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Medicinal-Pharmaceutical Chemistry Commons

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Full-Text Articles in Medicinal-Pharmaceutical Chemistry

Development Of A Novel Carboplatin Like Cytoplasmic Trackable Near Infrared Fluorophore Conjugate Via Strain-Promoted Azide Alkyne Cycloaddition., Eolann Kitteringham, Dan Wu, Shane Cheung, Brendan Twamley, Donal F. O'Shea, Darren M. Griffith Feb 2018

Development Of A Novel Carboplatin Like Cytoplasmic Trackable Near Infrared Fluorophore Conjugate Via Strain-Promoted Azide Alkyne Cycloaddition., Eolann Kitteringham, Dan Wu, Shane Cheung, Brendan Twamley, Donal F. O'Shea, Darren M. Griffith

Chemistry Articles

The successful design and pre-clicked synthesis of a non-toxic and cytosol trackable carboplatin-like near infrared fluorophore conjugate via strain-promoted azide alkyne cycloaddition (SPAAC) is reported. Reaction of cis-[Pt(2-azidopropane-1,3-diamine)(cbdca)] (cbdca = cyclobutane-1,1-dicarboxylato) and a bicyclo[6.1.0]non-4-yne near-infrared (NIR) azadipyrromethene fluorophore gave the corresponding clicked Pt-Fluorophore conjugate. The X-ray crystal structure of cis-[Pt(2-azidopropane-1,3-diamine)(cbdca)] was determined featuring the azide on the bidentate 1,3-diaminopropane ligand. The Pt-fluorophore conjugate is the first example of a Pt conjugate clicked via strain-promoted azide alkyne cycloaddition (SPAAC) where the reactive azide handle is on the amine ...


Cytotoxicity Of Platinum Anticancer Drugs In Mammalian Cell Lines Of Metastatic Cancer, Hosannah Evie Jun 2017

Cytotoxicity Of Platinum Anticancer Drugs In Mammalian Cell Lines Of Metastatic Cancer, Hosannah Evie

Honors College Capstone Experience/Thesis Projects

With the invention of advanced technology, focus has been put on understanding and looking for potential cures for many diseases, one of which is cancer. The difference in the leaving and non-leaving ligands of the FDA approved cancer drugs contributes to the differential cell specific cytotoxic effects. These drugs such as oxaliplatin approved for colorectal cancer, cisplatin approved for testicular cancer, and their analogs were used to treat different cancer cell lines in an MTT assay. This project aims to determine how changing the molecular shape of these compounds affects their uptake and toxicity into different cell lines. The assay ...


Novel Improved Synthesis Of Hsp70 Inhibitor, Pifithrin-Μ. In Vitro Synergy Quantification Of Pifithrin-Μ Combined With Pt Drugs In Prostate And Colorectal Cancer Cells., Aoife M. Mckeon, Alan Egan, Jay Chandanshive, Helena Mcmahon, Darren M. Griffith Jul 2016

Novel Improved Synthesis Of Hsp70 Inhibitor, Pifithrin-Μ. In Vitro Synergy Quantification Of Pifithrin-Μ Combined With Pt Drugs In Prostate And Colorectal Cancer Cells., Aoife M. Mckeon, Alan Egan, Jay Chandanshive, Helena Mcmahon, Darren M. Griffith

Chemistry Articles

We describe a novel improved approach to the synthesis of the important and well-known heat shock protein 70 inhibitor (HSP70), pifithrin-μ, with corresponding and previously unreported characterisation. The first example of a combination study comprising HSP70 inhibitor pifithrin-μ and cisplatin or oxaliplatin is reported. We have determined, using the Chou-Talalay method, (i) moderate synergistic and synergistic effects in co-treating PC-3 prostate cancer cells with pifithrin-μ and cisplatin and (ii) significant synergistic effects including strong synergism in cotreating HT29 colorectal cancer cells with oxaliplatin and pifithrin-μ.


Reactions Of Platinum(Ii) Compounds With Selenium Containing Amino Acids, Stephanie Robey May 2013

Reactions Of Platinum(Ii) Compounds With Selenium Containing Amino Acids, Stephanie Robey

Masters Theses & Specialist Projects

Platinum(II) anticancer medications essentially react with DNA forming kinks in
the double helix of DNA and causing apoptosis. It has also been noted that these
anticancer medications react with methionine and cysteine in the body. With the new discoveries of selenium containing amino acids including selenomethionine and selenocysteine, new research is ongoing to see what types of products can be formed from these amino acids. Our research reacts [Pt(Met-S,N)Cl2] 2+ with selenomethionine to determine what types of products are produced. Monochelates including [Pt(SeMet-Se,N)Cl2] 2+ have formed two isomers, as ...


Effects Of Cisplatin Analog Size On The Reaction With Dna Bases, Swathi Nandala May 2013

Effects Of Cisplatin Analog Size On The Reaction With Dna Bases, Swathi Nandala

Masters Theses & Specialist Projects

Cancer is the second leading cause of death in the United States. Cisplatin is one of the well-known anti-cancer agents used to treat testicular and ovarian cancers. It mainly binds to the DNA bases, which leads to cell death. The cytotoxic activity of the cisplatin analogs is due to the interaction of platinum with nucleotides like adenine at N7 or N1 position and guanine at N7 position. Guanine is the primary target for cisplatin analogs whereas adenine is the secondary target. Cisplatin analogs, [Pt(Me5dien)(D2O)]2+[Me5dien = N,N,N ...