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Full-Text Articles in Medicinal-Pharmaceutical Chemistry

Interaction Of Pyrimoidiazolium Ions With Calf Thymus Dna, Stormy Rene Gibson Jan 2013

Interaction Of Pyrimoidiazolium Ions With Calf Thymus Dna, Stormy Rene Gibson

Theses, Dissertations and Capstones

A new class of fluorescent dyes, pyridoimidiazolium cations, is being considered for their possible use in the biochemical field because of their interactions with DNA. Binding of low molecular weight fluorophores has been proven to cause a wide variety of biological responses in DNA. The dyes used here have been synthesized using α-diimine type compounds. The reaction used has the capability to produce many fluorescent cations. Binding constants of these compounds in acetonitrile with calf thymus DNA have been determined by measuring emission intensity. Emission intensity showed the degree to which binding is occurring. The experimental results show that binding ...


Incorporation Of The Actin-Myosin Biomolecular Motor System Into A Microfluidic Device, Rebecca Marie Ragland Jan 2012

Incorporation Of The Actin-Myosin Biomolecular Motor System Into A Microfluidic Device, Rebecca Marie Ragland

Theses, Dissertations and Capstones

Recently, the field of bionanotechnology has sought to develop a device containing a biomolecular motor nano-cargo transport system. Among many applications, a device of this sort could be used to sort, purify, or detect specific molecules. In this work, an attempt was made to incorporate the actin-myosin biomolecular motor system into a microfluidic device constructed out of polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) and glass. Methods for cleaning and functionalizing the glass surface of the device were optimized. After performing actin-myosin motility assays in a variety of PDMS/glass devices, it was determined that the oxygen permeability of PDMS limited the quality of motility ...


Identification And Analysis Of Prohibitin In B16 Mouse Melanoma Cells, Christopher Francis Jan 2008

Identification And Analysis Of Prohibitin In B16 Mouse Melanoma Cells, Christopher Francis

Theses, Dissertations and Capstones

Prohibitin, a highly conserved protein found in eukaryotic cells, has been found in recent years to possess a wide variety of functions in the cell. Whereas the mechanisms by which the protein functions are still largely unknown, it is clear that prohibitin possesses very strong anti-proliferative properties in the cell, as well as potentially both nuclear and mitochondrial functions based upon its movement and localization upon apoptotic signaling. Upon treatment with retinoic acid, transformed B16 mouse melanoma cells also indicate a differential expression of prohibitin in which production of the protein is increased. The purpose of this work was to ...


Altered Phosphorylation Of [Beta]-Catenin In Glucocorticoid Treated 235-1 Rat Pituitary Tumor Cells, Susie K. Saunders Jan 2004

Altered Phosphorylation Of [Beta]-Catenin In Glucocorticoid Treated 235-1 Rat Pituitary Tumor Cells, Susie K. Saunders

Theses, Dissertations and Capstones

Beta-catenin is an essential cell adhesion and signaling protein, associated with high prolactin levels in rat pituitary tumor cells. It has been shown that phosphorylation affects the location and activity of b-catenin. Glycogen synthase kinase (GSK3-b) is a serine-threonine kinase that phosphorylates b-catenin on N-terminal residues, targeting it for proteasomal degradation. Studies have shown that C-terminal tyrosine phosphorylation decreases the association of b-catenin with cadherin. In 235-1 rat pituitary tumor cells, our lab has shown that the glucocorticoid analog dexamethasone (Dex) decreases the half- life of b-catenin while increasing the activity of GSK3-b. The current study was undertaken to examine ...


Investigations Of Supramolecular And Catalytic Properties Of Ppi Dendrimers, Aaron K. Holley Jan 2003

Investigations Of Supramolecular And Catalytic Properties Of Ppi Dendrimers, Aaron K. Holley

Theses, Dissertations and Capstones

The research reported in this thesis focused on supramolecular and catalytic properties of poly(propylene imine) (PPI) dendrimers. Analytical techniques used in this research included high resolution NMR spectroscopy, as well as UV-vis and fluorescence spectroscopies and scanning electron microscopy. This investigation showed that: (1) PPI dendrimers interact with diacids to form interlock self-assemblies by electrostatic interactions (with an increase in dendrimer generation, smaller diacids are required to form the most efficient self-assembly); (2) PPI/diacid self-assemblies are able to encapsulate fluorescent dyes within the void spaces of the PPI/diacid moieties; (3) PPI-3 can chelate many types of metal ...