Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Medicinal-Pharmaceutical Chemistry Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Articles 1 - 6 of 6

Full-Text Articles in Medicinal-Pharmaceutical Chemistry

Inhibition Of Cysteine Protease By Platinum (Ii) Diamine Complexes, Chaitanya Rapolu Dec 2011

Inhibition Of Cysteine Protease By Platinum (Ii) Diamine Complexes, Chaitanya Rapolu

Masters Theses & Specialist Projects

Chemotherapy is the first line of treatment used in cancer. Chemotherapy drugs such as cisplatin, carboplatin and oxaliplatin are used in treatment. Cisplatin enters the cell through copper transporter CTR1 by passive diffusion and bind to DNA and proteins. Cisplatin is found to inhibit several enzymes targeting cysteine, histidine and methionine residues, which are expected to be responsible for its anticancer activity. A better understanding of how the size and shape and leaving ligands of platinum complexes affect cysteine protease, papain enzyme are studied. This could give new ways to optimize anticancer activity. The activity of papain enzyme was measured ...


Genome-Wide Analysis Reveals Padi4 Cooperates With Elk-1 To Activate C-Fos Expression In Breast Cancer Cells., Xuesen Zhang, Matthew J. Gamble, Sonja Stadler, Brian D. Cherrington, Corey P. Causey, Paul R. Thompson, Mark S. Roberson, W Lee Kraus, Scott A. Coonrod Jun 2011

Genome-Wide Analysis Reveals Padi4 Cooperates With Elk-1 To Activate C-Fos Expression In Breast Cancer Cells., Xuesen Zhang, Matthew J. Gamble, Sonja Stadler, Brian D. Cherrington, Corey P. Causey, Paul R. Thompson, Mark S. Roberson, W Lee Kraus, Scott A. Coonrod

Thompson Lab Publications

Peptidylarginine deiminase IV (PADI4) catalyzes the conversion of positively charged arginine and methylarginine residues to neutrally charged citrulline, and this activity has been linked to the repression of a limited number of target genes. To broaden our knowledge of the regulatory potential of PADI4, we utilized chromatin immunoprecipitation coupled with promoter tiling array (ChIP-chip) analysis to more comprehensively investigate the range of PADI4 target genes across the genome in MCF-7 breast cancer cells. Results showed that PADI4 is enriched in gene promoter regions near transcription start sites (TSSs); and, surprisingly, this pattern of binding is primarily associated with actively transcribed ...


Detection Of Protein By Microdrop Analysis, Yogeshkumar Radadiya Apr 2011

Detection Of Protein By Microdrop Analysis, Yogeshkumar Radadiya

All Capstone Projects

Analysis of protein depends particularly on protein concentration. Protein concentration measurement is the most important part in the research work to conduct protein-related studies. Although there are many methods available for this purpose, each method has certain limitations. The aim of the experiment is to develop either new or modified analytical method for the analysis and detection of protein using newly introduced micro-plate reader equipped with Take-3 microplate with the help of Gen-5 software. An ideal assay should be simple and easy to carry out. Another aspect to be taken into consideration are low inference, stability of measured components and ...


Automated Sequence- And Stereo-Specific Assignment Of Methyl-Labeled Proteins By Paramagnetic Relaxation And Methyl–Methyl Nuclear Overhauser Enhancement Spectroscopy, Vincenzo Venditti, Nicolas L. Fawzi, G. Marius Clore Jan 2011

Automated Sequence- And Stereo-Specific Assignment Of Methyl-Labeled Proteins By Paramagnetic Relaxation And Methyl–Methyl Nuclear Overhauser Enhancement Spectroscopy, Vincenzo Venditti, Nicolas L. Fawzi, G. Marius Clore

Vincenzo Venditti

Methyl-transverse relaxation optimized spectroscopy is rapidly becoming the preferred NMR technique for probing structure and dynamics of very large proteins up to ~1 MDa in molecular size. Data interpretation, however, necessitates assignment of methyl groups which still presents a very challenging and time-consuming process. Here we demonstrate that, in combination with a known 3D structure, paramagnetic relaxation enhancement (PRE), induced by nitroxide spin-labels incorporated at only a few surface-exposed engineered cysteines, provides fast, straightforward and robust access to methyl group resonance assignments, including stereoassignments for the methyl groups of leucine and valine. Neither prior assignments, including backbone assignments, for the ...


A Structurally Driven Analysis Of Thiol Reactivity In Mammalian Albumins, Ottavia Spiga, Domenico Summa, Simone Cirri, Andrea Bernini, Vincenzo Venditti, Matteo De Chiara, Raffaella Priora, Simona Frosail, Antonios Margaritis, Danila Di Giuseppe, Paolo Di Simplicio, Neri Niccolai Jan 2011

A Structurally Driven Analysis Of Thiol Reactivity In Mammalian Albumins, Ottavia Spiga, Domenico Summa, Simone Cirri, Andrea Bernini, Vincenzo Venditti, Matteo De Chiara, Raffaella Priora, Simona Frosail, Antonios Margaritis, Danila Di Giuseppe, Paolo Di Simplicio, Neri Niccolai

Vincenzo Venditti

Understanding the structural basis of protein redox activity is still an open question. Hence, by using a structural genomics approach, different albumins have been chosen to correlate protein structural features with the corresponding reaction rates of thiol exchange between albumin and disulfide DTNB. Predicted structures of rat, porcine, and bovine albumins have been compared with the experimentally derived human albumin. High structural similarity among these four albumins can be observed, in spite of their markedly different reactivity with DTNB. Sequence alignments offered preliminary hints on the contributions of sequence-specific local environments modulating albumin reactivity. Molecular dynamics simulations performed on experimental ...


Pharmacological Chaperoning In Fabry Disease, Jerome Rogich Jan 2011

Pharmacological Chaperoning In Fabry Disease, Jerome Rogich

Masters Theses 1911 - February 2014

Fabry Disease is an X-­‐linked lysosomal storage disorder characterized by a variety of symptoms including hypohydrosis, seizures, cardiac abnormalities, skin lesions, and chronic pain. These symptoms stem from a lack of functional endogenous α-­‐ Galactosidase A (α-­GAL), which leads to an accrual of its natural substrate. The severity of the disease symptoms can be directly correlated with the amount of residual enzyme activity. It has been shown that an imino sugar, 1-deoxygalactonojirimycin (DGJ), can increase enzymatic activity and clear excess substrate. This pH-­‐dependent chaperoning phenomenon is believed to arise from the presence of aspartic acid 170 in ...