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Full-Text Articles in Medicinal-Pharmaceutical Chemistry

Staphylococcal Nuclease And Ubiquitin Local Folding Energies And Rates Using Peps-Hdx-Esi-Ms, Julie Rhee May 2016

Staphylococcal Nuclease And Ubiquitin Local Folding Energies And Rates Using Peps-Hdx-Esi-Ms, Julie Rhee

Chemistry & Biochemistry Undergraduate Honors Theses

In this study, Protein Equilibrium Population Snapshot Hydrogen-Deuterium Exchange Electrospray Ionization Mass Spectrometry (PEPS-HDX-ESI-MS) was applied to study the local regions of model proteins, staphylococcal nuclease and ubiquitin. The hydrogen deuterium exchange (HDX) has become a key technique for studying the structural and dynamic aspects of proteins in solution. This technique creates a rapid exchange between all of the exchangeable hydrogen ions with deuterium when the protein is exposed to a solvent. The PEPS method is an equilibrium-based method used to determine the populations of the closed native and open denatured states of a protein. By combining the applications of ...


Ruthenium-Catalyzed Amination Of Secondary Alcohols Using Borrowing Hydrogen Methodology, Kostiantyn O. Marichev, James M. Takacs Apr 2016

Ruthenium-Catalyzed Amination Of Secondary Alcohols Using Borrowing Hydrogen Methodology, Kostiantyn O. Marichev, James M. Takacs

Faculty Publications -- Chemistry Department

A new ruthenium complex catalyzes the amination of primary and secondary alcohols and the regioselective mono- and sequential diamination of diols via the borrowing hydrogen pathway. Several variations on new intra- and intermolecular cyclizations of aminoalcohols, diols and diamines lead to heterocyclic ring systems.


A Sodium Salt Of The Dimer Of Boronoterephthalic Acid Anhydride, Scott Simmons, Albert Fratini, Vladimir Benin Mar 2016

A Sodium Salt Of The Dimer Of Boronoterephthalic Acid Anhydride, Scott Simmons, Albert Fratini, Vladimir Benin

Albert Fratini

The title compound, sodium bis­(6-carb­oxy-1-hy­droxy-3-oxo-1,3-dihydro-2,1-benzoxaborol-1-yl)oxidanium, Na+·C16H15B2O13-, was prepared in two steps from 2-bromo-p-xylene. Its crystal structure was determined at 140 K and has triclinic (P) symmetry. The compound presents a unique structural motif, including two units of the cyclic anhydride of boronoterephthalic acid, joined by a protonated, and thereby trivalent, oxonium center. Association in the crystal is realized by complementary hydrogen bonding of the carboxyl groups, as well as by coordination of the sodium cations to the oxygen centers on the five-membered rings.


Mutagenesis-Based Active-Site Characterization Of The Diabetes Drug Target Mitoneet, Lisa Mickley Jan 2016

Mutagenesis-Based Active-Site Characterization Of The Diabetes Drug Target Mitoneet, Lisa Mickley

Williams Honors College, Honors Research Projects

This project investigates the cluster stability of an outer mitochondrial membrane protein mitoNEET under mutational stress and drug binding analysis. MitoNEET is a part of a class of proteins that coordinate an Fe-S molecule into its tertiary structure. This protein is believed to facilitate the oxidative capacity of the electron transport chain by reversible loss of its coordinated Fe-S molecule. The research of this paper uses site directed protein mutagenesis to selectively alter the three cysteine, one histidine cluster coordination into more common coordination patterns such as two cysteine, two histidine or four cysteine. The ultimate goal is to optimize ...


Engineering Escherichia Coli For High‑Yield Geraniol Production With Biotransformation Of Geranyl Acetate To Geraniol Under Fed‑Batch Culture, Wei Liu, Xin Xu, Rubing Zhang, Tao Cheng, Yujin Cao, Xiaoxiao Li, Jiantao Guo, Huizhou Liu, Mo Xian Jan 2016

Engineering Escherichia Coli For High‑Yield Geraniol Production With Biotransformation Of Geranyl Acetate To Geraniol Under Fed‑Batch Culture, Wei Liu, Xin Xu, Rubing Zhang, Tao Cheng, Yujin Cao, Xiaoxiao Li, Jiantao Guo, Huizhou Liu, Mo Xian

Faculty Publications -- Chemistry Department

Background: Geraniol is an acyclic monoterpene alcohol, which exhibits good prospect as a gasoline alternative. Geraniol is naturally encountered in plants at low concentrations and an attractive target for microbial engineering. Geraniol has been heterologously produced in Escherichia coli, but the low titer hinders its industrial applications. Moreover, bioconversion of geraniol by E. coli remains largely unknown.

Results: Recombinant overexpression of Ocimum basilicum geraniol synthase, Abies grandis geranyl diphosphate synthase, and a heterotic mevalonate pathway in E. coli BL21 (DE3) enabled the production of up to 68.6 ± 3 mg/L geraniol in shake flasks. Initial fed-batch fermentation only increased ...


Analytic Ab Initio-Based Molecular Interaction Potential For The Bro·H2O Complex, Ross D. Hoehn, Sachin D. Yeole, Sabre Kais, Joseph S. Francisco Jan 2016

Analytic Ab Initio-Based Molecular Interaction Potential For The Bro·H2O Complex, Ross D. Hoehn, Sachin D. Yeole, Sabre Kais, Joseph S. Francisco

Faculty Publications -- Chemistry Department

Radical halogen oxide species play important roles within atmospheric processes, specifically those responsible for the removal of O3. To facilitate future investigations on this family of compounds, RCCSD(T)/aug-cc-pVQZ-level electronic structure calculations were employed to generate individual-molecule optimized geometries, as well as to determine the global minimum energy structure for the BrO·H2O complex. This information facilitated the generation of several one-dimensional potential energy surface (PES) scans for the BrO·H2O complex. Scans were performed for both the ground state and the first excited state; this inclusion is due to a low-lying first electronic excited-state ...


Ring Closures And The Hammond Postulate, Charles A. Kingsbury Jan 2016

Ring Closures And The Hammond Postulate, Charles A. Kingsbury

Faculty Publications -- Chemistry Department

This work reports an investigation of ring closure processes in relation to the Hammond postulate. Calculations favor the importance of thermodynamics, not kinetics, as the basis for the Hammond postulate. A kinetically rapid, but thermodynamically unfavorable reaction is shown to resemble product. The ease of ring closure to three-membered rings, compared to four-membered rings, is thought to be associated with conformational mobility and perhaps vibrations coupled to the reaction coordinate motion in the case of four-membered rings.


Towards An Understanding Of Pharmacologically Induced Intracellular Changes In Nicotinic Acetylcholine Receptors: A Fluorescence Microscopy Approach, Ashley M. Loe Jan 2016

Towards An Understanding Of Pharmacologically Induced Intracellular Changes In Nicotinic Acetylcholine Receptors: A Fluorescence Microscopy Approach, Ashley M. Loe

Theses and Dissertations--Chemistry

Upregulation of nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChRs) is a well-documented response to chronic nicotine exposure. Nicotinic acetylcholine receptors are pentameric ligand-gated ion channels consisting of alpha (α2-10) and beta (β2-4) subunits. Nicotine, an agonist of nAChRs, alters trafficking and assembly of some subtypes of nAChRs, leading to an increase in expression of high sensitivity receptors on the plasma membrane. These physiological changes in nAChRs are believed to contribute to nicotine addiction, although the mechanism of these processes has not been resolved. Recently, many studies have converged on the idea that nicotine induces upregulation by an intracellular mechanism. In this dissertation, expression ...


Highly Porous Zirconium Metal−Organic Frameworks With Β‑Uh3‑Like Topology Based On Elongated Tetrahedral Linkers, Xin Zhang, Xu Zhang, Jacob A. Johnson, Yu-Sheng Chen, Jian Zhang Jan 2016

Highly Porous Zirconium Metal−Organic Frameworks With Β‑Uh3‑Like Topology Based On Elongated Tetrahedral Linkers, Xin Zhang, Xu Zhang, Jacob A. Johnson, Yu-Sheng Chen, Jian Zhang

Faculty Publications -- Chemistry Department

Two non-interpenetrated zirconium metal−organic frameworks (Zr-MOFs), NPF-200 and NPF-201, were synthesized via the assembly of elongated tetrahedral linkers with Zr6 and Zr8 clusters. They represent the first examples of MOFs to have the β-UH3-like, 4,12,12T1 topology. Upon activation, NPF-200 exhibits the largest BET surface area (5463 m2g−1) and void volume (81.6%) among all MOFs formed from tetrahedral ligands. Composed of negative-charged boron-centered tetrahedral linkers, NPF-201 is an anionic Zr-MOF which selectively uptakes photoactive [Ru(bpy)3]2+for heterogeneous photo-oxidation of thioanisole.

Additional supporting information files are attached ...


Close Encounters With Creative Chemical Thinking: An Outreach Presentation Using Movie Clips About The Elemental Composition Of Aliens And Extraterrestrial Minerals, Mark A. Griep, Marjorie L. Mikasen Jan 2016

Close Encounters With Creative Chemical Thinking: An Outreach Presentation Using Movie Clips About The Elemental Composition Of Aliens And Extraterrestrial Minerals, Mark A. Griep, Marjorie L. Mikasen

Faculty Publications -- Chemistry Department

To introduce more chemistry into a middle and high school bioengineering camp experience, we developed an educational and entertaining presentation that examines the chemistry in movies about aliens and minerals from outer space. Our goal was to help the campers to think creatively about the bioengineering projects they are doing and about its chemistry. After watching each movie clip, we explain whether the chemistry in the clip is real or fake, and then describe the real chemistry that inspired it. The chemical touchstone for the presentation is the periodic table. First, the campers learn that aliens in five movies are ...


Flexble Robotic Actuators, Aaron D. Mazzeo, Stephen A. Morin, Robert F. Shepherd, George M. Whitesides, William B. Kalb Jan 2016

Flexble Robotic Actuators, Aaron D. Mazzeo, Stephen A. Morin, Robert F. Shepherd, George M. Whitesides, William B. Kalb

Faculty Publications -- Chemistry Department

Some embodiments of the disclosed subject matter includes a laminated robotic actuator. The laminated robotic actuator includes a strain-limiting layer comprising a flexible, non extensible material in the form of a sheet or thin film, a flexible inflatable layer in the form of a thin film or sheet in facing relationship with the Strain-limiting layer, wherein the inflatable layer is selectively adhered to the strain-limiting layer, and wherein a portion of an un-adhered region between the strain-limiting layer and the inflatable layer defines a pressurizable channel, and at least one fluid inlet in fluid communication with the pressurizable channel. The ...


Hlarp7 C-Terminal Domain Contains An Xrrm That Binds The 3' Hairpin Of 7sk Rna, Catherine D. Eichhorn, Rahul Chug, Juli Feigon Jan 2016

Hlarp7 C-Terminal Domain Contains An Xrrm That Binds The 3' Hairpin Of 7sk Rna, Catherine D. Eichhorn, Rahul Chug, Juli Feigon

Faculty Publications -- Chemistry Department

The 7SK small nuclear ribonucleoprotein (snRNP) sequesters and inactivates the positive transcription elongation factor b (P-TEFb), an essential eukaryotic mRNA transcription factor. The human La-related protein group 7 (hLARP7) is a constitutive component of the 7SK snRNP and localizes to the 3' terminus of the 7SK long noncoding RNA. hLARP7, and in particular its C-terminal domain (CTD), is essential for 7SK RNA stability and assembly with P-TEFb. The hLARP7 N-terminal Lamodule binds and protects the 3' end from degradation, but the structural and functional role of its CTD is unclear.We report the solution NMR structure of the hLARP7 CTD ...


Signature Of Coexistence Of Superconductivity And Ferromagnetism In Two-Dimensional Nbse2 Triggered By Surface Molecular Adsorption, Xiaojiao Zhu, Yuqiao Guo, Hao Cheng, Jun Dai, Xingda An, Jiyin Zhao, Kangzhen Tian, Shiqiang Wei, Xiao Cheng Zeng, Changzheng Wu, Yi Xie Jan 2016

Signature Of Coexistence Of Superconductivity And Ferromagnetism In Two-Dimensional Nbse2 Triggered By Surface Molecular Adsorption, Xiaojiao Zhu, Yuqiao Guo, Hao Cheng, Jun Dai, Xingda An, Jiyin Zhao, Kangzhen Tian, Shiqiang Wei, Xiao Cheng Zeng, Changzheng Wu, Yi Xie

Faculty Publications -- Chemistry Department

Ferromagnetism is usually deemed incompatible with superconductivity. Consequently, the coexistence of superconductivity and ferromagnetism is usually observed only in elegantly designed multi-ingredient structures in which the two competing electronic states originate from separate structural components. Here we report the use of surface molecular adsorption to induce ferromagnetism in two-dimensional superconducting NbSe2, representing the freestanding case of the coexistence of superconductivity and ferromagnetism in one two-dimensional nanomaterial. Surface-structural modulation of the ultrathin superconducting NbSe2 by polar reductive hydrazine molecules triggers a slight elongation of the covalent Nb–Se bond, which weakens the covalent interaction and enhances the ionicity of ...