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Full-Text Articles in Medicinal-Pharmaceutical Chemistry

Preparation Of Polymeric Materials From Bio-Renewable Sources, Jason Douglas Smith Feb 2018

Preparation Of Polymeric Materials From Bio-Renewable Sources, Jason Douglas Smith

Theses and Dissertations

The focus of this project was to develop methodologies for the preparation of novel polymeric materials from bio-renewable sources. In order to complete this task we needed (a) unfettered access to bio-based materials and ways to convert them to value needed chemicals, as well as, (b) reaction protocols that would allow greater diversity during the synthesis of polymeric compounds so as to affect the properties of these materials.

Our research group has a background in converting plant-based materials like cellulose into value added chemicals employing catalytic reactions. The polymerization of these monomers was then conducted utilizing the Baylis-Hillman reaction. The ...


Substituted Hydroxylamines As Nitrogen Transfer Reagents: Direct Synthetic Pathways To Structurally Rich Heteroatomic Scaffolds, Dylan John Quinn Nov 2017

Substituted Hydroxylamines As Nitrogen Transfer Reagents: Direct Synthetic Pathways To Structurally Rich Heteroatomic Scaffolds, Dylan John Quinn

Theses and Dissertations

Nitrogen is found in virtually all valuable chemical compounds. The abundance of atmospheric nitrogen however, is rendered inaccessible because of the strong N-N triple bond, ultimately preventing its practical utilization in synthetic organic synthesis. The development of powerful nitrogen transfer reagents, such as substituted hydroxylamine derivatives, have played an important role in the introduction of nitrogen into valuable chemical scaffolding.

Herein is reported the methodological development of synthetic nitrogen placement into a range of valuable heteroatomic compounds. This work shows that O-Substituted Hydroxylamine can be used to furnish small heteroatomic compounds, particularly nitriles. Whereas, N-Substituted Hydroxylamine can be employed to ...


A Novel Method For Synthesis Of Hydroxytyrosol, Emmanuel Onobun Aug 2017

A Novel Method For Synthesis Of Hydroxytyrosol, Emmanuel Onobun

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Hydroxytyrosol, 3,4-dihydroxyphenolethanol, a naturally occurring polyphenol most common in olive tree (Olea europaea), is one of the most effective member of the polyphenols family, because of its remarkable antioxidant activity, its ability to inhibit oxidation of low density lipids (LDL), and its protection against DNA oxidative damage. Hydroxytyrosol, which is widely used in cosmetics and food supplements industries, can be purchased as an olive oil extract that contains low concentration of hydroxytyrosol besides other polyphenols. The price and low natural abundance of hydroxytyrosol make alternative synthetic sources very attractive. In this research, a novel method for the synthesis of ...


Novel Class Of Bi(Iii) Hydroxamato Complexes: Synthesis, Urease Inhibitory Activity And Activity Against H. Pylori., Donal M. Keogan, Brendan Twamley, Deirdre Fitzgerald-Hughes, Darren M. Griffith Jul 2016

Novel Class Of Bi(Iii) Hydroxamato Complexes: Synthesis, Urease Inhibitory Activity And Activity Against H. Pylori., Donal M. Keogan, Brendan Twamley, Deirdre Fitzgerald-Hughes, Darren M. Griffith

Chemistry Articles

Reaction of Bi(NO3)3 with benzohydroxamic acid (Bha) and salicylhydroxamic acid (Sha) gives the novel Bi(iii) complexes [Bi2(Bha-1H)2(μ-Bha-1H)2(η(2)-NO3)2] () and [Bi6(CH3OH)2(η(1)-NO3)2(η(2)-NO3)(OH2)2(Sha-1H)12](NO3)2 (). X-ray crystal structure of reveals two hydroxamato coordination modes; bidentate bridging (O, O') and bidentate non-bridging (O, O') and of reveals one coordination mode; bidentate bridging (O, O'). , specifically designed to and demonstrated to inhibit the activity of urease, exhibits excellent antibacterial activity against three strains of Helicobacter pylori with MIC ≥ 16 μg mL(-1).


Ozonolysis Of Silyl Enol Ethers: Synthesis Of 3-Silyloxy-1,2-And 3-Alkyl-3-Silyloxy-1,2-Dioxolanes, Katrina Wilson Jan 2015

Ozonolysis Of Silyl Enol Ethers: Synthesis Of 3-Silyloxy-1,2-And 3-Alkyl-3-Silyloxy-1,2-Dioxolanes, Katrina Wilson

Undergraduate Honors Theses

Silyl enol ethers are important synthetic intermediates that are used in a variety of reactions. The ozonolysis of silyl enol ethers to anomalous 1,2-dioxolane products has not yet been fully been explored. Though the synthesis of silyl enol ethers from aldehydes, ketones, and esters is relatively straightforward, the most commonly used methods still require air- or moisture-sensitive conditions and/or the use of toxic solvents. We have shown that silyl enol ethers can be easily synthesized from aldehydes and ketones under mild conditions and with a straightforward workup procedure in good to excellent yields. We ozonolyzed these silyl enol ...


The Synthesis Of Zinc Oxide By Direct And Indirect Methods, Grainne Duffy Jul 2006

The Synthesis Of Zinc Oxide By Direct And Indirect Methods, Grainne Duffy

Masters

The synthesis of zinc oxide through three routes was investigated; carboxylic acid chelation, polymer assisted synthesis in an alcoholic medium and slow thermolysis of precursor. In the case of carboxylic acid chelation, it was determined that the rate at which the precursor is formed has a significant effect on the quality of zinc oxide particles produced. Investigation of the effect of concentration, pH and species of chelating agent used on the purity and structure of product was undertaken. Examination of the composition and morphology of materials produced revealed the presence of single-crystalline spheres, the packing density and aggregation morphology of ...