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Full-Text Articles in Medicinal-Pharmaceutical Chemistry

Optimizing Sequence Coverage For A Moderate Mass Protein In Nano-Electrospray Ionization Quadrupole Time-Of-Flight Mass Spectrometry, Ryan E. Matsuda, Venkata Kolli, Megan Woods, Eric D. Dodds, David S. Hage Jun 2016

Optimizing Sequence Coverage For A Moderate Mass Protein In Nano-Electrospray Ionization Quadrupole Time-Of-Flight Mass Spectrometry, Ryan E. Matsuda, Venkata Kolli, Megan Woods, Eric D. Dodds, David S. Hage

David Hage Publications

Sample pretreatment was optimized to obtain high sequence coverage for human serum albumin (HSA, 66.5 kDa) when using nano-electrospray ionization quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry (nESI-Q-TOF-MS). Use of the final method with trypsin, Lys-C and Glu-C digests gave a combined coverage of 98.8%. The addition of peptide fractionation resulted in 99.7% coverage. These results were comparable to those obtained previously with matrixassisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF-MS). The sample pretreatment/nESI-Q-TOF-MS method was also used with collision-induced dissociation to analyze HSA digests and to identify peptides that could be employed as internal mass calibrants in future ...


Ruthenium-Catalyzed Amination Of Secondary Alcohols Using Borrowing Hydrogen Methodology, Kostiantyn O. Marichev, James M. Takacs Apr 2016

Ruthenium-Catalyzed Amination Of Secondary Alcohols Using Borrowing Hydrogen Methodology, Kostiantyn O. Marichev, James M. Takacs

Faculty Publications -- Chemistry Department

A new ruthenium complex catalyzes the amination of primary and secondary alcohols and the regioselective mono- and sequential diamination of diols via the borrowing hydrogen pathway. Several variations on new intra- and intermolecular cyclizations of aminoalcohols, diols and diamines lead to heterocyclic ring systems.


“Zipped Synthesis” By Cross-Metathesis Provides A Cystathionine Β‑Synthase Inhibitor That Attenuates Cellular H2S Levels And Reduces Neuronal Infarction In A Rat Ischemic Stroke Model, Christopher D. Mccune, Su Jing Chan, Matthew L. Beio, Weijun Shen, Woo Jin Chung, Laura M. Szczesniak, Chou Chai, Shu Qing Koh, Peter T.-H. Wong, David B. Berkowitz Mar 2016

“Zipped Synthesis” By Cross-Metathesis Provides A Cystathionine Β‑Synthase Inhibitor That Attenuates Cellular H2S Levels And Reduces Neuronal Infarction In A Rat Ischemic Stroke Model, Christopher D. Mccune, Su Jing Chan, Matthew L. Beio, Weijun Shen, Woo Jin Chung, Laura M. Szczesniak, Chou Chai, Shu Qing Koh, Peter T.-H. Wong, David B. Berkowitz

David Berkowitz Publications

The gaseous neuromodulator H2S is associated with neuronal cell death pursuant to cerebral ischemia. As cystathionine β-synthase (CBS) is the primary mediator of H2S biogenesis in the brain, it has emerged as a potential target for the treatment of stroke. Herein, a “zipped” approach by alkene cross-metathesis into CBS inhibitor candidate synthesis is demonstrated. The inhibitors are modeled after the pseudo-C2-symmetric CBS product (L,L)-cystathionine. The “zipped” concept means only half of the inhibitor needs be constructed; the two halves are then fused by olefin cross-metathesis. Inhibitor design is also mechanism-based, exploiting the favorable kinetics ...


Engineering Escherichia Coli For High‑Yield Geraniol Production With Biotransformation Of Geranyl Acetate To Geraniol Under Fed‑Batch Culture, Wei Liu, Xin Xu, Rubing Zhang, Tao Cheng, Yujin Cao, Xiaoxiao Li, Jiantao Guo, Huizhou Liu, Mo Xian Jan 2016

Engineering Escherichia Coli For High‑Yield Geraniol Production With Biotransformation Of Geranyl Acetate To Geraniol Under Fed‑Batch Culture, Wei Liu, Xin Xu, Rubing Zhang, Tao Cheng, Yujin Cao, Xiaoxiao Li, Jiantao Guo, Huizhou Liu, Mo Xian

Faculty Publications -- Chemistry Department

Background: Geraniol is an acyclic monoterpene alcohol, which exhibits good prospect as a gasoline alternative. Geraniol is naturally encountered in plants at low concentrations and an attractive target for microbial engineering. Geraniol has been heterologously produced in Escherichia coli, but the low titer hinders its industrial applications. Moreover, bioconversion of geraniol by E. coli remains largely unknown.

Results: Recombinant overexpression of Ocimum basilicum geraniol synthase, Abies grandis geranyl diphosphate synthase, and a heterotic mevalonate pathway in E. coli BL21 (DE3) enabled the production of up to 68.6 ± 3 mg/L geraniol in shake flasks. Initial fed-batch fermentation only increased ...


Analytic Ab Initio-Based Molecular Interaction Potential For The Bro·H2O Complex, Ross D. Hoehn, Sachin D. Yeole, Sabre Kais, Joseph S. Francisco Jan 2016

Analytic Ab Initio-Based Molecular Interaction Potential For The Bro·H2O Complex, Ross D. Hoehn, Sachin D. Yeole, Sabre Kais, Joseph S. Francisco

Faculty Publications -- Chemistry Department

Radical halogen oxide species play important roles within atmospheric processes, specifically those responsible for the removal of O3. To facilitate future investigations on this family of compounds, RCCSD(T)/aug-cc-pVQZ-level electronic structure calculations were employed to generate individual-molecule optimized geometries, as well as to determine the global minimum energy structure for the BrO·H2O complex. This information facilitated the generation of several one-dimensional potential energy surface (PES) scans for the BrO·H2O complex. Scans were performed for both the ground state and the first excited state; this inclusion is due to a low-lying first electronic excited-state ...


Flexble Robotic Actuators, Aaron D. Mazzeo, Stephen A. Morin, Robert F. Shepherd, George M. Whitesides, William B. Kalb Jan 2016

Flexble Robotic Actuators, Aaron D. Mazzeo, Stephen A. Morin, Robert F. Shepherd, George M. Whitesides, William B. Kalb

Faculty Publications -- Chemistry Department

Some embodiments of the disclosed subject matter includes a laminated robotic actuator. The laminated robotic actuator includes a strain-limiting layer comprising a flexible, non extensible material in the form of a sheet or thin film, a flexible inflatable layer in the form of a thin film or sheet in facing relationship with the Strain-limiting layer, wherein the inflatable layer is selectively adhered to the strain-limiting layer, and wherein a portion of an un-adhered region between the strain-limiting layer and the inflatable layer defines a pressurizable channel, and at least one fluid inlet in fluid communication with the pressurizable channel. The ...


Hlarp7 C-Terminal Domain Contains An Xrrm That Binds The 3' Hairpin Of 7sk Rna, Catherine D. Eichhorn, Rahul Chug, Juli Feigon Jan 2016

Hlarp7 C-Terminal Domain Contains An Xrrm That Binds The 3' Hairpin Of 7sk Rna, Catherine D. Eichhorn, Rahul Chug, Juli Feigon

Faculty Publications -- Chemistry Department

The 7SK small nuclear ribonucleoprotein (snRNP) sequesters and inactivates the positive transcription elongation factor b (P-TEFb), an essential eukaryotic mRNA transcription factor. The human La-related protein group 7 (hLARP7) is a constitutive component of the 7SK snRNP and localizes to the 3' terminus of the 7SK long noncoding RNA. hLARP7, and in particular its C-terminal domain (CTD), is essential for 7SK RNA stability and assembly with P-TEFb. The hLARP7 N-terminal Lamodule binds and protects the 3' end from degradation, but the structural and functional role of its CTD is unclear.We report the solution NMR structure of the hLARP7 CTD ...


Signature Of Coexistence Of Superconductivity And Ferromagnetism In Two-Dimensional Nbse2 Triggered By Surface Molecular Adsorption, Xiaojiao Zhu, Yuqiao Guo, Hao Cheng, Jun Dai, Xingda An, Jiyin Zhao, Kangzhen Tian, Shiqiang Wei, Xiao Cheng Zeng, Changzheng Wu, Yi Xie Jan 2016

Signature Of Coexistence Of Superconductivity And Ferromagnetism In Two-Dimensional Nbse2 Triggered By Surface Molecular Adsorption, Xiaojiao Zhu, Yuqiao Guo, Hao Cheng, Jun Dai, Xingda An, Jiyin Zhao, Kangzhen Tian, Shiqiang Wei, Xiao Cheng Zeng, Changzheng Wu, Yi Xie

Faculty Publications -- Chemistry Department

Ferromagnetism is usually deemed incompatible with superconductivity. Consequently, the coexistence of superconductivity and ferromagnetism is usually observed only in elegantly designed multi-ingredient structures in which the two competing electronic states originate from separate structural components. Here we report the use of surface molecular adsorption to induce ferromagnetism in two-dimensional superconducting NbSe2, representing the freestanding case of the coexistence of superconductivity and ferromagnetism in one two-dimensional nanomaterial. Surface-structural modulation of the ultrathin superconducting NbSe2 by polar reductive hydrazine molecules triggers a slight elongation of the covalent Nb–Se bond, which weakens the covalent interaction and enhances the ionicity of ...


Ring Closures And The Hammond Postulate, Charles A. Kingsbury Jan 2016

Ring Closures And The Hammond Postulate, Charles A. Kingsbury

Faculty Publications -- Chemistry Department

This work reports an investigation of ring closure processes in relation to the Hammond postulate. Calculations favor the importance of thermodynamics, not kinetics, as the basis for the Hammond postulate. A kinetically rapid, but thermodynamically unfavorable reaction is shown to resemble product. The ease of ring closure to three-membered rings, compared to four-membered rings, is thought to be associated with conformational mobility and perhaps vibrations coupled to the reaction coordinate motion in the case of four-membered rings.


Highly Porous Zirconium Metal−Organic Frameworks With Β‑Uh3‑Like Topology Based On Elongated Tetrahedral Linkers, Xin Zhang, Xu Zhang, Jacob A. Johnson, Yu-Sheng Chen, Jian Zhang Jan 2016

Highly Porous Zirconium Metal−Organic Frameworks With Β‑Uh3‑Like Topology Based On Elongated Tetrahedral Linkers, Xin Zhang, Xu Zhang, Jacob A. Johnson, Yu-Sheng Chen, Jian Zhang

Faculty Publications -- Chemistry Department

Two non-interpenetrated zirconium metal−organic frameworks (Zr-MOFs), NPF-200 and NPF-201, were synthesized via the assembly of elongated tetrahedral linkers with Zr6 and Zr8 clusters. They represent the first examples of MOFs to have the β-UH3-like, 4,12,12T1 topology. Upon activation, NPF-200 exhibits the largest BET surface area (5463 m2g−1) and void volume (81.6%) among all MOFs formed from tetrahedral ligands. Composed of negative-charged boron-centered tetrahedral linkers, NPF-201 is an anionic Zr-MOF which selectively uptakes photoactive [Ru(bpy)3]2+for heterogeneous photo-oxidation of thioanisole.

Additional supporting information files are attached ...


Close Encounters With Creative Chemical Thinking: An Outreach Presentation Using Movie Clips About The Elemental Composition Of Aliens And Extraterrestrial Minerals, Mark A. Griep, Marjorie L. Mikasen Jan 2016

Close Encounters With Creative Chemical Thinking: An Outreach Presentation Using Movie Clips About The Elemental Composition Of Aliens And Extraterrestrial Minerals, Mark A. Griep, Marjorie L. Mikasen

Faculty Publications -- Chemistry Department

To introduce more chemistry into a middle and high school bioengineering camp experience, we developed an educational and entertaining presentation that examines the chemistry in movies about aliens and minerals from outer space. Our goal was to help the campers to think creatively about the bioengineering projects they are doing and about its chemistry. After watching each movie clip, we explain whether the chemistry in the clip is real or fake, and then describe the real chemistry that inspired it. The chemical touchstone for the presentation is the periodic table. First, the campers learn that aliens in five movies are ...