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Ronald Cerny Publications

Human lens crystallins; cataract; in vivo protein modification; S-methylation; glutathiolation

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Modifications Of Human Βa1/Βa3-Crystallins Include S-Methylation, Glutathiolation, And Truncation, Veniamin N. Lapko, Ronald Cerny, David L. Smith, Jean B. Smith Jan 2005

Modifications Of Human Βa1/Βa3-Crystallins Include S-Methylation, Glutathiolation, And Truncation, Veniamin N. Lapko, Ronald Cerny, David L. Smith, Jean B. Smith

Ronald Cerny Publications

Disulfide bonding of lens crystallins contributes to the aggregation and insolubilization of these proteins that leads to cataract. A high concentration of reduced glutathione is believed to be key in preventing oxidation of crystallin sulfhydryls to form disulfide bonds. This protective role is decreased in aged lenses because of lower glutathione levels, especially in the nucleus. We recently found that human [1]-crystallins undergo S-methylation at exposed cysteine residues, a reaction that may prevent disulfide bonding. We report here that βA1/A3-crystallins are also methylated at specific cysteine residues and are the most heavily methylated of the human lens crystallins ...