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Medicinal-Pharmaceutical Chemistry Commons

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Articles 1 - 6 of 6

Full-Text Articles in Medicinal-Pharmaceutical Chemistry

Development Of A Novel Carboplatin Like Cytoplasmic Trackable Near Infrared Fluorophore Conjugate Via Strain-Promoted Azide Alkyne Cycloaddition., Eolann Kitteringham, Dan Wu, Shane Cheung, Brendan Twamley, Donal F. O'Shea, Darren M. Griffith Feb 2018

Development Of A Novel Carboplatin Like Cytoplasmic Trackable Near Infrared Fluorophore Conjugate Via Strain-Promoted Azide Alkyne Cycloaddition., Eolann Kitteringham, Dan Wu, Shane Cheung, Brendan Twamley, Donal F. O'Shea, Darren M. Griffith

Chemistry Articles

The successful design and pre-clicked synthesis of a non-toxic and cytosol trackable carboplatin-like near infrared fluorophore conjugate via strain-promoted azide alkyne cycloaddition (SPAAC) is reported. Reaction of cis-[Pt(2-azidopropane-1,3-diamine)(cbdca)] (cbdca = cyclobutane-1,1-dicarboxylato) and a bicyclo[6.1.0]non-4-yne near-infrared (NIR) azadipyrromethene fluorophore gave the corresponding clicked Pt-Fluorophore conjugate. The X-ray crystal structure of cis-[Pt(2-azidopropane-1,3-diamine)(cbdca)] was determined featuring the azide on the bidentate 1,3-diaminopropane ligand. The Pt-fluorophore conjugate is the first example of a Pt conjugate clicked via strain-promoted azide alkyne cycloaddition (SPAAC) where the reactive azide handle is on the amine ...


Novel Fluconazole Derivatives With Promising Antifungal Activity, Nishad Thamban Chandrika, Sanjib K. Shrestha, Huy X. Ngo, Kaitlind C. Howard, Sylvie Garneau-Tsodikova Feb 2018

Novel Fluconazole Derivatives With Promising Antifungal Activity, Nishad Thamban Chandrika, Sanjib K. Shrestha, Huy X. Ngo, Kaitlind C. Howard, Sylvie Garneau-Tsodikova

Pharmaceutical Sciences Faculty Publications

The fungistatic nature and toxicity concern associated with the azole drugs currently on the market have resulted in an increased demand for new azole antifungal agents for which these problematic characteristics do not exist. The extensive use of azoles has resulted in fungal strains capable of resisting the action of these drugs. Herein, we report the synthesis and antifungal activities of novel fluconazole (FLC) analogues with alkyl-, aryl-, cycloalkyl-, and dialkyl-amino substituents. We evaluated their antifungal activity by MIC determination and time-kill assay as well as their safety profile by hemolytic activity against murine erythrocytes as well as cytotoxicity against ...


Cytotoxicity Of Platinum Anticancer Drugs In Mammalian Cell Lines Of Metastatic Cancer, Hosannah Evie Jun 2017

Cytotoxicity Of Platinum Anticancer Drugs In Mammalian Cell Lines Of Metastatic Cancer, Hosannah Evie

Honors College Capstone Experience/Thesis Projects

With the invention of advanced technology, focus has been put on understanding and looking for potential cures for many diseases, one of which is cancer. The difference in the leaving and non-leaving ligands of the FDA approved cancer drugs contributes to the differential cell specific cytotoxic effects. These drugs such as oxaliplatin approved for colorectal cancer, cisplatin approved for testicular cancer, and their analogs were used to treat different cancer cell lines in an MTT assay. This project aims to determine how changing the molecular shape of these compounds affects their uptake and toxicity into different cell lines. The assay ...


Synthesis And In-Vitro Cell Viability/Cytotoxicity Studies Of Novel Pyrrolobenzodiazepine Derivatives, John M. Jarrett May 2017

Synthesis And In-Vitro Cell Viability/Cytotoxicity Studies Of Novel Pyrrolobenzodiazepine Derivatives, John M. Jarrett

Undergraduate Honors Theses

Pyrrolobenzodiazepines (PBDs) are a group of naturally occurring compounds that were discovered in the cultures of Streptomyces in the 1960s. Some natural PBDs discovered in these cultures, such as anthramycin and sibiromycin, were shown to possess a broad spectrum of anti-tumor activity. Since cancer is still a leading cause of death globally, the development of novel anti-proliferative derivatives of PBDs is essential for human welfare worldwide. Further synthesis and structure-activity relationship (SAR) studies of the parent natural products and their tetracyclic analogs will lead to the discovery of drug candidates. In this work, thirteen PBD analogues were synthesized using no ...


Bis(N-Amidinohydrazones) And N-(Amidino)-N'-Aryl-Bishydrazones: New Classes Of Antibacterial/Antifungal Agents, Sanjib K. Shrestha, Liliia M. Kril, Keith D. Green, Stefan Kwiatkowski, Vitaliy M. Sviripa, Justin Robert Nickell, Linda Phyliss Dwoskin, David S. Watt, Sylvie Garneau-Tsodikova Jan 2017

Bis(N-Amidinohydrazones) And N-(Amidino)-N'-Aryl-Bishydrazones: New Classes Of Antibacterial/Antifungal Agents, Sanjib K. Shrestha, Liliia M. Kril, Keith D. Green, Stefan Kwiatkowski, Vitaliy M. Sviripa, Justin Robert Nickell, Linda Phyliss Dwoskin, David S. Watt, Sylvie Garneau-Tsodikova

Pharmaceutical Sciences Faculty Publications

The emergence of multidrug-resistant bacterial and fungal strains poses a threat to human health that requires the design and synthesis of new classes of antimicr obial agents. We evaluated bis(N-amidinohydrazones) and N-(amidino)-N'-aryl-bishydrazones for their antibacterial and antifungal activities against panels of Gram-positive/Gram-negative bacteria as well as fungi. We investigated their potential to develop resistance against both bacteria and fungi by a multi-step, resistance-selection method, explored their potential to induce the production of reactive oxygen species, and assessed their toxicity. In summary, we found that these compounds exhibited broad-spectrum antibacterial and antifungal activities against most ...


Structural Dependence Of The In Vitro Cytotoxicity, Oxidative Stress And Uptake Mechanisms Of Poly(Propylene Imine) Dendritic Nanoparticles, Humza Khalid, Sourav Prasanna Mukherjee, Luke O'Neill, Hugh Byrne Feb 2016

Structural Dependence Of The In Vitro Cytotoxicity, Oxidative Stress And Uptake Mechanisms Of Poly(Propylene Imine) Dendritic Nanoparticles, Humza Khalid, Sourav Prasanna Mukherjee, Luke O'Neill, Hugh Byrne

Articles

The in vitro cytotoxic and intracellular oxidative stress responses to exposure to poly (propylene imine) (PPI) dendritic nanoparticles of increasing generation (number of repeated branching cycles) (G0-G4) were assessed in an immortal non-cancerous human keratinocyte cell-line (HaCaT). Confocal fluorescence microscopy with organelle staining was used to explore the uptake and intracellular trafficking mechanisms. A generation and dose dependent cytotoxic response was observed, increasing according to generation and therefore number of surface amino groups. A comparison of the cytotoxic response of G4 PPI and the related G4 Poly (amido amine) dendrimer indicates that the PPI with the same number of surface ...