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Full-Text Articles in Medicinal-Pharmaceutical Chemistry

Conformationally-Controlled Late-Stage Modifications For Sar Studies Of The C-3-Glcp Moiety Of Ipomoeassin F, Lucas Whisenhunt Aug 2018

Conformationally-Controlled Late-Stage Modifications For Sar Studies Of The C-3-Glcp Moiety Of Ipomoeassin F, Lucas Whisenhunt

Theses and Dissertations

The resin glycoside, ipomoeassin F has been shown to be extremely potent against multiple cancer lines (IC50 = 4.2-36 nM). However, the mechanism of action of this potent and complex natural product is still not fully understood. The α,β-unsaturated esters of the glucosyl moiety have been shown to be vital for the overall cytotoxicity of ipomoeassin F. Nevertheless, the importance of the tigloyl ester of the glucosyl moiety is still largely unknown. This work aimed to study the pharmacophore importance of the tigloyl ester by creating, an efficient, scalable, and flexible synthesis route for various analogs. The 18-linear step ...


Green Chemistry Oxidative Modification Of Peptoids Utilizing Bleach And Tempo, Jesse Leland Roberts Dec 2017

Green Chemistry Oxidative Modification Of Peptoids Utilizing Bleach And Tempo, Jesse Leland Roberts

Theses and Dissertations

Biotherapeutic drugs, derived from biological molecules such as proteins and DNA, are becoming an integral and exceptionally critical aspect of modern medicine. Compared to common pharmaceutical drugs, biotherapeutics are much larger in size and have greater target specificity, allowing them to treat many chronic diseases ranging from cancer to rheumatoid arthritis. The major issue with protein based therapeutics is that they readily undergo proteolysis, or enzymatic degradation, when administered through subcutaneous injections. Traditionally, biotherapeutic modification procedures have centered on the use of PEG derivatives. This process, called PEGylation, is unfavorable due to the increases in molecular weights of the proteins ...


Staphylococcal Nuclease And Ubiquitin Local Folding Energies And Rates Using Peps-Hdx-Esi-Ms, Julie Rhee May 2016

Staphylococcal Nuclease And Ubiquitin Local Folding Energies And Rates Using Peps-Hdx-Esi-Ms, Julie Rhee

Chemistry & Biochemistry Undergraduate Honors Theses

In this study, Protein Equilibrium Population Snapshot Hydrogen-Deuterium Exchange Electrospray Ionization Mass Spectrometry (PEPS-HDX-ESI-MS) was applied to study the local regions of model proteins, staphylococcal nuclease and ubiquitin. The hydrogen deuterium exchange (HDX) has become a key technique for studying the structural and dynamic aspects of proteins in solution. This technique creates a rapid exchange between all of the exchangeable hydrogen ions with deuterium when the protein is exposed to a solvent. The PEPS method is an equilibrium-based method used to determine the populations of the closed native and open denatured states of a protein. By combining the applications of ...


New Applications Of Mass Spectrometry For Drug And Lipid Analysis, Elizabeth Lauren Emerson Dec 2012

New Applications Of Mass Spectrometry For Drug And Lipid Analysis, Elizabeth Lauren Emerson

Theses and Dissertations

Mass spectrometry is an important tool used in many different disciplines and settings that include forensics, drug discovery, environmental analysis, and proteomics. Gas chromatography - mass spectrometry (GC-MS) and matrix assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry (MALDI - TOF MS) are two of the most important instruments used for analysis of compounds. Chapters 1 and 2 of this discussion use GC-MS for the investigation of synthetic cannabinoids in `K2' incense products and the detection of metabolites in urine samples from individuals suspected of consuming these mixtures. Analytical standards were synthesized and used for identification and confirmation of structures. Detection of these ...


Preparation Of An Electrophilic 3-Methylindole Derivative: Difficulties In Forming A Stable, Suitable Material For The Preparation Of Tryptophan, Jason Boggs, Mariah Mcmasters, Robert W. Curley Jr., Michael J. Panigot Jan 2000

Preparation Of An Electrophilic 3-Methylindole Derivative: Difficulties In Forming A Stable, Suitable Material For The Preparation Of Tryptophan, Jason Boggs, Mariah Mcmasters, Robert W. Curley Jr., Michael J. Panigot

Journal of the Arkansas Academy of Science

In an attempt to prepare stereoselectively beta-deuterated tryptophan, N-protected indole-3-methanol compounds were prepared with model studies being done on undeuterated material. Conversion of these compounds to electrophilic species proved exceptionally difficult and resulted in very low yields or recovered starting material only. A summary of the current results utilizing N-tosyl indole-3-methanol will be presented as well as efforts using N-Boc indole-3-methanol.


Acidity Studies Of Deuterated Acids And Bases Commonly Used As Buffers In Nmr Studies, Rose M. Mcconnell, Walter E. Godwin, Brant Stanley, M. Shane Green Jan 1997

Acidity Studies Of Deuterated Acids And Bases Commonly Used As Buffers In Nmr Studies, Rose M. Mcconnell, Walter E. Godwin, Brant Stanley, M. Shane Green

Journal of the Arkansas Academy of Science

Structure based drug development is currently considered to be an important strategy for drug discovery. This strategy requires that critical knowledge of the three dimensional binding site on receptor molecules be known. NMR studies are frequently employed to ascertain important structural data on individual proteins as well as complexes of proteins with ligands. Deuterium labeled acids and bases are frequently used as buffers in deuterium oxide solutions for NMR studies on the structural conformations of bioactive molecules. Since pH is an important factor in any study of the conformational and stereochemical aspects of biologically active molecules, deuterated buffers are an ...


7li Nmr Of Normal Human Erythrocytes, Rao P. Gullapalli, Roger M. Hawk, Richard A. Komoroski Jan 1989

7li Nmr Of Normal Human Erythrocytes, Rao P. Gullapalli, Roger M. Hawk, Richard A. Komoroski

Journal of the Arkansas Academy of Science

Lithium has been known to be an effective medication for people with bipolar disorder. The mechanisms of action of lithium in the brain is not very well understood. NMR spectroscopy and imaging are effective both in determining lithium levels in tissue and brain. We have monitored lithium levels in red blood cells. We have been able to separate intra- and extracellular compartments of lithium using shift reagents, thereby obtaining T^1 's of both the compartments. Lithium uptake as a function of hematocrit was monitored weekly over a 3 week period. The time constant of 50 mM lithium uptake at ...