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2016

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Articles 61 - 82 of 82

Full-Text Articles in Medicinal-Pharmaceutical Chemistry

Peptidylarginine Deiminase 3 (Pad3) Is Upregulated By Prolactin Stimulation Of Cid-9 Cells And Expressed In The Lactating Mouse Mammary Gland, Guangyuan Li, Isaac N. Hayward, Brittany R. Jenkins, Heather M. Rothfuss, Coleman H. Young, Marja T. Nevalainen, Aaron Muth, Paul R. Thompson, Amy M. Navratil, Brian D. Cherrington Jan 2016

Peptidylarginine Deiminase 3 (Pad3) Is Upregulated By Prolactin Stimulation Of Cid-9 Cells And Expressed In The Lactating Mouse Mammary Gland, Guangyuan Li, Isaac N. Hayward, Brittany R. Jenkins, Heather M. Rothfuss, Coleman H. Young, Marja T. Nevalainen, Aaron Muth, Paul R. Thompson, Amy M. Navratil, Brian D. Cherrington

Thompson Lab Publications

Peptidylarginine deiminases (PADs) post-translationally convert arginine into neutral citrulline residues. Our past work shows that PADs are expressed in the canine and murine mammary glands; however, the mechanisms regulating PAD expression and the function of citrullination in the normal mammary gland are unclear. Therefore, the first objective herein was to investigate regulation of PAD expression in mammary epithelial cells. We first examined PAD levels in CID-9 cells, which were derived from the mammary gland of mid-pregnant mice. PAD3 expression is significantly higher than all other PAD isoforms and mediates protein citrullination in CID-9 cells. We next hypothesized that prolactin regulates ...


Targeting Radioresistant Breast Cancer Cells By Single Agent Chk1 Inhibitor Via Enhancing Replication Stress, Yao Zhang, Jinzhi Lai, Zhanwen Du, Jinnan Gao, Shuming Yang, Shashank Gorityala, Xiahui Xiong, Ou Deng, Zhefu Ma, Chunhong Yan, Gonzalo Susana, Yan Xu, Junran Zhang Jan 2016

Targeting Radioresistant Breast Cancer Cells By Single Agent Chk1 Inhibitor Via Enhancing Replication Stress, Yao Zhang, Jinzhi Lai, Zhanwen Du, Jinnan Gao, Shuming Yang, Shashank Gorityala, Xiahui Xiong, Ou Deng, Zhefu Ma, Chunhong Yan, Gonzalo Susana, Yan Xu, Junran Zhang

Chemistry Faculty Publications

Radiotherapy (RT) remains a standard therapeutic modality for breast cancer patients. However, intrinsic or acquired resistance limits the efficacy of RT. Here, we demonstrate that CHK1 inhibitor AZD7762 alone significantly inhibited the growth of radioresistant breast cancer cells (RBCC). Given the critical role of ATR/CHK1 signaling in suppressing oncogene-induced replication stress (RS), we hypothesize that CHK1 inhibition leads to the specific killing for RBCC due to its abrogation in the suppression of RS induced by oncogenes. In agreement, the expression of oncogenes c-Myc/CDC25A/c-Src/H-ras/E2F1 and DNA damage response (DDR) proteins ATR/CHK1/BRCA1/CtIP were elevated ...


Towards An Understanding Of Pharmacologically Induced Intracellular Changes In Nicotinic Acetylcholine Receptors: A Fluorescence Microscopy Approach, Ashley M. Loe Jan 2016

Towards An Understanding Of Pharmacologically Induced Intracellular Changes In Nicotinic Acetylcholine Receptors: A Fluorescence Microscopy Approach, Ashley M. Loe

Theses and Dissertations--Chemistry

Upregulation of nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChRs) is a well-documented response to chronic nicotine exposure. Nicotinic acetylcholine receptors are pentameric ligand-gated ion channels consisting of alpha (α2-10) and beta (β2-4) subunits. Nicotine, an agonist of nAChRs, alters trafficking and assembly of some subtypes of nAChRs, leading to an increase in expression of high sensitivity receptors on the plasma membrane. These physiological changes in nAChRs are believed to contribute to nicotine addiction, although the mechanism of these processes has not been resolved. Recently, many studies have converged on the idea that nicotine induces upregulation by an intracellular mechanism. In this dissertation, expression ...


The Synthesis Of 1,3-Difluoro-2-Methyl-4-Phenylbenzene From A One-Pot Reaction Of Difluorocarbene And 1-Phenyl-2-Methylcyclobutene, Ruth Felicitas Menger Jan 2016

The Synthesis Of 1,3-Difluoro-2-Methyl-4-Phenylbenzene From A One-Pot Reaction Of Difluorocarbene And 1-Phenyl-2-Methylcyclobutene, Ruth Felicitas Menger

Senior Honors Projects, 2010-current

Previous studies show that 1,2-disubstituted cyclobutenes can be used in reaction with difluorocarbene to produce 1,3-difluorobenzenes. A pathway to the synthesis of these types of compounds is of interest due to their presence in fluoroquinolone antibacterials, resins, and insecticides. The synthesis is unique because the fluorine atoms from the difluorocarbene are not adjacent to each other when the ring expands to a benzene ring. This study focuses on the reaction of difluorocarbene with 1-phenyl-2-methylcyclobutene, which was synthesized in one-pot in 4 steps starting from 1-phenyl-1-propyne and zirconocene dichloride.


A Novel Dual-Functioning Ruthenium(Ii)-Arene Complex Of An Anti-Microbial Ciprofloxacin Derivative - Anti-Proliferative And Anti-Microbial Activity., Ziga Ude, Isolda Romero-Canelón, Brendan Twamley, Deirdre Fitzgerald-Hughes, Peter J. Sadler, Celine Marmion Jan 2016

A Novel Dual-Functioning Ruthenium(Ii)-Arene Complex Of An Anti-Microbial Ciprofloxacin Derivative - Anti-Proliferative And Anti-Microbial Activity., Ziga Ude, Isolda Romero-Canelón, Brendan Twamley, Deirdre Fitzgerald-Hughes, Peter J. Sadler, Celine Marmion

Chemistry Articles

7-(4-(Decanoyl)piperazin-1-yl)-ciprofloxacin, CipA, (1) which is an analogue of the antibiotic ciprofloxacin, and its ruthenium(II) complex [Ru(η(6)-p-cymene)(CipA-H)Cl], (2) have been synthesised and the x-ray crystal structures of 1·1.3H2O·0.6CH3OH and 2·CH3OH·0.5H2O determined. The complex adopts a typical pseudo-octahedral 'piano-stool' geometry, with Ru(II) π-bonded to the p-cymene ring and σ-bonded to a chloride and two oxygen atoms of the chelated fluoroquinolone ligand. The complex is highly cytotoxic in the low μM range and is as potent as the clinical drug cisplatin against the human cancer ...


Signature Of Coexistence Of Superconductivity And Ferromagnetism In Two-Dimensional Nbse2 Triggered By Surface Molecular Adsorption, Xiaojiao Zhu, Yuqiao Guo, Hao Cheng, Jun Dai, Xingda An, Jiyin Zhao, Kangzhen Tian, Shiqiang Wei, Xiao Cheng Zeng, Changzheng Wu, Yi Xie Jan 2016

Signature Of Coexistence Of Superconductivity And Ferromagnetism In Two-Dimensional Nbse2 Triggered By Surface Molecular Adsorption, Xiaojiao Zhu, Yuqiao Guo, Hao Cheng, Jun Dai, Xingda An, Jiyin Zhao, Kangzhen Tian, Shiqiang Wei, Xiao Cheng Zeng, Changzheng Wu, Yi Xie

Faculty Publications -- Chemistry Department

Ferromagnetism is usually deemed incompatible with superconductivity. Consequently, the coexistence of superconductivity and ferromagnetism is usually observed only in elegantly designed multi-ingredient structures in which the two competing electronic states originate from separate structural components. Here we report the use of surface molecular adsorption to induce ferromagnetism in two-dimensional superconducting NbSe2, representing the freestanding case of the coexistence of superconductivity and ferromagnetism in one two-dimensional nanomaterial. Surface-structural modulation of the ultrathin superconducting NbSe2 by polar reductive hydrazine molecules triggers a slight elongation of the covalent Nb–Se bond, which weakens the covalent interaction and enhances the ionicity of ...


Engineering Escherichia Coli For High‑Yield Geraniol Production With Biotransformation Of Geranyl Acetate To Geraniol Under Fed‑Batch Culture, Wei Liu, Xin Xu, Rubing Zhang, Tao Cheng, Yujin Cao, Xiaoxiao Li, Jiantao Guo, Huizhou Liu, Mo Xian Jan 2016

Engineering Escherichia Coli For High‑Yield Geraniol Production With Biotransformation Of Geranyl Acetate To Geraniol Under Fed‑Batch Culture, Wei Liu, Xin Xu, Rubing Zhang, Tao Cheng, Yujin Cao, Xiaoxiao Li, Jiantao Guo, Huizhou Liu, Mo Xian

Faculty Publications -- Chemistry Department

Background: Geraniol is an acyclic monoterpene alcohol, which exhibits good prospect as a gasoline alternative. Geraniol is naturally encountered in plants at low concentrations and an attractive target for microbial engineering. Geraniol has been heterologously produced in Escherichia coli, but the low titer hinders its industrial applications. Moreover, bioconversion of geraniol by E. coli remains largely unknown.

Results: Recombinant overexpression of Ocimum basilicum geraniol synthase, Abies grandis geranyl diphosphate synthase, and a heterotic mevalonate pathway in E. coli BL21 (DE3) enabled the production of up to 68.6 ± 3 mg/L geraniol in shake flasks. Initial fed-batch fermentation only increased ...


Analytic Ab Initio-Based Molecular Interaction Potential For The Bro·H2O Complex, Ross D. Hoehn, Sachin D. Yeole, Sabre Kais, Joseph S. Francisco Jan 2016

Analytic Ab Initio-Based Molecular Interaction Potential For The Bro·H2O Complex, Ross D. Hoehn, Sachin D. Yeole, Sabre Kais, Joseph S. Francisco

Faculty Publications -- Chemistry Department

Radical halogen oxide species play important roles within atmospheric processes, specifically those responsible for the removal of O3. To facilitate future investigations on this family of compounds, RCCSD(T)/aug-cc-pVQZ-level electronic structure calculations were employed to generate individual-molecule optimized geometries, as well as to determine the global minimum energy structure for the BrO·H2O complex. This information facilitated the generation of several one-dimensional potential energy surface (PES) scans for the BrO·H2O complex. Scans were performed for both the ground state and the first excited state; this inclusion is due to a low-lying first electronic excited-state ...


Ring Closures And The Hammond Postulate, Charles A. Kingsbury Jan 2016

Ring Closures And The Hammond Postulate, Charles A. Kingsbury

Faculty Publications -- Chemistry Department

This work reports an investigation of ring closure processes in relation to the Hammond postulate. Calculations favor the importance of thermodynamics, not kinetics, as the basis for the Hammond postulate. A kinetically rapid, but thermodynamically unfavorable reaction is shown to resemble product. The ease of ring closure to three-membered rings, compared to four-membered rings, is thought to be associated with conformational mobility and perhaps vibrations coupled to the reaction coordinate motion in the case of four-membered rings.


Close Encounters With Creative Chemical Thinking: An Outreach Presentation Using Movie Clips About The Elemental Composition Of Aliens And Extraterrestrial Minerals, Mark A. Griep, Marjorie L. Mikasen Jan 2016

Close Encounters With Creative Chemical Thinking: An Outreach Presentation Using Movie Clips About The Elemental Composition Of Aliens And Extraterrestrial Minerals, Mark A. Griep, Marjorie L. Mikasen

Faculty Publications -- Chemistry Department

To introduce more chemistry into a middle and high school bioengineering camp experience, we developed an educational and entertaining presentation that examines the chemistry in movies about aliens and minerals from outer space. Our goal was to help the campers to think creatively about the bioengineering projects they are doing and about its chemistry. After watching each movie clip, we explain whether the chemistry in the clip is real or fake, and then describe the real chemistry that inspired it. The chemical touchstone for the presentation is the periodic table. First, the campers learn that aliens in five movies are ...


Highly Porous Zirconium Metal−Organic Frameworks With Β‑Uh3‑Like Topology Based On Elongated Tetrahedral Linkers, Xin Zhang, Xu Zhang, Jacob A. Johnson, Yu-Sheng Chen, Jian Zhang Jan 2016

Highly Porous Zirconium Metal−Organic Frameworks With Β‑Uh3‑Like Topology Based On Elongated Tetrahedral Linkers, Xin Zhang, Xu Zhang, Jacob A. Johnson, Yu-Sheng Chen, Jian Zhang

Faculty Publications -- Chemistry Department

Two non-interpenetrated zirconium metal−organic frameworks (Zr-MOFs), NPF-200 and NPF-201, were synthesized via the assembly of elongated tetrahedral linkers with Zr6 and Zr8 clusters. They represent the first examples of MOFs to have the β-UH3-like, 4,12,12T1 topology. Upon activation, NPF-200 exhibits the largest BET surface area (5463 m2g−1) and void volume (81.6%) among all MOFs formed from tetrahedral ligands. Composed of negative-charged boron-centered tetrahedral linkers, NPF-201 is an anionic Zr-MOF which selectively uptakes photoactive [Ru(bpy)3]2+for heterogeneous photo-oxidation of thioanisole.

Additional supporting information files are attached ...


Flexble Robotic Actuators, Aaron D. Mazzeo, Stephen A. Morin, Robert F. Shepherd, George M. Whitesides, William B. Kalb Jan 2016

Flexble Robotic Actuators, Aaron D. Mazzeo, Stephen A. Morin, Robert F. Shepherd, George M. Whitesides, William B. Kalb

Faculty Publications -- Chemistry Department

Some embodiments of the disclosed subject matter includes a laminated robotic actuator. The laminated robotic actuator includes a strain-limiting layer comprising a flexible, non extensible material in the form of a sheet or thin film, a flexible inflatable layer in the form of a thin film or sheet in facing relationship with the Strain-limiting layer, wherein the inflatable layer is selectively adhered to the strain-limiting layer, and wherein a portion of an un-adhered region between the strain-limiting layer and the inflatable layer defines a pressurizable channel, and at least one fluid inlet in fluid communication with the pressurizable channel. The ...


Exploring The Relationship Of Mbd1 Protein Binding Cpg Sites Of Methylated Dna, Shelby L. Scherer Jan 2016

Exploring The Relationship Of Mbd1 Protein Binding Cpg Sites Of Methylated Dna, Shelby L. Scherer

University Honors Program Theses

Methylated DNA binding (MBD) proteins control transcriptional regulation by binding methylated DNA at CpG islands to modulate transcriptional activation and silencing of specific genes such as tumor suppressors. The goal is to explore the structure/function relationship between MBD proteins and methylated DNA recognition. By synthesizing the methylated DNA binding region of the MBD1 protein, binding studies test the peptide’s affinity and specificity for methylated DNA. Fluorescence, circular dichroism, and thermal denaturation techniques are utilized to determine the binding affinities and structures of peptides. Studies of peptide mutations can monitor the effectiveness of methylated DNA binding compared to the ...


Mirtazapine, Cassidy Hicks Jan 2016

Mirtazapine, Cassidy Hicks

Natural Sciences Poster Sessions

This is a poster presented at the Natural Sciences Poster Session at Parkland College, which provides the chemical makeup, dosage, and the body's response to Mirtazapine(Remeron, Remeron SolTab), a medication used to treat depression.


Isotretinoin, Gina Wojnar Jan 2016

Isotretinoin, Gina Wojnar

Natural Sciences Poster Sessions

This is a poster presented at the Natural Sciences Poster Session at Parkland College, which provides the chemical makeup, dosage, and the body's response to Isotretinoin (Amnesteem, Claravis, Sotret), a medication used to treat severe recalcitrant cystic or conglobate acne in patients unresponsive to conventional treatment.


The Study Of Nf-Κb Peptide Mimics And How Proteins Bind Dna, Allee M. Murray Jan 2016

The Study Of Nf-Κb Peptide Mimics And How Proteins Bind Dna, Allee M. Murray

University Honors Program Theses

The protein complex nuclear factor kappa B (NF-κB) is widely considered to be one of the most influential transcription factors when studying cellular functions. Peptide mimics of NF-κB aim to inhibit DNA binding in order to displace the natural transcription factor, therefore inhibiting transcription and translation. In theory, NF-κB is not the problem; the real problem lies in directing the synthesis and expression of harmful proteins. In conjunction with this, the project aims to study NF-κB and its structure and function to determine what criteria are important for the binding of DNA in order to design a peptide that comes ...


Aprepitant, Emily Defend Jan 2016

Aprepitant, Emily Defend

Natural Sciences Poster Sessions

This is a poster presented at the Natural Sciences Poster Session at Parkland College, which provides the chemical makeup, dosage, and the body's response to Aprepitant (Emend), a medication used to prevent acute and delayed nausea and vomiting associated with emetogenic chemotherapy.


Aminosalicylic Acid (Paser), Vilas B. Vekaria Jan 2016

Aminosalicylic Acid (Paser), Vilas B. Vekaria

Natural Sciences Poster Sessions

This is a poster presented at the Natural Sciences Poster Session at Parkland College, which provides the chemical makeup, dosage, and the body's response to Aminosalicylic Acid (Paser), a drug used with other medications for the treatment of tuberculosis.


Mutagenesis-Based Active-Site Characterization Of The Diabetes Drug Target Mitoneet, Lisa Mickley Jan 2016

Mutagenesis-Based Active-Site Characterization Of The Diabetes Drug Target Mitoneet, Lisa Mickley

Williams Honors College, Honors Research Projects

This project investigates the cluster stability of an outer mitochondrial membrane protein mitoNEET under mutational stress and drug binding analysis. MitoNEET is a part of a class of proteins that coordinate an Fe-S molecule into its tertiary structure. This protein is believed to facilitate the oxidative capacity of the electron transport chain by reversible loss of its coordinated Fe-S molecule. The research of this paper uses site directed protein mutagenesis to selectively alter the three cysteine, one histidine cluster coordination into more common coordination patterns such as two cysteine, two histidine or four cysteine. The ultimate goal is to optimize ...


The Role Of A Conserved Membrane Proximal Cysteine In Altering Αps2cβps Integrin Diffusion, Aleem Syed, Neha Arora, Thomas A. Bunch, Emily A. Smith Jan 2016

The Role Of A Conserved Membrane Proximal Cysteine In Altering Αps2cβps Integrin Diffusion, Aleem Syed, Neha Arora, Thomas A. Bunch, Emily A. Smith

Chemistry Publications

Cysteine residues (Cys) in the membrane proximal region are common post-translational modification (PTM) sites in transmembrane proteins. Herein, the effects of a highly conserved membrane proximal α-subunit Cys1368 on the diffusion properties of αPS2CβPS integrins are reported. Sequence alignment shows that this cysteine is palmitoylated in human α3 and α6 integrin subunits. Replacing Cys1368 in wild-type integrins with valine (Val1368) putatively blocks a PTM site and alters integrins' ligand binding and diffusion characteristics. Both fluorescence recovery after photobleaching (FRAP) and single particle tracking (SPT) diffusion measurements show Val1368 integrins are more mobile compared to ...


Methyl Transfer By Substrate Signaling From A Knotted Protein Fold, Thomas Christian, Reiko Sakaguchi, Agata P. Perlinska, George Lahoud, Takuhiro Ito, Erika A. Taylor, Shigeyuki Yokoyama, Joanna I. Sulkowska, Ya-Ming Hou Dec 2015

Methyl Transfer By Substrate Signaling From A Knotted Protein Fold, Thomas Christian, Reiko Sakaguchi, Agata P. Perlinska, George Lahoud, Takuhiro Ito, Erika A. Taylor, Shigeyuki Yokoyama, Joanna I. Sulkowska, Ya-Ming Hou

Erika A. Taylor, Ph.D.

Proteins with knotted configurations, in comparison with unknotted proteins, are restricted in conformational space. Little is known regarding whether knotted proteins have sufficient dynamics to communicate between spatially separated substrate-binding sites. TrmD is a bacterial methyltransferase that uses a knotted protein fold to catalyze methyl transfer from S-adenosyl methionine (AdoMet) to G37-tRNA. The product, m1G37-tRNA, is essential for life and maintains protein-synthesis reading frames. Using an integrated approach of structural, kinetic, and computational analysis, we show that the structurally constrained TrmD knot is required for its catalytic activity. Unexpectedly, the TrmD knot undergoes complex internal movements that respond to AdoMet ...


Interrogating Metabolism In Brain Cancer, Travis Salzillo, Jingzhe Hu, Linda Nguyen, Nicholas Whiting, Jaehyuk Lee, Joseph Weygand, Prasanta Dutta, Shivanand Pudakalakatti, Niki Zacharias Millward, Seth Gammon, Frederick F. Lang, Amy B. Heimberger, Pratip Bhattacharya Dec 2015

Interrogating Metabolism In Brain Cancer, Travis Salzillo, Jingzhe Hu, Linda Nguyen, Nicholas Whiting, Jaehyuk Lee, Joseph Weygand, Prasanta Dutta, Shivanand Pudakalakatti, Niki Zacharias Millward, Seth Gammon, Frederick F. Lang, Amy B. Heimberger, Pratip Bhattacharya

Nicholas Whiting

Many existing and emerging techniques of interrogating metabolism in brain cancer are at an early stage of development. A few clinical trials that employ these techniques are in progress in patients with brain cancer to establish the clinical efficacy of these techniques. It is likely that in vivo metabolomics and metabolic imaging is the next frontier in brain cancer diagnosis and assessing therapeutic efficacy.