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Medicinal-Pharmaceutical Chemistry Commons

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Full-Text Articles in Medicinal-Pharmaceutical Chemistry

Structure-Based Design Of Inhibitors Targeting Influenza A Virus M2 Proton Channel (A/M2), Jun Wang Dec 2010

Structure-Based Design Of Inhibitors Targeting Influenza A Virus M2 Proton Channel (A/M2), Jun Wang

Publicly Accessible Penn Dissertations

Influenza A virus M2 (A/M2) forms a homotetrameric channel in viral membranes that is highly selective for protons. A/M2 has been extensively studied by electrophysiologists, biophysicists, structural biologists and biochemists in order to understand the mechanism and selectivity of proton conductance from the structural basis. Medicinal chemists have also studied A/M2 as therapeutic target for anti-flu drugs. However, research on A/M2 drug binding lead to entirely different binding sites of two very similar anti-flu drugs. In light of the urgency in developing novel antivirals against drug resistant A/M2 mutants, it is imperative to solve this ...


New Cyclic Peptides Via Ring-Closing Metathesis Reactions And Their Anti-Bacterial Activities, Timothy P. Boyle, John B. Bremner, Jonathan Coates, John Deadman, Paul A. Keller, Stephen G. Pyne, David I. Rhodes Aug 2010

New Cyclic Peptides Via Ring-Closing Metathesis Reactions And Their Anti-Bacterial Activities, Timothy P. Boyle, John B. Bremner, Jonathan Coates, John Deadman, Paul A. Keller, Stephen G. Pyne, David I. Rhodes

Paul Keller

As part of a program investigating cyclic peptides with an internal aromatic hydrophobic scaffold as potential novel anti-bacterial agents, we explored the synthesis of simple tyrosine-based systems. These were prepared via key intermediates containing internal allylglycine and allyltyrosine residues for subsequent ring closing metathesis reactions. Although the resulting anti-bacterial activity against Staphylococcus aureus was modest, this represents a novel and simple route to this class of compounds. One intermediate acyclic dipeptide precursor showed good activity against S. aureus with an MIC of 7.8 µg/mL.


A Convenient And Efficient Synthesis Of (S)-Lysine And (S)-Arginine Homologues Via Olefin Cross-Metathesis, Timothy P. Boyle, John B. Bremner, Jonathan A. Coates, Paul A. Keller, Stephen G. Pyne Aug 2010

A Convenient And Efficient Synthesis Of (S)-Lysine And (S)-Arginine Homologues Via Olefin Cross-Metathesis, Timothy P. Boyle, John B. Bremner, Jonathan A. Coates, Paul A. Keller, Stephen G. Pyne

Paul Keller

A convenient five step synthesis of (S)-homolysine, incorporating a key olefin cross-metathesis step in the chain extension methodology, has been developed, together with a six step related synthesis of a new homologue of arginine, (S)-bishomoarginine.


Antimalarial Activity Of 2,4-Diaminopyrimidines, J. Morgan, R. Haritakul, Paul A. Keller Aug 2010

Antimalarial Activity Of 2,4-Diaminopyrimidines, J. Morgan, R. Haritakul, Paul A. Keller

Paul Keller

A series of 2,4- and 4,6-diaminopyrimidines were prepared and evaluated for their in vitro antimalarial activity. Of the 12 compounds tested 7 showed reasonable activity with 1 having a sub-micromolar IC50.


Combining Structure-Based Drug Design And Pharmacophores, Renate Griffith, T. T. T. Luu, James A. Garner, Paul A. Keller Aug 2010

Combining Structure-Based Drug Design And Pharmacophores, Renate Griffith, T. T. T. Luu, James A. Garner, Paul A. Keller

Paul Keller

Development towards integrated computer-aided drug design methodologies is presented by utilising crystal structure complexes to produce structure-based pharmacophores. These novel pharmacophores represent the ligand features that are involved in interactions with the target protein, as well as the space around the ligand occupied by the protein. The protein-ligand complexes can also yield information about all interactions that ligands could potentially form with the binding site, as well as about the size of the binding cavity. Together, these describe a 'superligand', which can also be viewed as a pharmacophore. Various types of novel pharmacophores are discussed and compared, using HIV-1 Reverse ...


Antimicrobial Activity Of D-Lenolate®, Andy Phui May 2010

Antimicrobial Activity Of D-Lenolate®, Andy Phui

UNLV Theses, Dissertations, Professional Papers, and Capstones

Olive trees are one of the most important fruit trees in the Mediterranean. Although not validated by research, olive leaves are traditionally believed to fight off fever and infections. It has been shown that olive leaf extracts possess antimicrobial activity. Olive leaf extracts contain polyphenols. One of the major phenolic compounds is oleuropein. Oleuropein and other polyphenols have been shown to exhibit antimicrobial activity. East Park Research (EPR) developed an extraction process that they claim does not alter the chemical composition of the olive leaves. The extract is known by the commercial name d-lenolate®. Studies have provided evidence that d-lenolate ...


The Reaction Of A Water Soluble Platinum Compound With Methionine And Derivatives, Yueh Ying Liao Apr 2010

The Reaction Of A Water Soluble Platinum Compound With Methionine And Derivatives, Yueh Ying Liao

Masters Theses & Specialist Projects

Water soluble platinum complexes are a recent area of emphasis of cisplatin chemistry. The water soluble complexes could have a reduced toxicity compared with cisplatin. Oxaliplatin, which has an oxalate leaving group, has previously been shown to have less nephro-toxicity and higher water solubility than cisplatin. [Pt(en)(oxalate)] (en = ethylenediamine) has been prepared from Pt(en)Cl2 and silver oxalate. This complex has been reacted with methionine and N-acetylmethionine at different molar ratios. At high Pt: methionine ratios, chelates with the sulfur and nitrogen atoms of the methionine are dominant; at lower Pt: methionine ratios, a bis-methionine product is ...