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Medicinal-Pharmaceutical Chemistry Commons

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1993

Other Chemistry

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Full-Text Articles in Medicinal-Pharmaceutical Chemistry

Telomere Processing In Euplotes, Joris Robert Vermeesch, Dewight Williams, Carolyn M. Price Jan 1993

Telomere Processing In Euplotes, Joris Robert Vermeesch, Dewight Williams, Carolyn M. Price

Faculty Publications -- Chemistry Department

In Euplotes crassus millions of telomeres are synthesized during the sexual phase of the life cycle. Since these newly synthesized telomeres are longer than normal macronuclear telomeres, they must be trimmed to the mature size. We have examined the timing and mechanism of this trimming step. We have shown that a sudden decrease in telomere length takes place at a specific time during macronuclear development. The decrease in telomere length is not caused by incomplete replication of the most terminal DNA sequences; rather it is the result of an active processing event that occurs independently of DNA replication. The developmentally ...


Preparation Of Functionalized Polymers Utilizng A Soluble Highly Reactive Form Of Calcium, Reuben D. Rieke Jan 1993

Preparation Of Functionalized Polymers Utilizng A Soluble Highly Reactive Form Of Calcium, Reuben D. Rieke

Faculty Publications -- Chemistry Department

Calcium-substituted polymeric reagents are provided. These reagents can be prepared via the oxidative addition of a soluble highly reactive calcium species to organic and inorganic polymers containing alkyl, aryl, or alkylaryl pendent groups substituted with halide atoms, cyanide molecules, 1,3-dienes, or any conjugated poly unsaturated system. Preferably, the polymer is a cross linked p-bromopolystyrene, p-chloropolystyrene, p fluoropolystyrene, or chloromethylated polystyrene. Preferably, the soluble highly reactive calcium species is prepared from the reduction of Ca(II) salts with an alkali metal arene, such as lithium biphenylide. These calcium-substituted polymeric reagents react with a variety of electrophiles to yield functionalized polymers ...


Soluble Highly Reactive Form Of Calcium And Reagents Thereof, Reuben D. Rieke Jan 1993

Soluble Highly Reactive Form Of Calcium And Reagents Thereof, Reuben D. Rieke

Faculty Publications -- Chemistry Department

A soluble highly reactive form of calcium, prepared from Ca(II) salts and a reducing agent in ethereal, polyethereal, or hydrocarbon solvents, is presented. This form of calcium can be used in the preparation of organocalcium reagents. The organocalcium reagents resulting from the reaction of the soluble highly reactive calcium with organic compounds containing either halide, cyanide, a 1,3-diene, or a polyunsaturated functionality, are stable, useful reagents for organic synthesis. The organocalcium halide reagents undergo Grignard-type reactions. They also undergo reactions with Cu(I) salts to form organocalcium cuprate reagents. The organocalcium cuprate reagents undergo a variety of cross-coupling ...


Preparation And Use Of (2-Butene-1,4-Diyl)Magnesium Complexes In Organic Synthess, Reuben D. Rieke Jan 1993

Preparation And Use Of (2-Butene-1,4-Diyl)Magnesium Complexes In Organic Synthess, Reuben D. Rieke

Faculty Publications -- Chemistry Department

The magnesium complexes of cyclic hydrocarbons, such as 1,2-dimethylenecycloalkanes, are readily prepared in high yields using highly reactive magnesium. Reactions of these (2-butene-1,4-diyl)magnesium reagents with electrophiles such as dibromoalkanes, alkyl ditosylates, or bromoalkylnitriles serve as a convenient method for synthesizing spirocyclic systems. Significantly, spirocarbocycles prepared by this method contain functional groups such as the exocyclic double bond or a keto group in one of the rings which could be used for further elaboration of these molecules. Furthermore, fused bicyclic systems containing a substituted five-membered ring can be conveniently prepared at high temperatures by the reactions of (2-butene-1 ...


Preparation Of Functionalized Polymers Utilizing A Soluble Highly Reactive Form Of Calcium, Reuben D. Rieke Jan 1993

Preparation Of Functionalized Polymers Utilizing A Soluble Highly Reactive Form Of Calcium, Reuben D. Rieke

Faculty Publications -- Chemistry Department

Calcium-substituted polymeric reagents are provided. These reagents can be prepared via the oxidative addition of a soluble highly reactive calcium species to organic and inorganic polymers containing alkyl, aryl, or alkylaryl pendent groups substituted with halide atoms, cyanide molecules, 1,3-dienes, or any conjugated poly unsaturated system. Preferably, the polymer is a cross linked p-bromopolystyrene, p-chloropolystyrene, p-fluoropolystyrene, or chloromethylated polystyrene. Preferably, the soluble highly reactive calcium species is prepared from the reduction of Ca(II) salts with an alkali metal arene, such as lithium biphenylide. These calcium-substituted polymeric reagents react with a variety of electrophiles to yield functionalized polymers. Reaction ...


Processes For Producing Doxorubicin, Daunomycinone, And Derivatives Of Doxorubicin, Desmond M. S. Wheeler Jan 1993

Processes For Producing Doxorubicin, Daunomycinone, And Derivatives Of Doxorubicin, Desmond M. S. Wheeler

Faculty Publications -- Chemistry Department

To produce doxorubicin and its analogues methyl 3alpha, 5alpha-dihydroxy-5beta-(trimethylsilylethynyl)- 2alpha-nitromethylcyclohexane-1beta-carboxylate acetonide is condensed with 1,4-dihydro-4,4,5-trimethoxy-1-oxonaphthalene in the presence of 1,8-diazabicyclo-5.4.0]undec-7-ene in an aprotic solvent to produce 3-(2beta-carbomethoxy-4-beta-ethynyl-4-alpha, 6alpha-(di-O-isopropylidenyl)cyclohexanyl-1-yl)-nitromethyl-4,4,5-trimethoxy-1-oxo-1,2,3,4-tetrahydronaphthalene; which is cyclized to produce 9beta ethynyl-12-hydroxy-7alpha, 9alpha-(di-O-iso propylidenyl)-6-nitro-4,5,5-trimethoxy-5,5a,6- 6a,7,8,9,10,10a,11-decahydro -11-naphthacenone. The decahydro-11-naphthacenone is converted to 7alpha 9alpha,(di-O-isopropyl-idenyl)-4,5-dimethoxy-9beta ethynyl-12-hydroxy-6-nitro-6,6a,7,8,9,10,10a, 11 octahydro-11, -naphthacenone. The octahydro-11 naphthacenone is oxidized to 7alpha-9alpha, (di-O-iso propyl-idenyl)-9beta-ethynyl-11-hydroxy-4-methoxy-6- nitro-7,8 ...