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Medicinal-Pharmaceutical Chemistry Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

2019

Analytical Chemistry

Methyltransferase

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Full-Text Articles in Medicinal-Pharmaceutical Chemistry

Structural Basis Of 7sk Rna 5′ Γ-Phosphate Methylation And Retention By Mepce, Yuan Yang, Catherine D. Eichhorn, Yaqiang Wang, Duilio Cascio, Juli Feigon Jan 2019

Structural Basis Of 7sk Rna 5′ Γ-Phosphate Methylation And Retention By Mepce, Yuan Yang, Catherine D. Eichhorn, Yaqiang Wang, Duilio Cascio, Juli Feigon

Faculty Publications -- Chemistry Department

Among RNA 5′-cap structures, γ-phosphate monomethylation is unique to a small subset of noncoding RNAs, 7SK and U6 in humans. 7SK is capped by methylphosphate capping enzyme (MePCE), which has a second non-enzymatic role as a core component of the 7SK RNP that is an essential regulator of RNA transcription. We report 2.0 and 2.1 Å X-ray crystal structures of human MePCE methyltransferase domain bound to S-adenosylhomocysteine (SAH) and uncapped or capped 7SK substrates, respectively. 7SK recognition is achieved by protein contacts to a 5′ hairpin-single-stranded RNA region, explaining MePCE specificity for 7SK and U6. The structures ...