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Medicinal-Pharmaceutical Chemistry Commons

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Full-Text Articles in Medicinal-Pharmaceutical Chemistry

Cytotoxicity Of Platinum Anticancer Drugs In Mammalian Cell Lines Of Metastatic Cancer, Hosannah Evie Jun 2017

Cytotoxicity Of Platinum Anticancer Drugs In Mammalian Cell Lines Of Metastatic Cancer, Hosannah Evie

Honors College Capstone Experience/Thesis Projects

With the invention of advanced technology, focus has been put on understanding and looking for potential cures for many diseases, one of which is cancer. The difference in the leaving and non-leaving ligands of the FDA approved cancer drugs contributes to the differential cell specific cytotoxic effects. These drugs such as oxaliplatin approved for colorectal cancer, cisplatin approved for testicular cancer, and their analogs were used to treat different cancer cell lines in an MTT assay. This project aims to determine how changing the molecular shape of these compounds affects their uptake and toxicity into different cell lines. The assay ...


Synthesis And In-Vitro Cell Viability/Cytotoxicity Studies Of Novel Pyrrolobenzodiazepine Derivatives, John M. Jarrett May 2017

Synthesis And In-Vitro Cell Viability/Cytotoxicity Studies Of Novel Pyrrolobenzodiazepine Derivatives, John M. Jarrett

Undergraduate Honors Theses

Pyrrolobenzodiazepines (PBDs) are a group of naturally occurring compounds that were discovered in the cultures of Streptomyces in the 1960s. Some natural PBDs discovered in these cultures, such as anthramycin and sibiromycin, were shown to possess a broad spectrum of anti-tumor activity. Since cancer is still a leading cause of death globally, the development of novel anti-proliferative derivatives of PBDs is essential for human welfare worldwide. Further synthesis and structure-activity relationship (SAR) studies of the parent natural products and their tetracyclic analogs will lead to the discovery of drug candidates. In this work, thirteen PBD analogues were synthesized using no ...


Bis(N-Amidinohydrazones) And N-(Amidino)-N'-Aryl-Bishydrazones: New Classes Of Antibacterial/Antifungal Agents, Sanjib K. Shrestha, Liliia M. Kril, Keith D. Green, Stefan Kwiatkowski, Vitaliy M. Sviripa, Justin Robert Nickell, Linda Phyliss Dwoskin, David S. Watt, Sylvie Garneau-Tsodikova Jan 2017

Bis(N-Amidinohydrazones) And N-(Amidino)-N'-Aryl-Bishydrazones: New Classes Of Antibacterial/Antifungal Agents, Sanjib K. Shrestha, Liliia M. Kril, Keith D. Green, Stefan Kwiatkowski, Vitaliy M. Sviripa, Justin Robert Nickell, Linda Phyliss Dwoskin, David S. Watt, Sylvie Garneau-Tsodikova

Pharmaceutical Sciences Faculty Publications

The emergence of multidrug-resistant bacterial and fungal strains poses a threat to human health that requires the design and synthesis of new classes of antimicr obial agents. We evaluated bis(N-amidinohydrazones) and N-(amidino)-N'-aryl-bishydrazones for their antibacterial and antifungal activities against panels of Gram-positive/Gram-negative bacteria as well as fungi. We investigated their potential to develop resistance against both bacteria and fungi by a multi-step, resistance-selection method, explored their potential to induce the production of reactive oxygen species, and assessed their toxicity. In summary, we found that these compounds exhibited broad-spectrum antibacterial and antifungal activities against most ...