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Medicinal-Pharmaceutical Chemistry Commons

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University of Nebraska - Lincoln

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Full-Text Articles in Medicinal-Pharmaceutical Chemistry

Analysis Of Drug-Protein Interactions During Diabetes By High-Performance Affinity Chromatography, Pingyang Tao Apr 2019

Analysis Of Drug-Protein Interactions During Diabetes By High-Performance Affinity Chromatography, Pingyang Tao

Student Research Projects, Dissertations, and Theses - Chemistry Department

High-performance affinity chromatography (HPAC) is a type of liquid chromatography in which solutes are separated based on their binding to a stationary phase that is a biologically-related agent. Sulfonylurea drugs have significant binding to proteins in blood, with most of this binding is believed to occur with human serum albumin (HSA). HSA is known to be modified as a result of the high serum levels of glucose that is present during diabetes, which may also alter the function of HSA as a binding agent for many drugs in circulation. Some modifications of HSA that can occur during diabetes involves early ...


Molecular Insights Into Organic Particulate Formation, Manoj Kumar, Emily Burrell, Jason C. Hansen, Joseph S. Francisco Jan 2019

Molecular Insights Into Organic Particulate Formation, Manoj Kumar, Emily Burrell, Jason C. Hansen, Joseph S. Francisco

Faculty Publications -- Chemistry Department

Carboxylic acids have been detected in particles collected in various regions of the world. Here, we use experiments and Born–Oppenheimer molecular dynamics simulations to better understand the mechanism of particle formation from gas phase mixtures of formic acid (HCOOH), (CH3)3N, and water vapor. A flow reaction cell coupled to two scanning mobility particle sizers has been used to measure particle size, absolute number of particles and kinetics of particle formation. Experimental results show that the addition of (CH3)3N to a mixture of HCOOH and water vapor results in a dramatic increase in particle ...


In-Situ-Investigation Of Enzyme Immobilization On Polymer Brushes, Meike Koenig, Ulla König, Klaus-Jochen Eichhorn, Martin Muller, Manfred Stamm, Petra Uhlmann Jan 2019

In-Situ-Investigation Of Enzyme Immobilization On Polymer Brushes, Meike Koenig, Ulla König, Klaus-Jochen Eichhorn, Martin Muller, Manfred Stamm, Petra Uhlmann

Faculty Publications -- Chemistry Department

Herein, we report on the use of a combined setup of quartz-crystal microbalance, with dissipation monitoring and spectroscopic ellipsometry, to comprehensively investigate the covalent immobilization of an enzyme to a polymer layer. All steps of the covalent reaction of the model enzyme glucose oxidase with the poly(acrylic acid) brush by carbodiimide chemistry, were monitored in-situ. Data were analyzed using optical and viscoelastic modeling. A nearly complete collapse of the polymer chains was found upon activation of the carboxylic acid groups with N-(3-Dimethylaminopropyl)-N′-ethylcarbodiimide and N-Hydroxysuccinimide. The reaction with the amine groups of the enzyme occurs simultaneously with ...


Role Of Water On The Rotational Dynamics Of The Organic Methylammonium Cation: A First Principles Analysis, Ross D. Hoehn, Joseph S. Francisco, Sabre Kais, Ali Kachmar Jan 2019

Role Of Water On The Rotational Dynamics Of The Organic Methylammonium Cation: A First Principles Analysis, Ross D. Hoehn, Joseph S. Francisco, Sabre Kais, Ali Kachmar

Faculty Publications -- Chemistry Department

Understanding the degradation mechanisms of lead-halide perovskites (CH3NH3PbI3) under exposure to liquid/aerosol water is an essential problem within the photovoltaic community. Herein we investigate both the static and the dynamic properties of the methylammonuim cation (MA) as it coordinates with invading water molecules (MA.(H2O)n, n = 1, 2, 3, 4) using both stationary state quantum mechanics and first principle molecular dynamics simulations. Various solvation structures of MA were characterized by their stabilization energies, dipoles, and Maximally-Localized Wannier Function (MLWF) centers. Calculation – and analysis – of vibrational shifts in the IR spectral region ...


Indole Reverses Intrinsic Antibiotic Resistance By Activating A Novel Dual-Function Importer, Yan Wang, Tian Tian, Jingjing Zhang, Xin Jin, Huan Yue, Xiao-Hua Zhang, Liangcheng Du, Fan Bai Jan 2019

Indole Reverses Intrinsic Antibiotic Resistance By Activating A Novel Dual-Function Importer, Yan Wang, Tian Tian, Jingjing Zhang, Xin Jin, Huan Yue, Xiao-Hua Zhang, Liangcheng Du, Fan Bai

Faculty Publications -- Chemistry Department

Bacterial antibiotic resistance modulation by small signaling molecules is an emerging mechanism that has been increasingly reported in recent years. Several studies indicate that indole, an interkingdom signaling molecule, increases bacterial antibiotic resistance. However, the mechanism through which indole reduces antibiotic resistance is largely unknown. In this study, we demonstrated a novel mechanism for indole-mediated reversal of intrinsic antibiotic resistance in Lysobacter. This reversal was facilitated by a novel BtuD-associated dual-function importer that can transfer both vitamin B12 and antibiotics. Indole stimulated btuD overexpression and promoted efficient absorption of extracellular vitamin B12; meanwhile, the weak selectivity of the ...


Structural Basis Of 7sk Rna 5′ Γ-Phosphate Methylation And Retention By Mepce, Yuan Yang, Catherine D. Eichhorn, Yaqiang Wang, Duilio Cascio, Juli Feigon Jan 2019

Structural Basis Of 7sk Rna 5′ Γ-Phosphate Methylation And Retention By Mepce, Yuan Yang, Catherine D. Eichhorn, Yaqiang Wang, Duilio Cascio, Juli Feigon

Faculty Publications -- Chemistry Department

Among RNA 5′-cap structures, γ-phosphate monomethylation is unique to a small subset of noncoding RNAs, 7SK and U6 in humans. 7SK is capped by methylphosphate capping enzyme (MePCE), which has a second non-enzymatic role as a core component of the 7SK RNP that is an essential regulator of RNA transcription. We report 2.0 and 2.1 Å X-ray crystal structures of human MePCE methyltransferase domain bound to S-adenosylhomocysteine (SAH) and uncapped or capped 7SK substrates, respectively. 7SK recognition is achieved by protein contacts to a 5′ hairpin-single-stranded RNA region, explaining MePCE specificity for 7SK and U6. The structures ...


High Initial Reversible Capacity And Long Life Of Ternary Sno2‑Co‑Carbon Nanocomposite Anodes For Lithium‑Ion Batteries, Pan Deng, Jing Yang, Shengyang Li, Tian-E Fan, Hong-Hui Wu, Yun Mou, Hui Huang, Qiaobao Zhang, Dong-Liang Peng, Baihua Qu Jan 2019

High Initial Reversible Capacity And Long Life Of Ternary Sno2‑Co‑Carbon Nanocomposite Anodes For Lithium‑Ion Batteries, Pan Deng, Jing Yang, Shengyang Li, Tian-E Fan, Hong-Hui Wu, Yun Mou, Hui Huang, Qiaobao Zhang, Dong-Liang Peng, Baihua Qu

Faculty Publications -- Chemistry Department

The two major limitations in the application of SnO2 for lithium-ion battery (LIB) anodes are the large volume variations of SnO2 during repeated lithiation/delithiation processes and a large irreversible capacity loss during the first cycle, which can lead to a rapid capacity fade and unsatisfactory initial Coulombic efficiency (ICE). To overcome these limitations, we developed composites of ultrafine SnO2 nanoparticles and in situ formed Co(CoSn) nanocrystals embedded in an N-doped carbon matrix using a Co-based metal–organic framework (ZIF-67). The formed Co additives and structural advantages of the carbon-confined SnO2/ Co nanocomposite effectively inhibited ...


Detailed Characterization Of The Solution Kinetics And Thermodynamics Of Biotin, Biocytin And Haba Binding To Avidin And Streptavidin, Roberto F. Delgadillo, Timothy C. Mueser, Kathia Zaleta-Rivera, Katie A. Carnes, Jose Gonzalez-Valdez, Lawrence J. Parkhurst Jan 2019

Detailed Characterization Of The Solution Kinetics And Thermodynamics Of Biotin, Biocytin And Haba Binding To Avidin And Streptavidin, Roberto F. Delgadillo, Timothy C. Mueser, Kathia Zaleta-Rivera, Katie A. Carnes, Jose Gonzalez-Valdez, Lawrence J. Parkhurst

Faculty Publications -- Chemistry Department

The high affinity (KD ~ 10−15 M) of biotin for avidin and streptavidin is the essential component in a multitude of bioassays with many experiments using biotin modifications to invoke coupling. Equilibration times suggested for these assays assume that the association rate constant (kon) is approximately diffusion limited (109 M-1s-1) but recent single molecule and surface binding studies indicate that they are slower than expected (105 to 107 M-1s-1). In this study, we asked whether these reactions in solution are diffusion controlled, which reaction model and thermodynamic cycle describes the ...


Urease Is An Essential Component Of The Acid Response Network Of Staphylococcus Aureus And Is Required For A Persistent Murine Kidney Infection, Chunyi Zhou, Fatema Bhinderwala, Mckenzie K. Lehman, Vinai C. Thomas, Sujata S. Chaudhari, Kelsey J. Yamada, Kirk W. Foster, Robert Powers, Tammy Kielian, Paul D. Fey Jan 2019

Urease Is An Essential Component Of The Acid Response Network Of Staphylococcus Aureus And Is Required For A Persistent Murine Kidney Infection, Chunyi Zhou, Fatema Bhinderwala, Mckenzie K. Lehman, Vinai C. Thomas, Sujata S. Chaudhari, Kelsey J. Yamada, Kirk W. Foster, Robert Powers, Tammy Kielian, Paul D. Fey

Faculty Publications -- Chemistry Department

Staphylococcus aureus causes acute and chronic infections resulting in significant morbidity. Urease, an enzyme that generates NH3 and CO2 from urea, is key to pH homeostasis in bacterial pathogens under acidic stress and nitrogen limitation. However, the function of urease in S. aureus niche colonization and nitrogen metabolism has not been extensively studied. We discovered that urease is essential for pH homeostasis and viability in urea-rich environments under weak acid stress. The regulation of urease transcription by CcpA, Agr, and CodY was identified in this study, implying a complex network that controls urease expression in response to changes ...


Highly Stable And Efficient All-Inorganic Lead-Free Perovskite Solar Cells With Native-Oxide Passivation, Min Chen, Ming-Gang Ju, Hector F. Garces, Alexander D. Carl, Luis K. Ono, Zafer Hawash, Yi Zhang, Tianyi Shen, Yabing Qi, Ronald L. Grimm, Domenico Pacifici, Xiao Cheng Zeng, Yuanyuan Zhou, Nitin P. Padture Jan 2019

Highly Stable And Efficient All-Inorganic Lead-Free Perovskite Solar Cells With Native-Oxide Passivation, Min Chen, Ming-Gang Ju, Hector F. Garces, Alexander D. Carl, Luis K. Ono, Zafer Hawash, Yi Zhang, Tianyi Shen, Yabing Qi, Ronald L. Grimm, Domenico Pacifici, Xiao Cheng Zeng, Yuanyuan Zhou, Nitin P. Padture

Faculty Publications -- Chemistry Department

There has been an urgent need to eliminate toxic lead from the prevailing halide perovskite solar cells (PSCs), but the current lead-free PSCs are still plagued with the critical issues of low efficiency and poor stability. This is primarily due to their inadequate photovoltaic properties and chemical stability. Herein we demonstrate the use of the lead-free, allinorganic cesium tin-germanium triiodide (CsSn0.5Ge0.5I3) solid-solution perovskite as the light absorber in PSCs, delivering promising efficiency of up to 7.11%. More importantly, these PSCs show very high stability, with less than 10% decay in efficiency after ...


Role Of Water On The Rotational Dynamics Of The Organic Methylammonium Cation: A First Principles Analysis, Ross D. Hoehn, Joseph S. Francisco, Sabre Kais, Ali Kachmar Jan 2019

Role Of Water On The Rotational Dynamics Of The Organic Methylammonium Cation: A First Principles Analysis, Ross D. Hoehn, Joseph S. Francisco, Sabre Kais, Ali Kachmar

Faculty Publications -- Chemistry Department

Understanding the degradation mechanisms of lead-halide perovskites (CH3NH3PbI3) under exposure to liquid/aerosol water is an essential problem within the photovoltaic community. Herein we investigate both the static and the dynamic properties of the methylammonuim cation (MA) as it coordinates with invading water molecules (MA.(H2O)n, n = 1, 2, 3, 4) using both stationary state quantum mechanics and first principle molecular dynamics simulations. Various solvation structures of MA were characterized by their stabilization energies, dipoles, and Maximally-Localized Wannier Function (MLWF) centers. Calculation – and analysis – of vibrational shifts in the IR spectral region ...


Electrocaloric Effect In Ferroelectric Ceramics With Point Defects, Ming Wu, Qingshan Zhu, Jianting Li, Dongsheng Song, Honghui Wu, Mengyao Guo, Jinghui Gao, Yang Bai, Yujun Feng, Stephen J. Pennycoock, Xiaojie Lou Jan 2019

Electrocaloric Effect In Ferroelectric Ceramics With Point Defects, Ming Wu, Qingshan Zhu, Jianting Li, Dongsheng Song, Honghui Wu, Mengyao Guo, Jinghui Gao, Yang Bai, Yujun Feng, Stephen J. Pennycoock, Xiaojie Lou

Faculty Publications -- Chemistry Department

The electrocaloric effect has drawn much attention due to its potential application in cooling devices. A negative electrocaloric effect is predicted to be induced in defect-doped ferroelectrics by computational results [A. Grunebohm and T. Nishimatsu, Phys. Rev. B 93, 134101 (2016) and Ma et al., Phys. Rev. B 94, 094113 (2016)], but it need to be confirmed by experimental results. In this work, we prepared a 1mol. % Mn-doped Pb(Zr0.2,Ti0.8)O3 ceramics (Pb((Zr0.2,Ti0.8)0.99,Mn0.01)O3), and the electrocaloric effect of the defect-containing ferroelectric ...


The Inductive Effect In Organic Chemistry, Charles A. Kingsbury Jan 2019

The Inductive Effect In Organic Chemistry, Charles A. Kingsbury

Faculty Publications -- Chemistry Department

The subtle difference between the successive polarization model and the flow of electrons through sigma bonds is explored, as well as the alternating charge model of Pople and the pervasive field model. The present paper is concerned with the ability of alkyl groups to serve as sigma inductive electron donors.


Machine Learning Enabled Prediction Of Mechanical Properties Of Tungsten Disulfide Monolayer, Xinyu Wang, Dan Han, Yang Hong, Haiyi Sun, Jingzhi Zhang, Jingchao Zhang Jan 2019

Machine Learning Enabled Prediction Of Mechanical Properties Of Tungsten Disulfide Monolayer, Xinyu Wang, Dan Han, Yang Hong, Haiyi Sun, Jingzhi Zhang, Jingchao Zhang

Faculty Publications -- Chemistry Department

One of two-dimensional transition metal dichalcogenide materials, tungsten disulfide (WS2), has aroused much research interest, and its mechanical properties play an important role in a practical application. Here the mechanical properties of h-WS2 and t-WS2 monolayers in the armchair and zigzag directions are evaluated by utilizing the molecular dynamics (MD) simulations and machine learning (ML) technique. We mainly focus on the effects of chirality, system size, temperature, strain rate, and random vacancy defect on mechanical properties, including fracture strain, fracture strength, and Young’s modulus. We find that the mechanical properties of h-WS2 surpass those of ...


In Situ Monitoring Of Linear Rgd-Peptide Bioconjugation With Nanoscale Polymer Brushes, Evmorfia Psarra, Ulla Konig, Martin Muller, Eva Bittrich, Klaus-Jochen Eichhorn, Petra B. Welzel, Manfred Stamm, Petra Uhlmann Jan 2019

In Situ Monitoring Of Linear Rgd-Peptide Bioconjugation With Nanoscale Polymer Brushes, Evmorfia Psarra, Ulla Konig, Martin Muller, Eva Bittrich, Klaus-Jochen Eichhorn, Petra B. Welzel, Manfred Stamm, Petra Uhlmann

Faculty Publications -- Chemistry Department

Bioinspired materials mimicking the native extracellular matrix environment are promising for biotechnological applications. Particularly, modular biosurface engineering based on the functionalization of stimuli-responsive polymer brushes with peptide sequences can be used for the development of smart surfaces with biomimetic cues. The key aspect of this study is the in situ monitoring and analytical verification of the biofunctionalization process on the basis of three complementary analytical techniques. In situ spectroscopic ellipsometry was used to quantify the amount of chemisorbed GRGDS at both the homopolymer poly(acrylic acid) (PAA) brush and the binary poly(N-isopropylacrylamide) (PNIPAAm)− PAA brushes, which was finally ...


Development Of A Microcolumn One-Site Immunometric Assay For A Protein Biomarker: Analysis Of Alpha1-Acid Glycoprotein In Serum, Chenhua Zhang, Shae Lott, William Clarke, David S. Hage Jan 2019

Development Of A Microcolumn One-Site Immunometric Assay For A Protein Biomarker: Analysis Of Alpha1-Acid Glycoprotein In Serum, Chenhua Zhang, Shae Lott, William Clarke, David S. Hage

Faculty Publications -- Chemistry Department

A one-site immunometric assay based on affinity microcolumns was developed for the analysis of alpha1-acid glycoprotein (AGP) as a model protein biomarker. In this assay, a sample containing AGP was incubated with an excess amount of a labeled binding agent, such as fluorescein-labeled anti-AGP antibodies or Fab fragments. The excess binding agent was removed by passing this mixture through a microcolumn that contained an immobilized form of AGP, while the signal was measured for the binding agent-AGP complex in the non-retained fraction. Theoretical and practical factors were both considered in selecting the concentration of labeled binding agent ...


Insights Into Gemcitabine Resistance And The Potential For Therapeutic Monitoring, Teklab Gebregiworgis, Fatema Bhinderwala, Vinee Purohit, Nina V. Chaika, Pankaj K. Singh, Robert Powers Jan 2019

Insights Into Gemcitabine Resistance And The Potential For Therapeutic Monitoring, Teklab Gebregiworgis, Fatema Bhinderwala, Vinee Purohit, Nina V. Chaika, Pankaj K. Singh, Robert Powers

Faculty Publications -- Chemistry Department

Introduction—Gemcitabine is an important component of pancreatic cancer clinical management. Unfortunately, acquired gemcitabine resistance is widespread and there are limitations to predicting and monitoring therapeutic outcomes.

Objective—To investigate the potential of metabolomics to differentiate pancreatic cancer cells that develops resistance or respond to gemcitabine treatment.

Results—We applied 1D 1H and 2D 1H-13C HSQC NMR methods to profile the metabolic signature of pancreatic cancer cells. 13C6-glucose labeling identified thirty key metabolites uniquely altered between wild-type and gemcitabine-resistant cells upon gemcitabine treatment. Gemcitabine resistance was observed to reprogram glucose metabolism and to ...


Catalytic Mechanism Of Amyloid-Β Peptide Degradation By Insulin Degrading Enzyme: Insights From Qm/Mm Mp2 Calculation, Rui Lai, Wei-Jen Tang, Hui Li Jan 2019

Catalytic Mechanism Of Amyloid-Β Peptide Degradation By Insulin Degrading Enzyme: Insights From Qm/Mm Mp2 Calculation, Rui Lai, Wei-Jen Tang, Hui Li

Faculty Publications -- Chemistry Department

Insulin degrading enzyme (IDE), a metalloprotease that degrades amyloid-β (Aβ) peptides and insulin, is associated with Alzheimer’s disease and diabetes. The mechanism of IDE catalyzed degrading of Aβ peptides, which is of fundamental importance in the design of therapeutic methods for Alzheimer’s disease, has not been fully understood. In this work, combined quantum mechanics and molecular mechanics (QM/MM) style Møller-Plesset second order perturbation theory (MP2) geometry optimization calculations are performed to investigate the catalytic mechanism of the Aβ40 Phe19-Phe20 peptide bond cleavage by human IDE. The analyses using QM/MM MP2 optimization ...


Mass Spectrometry And Nuclear Magnetic Resonance In The Chemometric Analysis Of Cellular Metabolism, Eli Riekeberg Nov 2018

Mass Spectrometry And Nuclear Magnetic Resonance In The Chemometric Analysis Of Cellular Metabolism, Eli Riekeberg

Student Research Projects, Dissertations, and Theses - Chemistry Department

The development and awareness of Machine Learning and “big data” has led to a growing interest in applying these methods to bioanalytical research. Methods such as Mass Spectrometry (MS), and Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) can now obtain tens of thousands to millions of data points from a single sample, due to fundamental instrumental advances and ever-increasing resolution. Simple pairwise comparisons on datasets of this magnitude can obfuscate more complex underlying trends, and does a disservice to the richness of information contained within. This necessitates the need for multivariate approaches that can more fully take advantage of the complexity of these ...


‘Cassette’-Ises (In Situ Enzymatic Screening) Identifies Complementary Chiral Scaffolds For Hydrolytic Kinetic Resolution Across A Range Of Epoxides, Sangeeta Dey, Douglas R. Powell, Chunhua Hu, David B. Berkowitz Oct 2018

‘Cassette’-Ises (In Situ Enzymatic Screening) Identifies Complementary Chiral Scaffolds For Hydrolytic Kinetic Resolution Across A Range Of Epoxides, Sangeeta Dey, Douglas R. Powell, Chunhua Hu, David B. Berkowitz

Faculty Publications -- Chemistry Department

‘Cassette’-ISES (In Situ Enzymatic Screening) Identifies Complementary Chiral Scaffolds for Hydrolytic Kinetic Resolution Across a Range of Epoxides

A new ‘Cassette’-In Situ Enzymatic Screen (ISES) for combinatorial catalysis is introduced. This allows the experimentalist to obtain an information-rich readout, in real time, providing an estimate of the sense and magnitude of enantioselectivity across more than one substrate. In its first iteration, the screen identified CoIII-salen catalysts with β-pinene- and α-naphthylalanine-derived chiral scaffolds with broad, yet complementary, substrate specificities.


A High Throughput Approach For The Generation Of Orthogonally Interacting Protein Pairs, Justin Lawrie, Xi Song, Wei Niu, Jiantao Guo Jan 2018

A High Throughput Approach For The Generation Of Orthogonally Interacting Protein Pairs, Justin Lawrie, Xi Song, Wei Niu, Jiantao Guo

Faculty Publications -- Chemistry Department

In contrast to the nearly error-free self-assembly of protein architectures in nature, artificial assembly of protein complexes with pre-defined structure and function in vitro is still challenging. To mimic nature’s strategy to construct pre-defined three-dimensional protein architectures, highly specific proteinprotein interacting pairs are needed. Here we report an effort to create an orthogonally interacting protein pair from its parental pair using a bacteria-based in vivo directed evolution strategy. This high throughput approach features a combination of a negative and a positive selection. The newly developed negative selection from this work was used to remove any protein mutants that retain ...


Toward The Detection Of The Triatomic Negative Ion Spn−: Spectroscopy And Potential Energy Surfaces, Tarek Trabelsi, Majdi Hochlaf, Joseph S. Francisco Jan 2018

Toward The Detection Of The Triatomic Negative Ion Spn−: Spectroscopy And Potential Energy Surfaces, Tarek Trabelsi, Majdi Hochlaf, Joseph S. Francisco

Faculty Publications -- Chemistry Department

High level theoretical calculations using coupled-cluster theory were performed to provide an accurate description of the electronic structure, spectroscopic properties, and stability of the triatomic negative ion comprising S, N, and P. The adiabatic electron affinities (AEAs) and vertical detachment energies

(VDEs) of PNS, SPN, PSN, and cyc-PSN were calculated. The predicted AEA and VDE of the linear SPN isomer are large: 2.24 and 3.04 eV, respectively. The potential energy surfaces (PESs) of the lowest-lying electronic states of the SPN isomer along the PN and SP bond lengths and bond angle were mapped. A set of spectroscopic ...


Characterization Of Solution-Phase Drug-Protein Interactions By Ultrafast Affinity Extraction, Sandya Beeram, Xiwei Zheng, Kyungah Suh, David S. Hage Jan 2018

Characterization Of Solution-Phase Drug-Protein Interactions By Ultrafast Affinity Extraction, Sandya Beeram, Xiwei Zheng, Kyungah Suh, David S. Hage

Faculty Publications -- Chemistry Department

A number of tools based on high-performance affinity separations have been developed for studying drug-protein interactions. An example of one recent approach is ultrafast affinity extraction. This method has been employed to examine the free (or non-bound) fractions of drugs and other solutes in simple or complex samples that contain soluble binding agents. These free fractions have also been used to determine the binding constants and rate constants for the interactions of drugs with these soluble agents. This report describes the general principles of ultrafast affinity extraction and the experimental conditions under which it can be used to characterize such ...


Tin Nanoparticles Encapsulated Carbon Nanoboxes As High-Performance Anode For Lithium-Ion Batteries, Ziming Yang, Hong-Hui Wu, Zhiming Zheng, Yong Cheng, Pei Li, Qiaobao Zhang, Ming-Sheng Wang Jan 2018

Tin Nanoparticles Encapsulated Carbon Nanoboxes As High-Performance Anode For Lithium-Ion Batteries, Ziming Yang, Hong-Hui Wu, Zhiming Zheng, Yong Cheng, Pei Li, Qiaobao Zhang, Ming-Sheng Wang

Faculty Publications -- Chemistry Department

One of the crucial challenges for applying Sn as an anode of lithium-ion batteries (LIBs) is the dramatic volume change during lithiation/delithiation process, which causes a rapid capacity fading and then deteriorated battery performance. To address this issue, herein, we report the design and fabrication of Sn encapsulated carbon nanoboxes (denoted as Sn@C) with yolk@shell architectures. In this design, the carbon shell can facilitate the good transport kinetics whereas the hollow space between Sn and carbon shell can accommodate the volume variation during repeated charge/discharge process. Accordingly, this composite electrode exhibits a high reversible capacity of ...


Anatomy Of Stem Teaching In American Universities: A Snapshot From A Large-Scale Observation Study, Marilyne Stains, Jordan Harshman, Megan K. Barker, Stephanie V. Chasteen, Renee Cole, Sue Ellen Dechenne-Peters, M. Kevin Eagan Jr., Joan M. Esson, Jennifer K. Knight, Frank A. Laski, Marc Levis-Fitzgerald, Christopher J. Lee, Stanley M. Lo, Lisa M. Mcdonnell, Timothy A. Mckay, Nicole Michelotti, Michael S. Palmer, Kathryn M. Plank, Tamara M. Rodela, Erin R. Sanders, Natalie G. Schimpf, Patricia M. Schulte, Michelle Smith, Mackenzie Stetzer, Jackie Stewart, Blaire Van Valkenburgh, Erin Vinson, Laura K. Weir, Paul J. Wendel, Lindsay B. Wheeler, Anna M. Young Jan 2018

Anatomy Of Stem Teaching In American Universities: A Snapshot From A Large-Scale Observation Study, Marilyne Stains, Jordan Harshman, Megan K. Barker, Stephanie V. Chasteen, Renee Cole, Sue Ellen Dechenne-Peters, M. Kevin Eagan Jr., Joan M. Esson, Jennifer K. Knight, Frank A. Laski, Marc Levis-Fitzgerald, Christopher J. Lee, Stanley M. Lo, Lisa M. Mcdonnell, Timothy A. Mckay, Nicole Michelotti, Michael S. Palmer, Kathryn M. Plank, Tamara M. Rodela, Erin R. Sanders, Natalie G. Schimpf, Patricia M. Schulte, Michelle Smith, Mackenzie Stetzer, Jackie Stewart, Blaire Van Valkenburgh, Erin Vinson, Laura K. Weir, Paul J. Wendel, Lindsay B. Wheeler, Anna M. Young

Faculty Publications -- Chemistry Department

National and local initiatives focused on the transformation of STEM teaching in higher education have multiplied over the last decade. These initiatives often focus on measuring change in instructional practices, but it is difficult to monitor such change without a national picture of STEM educational practices, especially as characterized by common observational instruments. We characterized a snapshot of this landscape by conducting the first large scale observation-based study. We found that lecturing was prominent throughout the undergraduate STEM curriculum, even in classrooms with infrastructure designed to support active learning, indicating that further work is required to reform STEM education. Additionally ...


Elastic Properties Of 2d Ti3c2tx Mxene Monolayers And Bilayers, Alexey Lipatov, Haidong Lu, Mohamed H. Alhabeb, Babak Anasori, Alexei Gruverman, Yury Gogotsi, Alexander Sinitskii Jan 2018

Elastic Properties Of 2d Ti3c2tx Mxene Monolayers And Bilayers, Alexey Lipatov, Haidong Lu, Mohamed H. Alhabeb, Babak Anasori, Alexei Gruverman, Yury Gogotsi, Alexander Sinitskii

Faculty Publications -- Chemistry Department

Two-dimensional (2D) transition metal carbides and nitrides, known as MXenes, are a large class of materials that are finding numerous applications ranging from energy storage and electromagnetic interference shielding to water purification and antibacterial coatings. Yet, despite the fact thatmore than 20 different MXenes have been synthesized, the mechanical properties of a MXene monolayer have not been experimentally studied. We measured the elastic properties of monolayers and bilayers of the most important MXene material to date, Ti3C2Tx (Tx stands for surface termination).We developed amethod for preparingwell-strainedmembranes of Ti3C2Tx ...


Reductive Cleavage Of Organic Peroxides By Iron Salts And Thiols, Anderw Olson, Abigail J. Jameson, Shiva K. Kyasa, Boone W. Evans, Patrick H. Dussault Jan 2018

Reductive Cleavage Of Organic Peroxides By Iron Salts And Thiols, Anderw Olson, Abigail J. Jameson, Shiva K. Kyasa, Boone W. Evans, Patrick H. Dussault

Faculty Publications -- Chemistry Department

Despite the low bond strength of the oxygen− oxygen bond, organic peroxides are often surprisingly resistant to cleavage by nucleophiles and reductants. As a result, achieving decomposition under mild conditions can be challenging. Herein, we explore the reactivity of a selection of peroxides toward thiolates, phenyl selenide, Fe(II) salts, and iron thiolates. Peroxides activated by conjugation, strain, or stereoelectronics are rapidly cleaved at room temperature by thiolate anions, phenylselenide, or Fe(II) salts. Under the same conditions, unhindered dialkyl peroxides are only marginally reactive; hindered peroxides, including triacetone triperoxide and diacetone diperoxide (DADP), are inert. In contrast, all but ...


Study Of The Oxidation Kinetics Of Nitrite Ions By Potassium Ferrate(Vi), J. Carr, I. Goncharova, D. Golovko, C. Mclaughlin, I. Golovko, J. Erickson Jan 2018

Study Of The Oxidation Kinetics Of Nitrite Ions By Potassium Ferrate(Vi), J. Carr, I. Goncharova, D. Golovko, C. Mclaughlin, I. Golovko, J. Erickson

Faculty Publications -- Chemistry Department

Вивчено кiнетику окиснення нiтрит до нiтрат йонiв калiй фератом(VI) в широкому дiапазонi рН, вiд нейтрального до лужного сере- довища. Проведено двi серiї кiнетичних експе- риментiв, заснованих на рiзних технологiях одержання калiй ферату(VI). В першiй серiї експериментiв кристалiчний калiй ферат(VI) отримували хiмiчним синтезом. В дiапазонi рН 6.5–11 твердий K2FeO4 додавали до роз- чинiв нiтрит йонiв при вiдомiй концентрацiї та рН. Експерименти проводили пiд контролем рН та йонної сили. Кiнетичнi дослiдження коливалися вiд мiлiсекунд до декiлькох хви- лин. В другiй серiї експериментiв розчини K2FeO4 було отримано електрохiмiчним син- тезом. Лужнi розчини ...


Magnetic Assembly Of Soft Robots With Hard Components, Sen Wai Kwok, Stephen A. Morin, Bobak Mosadegh, Ju-Hee So, Robert F. Shepherd, George M. Whitesides Jan 2018

Magnetic Assembly Of Soft Robots With Hard Components, Sen Wai Kwok, Stephen A. Morin, Bobak Mosadegh, Ju-Hee So, Robert F. Shepherd, George M. Whitesides

Faculty Publications -- Chemistry Department

Reconfigurable soft robotic actuators with hard components are described. Magnetic attraction is used to couple flexible molded bodies capable of actuation upon pressurization with other flexible molded bodies and/or with hard components (e.g., frames and connectors) to form a seal for fluidic communication and cooperative actuation. Pneumatic decoupling chambers built into the hard components to decouple the hard components from the magnetically-coupled soft molded bodies are described. The use of magnetic self- alignment coupling and pneumatic de-coupling allows for the remote assembly and disassembly of complex structures involving hard and soft components. The magnetic coupling allows for rapid ...


Systems And Methods For Actuating Soft Robotic Actuators, Robert F. Shepherd, Adam Stokes, Stephen A. Morin, Ludovico Cademartiri, Jacob Freake, Rui Nunes, Xin Chen, George M. Whitesides Jan 2018

Systems And Methods For Actuating Soft Robotic Actuators, Robert F. Shepherd, Adam Stokes, Stephen A. Morin, Ludovico Cademartiri, Jacob Freake, Rui Nunes, Xin Chen, George M. Whitesides

Faculty Publications -- Chemistry Department

Systems and methods for providing a soft robot is provided. In one system , a robotic device includes a flexible body having a fluid chamber, where a portion of the flexible body includes an elastically extensible material and a portion of the flexible body is strain limiting relative to the elastically extensible material. The robotic device can further include a pressurizing inlet in fluid communication with the fluid chamber, and a pressurizing device in fluid communication with the pressurizing inlet, the pressurizing device including a reaction chamber configured to accommodate a gas producing chemical reaction for providing pressurized gas to the ...