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Full-Text Articles in Medicinal-Pharmaceutical Chemistry

Microfilariae Of Brugia Malayi Inhibit The Mtor Pathway And Induce Autophagy In Human Dendritic Cells, Prakash Babu Narasimhan, Sasisekhar Bennuru, Zhaojing Meng, Rachel N Cotton, Kathleen R Elliott, Sundar Ganesan, Renee Mcdonald-Fleming, Timothy Veenstra, Thomas B Nutman, Roshanak Tolouei Semnani Sep 2019

Microfilariae Of Brugia Malayi Inhibit The Mtor Pathway And Induce Autophagy In Human Dendritic Cells, Prakash Babu Narasimhan, Sasisekhar Bennuru, Zhaojing Meng, Rachel N Cotton, Kathleen R Elliott, Sundar Ganesan, Renee Mcdonald-Fleming, Timothy Veenstra, Thomas B Nutman, Roshanak Tolouei Semnani

Timothy Veenstra, Ph.D.

Immune modulation is a hallmark of patent filarial infection, including suppression of antigen-presenting cell function and downmodulation of filarial antigen-specific T cell responses. The mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) signaling pathway has been implicated in immune regulation, not only by suppressing T cell responses but also by regulating autophagy (through mTOR sensing amino acid availability). Global proteomic analysis (liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry) of microfilaria (mf)-exposed monocyte-derived dendritic cells (DC) indicated that multiple components of the mTOR signaling pathway, including mTOR, eIF4A, and eIF4E, are downregulated by mf, suggesting that mf target this pathway for immune modulation in DC. Utilizing ...


Fluoroethoxy-1,4-Diphenethylpiperidine And Piperazine Derivatives: Potent And Selective Inhibitors Of [3H]Dopamine Uptake At The Vesicular Monoamine Transporter-2, Emily R. Hankosky, Shyam R. Joolakanti, Justin R. Nickell, Venumadhav Janganati, Linda P. Dwoskin, Peter A. Crooks Dec 2017

Fluoroethoxy-1,4-Diphenethylpiperidine And Piperazine Derivatives: Potent And Selective Inhibitors Of [3H]Dopamine Uptake At The Vesicular Monoamine Transporter-2, Emily R. Hankosky, Shyam R. Joolakanti, Justin R. Nickell, Venumadhav Janganati, Linda P. Dwoskin, Peter A. Crooks

Pharmaceutical Sciences Faculty Publications

A small library of fluoroethoxy-1,4-diphenethyl piperidine and fluoroethoxy-1,4-diphenethyl piperazine derivatives were designed, synthesized and evaluated for their ability to inhibit [3H]dopamine (DA) uptake at the vesicular monoamine transporter-2 (VMAT2) and dopamine transporter (DAT), [3H]serotonin (5-HT) uptake at the serotonin transporter (SERT), and [3H]dofetilide binding at the human-ether-a-go-go-related gene (hERG) channel. The majority of the compounds exhibited potent inhibition of [3H]DA uptake at VMAT2, with Ki values in the nanomolar range (Ki = 0.014–0.073 μM). Compound 15d exhibited the highest affinity (Ki = 0.014 μM) at VMAT2 ...


Design, Synthesis, And Biological Activity Of 5'-Phenyl-1,2,5,6-Tetrahydro-3,3'-Bipyridine Analogues As Potential Antagonists Of Nicotinic Acetylcholine Receptors, Yafei Jin, Xiaoqin Huang, Roger L. Papke, Emily M. Jutkiewicz, Hollis D Showalter, Chang-Guo Zhan Sep 2017

Design, Synthesis, And Biological Activity Of 5'-Phenyl-1,2,5,6-Tetrahydro-3,3'-Bipyridine Analogues As Potential Antagonists Of Nicotinic Acetylcholine Receptors, Yafei Jin, Xiaoqin Huang, Roger L. Papke, Emily M. Jutkiewicz, Hollis D Showalter, Chang-Guo Zhan

Pharmaceutical Sciences Faculty Publications

Starting from a known non-specific agonist (1) of nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChRs), rationally guided structural-based design resulted in the discovery of a small series of 5′-phenyl-1,2,5,6-tetrahydro-3,3′-bipyridines (3a – 3e) incorporating a phenyl ring off the pyridine core of 1. The compounds were synthesized via successive Suzuki couplings on a suitably functionalized pyridine starting monomer 4 to append phenyl and pyridyl substituents off the 3- and 5-positions, respectively, and then make subsequent modifications on the flanking pyridyl ring to provide target compounds. Compound 3a is a novel antagonist which is highly selective for α3β4 nAChR (K ...


Selective Inhibitors Of Human Mpges-1 From Structure-Based Computational Screening, Ziyuan Zhou, Yaxia Yuan, Shuo Zhou, Kai Ding, Fang Zheng, Chang-Guo Zhan Aug 2017

Selective Inhibitors Of Human Mpges-1 From Structure-Based Computational Screening, Ziyuan Zhou, Yaxia Yuan, Shuo Zhou, Kai Ding, Fang Zheng, Chang-Guo Zhan

Molecular Modeling and Biopharmaceutical Center Faculty Publications

Human mPGES-1 is recognized as a promising target for next generation of anti-inflammatory drugs. Although various mPGES-1 inhibitors have been reported in literature, few have entered clinical trials and none has been proven clinically useful so far. It is highly desired for developing the next generation of therapeutics for inflammation-related diseases to design and discover novel inhibitors of mPGES-1 with new scaffolds. Here, we report the identification of a series of new, potent and selective inhibitors of human mPGES-1 with diverse scaffolds through combined computational and experimental studies. The computationally modeled binding structures of these new inhibitors with mPGES-1 provide ...


Bf2-Azadipyrromethene Nir-Emissive Fluorophores With Research And Clinical Potential., Harrison C. Daly, Gonzalo Sampedro, Corentin Bon, Dan Wu, Ghazi Ismail, Ronan A. Cahill, Donal F. O'Shea Jul 2017

Bf2-Azadipyrromethene Nir-Emissive Fluorophores With Research And Clinical Potential., Harrison C. Daly, Gonzalo Sampedro, Corentin Bon, Dan Wu, Ghazi Ismail, Ronan A. Cahill, Donal F. O'Shea

Chemistry Articles

The use of near-infrared fluorescence for in vivo research and intraoperative clinical imaging is rapidly expanding, with new applications being proposed and developed. While imaging hardware and software have significantly progressed in recent times, the molecular fluorescent agents remain a limiting factor. In this report, the design, synthesis, photophysical characterization and bio-medical imaging assessment of two new NIR-fluorophores based on the BF


Bis(N-Amidinohydrazones) And N-(Amidino)-N'-Aryl-Bishydrazones: New Classes Of Antibacterial/Antifungal Agents, Sanjib K. Shrestha, Liliia M. Kril, Keith D. Green, Stefan Kwiatkowski, Vitaliy M. Sviripa, Justin Robert Nickell, Linda Phyliss Dwoskin, David S. Watt, Sylvie Garneau-Tsodikova Jan 2017

Bis(N-Amidinohydrazones) And N-(Amidino)-N'-Aryl-Bishydrazones: New Classes Of Antibacterial/Antifungal Agents, Sanjib K. Shrestha, Liliia M. Kril, Keith D. Green, Stefan Kwiatkowski, Vitaliy M. Sviripa, Justin Robert Nickell, Linda Phyliss Dwoskin, David S. Watt, Sylvie Garneau-Tsodikova

Pharmaceutical Sciences Faculty Publications

The emergence of multidrug-resistant bacterial and fungal strains poses a threat to human health that requires the design and synthesis of new classes of antimicr obial agents. We evaluated bis(N-amidinohydrazones) and N-(amidino)-N'-aryl-bishydrazones for their antibacterial and antifungal activities against panels of Gram-positive/Gram-negative bacteria as well as fungi. We investigated their potential to develop resistance against both bacteria and fungi by a multi-step, resistance-selection method, explored their potential to induce the production of reactive oxygen species, and assessed their toxicity. In summary, we found that these compounds exhibited broad-spectrum antibacterial and antifungal activities against most ...


Microfilariae Of Brugia Malayi Inhibit The Mtor Pathway And Induce Autophagy In Human Dendritic Cells, Prakash Babu Narasimhan, Sasisekhar Bennuru, Zhaojing Meng, Rachel N Cotton, Kathleen R Elliott, Sundar Ganesan, Renee Mcdonald-Fleming, Timothy Veenstra, Thomas B Nutman, Roshanak Tolouei Semnani Sep 2016

Microfilariae Of Brugia Malayi Inhibit The Mtor Pathway And Induce Autophagy In Human Dendritic Cells, Prakash Babu Narasimhan, Sasisekhar Bennuru, Zhaojing Meng, Rachel N Cotton, Kathleen R Elliott, Sundar Ganesan, Renee Mcdonald-Fleming, Timothy Veenstra, Thomas B Nutman, Roshanak Tolouei Semnani

Pharmaceutical Sciences Faculty Publications

Immune modulation is a hallmark of patent filarial infection, including suppression of antigen-presenting cell function and downmodulation of filarial antigen-specific T cell responses. The mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) signaling pathway has been implicated in immune regulation, not only by suppressing T cell responses but also by regulating autophagy (through mTOR sensing amino acid availability). Global proteomic analysis (liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry) of microfilaria (mf)-exposed monocyte-derived dendritic cells (DC) indicated that multiple components of the mTOR signaling pathway, including mTOR, eIF4A, and eIF4E, are downregulated by mf, suggesting that mf target this pathway for immune modulation in DC. Utilizing ...


Lysosome Triggered Near-Infrared Fluorescence Imaging Of Cellular Trafficking Processes In Real Time., Marco Grossi, Marina Morgunova, Shane Cheung, Dimitri Scholz, Emer Conroy, Marta Terrile, Angela Panarella, Jeremy C. Simpson, William M. Gallagher, Donal F. O'Shea Mar 2016

Lysosome Triggered Near-Infrared Fluorescence Imaging Of Cellular Trafficking Processes In Real Time., Marco Grossi, Marina Morgunova, Shane Cheung, Dimitri Scholz, Emer Conroy, Marta Terrile, Angela Panarella, Jeremy C. Simpson, William M. Gallagher, Donal F. O'Shea

Chemistry Articles

Bioresponsive NIR-fluorophores offer the possibility for continual visualization of dynamic cellular processes with added potential for direct translation to in vivo imaging. Here we show the design, synthesis and lysosome-responsive emission properties of a new NIR fluorophore. The NIR fluorescent probe design differs from typical amine functionalized lysosomotropic stains with off/on fluorescence switching controlled by a reversible phenol/phenolate interconversion. Emission from the probe is shown to be highly selective for the lysosomes in co-imaging experiments using a HeLa cell line expressing the lysosomal-associated membrane protein 1 fused to green fluorescent protein. The responsive probe is capable of real-time ...


Crystal Structures Of Human Ctbp In Complex With Substrate Mtob Reveal Active Site Features Useful For Inhibitor Design, Brendan Hilbert, Steven Grossman, Celia Schiffer, William Royer Jan 2015

Crystal Structures Of Human Ctbp In Complex With Substrate Mtob Reveal Active Site Features Useful For Inhibitor Design, Brendan Hilbert, Steven Grossman, Celia Schiffer, William Royer

Celia A. Schiffer

The oncogenic corepressors C-terminal Binding Protein (CtBP) 1 and 2 harbor regulatory d-isomer specific 2-hydroxyacid dehydrogenase (d2-HDH) domains. 4-Methylthio 2-oxobutyric acid (MTOB) exhibits substrate inhibition and can interfere with CtBP oncogenic activity in cell culture and mice. Crystal structures of human CtBP1 and CtBP2 in complex with MTOB and NAD(+) revealed two key features: a conserved tryptophan that likely contributes to substrate specificity and a hydrophilic cavity that links MTOB with an NAD(+) phosphate. Neither feature is present in other d2-HDH enzymes. These structures thus offer key opportunities for the development of highly selective anti-neoplastic CtBP inhibitors. Elsevier B.V ...


Poly(Ethylene Glycol)-Based Backbones With High Peptide Loading Capacities., Aoife O'Connor, Jean-Noel Marsat, Annachiara Mitrugno, Tom Flahive, Niamh Moran, David Brayden, Marc Devocelle Oct 2014

Poly(Ethylene Glycol)-Based Backbones With High Peptide Loading Capacities., Aoife O'Connor, Jean-Noel Marsat, Annachiara Mitrugno, Tom Flahive, Niamh Moran, David Brayden, Marc Devocelle

Chemistry Articles

Polymer-peptide conjugates are a promising class of compounds, where polymers can be used to overcome some of the limitations associated with peptides intended for therapeutic and/or diagnostic applications. Linear polymers such as poly(ethylene glycol) can be conjugated through terminal moieties and have therefore limited loading capacities. In this research, functionalised linear poly(ethylene glycol)s are utilised for peptide conjugation, to increase their potential loading capacities. These poly(ethylene glycol) derivatives are conjugated to peptide sequences containing representative side-chain functionalised amino acids, using different conjugation chemistries, including copper-catalysed azide-alkyne cycloaddition, amide coupling and thiol-ene reactions. Conjugation of a ...


In Vitro Activities Of Synthetic Host Defense Propeptides Processed By Neutrophil Elastase Against Cystic Fibrosis Pathogens., Stephane Desgranges, Florie Le Prieult, Alan Daly, Marian Brennan, Dilip K. Rai, Anusha P. Subasinghage, Chandralal M. Hewage, Sally-Ann Cryan, Catherine M. Greene, Noel G. Mcelvaney, Timothy P. Smyth, Deirdre Fitzgerald-Hughes, Hilary Humphreys, Marc Devocelle May 2011

In Vitro Activities Of Synthetic Host Defense Propeptides Processed By Neutrophil Elastase Against Cystic Fibrosis Pathogens., Stephane Desgranges, Florie Le Prieult, Alan Daly, Marian Brennan, Dilip K. Rai, Anusha P. Subasinghage, Chandralal M. Hewage, Sally-Ann Cryan, Catherine M. Greene, Noel G. Mcelvaney, Timothy P. Smyth, Deirdre Fitzgerald-Hughes, Hilary Humphreys, Marc Devocelle

Chemistry Articles

The antimicrobial and hemolytic activities of a host defense peptide can be controlled by its modification as a propeptide of reduced net charge, which can then be processed by neutrophil elastase, a serine protease involved in chronic airway inflammation and infections associated with cystic fibrosis.


A Novel Anti-Cancer Bifunctional Platinum Drug Candidate With Dual Dna Binding And Histone Deacetylase Inhibitory Activity., Darren Griffith, Maria P. Morgan, Celine J. Marmion Nov 2009

A Novel Anti-Cancer Bifunctional Platinum Drug Candidate With Dual Dna Binding And Histone Deacetylase Inhibitory Activity., Darren Griffith, Maria P. Morgan, Celine J. Marmion

Chemistry Articles

The successful design and synthesis of a novel multifunctional platinum drug candidate with DNA binding, histone deacetylase inhibitory activity and enhanced selectivity for cancer cells are described.