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Medicinal-Pharmaceutical Chemistry Commons

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2017

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Articles 91 - 99 of 99

Full-Text Articles in Medicinal-Pharmaceutical Chemistry

Phage Display To Identify Functional Resistance Mutations To Rigosertib, Nedim Filipovic Jan 2017

Phage Display To Identify Functional Resistance Mutations To Rigosertib, Nedim Filipovic

CMC Senior Theses

In vitro protein selection has had major impacts in the field of protein engineering. Traditional screens assay individual proteins for specific function. Selection, however, analyzes a pool of mutants and yields the best variants. Phage display, a successful selection technique, also provides a reliable link between variant phenotype and genotype. It can also be coupled with high throughput sequencing to map protein mutations; potentially highlighting vital mutations in variants. We propose to apply this technique to cancer therapy. RAF, a serine/threonine kinase, is critical for cell regulation in mammals. RAF can be activated by oncogenic RAS, found in over ...


Monitoring And Evaluation Of Terni (Central Italy) Air Quality Through Spatially Resolved Analyses, Lorenzo Massimi, Martina Ristorini, Marta Eusebio, Darla Florendo, Adeola Adeyemo, David Brugnoli, Silvia Canepari Jan 2017

Monitoring And Evaluation Of Terni (Central Italy) Air Quality Through Spatially Resolved Analyses, Lorenzo Massimi, Martina Ristorini, Marta Eusebio, Darla Florendo, Adeola Adeyemo, David Brugnoli, Silvia Canepari

Conference Papers

A study of spatial variability of PM10 elemental components was conducted in Terni city (Central Italy), situated in an intramountain depression characterized by the presence of several particulate matter emission sources. The meteorological conditions of the Terni basin limit the dispersion and enhance the accumulation of atmospheric pollutants. Thanks to the utilization of new smart samplers, used for the first time and working in parallel at 23 sampling sites, spatially resolved data were obtained. Localizations of the samplers were chosen in order to evaluate the impact of different local PM10 sources. Chemical composition of the samples was determined in combination ...


The Antibacterial Activity Of Metal Complexes Containing 1, 10-Phenanthroline: Potential As Alternatire Therapeutics In The Era Of Antibiotic Resistance, Livia Viganon, Orla L. Howe, Pauraic Mccarron, Malachy Mccann, Michael Devereux Jan 2017

The Antibacterial Activity Of Metal Complexes Containing 1, 10-Phenanthroline: Potential As Alternatire Therapeutics In The Era Of Antibiotic Resistance, Livia Viganon, Orla L. Howe, Pauraic Mccarron, Malachy Mccann, Michael Devereux

Articles

The “antibiotic era”, characterized by the overuse and misuse of antibiotics, over the last half-century has culminated in the present critical “era of resistance”. The treatment of bacterial infections is challenging because of a decline in the current arsenal of useful antibiotics and the slow rate of new drug development. The discovery of a new gene (mcr-1) in 2015, which enables bacteria to be highly resistant to polymyxins (such as colistin), the last line of antibiotic defence left, heralds a new level of concern as this gene is susceptible to horizontal gene transfer, with alarming potential to be spread between ...


Synthesis And Biological Activity Of Novel Tu100 Derivatives, Oladotun J. Alao Jan 2017

Synthesis And Biological Activity Of Novel Tu100 Derivatives, Oladotun J. Alao

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

In an attempt to create more effective chemotherapeutic compounds, the naphthoquinone adduct, 12,13-dihydro-N-methyl-6,11,13-trioxo-5H-benzo[4,5]cyclohepta [1,2 b]naphthalen-5,12-imine (hereafter called TU100) was synthesized. Inspired by its unique and novel mechanism of action, a series of structural derivatives were synthesized to explore structure-activity relationships. The analogues exhibited different cytotoxicity profiles, revealing the indicated regions are involved in cell death induction. Furthermore, the analogues had dramatically different effects on cellular ATP production, suggesting different molecular targets. Synthesis, biological activity, and SAR study of these analogues will be revealed.


Analysis Of Novel Cyanide Antidote Dimethyl Trisulfide For Pharmacokinetic Studies, And Sulfur Mustard Metabolites For Identification Of Biomarker Of Inhaled Dose, Erica Manandhar Jan 2017

Analysis Of Novel Cyanide Antidote Dimethyl Trisulfide For Pharmacokinetic Studies, And Sulfur Mustard Metabolites For Identification Of Biomarker Of Inhaled Dose, Erica Manandhar

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Cyanide poisoning by accidental or intentional exposure poses a severe health risk. The current FDA approved antidotes for cyanide poisoning can be effective, but each suffers from specific major limitations. Dimethyl trisulfide (DMTS), a sulfur donor that detoxifies cyanide by converting it into thiocyanate, is a promising next generation cyanide antidote. Although a validated analytical method to analyze DMTS is not currently available from any matrix, one will be vital for the approval of DMTS as a therapeutic agent against cyanide poisoning. Hence, a stir bar sorptive extraction (SBSE) gas chromatography – mass spectrometry (GC-MS) method was developed and validated for ...


Bis(N-Amidinohydrazones) And N-(Amidino)-N'-Aryl-Bishydrazones: New Classes Of Antibacterial/Antifungal Agents, Sanjib K. Shrestha, Liliia M. Kril, Keith D. Green, Stefan Kwiatkowski, Vitaliy M. Sviripa, Justin Robert Nickell, Linda Phyliss Dwoskin, David S. Watt, Sylvie Garneau-Tsodikova Jan 2017

Bis(N-Amidinohydrazones) And N-(Amidino)-N'-Aryl-Bishydrazones: New Classes Of Antibacterial/Antifungal Agents, Sanjib K. Shrestha, Liliia M. Kril, Keith D. Green, Stefan Kwiatkowski, Vitaliy M. Sviripa, Justin Robert Nickell, Linda Phyliss Dwoskin, David S. Watt, Sylvie Garneau-Tsodikova

Pharmaceutical Sciences Faculty Publications

The emergence of multidrug-resistant bacterial and fungal strains poses a threat to human health that requires the design and synthesis of new classes of antimicr obial agents. We evaluated bis(N-amidinohydrazones) and N-(amidino)-N'-aryl-bishydrazones for their antibacterial and antifungal activities against panels of Gram-positive/Gram-negative bacteria as well as fungi. We investigated their potential to develop resistance against both bacteria and fungi by a multi-step, resistance-selection method, explored their potential to induce the production of reactive oxygen species, and assessed their toxicity. In summary, we found that these compounds exhibited broad-spectrum antibacterial and antifungal activities against most ...


Correlation Between The Structure And The Anticorrosion Barrier Properties Of Hybrid Sol–Gel Coatings: Application To The Protection Of Aa2024-T3 Alloys, Maikki Cullen, Muhammad Morshed, Mary O'Sullivan, Emma Mchugh, Brendan Duffy, Mohamed Oubaha Jan 2017

Correlation Between The Structure And The Anticorrosion Barrier Properties Of Hybrid Sol–Gel Coatings: Application To The Protection Of Aa2024-T3 Alloys, Maikki Cullen, Muhammad Morshed, Mary O'Sullivan, Emma Mchugh, Brendan Duffy, Mohamed Oubaha

Articles

Hybrid sol–gel materials have been extensively studied as viable alternatives to toxic chromate (VI)-based coatings for the corrosion protection of AA2024-T3 in the aerospace industry, due to the wide range of available chemistries they offer and the tremendous development potential of innovative functional coatings. However, so far, little work has been performed in identifying the effect of the employed chemistries on the structure and anticorrosion properties of the coatings. This work proposes to contribute to a better understanding of the relationship existing between the structure, morphology and anticorrosion properties of hybrid sol–gel coatings deposited on AA2024- T3 ...


Literature Review On The Use Of Nucleic Acid-Based Logic Gates For The Detection Of Human Diseases, Enrique J. Blanco Martinez Jan 2017

Literature Review On The Use Of Nucleic Acid-Based Logic Gates For The Detection Of Human Diseases, Enrique J. Blanco Martinez

Honors Undergraduate Theses

Conventional methods for diagnosis of human disease are, at times, limited in different regards including time requirement, either experimental or data processing, sensitivity, and selectivity. It is then that a Point of Care Criteria, which considers the true utility and usefulness of the device, is employed to propose new diagnostic devices capable of overcoming the aforementioned shortcomings of conventional tools. Nucleic acid, characterized for its predictable base-pairing nature, is considered to be a highly-selective, yet greatly modifiable device. Its behavior is then described through Boolean Logic, where “true” or “false” outputs are mathematically described as “1” and “0”, respectively. This ...


Design, Synthesis, And Biological Activity Of 1,2,3-Triazolobenzodiazepine Bet Bromodomain Inhibitors [Accepted Manuscript], Phillip P. Sharp, Jean-Marc Garnier, Tamas Hatfaludi, Zhen Xu, David Segal, Kate E. Jarman, Hélène Jousset, Alexandra Garnham, John T. Feutrill, Anthony Cuzzupe, Peter Hall, Scott Taylor, Carl Walkley, Dean Tyler, Mark A. Dawson, Peter Czabotar, Andrew F. Wilks, Stefan Glaser, David C. S. Huang, Christopher J. Burns Jan 2017

Design, Synthesis, And Biological Activity Of 1,2,3-Triazolobenzodiazepine Bet Bromodomain Inhibitors [Accepted Manuscript], Phillip P. Sharp, Jean-Marc Garnier, Tamas Hatfaludi, Zhen Xu, David Segal, Kate E. Jarman, Hélène Jousset, Alexandra Garnham, John T. Feutrill, Anthony Cuzzupe, Peter Hall, Scott Taylor, Carl Walkley, Dean Tyler, Mark A. Dawson, Peter Czabotar, Andrew F. Wilks, Stefan Glaser, David C. S. Huang, Christopher J. Burns

Faculty of Health Sciences Publications

A number of diazepines are known to inhibit bromo- and extra-terminal domain (BET) proteins. Their BET inhibitory activity derives from the fusion of an acetyl-lysine mimetic heterocycle onto the diazepine framework. Herein we describe a straightforward, modular synthesis of novel 1,2,3-triazolobenzodiazepines and show that the 1,2,3-triazole acts as an effective acetyl-lysine mimetic heterocycle. Structure-based optimization of this series of compounds led to the development of potent BET bromodomain inhibitors with excellent activity against leukemic cells, concomitant with a reduction in c-MYC expression. These novel benzodiazepines therefore represent a promising class of therapeutic BET inhibitors.