihydropyran rings in C17H2004 are halfchairs, one ...


Structure Of (±)-6-Methyl-6,12-Methano-6H,12H,13H-[1]Benzopyran[4,3-D][1,3]Benzodioxocin-13-One, Gerard Ruggiero, Edward J. Valente, Drake S. Eggleston Jan 1981

Structure Of (±)-6-Methyl-6,12-Methano-6H,12H,13H-[1]Benzopyran[4,3-D][1,3]Benzodioxocin-13-One, Gerard Ruggiero, Edward J. Valente, Drake S. Eggleston

Chemistry Faculty Publications and Presentations

A derivative of warfarin, racemic C19H14O4, Mr = 306·32, monoclinic, Cc, a = 9·594 (2), b = 20·437 (4), c = 7·793 (2) Å, β = 109·94 (3)°, V = l436·4 (11) Å3, Z = 4, Dx = 1·416 g cm-3, λ(Cu) = 1·5418 Å, μ = 7·742 cm-1, F(000) = 640, T = 293 K, final R = 0·053 for 1224 observations. The title molecule, formed by spontaneous dehydration of 2'-hydroxywarfarin, is a cyclic ketal in which the side-chain phenyl is disposed pseudoaxially and is linked through ...


Pulling The Wool Off, Department Of Agriculture, Western Australia Jan 1979

Pulling The Wool Off, Department Of Agriculture, Western Australia

Journal of the Department of Agriculture, Western Australia, Series 4

The Department of Agriculture has begun a three year project to study the potential for "chemical shearing" or, more correctly, biological defleecing.


(—)-3-(1-Phenylpropyl)-4-Hydroxycoumarin, Edward J. Valente, W. F. Trager, E. C. Lingafelter Jan 1976

(—)-3-(1-Phenylpropyl)-4-Hydroxycoumarin, Edward J. Valente, W. F. Trager, E. C. Lingafelter

Chemistry Faculty Publications and Presentations

The title compound [generic name: (—)-phenprocoumon], C18H16O3, monoclinic, P21. Z = 4 with two molecules/asymmetric unit, a= 7·171 (1), b = 17·751 (5), c = 11·752 (2) Å, β = 92·58 (2)°, V = 1494 Å3, Dc = 1·28, d0 = 1·30 (2) g cm-3 is pseudoisostructural with the crystalline racemate as suggested by a similarity in cell constants and symmetry. Structural differences involve small translations and where the racemate crystal contains layers of (—) and layers of (+) enantiomers, the (—) crystal contains one layer nearly identical with the (—) layer in ...


The Crystal And Molecular Structure And Absolute Configuration Of (—)-(S)-Warfarin, Edward J. Valente, W. F. Trager, L. H. Jensen Jan 1975

The Crystal And Molecular Structure And Absolute Configuration Of (—)-(S)-Warfarin, Edward J. Valente, W. F. Trager, L. H. Jensen

Chemistry Faculty Publications and Presentations

The crystal and molecular structure and the absolute configuration of (—)-(S)-warfarin, C19H1604, have been determined by X-ray crystallographic techniques. Crystals of (—)-(S)-warfarin are orthorhombic, space group P212121, with a=10·883 (3), b=9·562 (3), and c=14·902 (5) Å. Solution of the structure was by direct methods, and refinement by least-squares calculations led to a conventional R of 0·053 (Mo Kα data). The molecule crystallizes as the intramolecular hemiketal and thus may be described as (2S,4S)-2,3H-2-methyl-4-phenyl-5-oxobenzopyrano[3 ...


Oxygen Consumption By Acrylamide Polymerization For Rapid Screening Of Chemotherapeutic Agents, Richard A. Johnson '74 May 1974

Oxygen Consumption By Acrylamide Polymerization For Rapid Screening Of Chemotherapeutic Agents, Richard A. Johnson '74

Fenwick Scholar Program

This paper describes a screening process used to determine the overall effect of anti-cancer drugs on a tumor more rapidly than other established methods. This technique measures the rate of oxygen consumption by cells when a solution of acrylamide and bisacrylamide is polymerized.


Small Ring Analogs Of Acetylcholine. Synthesis And Absolute Configurations Of Cyclopropane Derivatives., Douglas Armstrong, Joseph G. Cannon Nov 1970

Small Ring Analogs Of Acetylcholine. Synthesis And Absolute Configurations Of Cyclopropane Derivatives., Douglas Armstrong, Joseph G. Cannon

Faculty Scholarship – Chemistry

Conformational rigidity has been conferred upon the OCCN portion of acetylcholine by incorporation of the C atoms into a cyclopropane ring. trans-2-Acetoxycyclopropyltrimethylammonium iodide has been prepared from an olefinic starting material, 2-vinyloxytetrahydropyran; assignment of the trans configuration to the 1,2-disubstituted cyclopropane systems was based upon literature precedent and upon nmr data, and was confirmed by X-ray crystallographic analysis. Resolution of one of the racemic intermediates in the reaction sequence was achieved, which permitted preparation of both enantiomers of the final product. X-Ray crystallographic analysis has demonstrated that the muscarinically active (+)-trans-2-acetoxycyclopropyltrimethylammonium iodide possesses the same absolute configuration as the ...


The Use Of Pickled Wheat In Poultry Feeding, P Smetana Jan 1969

The Use Of Pickled Wheat In Poultry Feeding, P Smetana

Journal of the Department of Agriculture, Western Australia, Series 4

FEEDING fungicides to poultry can result in harmful effects, to the birds themselves, and to their human consumers.

To prevent such effects it is advisable that wheat pickled with fungicides should not be included in poultry rations.


Methodology And Variations In Selected Clinical Laboratory Methods, Margaret Winninghoff Apr 1956

Methodology And Variations In Selected Clinical Laboratory Methods, Margaret Winninghoff

Life and Environmental Sciences Undergraduate Theses

The subject matter of this paper is the purpose and basic chemical principles of chosen determinations performed in a laboratory of clinical pathology. it is not eh intention of the author to present any new methods for the following tests but to illustrate established ones.

Basically the purpose of any laboratory determination is to aid the physician in the prevention, diagnosis and control of disease. Because the results of these examinations are corporated in a physician's differential diagnosis, it is imperative that each test be given the utmost attention in order to minimize, as much as possible, the influence ...


Synthetic Dibenzofurans Structurally Related To Known Analgesics, Frederick Albert Yeoman Jan 1944

Synthetic Dibenzofurans Structurally Related To Known Analgesics, Frederick Albert Yeoman

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


Some Correlations Between Hypnotic Action And Chemical Constitution , William Glen Bywater Jan 1934

Some Correlations Between Hypnotic Action And Chemical Constitution , William Glen Bywater

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

A review of theories of narcosis has been made, and some correlations between constitution and activity have been presented for the aliphatic hypnotics;The close and important relationship of dibenzofuran and its derivatives to morphine has been discussed. The following derivatives to morphine has been discussed. The following derivatives to morphine has been discussed. The following derivatives of dibenzofuran haven been prepared for use in physiological tests: 2-, 3-, and 4-amino-, 2- and 3-hydroxy-dibenzofuran, and 2- and 3-dibenzofurancarboxylic acids;A necessary study of nuclear substitution in dibenzofuran has been made prior to the preparation of derivatives for physiological tests. It ...