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Medicinal-Pharmaceutical Chemistry Commons

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Articles 1 - 7 of 7

Full-Text Articles in Medicinal-Pharmaceutical Chemistry

Antifungal Potential Of Copper(Ii), Manganese(Ii) And Silver(I) 1,10-Phenanthroline Chelates Against Multidrug-Resistant Fungal Species Forming The Candida Haemulonii Complex: Impact On The Planktonic And Biofilm Lifestyles, Rafael M. Gandra, Pauraic Mc Carron, Mariana F. Fernandes, Lívia S. Ramos, Thaís P. Mello, Ana Carolina Aor, Marta H. Branquinha, Malachy Mccann, Michael Devereux, André L. S. Santos Jul 2017

Antifungal Potential Of Copper(Ii), Manganese(Ii) And Silver(I) 1,10-Phenanthroline Chelates Against Multidrug-Resistant Fungal Species Forming The Candida Haemulonii Complex: Impact On The Planktonic And Biofilm Lifestyles, Rafael M. Gandra, Pauraic Mc Carron, Mariana F. Fernandes, Lívia S. Ramos, Thaís P. Mello, Ana Carolina Aor, Marta H. Branquinha, Malachy Mccann, Michael Devereux, André L. S. Santos

Articles

Candida haemulonii, Candida haemulonii var. vulnera and Candida duobushaemulonii, which form the C. haemulonii complex, are emerging etiologic agents of fungal infections known to be resistant to the most commonly used antifungals. The well-established anti-Candida potential ofmetal complexes containing 1,10-phenanthroline (phen) ligands encouraged us to evaluate different copper(II), manganese(II), and silver(I) phen chelates for their ability to inhibit planktonic growth and biofilm of C. haemulonii species complex. Two novel coordination complexes, {[Cu(3,6,9-tdda)(phen)2].3H2O.EtOH}n and [Ag2(3,6,9-tdda)(phen)4].EtOH (3,6,9-tddaH2 = 3,6,9-trioxaundecanedioic acid), were ...


Formulation, Characterisation And Stability Assessment Of A Food Derived 1 Tripeptide, Leucine-Lysine-Proline Loaded Chitosan Nanoparticles, M.K. Danish, Giuliana Vozza, Hugh Byrne, Jesus Frias, Sinead Ryan Jul 2017

Formulation, Characterisation And Stability Assessment Of A Food Derived 1 Tripeptide, Leucine-Lysine-Proline Loaded Chitosan Nanoparticles, M.K. Danish, Giuliana Vozza, Hugh Byrne, Jesus Frias, Sinead Ryan

Articles

The chicken or fish derived tripeptide, Leucine-Lysine-Proline (LKP), inhibits the Angiotensin Converting Enzyme and may be used as an alternative treatment for pre-hypertension. However, it has low permeation across the small intestine. The formulation of LKP into a nanoparticle (NP) has the potential to address this issue. LKP-loaded NPs were produced using an ionotropic gelation technique, using chitosan (CL113). Following optimisation of unloaded NPs, a mixture amount design was constructed using variable concentration of CL113 and tripolyphosphate at a fixed LKP concentration. Resultant particle sizes ranged from 120-271 nm, zeta potential values from 29-37 mV and polydispersity values from 0 ...


Solid-Phase Peptide Synthesis Of Analogues Of The N-Terminus A-Ring Fragment Of The Lantibiotic Nisin: Replacements For The Dehydroalanine (Dha) Residue At Position 5 And The First Incorporation Of A Thioamide Residue, Kim Manzor, Keith Ó Proinsias, Fintan Kelleher Jun 2017

Solid-Phase Peptide Synthesis Of Analogues Of The N-Terminus A-Ring Fragment Of The Lantibiotic Nisin: Replacements For The Dehydroalanine (Dha) Residue At Position 5 And The First Incorporation Of A Thioamide Residue, Kim Manzor, Keith Ó Proinsias, Fintan Kelleher

Articles

A number of A-ring analogues of the lantibiotic nisin, containing replacements for the Dha at position 5, have been successfully prepared by solid-phase peptide synthesis. The Dha replacements include glycine, alanine, phenylalanine, serine and 1-aminocyclopropyl carboxylic acid (ACCa). The incorporation of a thioamide-isoleucine residue at position 4 is also described and is the first report of the preparation of a lantibiotic ring fragment containing a thioamide link.


Conformational Studies Of Gram-Negative Bacterial Quorum Sensing 3-Oxo N-Acyl Homoserine Lactone Molecules, Darren Crowe, Alan Nicholson, Adrienne Fleming, Ed Carey, Goar Sanchez-Sanz, Fintan Kelleher Jun 2017

Conformational Studies Of Gram-Negative Bacterial Quorum Sensing 3-Oxo N-Acyl Homoserine Lactone Molecules, Darren Crowe, Alan Nicholson, Adrienne Fleming, Ed Carey, Goar Sanchez-Sanz, Fintan Kelleher

Articles

In their 1H NMR spectra in CDCl3 3-oxo-N-acyl homoserine lactones (OHLs) show significant downfield chemical shifts of the amide N-H proton when compared to the parent N-acyl homoserine lactones (AHLs). NMR spectroscopic and DFT calculation studies have shown that this is most likely due to the presence of a stabilising intramolecular H-bond from the N-H to the 3-oxo group. The 1H NMR spectra also show evidence for the enol tautomers and that the amount of enol present for a range of OHLs is 4.1-4.5% in CDCl3 and 6.5-7.2% in ...


The Antibacterial Activity Of Metal Complexes Containing 1, 10-Phenanthroline: Potential As Alternatire Therapeutics In The Era Of Antibiotic Resistance, Livia Viganon, Orla L. Howe, Pauraic Mccarron, Malachy Mccann, Michael Devereux Jan 2017

The Antibacterial Activity Of Metal Complexes Containing 1, 10-Phenanthroline: Potential As Alternatire Therapeutics In The Era Of Antibiotic Resistance, Livia Viganon, Orla L. Howe, Pauraic Mccarron, Malachy Mccann, Michael Devereux

Articles

The “antibiotic era”, characterized by the overuse and misuse of antibiotics, over the last half-century has culminated in the present critical “era of resistance”. The treatment of bacterial infections is challenging because of a decline in the current arsenal of useful antibiotics and the slow rate of new drug development. The discovery of a new gene (mcr-1) in 2015, which enables bacteria to be highly resistant to polymyxins (such as colistin), the last line of antibiotic defence left, heralds a new level of concern as this gene is susceptible to horizontal gene transfer, with alarming potential to be spread between ...


Correlation Between The Structure And The Anticorrosion Barrier Properties Of Hybrid Sol–Gel Coatings: Application To The Protection Of Aa2024-T3 Alloys, Maikki Cullen, Muhammad Morshed, Mary O'Sullivan, Emma Mchugh, Brendan Duffy, Mohamed Oubaha Jan 2017

Correlation Between The Structure And The Anticorrosion Barrier Properties Of Hybrid Sol–Gel Coatings: Application To The Protection Of Aa2024-T3 Alloys, Maikki Cullen, Muhammad Morshed, Mary O'Sullivan, Emma Mchugh, Brendan Duffy, Mohamed Oubaha

Articles

Hybrid sol–gel materials have been extensively studied as viable alternatives to toxic chromate (VI)-based coatings for the corrosion protection of AA2024-T3 in the aerospace industry, due to the wide range of available chemistries they offer and the tremendous development potential of innovative functional coatings. However, so far, little work has been performed in identifying the effect of the employed chemistries on the structure and anticorrosion properties of the coatings. This work proposes to contribute to a better understanding of the relationship existing between the structure, morphology and anticorrosion properties of hybrid sol–gel coatings deposited on AA2024- T3 ...


Monitoring And Evaluation Of Terni (Central Italy) Air Quality Through Spatially Resolved Analyses, Lorenzo Massimi, Martina Ristorini, Marta Eusebio, Darla Florendo, Adeola Adeyemo, David Brugnoli, Silvia Canepari Jan 2017

Monitoring And Evaluation Of Terni (Central Italy) Air Quality Through Spatially Resolved Analyses, Lorenzo Massimi, Martina Ristorini, Marta Eusebio, Darla Florendo, Adeola Adeyemo, David Brugnoli, Silvia Canepari

Conference Papers

A study of spatial variability of PM10 elemental components was conducted in Terni city (Central Italy), situated in an intramountain depression characterized by the presence of several particulate matter emission sources. The meteorological conditions of the Terni basin limit the dispersion and enhance the accumulation of atmospheric pollutants. Thanks to the utilization of new smart samplers, used for the first time and working in parallel at 23 sampling sites, spatially resolved data were obtained. Localizations of the samplers were chosen in order to evaluate the impact of different local PM10 sources. Chemical composition of the samples was determined in combination ...