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Medicinal-Pharmaceutical Chemistry Commons

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Full-Text Articles in Medicinal-Pharmaceutical Chemistry

Heat Release Of Polyurethanes Containing Potential Flame Retardants Based On Boron And Phosphorus Chemistries, Vladimir Benin, Bastien Gardelle, Alexander Morgan Aug 2014

Heat Release Of Polyurethanes Containing Potential Flame Retardants Based On Boron And Phosphorus Chemistries, Vladimir Benin, Bastien Gardelle, Alexander Morgan

Chemistry Faculty Publications

Using a polyurethane of methylene diphenyl isocyanate and 1,3-propane diol, several new non-halogenated aromatic boron and phosphorus flame retardants were evaluated for heat release reduction potential using the pyrolysis combustion flow calorimeter (PCFC). The polyurethanes were prepared in the presence of the potential flame retardants via solvent mixing and copolymerization methods, and were then analyzed via spectroscopic methods to determine if the flame retardant was still present in the final product. PCFC testing on the resulting products showed that the flame retardant molecule can have different effects on heat release depending upon how it is mixed into the polyurethane ...


Determination Of Corrosion Inhibitor Lubricity Improver In Jet Fuel By Liquid Chromatography-Electrospray Ionization Mass Spectrometry, David W. Johnson, Milissa Flake, Ryan Adams Jul 2014

Determination Of Corrosion Inhibitor Lubricity Improver In Jet Fuel By Liquid Chromatography-Electrospray Ionization Mass Spectrometry, David W. Johnson, Milissa Flake, Ryan Adams

Chemistry Faculty Publications

Military jet fuel (JP-8) is very similar to commercial jet fuel (Jet A) except for the presence of three additives, fuel system icing inhibitor, corrosion inhibitor–lubricity improver (CI-LI), and antistatic additive, which are added to improve characteristics of JP-8. Of particular interest is the CI-LI additive; the most common active ingredient is a dimer of linoleic acid. This article focuses on quantification of the active ingredient in the CI-LI additive by liquid chromatography–mass spectrometry (LC–MS). This method will allow the determination of CI-LI content in military jet fuel samples.


Lead Optimization Of Dual Tubulin And Hsp27 Inhibitors, Bo Zhong, Rati Lama, Daniel G. Kulman, Bibo Li Ph.D., Bin Su Ph.D. Jun 2014

Lead Optimization Of Dual Tubulin And Hsp27 Inhibitors, Bo Zhong, Rati Lama, Daniel G. Kulman, Bibo Li Ph.D., Bin Su Ph.D.

Chemistry Faculty Publications

Tubulin and heat shock protein 27 (Hsp27) are well-characterized molecular targets for anti-cancer drug development. We previously identified lead compounds that inhibited both Hsp27 and tubulin. These compounds exhibited extensive anti-cancer activities against the proliferation of various human cancer cell lines. In the current study, a systematic ligand based structural optimization led to new analogs that significantly inhibited the growth of a panel of breast cancer cell lines. Furthermore, the most potent compounds were examined with tubulin polymerization assay and Hsp27 chaperone activity assay. The compounds showed potent tubulin polymerization inhibition but no Hsp27 inhibitory effect. The structural optimization dissected ...


Science Classics, Mark Masthay Jan 2014

Science Classics, Mark Masthay

Chemistry Faculty Publications

An essay on the impact of the works in the Imprints and Impressions: Milestones in Human Progress, an exhibition of rare books from the collection of Stuart Rose. Exhibition was held Sept. 29-Nov. 9, 2014, at the University of Dayton.


Glyco-Modification Of Protein With O-Cyanate Chain-End Functionalized Glycopolymer Via Isourea Bond Formation, Valentinas Gruzdys, Hailong Zhang, Xue-Long Sun Jan 2014

Glyco-Modification Of Protein With O-Cyanate Chain-End Functionalized Glycopolymer Via Isourea Bond Formation, Valentinas Gruzdys, Hailong Zhang, Xue-Long Sun

Chemistry Faculty Publications

Glycoengineering aimed at addition of carbohydrates to proteins is an attractive approach to alter pharmacokinetic properties of proteins such as enhancing stability and prolonging the duration of action. We report a novel protein glyco-modification of BSA and recombinant thrombomodulin with O-cyanate chain-end functionalized glycopolymer via isourea bond formation. The protein glycoconjugates were confirmed by SDS-PAGE, western blot, and MALDI-TOF Mass Spectrometry. Protein C activation activity of the glyco-modified recombinant thrombomodulin was confirmed, proving no interference to activity from the glycopolymer modification. The isourea bond formation under mild conditions was demonstrated as an alternative method for protein modification with polymers.