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Medicinal-Pharmaceutical Chemistry Commons

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Full-Text Articles in Medicinal-Pharmaceutical Chemistry

Lysosome Triggered Near-Infrared Fluorescence Imaging Of Cellular Trafficking Processes In Real Time., Marco Grossi, Marina Morgunova, Shane Cheung, Dimitri Scholz, Emer Conroy, Marta Terrile, Angela Panarella, Jeremy C. Simpson, William M. Gallagher, Donal F. O'Shea Mar 2016

Lysosome Triggered Near-Infrared Fluorescence Imaging Of Cellular Trafficking Processes In Real Time., Marco Grossi, Marina Morgunova, Shane Cheung, Dimitri Scholz, Emer Conroy, Marta Terrile, Angela Panarella, Jeremy C. Simpson, William M. Gallagher, Donal F. O'Shea

Chemistry Articles

Bioresponsive NIR-fluorophores offer the possibility for continual visualization of dynamic cellular processes with added potential for direct translation to in vivo imaging. Here we show the design, synthesis and lysosome-responsive emission properties of a new NIR fluorophore. The NIR fluorescent probe design differs from typical amine functionalized lysosomotropic stains with off/on fluorescence switching controlled by a reversible phenol/phenolate interconversion. Emission from the probe is shown to be highly selective for the lysosomes in co-imaging experiments using a HeLa cell line expressing the lysosomal-associated membrane protein 1 fused to green fluorescent protein. The responsive probe is capable of real-time ...


Fluorescence Monitoring And Parallel Factor Analysis Of Contaminant Mixtures In Water, Nina M. Caputo Jan 2015

Fluorescence Monitoring And Parallel Factor Analysis Of Contaminant Mixtures In Water, Nina M. Caputo

Honors College

Pharmaceuticals and Personal Care Products (PPCPs) pollute our water systems regularly by entering the environment through inefficient methods of water treatment, ineffective sanitation and unregulated industrial and agricultural runoff. Currently, the most common methods of identifying PCPPs are expensive, time consuming and often require the aid of a trained expert. This project aims to further the methodology of utilizing fluorescence spectroscopy as a means of pollutant detection with a focus on contaminant mixtures. Four non-regulated EPA contaminants were fluoresced at compound specific EEM parameters and then again in two component mixtures to determine their limits of detection (LOD). The results ...


Molecular Level Interaction Of Human Fibroblast Growth Factor-1 (Hfgf-1) With Phloridzin, Rammohan Paripelly Dec 2013

Molecular Level Interaction Of Human Fibroblast Growth Factor-1 (Hfgf-1) With Phloridzin, Rammohan Paripelly

Masters Theses & Specialist Projects

Fibroblast growth factors (FGFs) are a family of growth factors which includes twenty three proteins. FGFs work as modulators for various cellular activities like mitosis, differentiation and survival. Among the FGF family, human fibroblast growth factor-1 (hFGF-1), which is also known as acidic fibroblast growth factor, is a potent angiogenic agent, involved in the formation of new blood vessels in various tissues. hFGF-1 is regarded as a prototype of the FGF family. It serves as one of the potential targets in tumor inhibition and obesity due to its involvement in new blood vessel formation in cancerous regions and adipose tissues ...


Light-Induced Acidification By The Antiviral Agent Hypericin, Michael J. Fehr, M. A. Mccloskey, Jacob W. Petrich Feb 1995

Light-Induced Acidification By The Antiviral Agent Hypericin, Michael J. Fehr, M. A. Mccloskey, Jacob W. Petrich

Chemistry Publications

The naturally occurring polycyclic quinone hypericin possesses light-induced antiviral activity against the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and other closely related enveloped lentiviruses such as equine infectious anemia virus (EIAV). We have previously argued that hypericin undergoes a fast proton transfer reaction in its singlet state (J. Phys. Chem. 1994, 98, 5784). We have also presented evidence that the light-induced antiviral activity of hypericin does not depend upon the formation of singlet oxygen (Bioorg. Med. Chem. Lett. 1994, 4, 1339). It is demonstrated here that steady-state illumination of a solution containing hypericin effects a pH drop. When hypericin and an indicator ...