Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Medicinal-Pharmaceutical Chemistry Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Articles 1 - 4 of 4

Full-Text Articles in Medicinal-Pharmaceutical Chemistry

Untargeted Bioassay Strategy For Medicinal Plants: In Vitro Antidiabetic Activity And 13c Nmr Profiling Of Extracts From Vitex Negundo L, Fabian M. Dayrit, Myrnille Joy B. Zabala, Lolita G. Lagurin Apr 2018

Untargeted Bioassay Strategy For Medicinal Plants: In Vitro Antidiabetic Activity And 13c Nmr Profiling Of Extracts From Vitex Negundo L, Fabian M. Dayrit, Myrnille Joy B. Zabala, Lolita G. Lagurin

Chemistry Faculty Publications

Bioassay-guided fractionation is the principal method for the identification of active constituents in medicinal plants. By design, this method aims to identify the most active compound in a complex mixture with the objective of discovering novel drug candidates. Described here is a complementary method for the identification of known bioactive compounds in medicinal plants which is untargeted and which takes advantage of the large NMR database of known natural products and availability of statistical software. This untargeted bioassay strategy is demonstrated as a proof of principle in the determination of the antidiabetic compounds in Vitex negundo L. Crude methanol and ...


Inhibiting Translesion Dna Synthesis As An Approach To Combat Drug Resistance To Dna Damaging Agents, Jung-Suk Choi, Seol Kim, Edward Motea, Anthony J. Berdis Jun 2017

Inhibiting Translesion Dna Synthesis As An Approach To Combat Drug Resistance To Dna Damaging Agents, Jung-Suk Choi, Seol Kim, Edward Motea, Anthony J. Berdis

Chemistry Faculty Publications

Anti-cancer agents exert therapeutic effects by damaging DNA. Unfortunately, DNA polymerases can effectively replicate the formed DNA lesions to cause drug resistance and create more aggressive cancers. To understand this process at the cellular level, we developed an artificial nucleoside that visualizes the replication of damaged DNA to identify cells that acquire drug resistance through this mechanism. Visualization is achieved using "click" chemistry to covalently attach azide-containing fluorophores to the ethynyl group present on the nucleoside analog after its incorporation opposite damaged DNA. Flow cytometry and microscopy techniques demonstrate that the extent of nucleotide incorporation into genomic DNA is enhanced ...


Hmba Is A Putative Hsp70 Activator Stimulating Hexim1 Expression That Is Down-Regulated By Estrogen, Rati Lama, Chunfang Gan, Nethrie Idippily, Viharika Bobba, David Danielpour, Monica Montano, Bin Su Ph.D. Feb 2017

Hmba Is A Putative Hsp70 Activator Stimulating Hexim1 Expression That Is Down-Regulated By Estrogen, Rati Lama, Chunfang Gan, Nethrie Idippily, Viharika Bobba, David Danielpour, Monica Montano, Bin Su Ph.D.

Chemistry Faculty Publications

Hexamethylene bis-acetamide inducible protein 1 (HEXIM1) is identified as a novel inhibitor of estrogen stimulated breast cell growth, and it suppresses estrogen receptor-a transcriptional activity. HEXIM1 protein level has been found to be downregulated by estrogens. Recently, HEXIM1 has been found to inhibit androgen receptor transcriptional activity as well. Researchers have used Hexamethylene bisacetamide (HMBA) for decades to stimulate HEXIM1 expression, which also inhibit estrogen stimulated breast cancer cell gene activation and androgen stimulated prostate cancer gene activation. However, the direct molecular targets of HMBA that modulate the induction of HEXIM1 expression in mammalian cells have not been identified. Based ...


Chemical Profiling And Chemical Standardization Of Vitex Negundo Using 13c Nmr, Fabian M. Dayrit, Lolita G. Lagurin, John Daniel J. Magsalin, Anthony R. Zosa Jan 2017

Chemical Profiling And Chemical Standardization Of Vitex Negundo Using 13c Nmr, Fabian M. Dayrit, Lolita G. Lagurin, John Daniel J. Magsalin, Anthony R. Zosa

Chemistry Faculty Publications

Chemical profiling and standardization of the defatted methanol extract of the leaves of Vitex negundo L. were carried out using 13C nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) analysis followed by chemometric analysis of the chemical shift data. Chemical profile was obtained using a k-means cluster profile and chemical standardization which was achieved using a multivariate control chart. The V. negundo samples were made up of four groups: the training set, submitted samples from production farms, commercial samples, such as tablets, capsules and teas, and experimental samples (samples which were allowed to degrade). Four groups were generated in k-means cluster, which generally corresponded ...