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Medicinal-Pharmaceutical Chemistry Commons

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2013

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Full-Text Articles in Medicinal-Pharmaceutical Chemistry

High Resolution X-Ray Diffraction Analysis Of Cb1 Receptor Antagonists As A Means To Explore Binding Affinity, Steven P. Fournet Dec 2013

High Resolution X-Ray Diffraction Analysis Of Cb1 Receptor Antagonists As A Means To Explore Binding Affinity, Steven P. Fournet

University of New Orleans Theses and Dissertations

Abstract

Charge density studies have been conducted on ten CB1 cannabinoid receptor antagonists via high resolution x-ray crystallography. Bond critical point values and various other properties derived from these studies including the electrostatic potential were analyzed in correlation to the affinity of each compound with the CB1 receptor. Correlation/anti-correlation was found between several properties and Ki. The data was also interpreted by principal component analysis with three principal components accounting for 85% of the data variation. Data mining was limit due to the low sample count and the requirements set for the inclusion of correlated/anti-correlated ...


The Spontaneous Formation Of Selenium Nanoparticles On Gallic Acid Assemblies And Their Antioxidant Properties, Stacey Barnaby Fcrh '11, Nazmul Sarker Fcrh '13, Aaron Dowdell Fcrh '12, Ipsita Bannerjee Dec 2013

The Spontaneous Formation Of Selenium Nanoparticles On Gallic Acid Assemblies And Their Antioxidant Properties, Stacey Barnaby Fcrh '11, Nazmul Sarker Fcrh '13, Aaron Dowdell Fcrh '12, Ipsita Bannerjee

The Fordham Undergraduate Research Journal

Gallic acid (GA) is a naturally occurring plant phenol known for its anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties. In this work, we probed the molecular self-assembly of GA for the development of GA based nanocomposites for potential device fabrications and enhanced antioxidant applications. We found that the formation of GA nanostructures was pH dependent. Further, we examined the interactions of selenite with GA and subsequently examined the biomimetic formation of selenium (Se) nanoparticles. We found that in the presence of selenite, the yield of nanofibers was significantly higher, and selenium nanoparticle coated nanofibers were formed. The ability of the nanocomposites to scavenge ...


Fluorination Of Aromatic Ring Systems, Stephen G. Dimagno Dec 2013

Fluorination Of Aromatic Ring Systems, Stephen G. Dimagno

Faculty Publications -- Chemistry Department

This disclosure relates to reagents and methods useful in the synthesis of aryl fluorides, for example, in the preparation of 18F labeled radiotracers. The reagents and methods provided herein may be used to access a broad range of compounds, including aromatic compounds, heteroaromatic compounds, amino acids, nucleotides, and synthetic compounds.


Phosphate Esters, Thiophosphate Esters And Metal Thiophosphates As Lubricant Additives, David W. Johnson, John E. Hils Dec 2013

Phosphate Esters, Thiophosphate Esters And Metal Thiophosphates As Lubricant Additives, David W. Johnson, John E. Hils

Chemistry Faculty Publications

Phosphate esters, thiophosphate esters and metal thiophosphates have been used as lubricant additives for over 50 years. While their use has been extensive, a detailed knowledge of how they work has been a much more recent development. In this paper, the use of phosphate esters and thiophosphate esters as anti-wear or extreme pressure additives is reviewed with an emphasis on their mechanism of action. The review includes the use of alkyl phosphates, triaryl phosphates and metal containing thiophosphate esters. The mechanisms of these materials interacting with a range of iron and steel based bearing material are examined.


Design And Synthesis Of Novel Sultams As Non-Nucleoside Inhibitors Of Hiv Reverse Transcriptase, Brian Chadwick Lecroix Dec 2013

Design And Synthesis Of Novel Sultams As Non-Nucleoside Inhibitors Of Hiv Reverse Transcriptase, Brian Chadwick Lecroix

Doctoral Dissertations

The compound 2-methyl-3-phenyl-2,3-dihydro-1,2-benzisothiazole 1,1-dioxide (NSC 108406) was identified as an HIV-1 reverse transcriptase inhibitor by the National Cancer Institute. Using this lead, the Baker group has developed a series of analogues with various groups at the 3-position that show a spectrum of biological activities. In the end, the substituents used could not compare to the biological activity of the inhibitor efavirenz (Sustiva® [trademark]), and so it was decided to synthesize sultams with alkylethynyl substituents at the 3-position of the sultams in an attempt to mimic the activity of efavirenz.

Previous research analyzed the proposed novel sultams in ...


Molecular Level Interaction Of Human Fibroblast Growth Factor-1 (Hfgf-1) With Phloridzin, Rammohan Paripelly Dec 2013

Molecular Level Interaction Of Human Fibroblast Growth Factor-1 (Hfgf-1) With Phloridzin, Rammohan Paripelly

Masters Theses & Specialist Projects

Fibroblast growth factors (FGFs) are a family of growth factors which includes twenty three proteins. FGFs work as modulators for various cellular activities like mitosis, differentiation and survival. Among the FGF family, human fibroblast growth factor-1 (hFGF-1), which is also known as acidic fibroblast growth factor, is a potent angiogenic agent, involved in the formation of new blood vessels in various tissues. hFGF-1 is regarded as a prototype of the FGF family. It serves as one of the potential targets in tumor inhibition and obesity due to its involvement in new blood vessel formation in cancerous regions and adipose tissues ...


Preparation Of Pvp-Coated Copper Oxide Nanosheets As Antibacterial And Antifungal Agents, Mahdi Shahmiri Oct 2013

Preparation Of Pvp-Coated Copper Oxide Nanosheets As Antibacterial And Antifungal Agents, Mahdi Shahmiri

mahdi shahmiri

Copper oxide (CuO) nanosheets synthesized in polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP) were characterized with respect to antimicrobial activity by quick precipitation method. Different sizes and shapes of CuO nanosheets were obtained by simple variations of PVP concentrations. The x-ray diffraction results revealed the formation of pure-phase CuO with monoclinic structure. Transmission electron microscopy analysis showed that the average ratio of length to width of these nanosheets increased with increasing PVP concentrations. Due to the quantum size effect, CuO nanosheets exhibit a blue shift in the ultraviolet-visible spectra. Field emission scanning electron microscopy results showed that as the concentration of PVP increased, well-defined morphologies ...


Characterization And Optimization Of The Glucan Particle-Based Vaccine Platform, Haibin Huang, Gary R. Ostroff, Chrono K. Lee, Charles A. Specht, Stuart M. Levitz Oct 2013

Characterization And Optimization Of The Glucan Particle-Based Vaccine Platform, Haibin Huang, Gary R. Ostroff, Chrono K. Lee, Charles A. Specht, Stuart M. Levitz

University of Massachusetts Medical School Faculty Publications

Glucan particles (GPs) are hollow porous Saccharomyces cerevisiae cell walls that are treated so that they are composed primarily of beta-1,3-d-glucans. Our previous studies showed that GPs can serve as an effective vaccine platform. Here, we characterize CD4(+) T-cell and antibody responses in immunized mice as a function of antigen (ovalbumin) encapsulation, antigen dose, particle numbers, time, immunization schedule, and trapping methods. Although we found that GPs served as an effective adjuvant when admixed with free antigens for IgG1 antibody production, stronger CD4(+) T-cell and IgG2c antibody responses were stimulated when antigens were encapsulated inside GPs, suggesting that the ...


Novel Modulation Of Adenylyl Cyclase Type 2, Jason Michael Conley Oct 2013

Novel Modulation Of Adenylyl Cyclase Type 2, Jason Michael Conley

Open Access Dissertations

Adenylyl cyclase isoforms are distinctly modulated by G protein subunits and are therefore hypothesized to be uniquely regulated by proteins that influence G protein signaling. Activator of G protein signaling 3 (AGS3) is a G protein modulator that binds Gαi subunits in the GDP-bound state, implicating AGS3 as an important regulatorof Gi-coupled receptor signaling. We studied the ability of AGS3 to modulate recombinant adenylyl cyclase(AC) type 1 and 2 signaling in HEK293 cells following both acute and persistent activation of the D 2Ldopamine receptor (D2L DR). AGS3 expression modestly enhanced the potency of acute quinpirole-induced D 2L ...


Nmr And Computational Characterization Of Protein Structure And Ligand Binding, Terrence Neumann Oct 2013

Nmr And Computational Characterization Of Protein Structure And Ligand Binding, Terrence Neumann

Dissertations (2009 -)

Nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) techniques combined with computational methods such as docking and cheminformatics were used to characterize protein structure and ligand binding. The thioredoxin system of Mycobacterium tuberculosis consists of a thioredoxin reductase and at least three thioredoxins. This system is responsible for maintaining the cellular protein thiol redox state in normal state. This maintenance is important as the bacterium is engulfed by the human macrophage. Here it is bombarded by reactive oxygen and nitrogen species in an attempt to disrupt normal cellular function in part by perturbing the protein thiols. To this end, the solution structures of the ...


A Novel Mglur5 Antagonist, Mfz 10-7, Inhibits Cocaine-Taking And Cocaine-Seeking Behavior In Rats, Thomas Keck, Mu-Fa Zou, Gui-Hua Bi, Hai-Ying Zhang, Xiao-Fei Wang, Hong-Ju Yang, Ratika Srivastava, Elliott L. Gardner, Zheng-Xiong Xi, Amy Hauck Newman Sep 2013

A Novel Mglur5 Antagonist, Mfz 10-7, Inhibits Cocaine-Taking And Cocaine-Seeking Behavior In Rats, Thomas Keck, Mu-Fa Zou, Gui-Hua Bi, Hai-Ying Zhang, Xiao-Fei Wang, Hong-Ju Yang, Ratika Srivastava, Elliott L. Gardner, Zheng-Xiong Xi, Amy Hauck Newman

Faculty Scholarship for the College of Science & Mathematics

Pre-clinical studies suggest that negative allosteric modulators (NAMs) of the metabotropic glutamate receptor subtype 5 (mGluR5), including 2-methyl-6-(phenylethynyl)pyridine (MPEP), 3-[(2-methyl-1,3-thiazol-4-yl)ethynyl]pyridine (MTEP) and fenobam are highly effective in attenuating drug-taking and drug-seeking behaviors. However, both MPEP and MTEP have no translational potential for use in humans because of their off-target effects and short half-lives. Here, we report that 3-fluoro-5-[(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)ethynyl]benzonitrile (MFZ 10-7), a novel mGluR5 NAM, is more potent and selective than MPEP, MTEP and fenobam in both in vitro binding and functional assays. Similar to MTEP, intraperitoneal administration of MFZ 10-7 inhibited ...


Structure, Theoretical Studies And Coupling Reactions Of Some New Cyclic Boronic Esters, Andrew Kuttler, Sravanthi Durganala, Albert Fratini, Alexander Morgan, Vladimir Benin Sep 2013

Structure, Theoretical Studies And Coupling Reactions Of Some New Cyclic Boronic Esters, Andrew Kuttler, Sravanthi Durganala, Albert Fratini, Alexander Morgan, Vladimir Benin

Chemistry Faculty Publications

The present report describes the X-ray structural and theoretical studies of some new pinacolboronate esters, and it also outlines the use of the target structures in Suzuki coupling reactions to produce new aromatic or heteroaromatic esters and amides. X-ray structural analysis of the studied compounds revealed that the pinacolborane ring's position with respect to the benzene ring varies, depending on the particular environment. An ortho-positioned carboxylic ester (methyl ester) causes a nearly perpendicular orientation of the pinacolborane unit with respect to the benzene ring, whereas an ortho-positioned amide (N,N-dimethylamide) causes the pinacolborane unit to orient itself nearly coplanar ...


Selective Catalytic Oxidation Of Organic Sulfides By Iron (Iii) Porphryin Catalysts And Generation Of Iron (Iv)-Oxo Prophyrin Radical Cations, Nawras A. Asiri Aug 2013

Selective Catalytic Oxidation Of Organic Sulfides By Iron (Iii) Porphryin Catalysts And Generation Of Iron (Iv)-Oxo Prophyrin Radical Cations, Nawras A. Asiri

Masters Theses & Specialist Projects

Macrocyclic ligand-complexed transition metal-oxo intermediates are the active oxidizing species in a variety of important biological and catalytic oxidation reactions. Many transition metal catalysts have been designed to mimic the predominant oxidation catalysts in nature, namely the cytochrome P450 enzymes. Iron porphyrin complexes have been the center of research as catalysts. In this study 5,10,15,20- tetramesitylporphyrin (H2TMP) and its corresponding iron complexes FeIII(X)TMP (X= Cl, ClO4, ClO3, NO3, NO2, and BrO3) have been successfully synthesized and fully characterized by UV-vis and NMR spectroscopies. For the catalytic selective ...


Ionic Conductivity In Non-Ionic Compounds, Usha Kranthi Avala Aug 2013

Ionic Conductivity In Non-Ionic Compounds, Usha Kranthi Avala

Masters Theses & Specialist Projects

The main objective of this work is to investigate the ionic conductivity of the drugs under certain conditions and also to compare the ionic conductivities of drugs determined by single surface sensors and parallel plate sensors. The ionic conductivity of various materials at their pre-melt and melt states are studied in order to further study a recently discovered phenomenon. Polar solids like Lidocaine, Ketoconazole, Procainamide and Nifedipine were examined in this study. Experimental studies show an increase in ionic conductivity in both pre-melt (20 -30 °C below melting temperature) and melt transition regions. Results of ionic conductivity of both parallel ...


Developing Thyronamine Analog Pharmaceuticals Targeting Taar1 To Treat Methamphetamine Addiction, Troy Andrew Wahl Jul 2013

Developing Thyronamine Analog Pharmaceuticals Targeting Taar1 To Treat Methamphetamine Addiction, Troy Andrew Wahl

Dissertations and Theses

As a part of the overall program in the Grandy laboratory at Oregon Health & Science University (OHSU), studying the underlying chemical biology of methamphetamine (Meth) addiction, this dissertation reports on the development of six new thyronamine analogs which were synthesized and assayed against trace amine associated receptor 1 (TAAR1), giving preliminary results consistent with the analogs being inverse agonists. Due to highly variable TAAR1 expression levels in the assays, based on inter-assay response to control Meth stimulation as well as other possible factors, kinetic models were developed to qualitatively explain the assay results. The models set approximate limits on the ...


Anti-Tb And Antibacterial Activities Of Natural Products Extracts, Douglas Armstrong, Nathan Krause Jul 2013

Anti-Tb And Antibacterial Activities Of Natural Products Extracts, Douglas Armstrong, Nathan Krause

Faculty Scholarship – Chemistry

Further progress has been made upon the research reported in last year’s (2012) Gordon Research Conference poster. This includes applying counter-current chromatography (CCC) to selected crude plant extracts. Two CCC fractions (DA-19 and DA-3), from different plant species, had about the same or higher anti-TB activity as their respective crude extracts, suggesting that each fraction has achieved a separation of one or more active compound(s), from other (possibly inactive) compounds. Also included was the result from the crude extract (DA-12) of still another plant species, not reported last year, which also showed significant anti-TB activity. Further work is ...


Characterization By Nmr Of Reactants And Products Of Hydrofluoroether Isomers, Cf3(Cf2)3och3 And (Cf3)2c(F)Cf2och3, Reacting With Isopropyl Alcohol, Howard Knachel, Vladimir Benin, William E. Moddeman, Janine C. Birkbeck, Thomas A. Kestner, Tayna L. Young Jul 2013

Characterization By Nmr Of Reactants And Products Of Hydrofluoroether Isomers, Cf3(Cf2)3och3 And (Cf3)2c(F)Cf2och3, Reacting With Isopropyl Alcohol, Howard Knachel, Vladimir Benin, William E. Moddeman, Janine C. Birkbeck, Thomas A. Kestner, Tayna L. Young

Chemistry Faculty Publications

The 3M Company product Novec™ 71IPA DL, a mixture of methoxyperfluorobutane, methoxyperfluoroisobutane and 4.5 wt.% isopropyl alcohol, has been found to be very stable at ambient temperature, producing fluoride at the rate of ~1 ppm/year. Our earlier kinetic and theoretical studies have identified the reaction mechanism. This paper identifies the 1H and 19F NMR chemical shifts, multiplicities, and coupling constants of reactants and the major products that result from aging the mixture in sealed Pyrex NMR tubes for periods up to 1.8 years at temperatures from 26 °C to 102 °C. Chemical shifts and coupling ...


A. Catalysis Of Co-Prox By Water-Soluble Rhodium Fluorinated Porphyrins B. Studies Toward Fluorination Of Electron Rich Aromatics By Nucleophilic Fluoride, Shri Harsha Uppaluri Jul 2013

A. Catalysis Of Co-Prox By Water-Soluble Rhodium Fluorinated Porphyrins B. Studies Toward Fluorination Of Electron Rich Aromatics By Nucleophilic Fluoride, Shri Harsha Uppaluri

Student Research Projects, Dissertations, and Theses - Chemistry Department

The rhodium(III) derivative of a water soluble, heavily fluorinated porphyrin is shown to catalyze the low temperature, low pressure selective oxidation of carbon monoxide in hydrogen gas streams for use in fuel cell applications. The catalytic activity is a direct result of the removal of electron density from the metal center. Selectivity for CO oxidation is a direct consequence of fluorination of the porphyrin periphery, since these substituents enhance the rate of the reaction and prevent the formation of Rh(II)-Rh(II) dimmers. Significantly, the dramatic increase in rhodium hydride acidity caused by fluorination precludes hydrogen activation and ...


Synthesis, Physicochemical Properties, And In Vitro Antibacterial Screening Of Palladium(Ii) Complexes Derived From Thiosemicarbazone, Mohammad Oves Jun 2013

Synthesis, Physicochemical Properties, And In Vitro Antibacterial Screening Of Palladium(Ii) Complexes Derived From Thiosemicarbazone, Mohammad Oves

Mohammad Oves

No abstract provided.


Synthesis And Antifungal Evaluation Of Barbiturate Saponins And Progress Towards Cysteinyl Metal Peptides, Monika Madhav May 2013

Synthesis And Antifungal Evaluation Of Barbiturate Saponins And Progress Towards Cysteinyl Metal Peptides, Monika Madhav

University of New Orleans Theses and Dissertations

Invasive fungal infections are a major threat to immune-compromised patients. There is a critical need to develop new antifungal agents because of increasing resistance to the common antifungal drugs.

In the first part of this dissertation, methods for preparation of novel barbiturate saponin as antifungals and their biological activities would be described. Barbiturates and steroidal saponins have shown remarkable antifungal activity in the biological assays. Therefore, attempts were directed to combine the barbiturate with the steroid to give novel antifungal agents. The need for extensive SAR studies and to better understand these compounds efforts were directed to synthesize novel saponin ...


Interaction Between Lubricants Containing Phosphate Ester Additives And Stainless Steels, David W. Johnson, Matthew Bachus, John E. Hils May 2013

Interaction Between Lubricants Containing Phosphate Ester Additives And Stainless Steels, David W. Johnson, Matthew Bachus, John E. Hils

Chemistry Faculty Publications

One way to improve fuel efficiency in today’s jet aircraft engines is to create an environment for higher operating temperatures and speeds. New and improved lubricants and bearing materials must be developed to remain stable in these elevated operating temperatures. Three lubricants, with varying amounts of tricresyl phosphate added as an anti-wear/extreme pressure additive were tested on two different stainless steels at varying temperatures ranging from 300 °C to 350 °C in vacuum. Significant decomposition of the lubricant base-stocks and the phosphate ester additive did occur in most of the trials resulting in the formation of carboxylic acids ...


The Role Of Type-2 Cannabinoid Receptors In Calcification Of Atherosclerotic Lesions., Kaitlyn Hinshaw May 2013

The Role Of Type-2 Cannabinoid Receptors In Calcification Of Atherosclerotic Lesions., Kaitlyn Hinshaw

Undergraduate Honors Theses

Introduction: Atherosclerosis is a chronic inflammatory disease characterized by the buildup of cholesterol, fat and other debris within arterial walls. Atherosclerotic lesions undergo a calcification process with similarities to bone remodeling. In mice, the type-2 cannabinoid receptor (CB2) is known to regulate bone remodeling processes and has also been shown to alter atherosclerotic lesion characteristics. However, the role of CB2 in lesion calcification is still unclear. CB2 modulates bone remodeling by affecting differentiation of osteogenic precursor cells; thus we hypothesize that CB2 alters lesion calcification by altering osteoblastogenesis and osteoclastogenesis of precursor cells of vascular origin. To test this hypothesis ...


Synthesis Of Rhenium And Manganese Pyridazoal Complexes, Jesse Evans May 2013

Synthesis Of Rhenium And Manganese Pyridazoal Complexes, Jesse Evans

Masters Theses & Specialist Projects

Pyridazines are a heterocyclic aromatic compound containing a characteristic N-N bond that are utilized in many fields, including medicine and electronics. It is this latter field that Dr. Snyder's research group is focused upon. Organometallic compounds are a better conducting material than the current inorganic compounds used in electronics due to better conductance of electricity, lower production cost, and the ability to be formed into thin films. With this in mind, Dr. Snyder's research group has set out to synthesize organometallic compounds for this purpose. Following procedures set forth by Snyder etc, and altered to form an off-metal ...


Comparison Of Methodologies For Synthesis Of 3-(Cyclopropylethynyl)Benzisothiazole 1,1-Dioxide, Rachel Lee Naramore May 2013

Comparison Of Methodologies For Synthesis Of 3-(Cyclopropylethynyl)Benzisothiazole 1,1-Dioxide, Rachel Lee Naramore

Chancellor’s Honors Program Projects

No abstract provided.


Reactions Of Platinum(Ii) Compounds With Selenium Containing Amino Acids, Stephanie Robey May 2013

Reactions Of Platinum(Ii) Compounds With Selenium Containing Amino Acids, Stephanie Robey

Masters Theses & Specialist Projects

Platinum(II) anticancer medications essentially react with DNA forming kinks in
the double helix of DNA and causing apoptosis. It has also been noted that these
anticancer medications react with methionine and cysteine in the body. With the new discoveries of selenium containing amino acids including selenomethionine and selenocysteine, new research is ongoing to see what types of products can be formed from these amino acids. Our research reacts [Pt(Met-S,N)Cl2] 2+ with selenomethionine to determine what types of products are produced. Monochelates including [Pt(SeMet-Se,N)Cl2] 2+ have formed two isomers, as ...


Effects Of Cisplatin Analog Size On The Reaction With Dna Bases, Swathi Nandala May 2013

Effects Of Cisplatin Analog Size On The Reaction With Dna Bases, Swathi Nandala

Masters Theses & Specialist Projects

Cancer is the second leading cause of death in the United States. Cisplatin is one of the well-known anti-cancer agents used to treat testicular and ovarian cancers. It mainly binds to the DNA bases, which leads to cell death. The cytotoxic activity of the cisplatin analogs is due to the interaction of platinum with nucleotides like adenine at N7 or N1 position and guanine at N7 position. Guanine is the primary target for cisplatin analogs whereas adenine is the secondary target. Cisplatin analogs, [Pt(Me5dien)(D2O)]2+[Me5dien = N,N,N ...


Study Of The Insulin Mimetic Sodium Orthovanadate In Glucosamine Induced Insulin Resistnace In Primary Rat Hepatocytes, Kalan Mcpherson Apr 2013

Study Of The Insulin Mimetic Sodium Orthovanadate In Glucosamine Induced Insulin Resistnace In Primary Rat Hepatocytes, Kalan Mcpherson

Master's Theses

Insulin resistance and type II diabetes is a disease state characterized by a lack of sensitivity of insulin to provoke a proper response in insulin sensitive tissues. Currently, we utilize glucosamine to increase flux through the Hexosamine Biosynthetic Pathway (HBP) to induce an insulin resistance like state in primary rat hepatocytes. We tested the effectiveness of the insulin mimetic sodium orthovanadate to determine if it could elicit an insulin-like response under these conditions. Mixed results were obtained on the effectiveness of vanadate as an insulin mimetic in this insulin resistant model.


Carboxylic Acid Functionalized Butyl Rubber: From Synthesis To Applications, Matthew John Mceachran Feb 2013

Carboxylic Acid Functionalized Butyl Rubber: From Synthesis To Applications, Matthew John Mceachran

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Butyl Rubber (RB) is a copolymer of isobutylene (IB) with small percentages of isoprene (IP). Typically these IP units serve as sites for the covalent cross-linking of the rubber, but they can also serve as sites to further functionalize RB. These modifications can expand the potential applications of RB. This thesis describes the synthesis of carboxylic acid functionalized RB and some properties and applications of these materials.


Dimethyl Sulfoxide (Dmso) Exacerbates Cisplatin-Induced Sensory Hair Cell Death In Zebrafish (Danio Rerio), Phillip M. Uribe, Melissa A. Mueller, Julia S. Gleichman, Matthew D. Kramer, Qi Wang, Martha Sibrian-Vazquez, Robert M. Strongin, Peter S. Steyger, Douglas A. Cotanche, Jonathan I. Matsui Feb 2013

Dimethyl Sulfoxide (Dmso) Exacerbates Cisplatin-Induced Sensory Hair Cell Death In Zebrafish (Danio Rerio), Phillip M. Uribe, Melissa A. Mueller, Julia S. Gleichman, Matthew D. Kramer, Qi Wang, Martha Sibrian-Vazquez, Robert M. Strongin, Peter S. Steyger, Douglas A. Cotanche, Jonathan I. Matsui

Chemistry Faculty Publications and Presentations

Inner ear sensory hair cells die following exposure to aminoglycoside antibiotics or chemotherapeutics like cisplatin, leading to permanent auditory and/or balance deficits in humans. Zebrafish (Danio rerio) are used to study drug-induced sensory hair cell death since their hair cells are similar in structure and function to those found in humans. We developed a cisplatin dose-response curve using a transgenic line of zebrafish that expresses membrane-targeted green fluorescent protein under the control of the Brn3c promoter/enhancer. Recently, several small molecule screens have been conducted using zebrafish to identify potential pharmacological agents that could be used to protect sensory ...


The Induction Of Microrna-16 In Colon Cancer Cells By Protein Arginine Deiminase Inhibition Causes A P53-Dependent Cell Cycle Arrest., Xiangli Cui, Erin E. Witalison, Alena P. Chumanevich, Alexander A. Chumanevich, Deepak Poudyal, Venkataraman Subramanian, Aaron J. Schetter, Curtis C. Harris, Paul R. Thompson, Lorne J. Hofseth Jan 2013

The Induction Of Microrna-16 In Colon Cancer Cells By Protein Arginine Deiminase Inhibition Causes A P53-Dependent Cell Cycle Arrest., Xiangli Cui, Erin E. Witalison, Alena P. Chumanevich, Alexander A. Chumanevich, Deepak Poudyal, Venkataraman Subramanian, Aaron J. Schetter, Curtis C. Harris, Paul R. Thompson, Lorne J. Hofseth

Thompson Lab Publications

Protein Arginine Deiminases (PADs) catalyze the post-translational conversion of peptidyl-Arginine to peptidyl-Citrulline in a calcium-dependent, irreversible reaction. Evidence is emerging that PADs play a role in carcinogenesis. To determine the cancer-associated functional implications of PADs, we designed a small molecule PAD inhibitor (called Chor-amidine or Cl-amidine), and tested the impact of this drug on the cell cycle. Data derived from experiments in colon cancer cells indicate that Cl-amidine causes a G1 arrest, and that this was p53-dependent. In a separate set of experiments, we found that Cl-amidine caused a significant increase in microRNA-16 (miRNA-16), and that this increase was also ...