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Medicinal-Pharmaceutical Chemistry Commons

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Full-Text Articles in Medicinal-Pharmaceutical Chemistry

Synthesis Of Orthogonally Protected Thioamide Dipeptides For Use In Solid-Phase Peptide Synthesis, Fintan Kelleher, Kim Manzor Nov 2016

Synthesis Of Orthogonally Protected Thioamide Dipeptides For Use In Solid-Phase Peptide Synthesis, Fintan Kelleher, Kim Manzor

Articles

Orthogonally protected thioamide-containing dipeptides were efficiently and cleanly prepared from the precursor dipeptides using Curphey’s method (P4S10, hexamethyldisiloxane (HMDO), reflux, DCM) in 67-96% isolated yield. This was in contrast to the use of Lawesson’s or Berzelius’ reagents where significant issues with reaction non-completion, decomposition and purification were observed. Subsequent clean removal of the dipeptides’ t-butyl ester protecting groups gave thioamide dipeptide acids which were suitable for use in solid-phase peptide synthesis (SPPS).


Screening The Low Molecular Weight Fraction Of Human Serum Using Atr-Ir Spectroscopy, Franck Bonnier, Matthew J. Baker, Hugh J. Byrne Jun 2016

Screening The Low Molecular Weight Fraction Of Human Serum Using Atr-Ir Spectroscopy, Franck Bonnier, Matthew J. Baker, Hugh J. Byrne

Articles

Vibrational spectroscopic techniques can detect small variations in molecular content, linked with disease, showing promise for screening and early diagnosis. Biological fluids, particularly blood serum, are potentially valuable for diagnosis purposes. The so-called Low Molecular Weight Fraction (LMWF) contains the associated peptidome and metabolome and has been identified as potentially the most relevant molecular population for disease-associated biomarker research. Although vibrational spectroscopy can deliver a specific chemical fingerprint of the samples, the High Molecular Weight Fraction (HMWF), composed of the most abundant serum proteins, strongly dominates the response and ultimately makes the detection of minor spectral variations a challenging task ...


Structural Dependence Of The In Vitro Cytotoxicity, Oxidative Stress And Uptake Mechanisms Of Poly(Propylene Imine) Dendritic Nanoparticles, Humza Khalid, Sourav Prasanna Mukherjee, Luke O'Neill, Hugh Byrne Feb 2016

Structural Dependence Of The In Vitro Cytotoxicity, Oxidative Stress And Uptake Mechanisms Of Poly(Propylene Imine) Dendritic Nanoparticles, Humza Khalid, Sourav Prasanna Mukherjee, Luke O'Neill, Hugh Byrne

Articles

The in vitro cytotoxic and intracellular oxidative stress responses to exposure to poly (propylene imine) (PPI) dendritic nanoparticles of increasing generation (number of repeated branching cycles) (G0-G4) were assessed in an immortal non-cancerous human keratinocyte cell-line (HaCaT). Confocal fluorescence microscopy with organelle staining was used to explore the uptake and intracellular trafficking mechanisms. A generation and dose dependent cytotoxic response was observed, increasing according to generation and therefore number of surface amino groups. A comparison of the cytotoxic response of G4 PPI and the related G4 Poly (amido amine) dendrimer indicates that the PPI with the same number of surface ...